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Obadiah New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Edom’s Fall Decreed

The vision of Obadiah.
Thus says the Lord God concerning Edom:
We have heard a message from the Lord,
    and a herald has been sent among the nations:
    “Rise up, so we may go to war against it!”
Now I make you least among the nations;
    you are utterly contemptible.
The pride of your heart has deceived you—
    you who dwell in mountain crevices,
    in your lofty home,[a]
Who say in your heart,
    “Who will bring me down to earth?”
Though you soar like the eagle,
    and your nest is set among the stars,
From there I will bring you down—
    oracle of the Lord.
If thieves came to you, robbers by night
    —how you have been destroyed!—
    would they not steal merely till they had enough?
If grape pickers came to you,
    would they not leave some gleanings?[b]
[c]How Esau has been searched out,
    his treasures hunted down!
To the border they have driven you—
    all your allies;
Your partners have deceived you,
    they have overpowered you;
Those who eat your bread[d]
    will replace you with foreigners,
    who have no understanding.

Edom’s Betrayal of Judah

On that day—oracle of the Lord—will I not
    make the wise disappear from Edom,
    and understanding from Mount Esau?
Teman,[e] your warriors will be terror-stricken,
    so that everyone on Mount Esau will be cut down.
10 Because of violence to your brother[f] Jacob,
    disgrace will cover you,
    you will be done away with forever!
11 On the day you stood by,
    the day strangers carried off his possessions,
And foreigners entered his gates
    and cast lots for Jerusalem,
    you too were like one of them.[g]

12 [h]Do not gloat over the day of your brother,
    the day of his disaster;
Do not exult over the people of Judah
    on the day of their ruin;
Do not speak haughtily
    on the day of distress!
13 Do not enter the gate of my people
    on the day of their calamity;
Do not gloat—especially you—over his misfortune
    on the day of his calamity;
Do not lay hands upon his possessions
    on the day of his calamity!
14 Do not stand at the crossroads
    to cut down his survivors;
Do not hand over his fugitives
    on the day of distress!

Edom’s Fall and Judah’s Restoration

15 Near is the day of the Lord
    against all the nations!
As you have done, so will it be done to you,
    your conduct will come back upon your own head;
16 As you drank[i] upon my holy mountain,
    so will all the nations drink continually.
Yes, they will drink and swallow,
    and will become as though they had not been.
17 But on Mount Zion there will be some who escape;[j]
    the mountain will be holy,
And the house of Jacob will take possession
    of those who dispossessed them.
18 The house of Jacob will be a fire,
    the house of Joseph a flame,
    and the house of Esau stubble.
They will set it ablaze and devour it;
    none will survive of the house of Esau,
    for the Lord has spoken.

19 They will take possession of the Negeb,[k] Mount Esau, the Shephelah, and Philistia, possess the countryside of Ephraim, the countryside of Samaria, Benjamin, and Gilead. 20 The exiles of this Israelite army will possess the Canaanite land as far as Zarephath,[l] and the exiles of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad will possess the cities of the Negeb. 21 And deliverers[m] will ascend Mount Zion to rule Mount Esau, and the kingship shall be the Lord’s.


  1. 3 Edom occupied the mountains southeast of Israel and the Dead Sea.
  2. 5 Something of value may escape the thief, and the grape picker always leaves something for the gleaners, but God’s devastation of Edom will be complete.
  3. 6 With the past tense in vv. 5–7, the prophet presents a future event as if it had already happened.
  4. 7 Those who eat your bread: alliances were often established by covenant meals (cf. Gn 31:44–46). When Edom is destroyed, foreigners will replace the Edomites, who were known for wisdom (cf. v. 8; Jer 49:7; Jb 2:11).
  5. 9 Teman: a synonym for Edom; perhaps the name of a region or a city, the part representing the whole. Mount Esau: whatever its geographic reference, the phrase is an effective representation of Edom’s arrogance.
  6. 10 Your brother: used with a double meaning referring to the common lineage of Israel and Edom, in which their ancestors were brothers, Jacob and Esau (Gn 25:19–26), and referring also to their political alliance, in which allies were called brothers (cf. Am 1:9, 11).
  7. 11 In 587 B.C., Edomites joined the invading Babylonian forces (v. 13) and captured escaping Judahites. The destruction of Jerusalem strengthened and expanded Edom’s hold on Judah’s southern territory.
  8. 12–14 The commands in vv. 12–14 are not to be understood as future prohibitions but as descriptions of crimes Edom in fact already committed on the day of Jerusalem’s fall described in v. 11.
  9. 16 As you drank: i.e., Judah has suffered the punishment of divine wrath in 587 B.C. The oracle promises a similar fate for the nations, especially Edom (v. 18). The metaphor “drinking the cup of God’s wrath” occurs often in the Bible; cf. Jb 21:20; Is 51:17–23; Jer 25:15–16; Rev 14:10.
  10. 17–19 The Israelites will be restored and will occupy the lands of those who oppressed them. The survivors of Judah will be rejoined by the returned exiles from northern Israel.
  11. 19 Negeb: the area south of Judah and west of Edom. Gilead: east of the Jordan River.
  12. 20 Zarephath: a town in Phoenicia, north of Tyre; cf. 1 Kgs 17:10. Sepharad: perhaps Sardis in western Asia Minor. The later rabbis thought it was Spain.
  13. 21 Deliverers: the victorious Israelites who will rule over their enemies, as the ancient judges did; cf. Jgs 3:9, 15, 31; 10:1.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

