New International Version
15 Moses said to the Lord, 16 “May the Lord, the God who gives breath to all living things,(A) appoint someone over this community 17 to go out and come in before them, one who will lead them out and bring them in, so the Lord’s people will not be like sheep without a shepherd.”(B)
18 So the Lord said to Moses, “Take Joshua son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit of leadership,[a](C) and lay your hand on him.(D) 19 Have him stand before Eleazar the priest and the entire assembly and commission him(E) in their presence.(F) 20 Give him some of your authority so the whole Israelite community will obey him.(G) 21 He is to stand before Eleazar the priest, who will obtain decisions for him by inquiring(H) of the Urim(I) before the Lord. At his command he and the entire community of the Israelites will go out, and at his command they will come in.”
22 Moses did as the Lord commanded him. He took Joshua and had him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole assembly. 23 Then he laid his hands on him and commissioned him,(J) as the Lord instructed through Moses.
- Numbers 27:18 Or the Spirit
New International Version
The Transjordan Tribes
32 The Reubenites and Gadites, who had very large herds and flocks,(A) saw that the lands of Jazer(B) and Gilead(C) were suitable for livestock.(D) 2 So they came to Moses and Eleazar the priest and to the leaders of the community,(E) and said, 3 “Ataroth,(F) Dibon,(G) Jazer,(H) Nimrah,(I) Heshbon,(J) Elealeh,(K) Sebam,(L) Nebo(M) and Beon(N)— 4 the land the Lord subdued(O) before the people of Israel—are suitable for livestock,(P) and your servants have livestock. 5 If we have found favor in your eyes,” they said, “let this land be given to your servants as our possession. Do not make us cross the Jordan.(Q)”
6 Moses said to the Gadites and Reubenites, “Should your fellow Israelites go to war while you sit here? 7 Why do you discourage the Israelites from crossing over into the land the Lord has given them?(R) 8 This is what your fathers did when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to look over the land.(S) 9 After they went up to the Valley of Eshkol(T) and viewed the land, they discouraged the Israelites from entering the land the Lord had given them. 10 The Lord’s anger was aroused(U) that day and he swore this oath:(V) 11 ‘Because they have not followed me wholeheartedly, not one of those who were twenty years old or more(W) when they came up out of Egypt(X) will see the land I promised on oath(Y) to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob(Z)— 12 not one except Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua son of Nun, for they followed the Lord wholeheartedly.’(AA) 13 The Lord’s anger burned against Israel(AB) and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until the whole generation of those who had done evil in his sight was gone.(AC)
14 “And here you are, a brood of sinners, standing in the place of your fathers and making the Lord even more angry with Israel.(AD) 15 If you turn away from following him, he will again leave all this people in the wilderness, and you will be the cause of their destruction.(AE)”
16 Then they came up to him and said, “We would like to build pens(AF) here for our livestock(AG) and cities for our women and children. 17 But we will arm ourselves for battle[a] and go ahead of the Israelites(AH) until we have brought them to their place.(AI) Meanwhile our women and children will live in fortified cities, for protection from the inhabitants of the land. 18 We will not return to our homes until each of the Israelites has received their inheritance.(AJ) 19 We will not receive any inheritance with them on the other side of the Jordan, because our inheritance(AK) has come to us on the east side of the Jordan.”(AL)
20 Then Moses said to them, “If you will do this—if you will arm yourselves before the Lord for battle(AM) 21 and if all of you who are armed cross over the Jordan before the Lord until he has driven his enemies out before him(AN)— 22 then when the land is subdued before the Lord, you may return(AO) and be free from your obligation to the Lord and to Israel. And this land will be your possession(AP) before the Lord.(AQ)
23 “But if you fail to do this, you will be sinning against the Lord; and you may be sure that your sin will find you out.(AR) 24 Build cities for your women and children, and pens for your flocks,(AS) but do what you have promised.(AT)”
25 The Gadites and Reubenites said to Moses, “We your servants will do as our lord commands.(AU) 26 Our children and wives, our flocks and herds will remain here in the cities of Gilead.(AV) 27 But your servants, every man who is armed for battle, will cross over to fight(AW) before the Lord, just as our lord says.”
28 Then Moses gave orders about them(AX) to Eleazar the priest and Joshua son of Nun(AY) and to the family heads of the Israelite tribes.(AZ) 29 He said to them, “If the Gadites and Reubenites, every man armed for battle, cross over the Jordan with you before the Lord, then when the land is subdued before you,(BA) you must give them the land of Gilead as their possession.(BB) 30 But if they do not cross over(BC) with you armed, they must accept their possession with you in Canaan.(BD)”
31 The Gadites and Reubenites answered, “Your servants will do what the Lord has said.(BE) 32 We will cross over before the Lord into Canaan armed,(BF) but the property we inherit will be on this side of the Jordan.(BG)”
33 Then Moses gave to the Gadites,(BH) the Reubenites and the half-tribe of Manasseh(BI) son of Joseph the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites(BJ) and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan(BK)—the whole land with its cities and the territory around them.(BL)
34 The Gadites built up Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer,(BM) 35 Atroth Shophan, Jazer,(BN) Jogbehah,(BO) 36 Beth Nimrah(BP) and Beth Haran as fortified cities, and built pens for their flocks.(BQ) 37 And the Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon,(BR) Elealeh(BS) and Kiriathaim,(BT) 38 as well as Nebo(BU) and Baal Meon (these names were changed) and Sibmah.(BV) They gave names to the cities they rebuilt.
39 The descendants of Makir(BW) son of Manasseh went to Gilead,(BX) captured it and drove out the Amorites(BY) who were there. 40 So Moses gave Gilead to the Makirites,(BZ) the descendants of Manasseh, and they settled there. 41 Jair,(CA) a descendant of Manasseh, captured their settlements and called them Havvoth Jair.[b](CB) 42 And Nobah captured Kenath(CC) and its surrounding settlements and called it Nobah(CD) after himself.(CE)
Stages in Israel’s Journey
33 Here