Obadiah New International Version (NIV)

Obadiah’s Vision

The vision of Obadiah.

This is what the Sovereign Lord says about Edom

We have heard a message from the Lord:
    An envoy was sent to the nations to say,
“Rise, let us go against her for battle”

“See, I will make you small among the nations;
    you will be utterly despised.
The pride of your heart has deceived you,
    you who live in the clefts of the rocks[a]
    and make your home on the heights,
you who say to yourself,
    ‘Who can bring me down to the ground?’
Though you soar like the eagle
    and make your nest among the stars,
    from there I will bring you down,”
declares the Lord.
“If thieves came to you,
    if robbers in the night—
oh, what a disaster awaits you!—
    would they not steal only as much as they wanted?
If grape pickers came to you,
    would they not leave a few grapes?
But how Esau will be ransacked,
    his hidden treasures pillaged!
All your allies will force you to the border;
    your friends will deceive and overpower you;
those who eat your bread will set a trap for you,[b]
    but you will not detect it.

“In that day,” declares the Lord,
    “will I not destroy the wise men of Edom,
    those of understanding in the mountains of Esau?
Your warriors, Teman, will be terrified,
    and everyone in Esau’s mountains
    will be cut down in the slaughter.
10 Because of the violence against your brother Jacob,
    you will be covered with shame;
    you will be destroyed forever.
11 On the day you stood aloof
    while strangers carried off his wealth
and foreigners entered his gates
    and cast lots for Jerusalem,
    you were like one of them.
12 You should not gloat over your brother
    in the day of his misfortune,
nor rejoice over the people of Judah
    in the day of their destruction,
nor boast so much
    in the day of their trouble.
13 You should not march through the gates of my people
    in the day of their disaster,
nor gloat over them in their calamity
    in the day of their disaster,
nor seize their wealth
    in the day of their disaster.
14 You should not wait at the crossroads
    to cut down their fugitives,
nor hand over their survivors
    in the day of their trouble.

15 “The day of the Lord is near
    for all nations.
As you have done, it will be done to you;
    your deeds will return upon your own head.
16 Just as you drank on my holy hill,
    so all the nations will drink continually;
they will drink and drink
    and be as if they had never been.
17 But on Mount Zion will be deliverance;
    it will be holy,
    and Jacob will possess his inheritance.
18 Jacob will be a fire
    and Joseph a flame;
Esau will be stubble,
    and they will set him on fire and destroy him.
There will be no survivors
    from Esau.”
The Lord has spoken.

19 People from the Negev will occupy
    the mountains of Esau,
and people from the foothills will possess
    the land of the Philistines.
They will occupy the fields of Ephraim and Samaria,
    and Benjamin will possess Gilead.
20 This company of Israelite exiles who are in Canaan
    will possess the land as far as Zarephath;
the exiles from Jerusalem who are in Sepharad
    will possess the towns of the Negev.
21 Deliverers will go up on[c] Mount Zion
    to govern the mountains of Esau.
    And the kingdom will be the Lord’s.


  1. Obadiah 1:3 Or of Sela
  2. Obadiah 1:7 The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain.
  3. Obadiah 1:21 Or from
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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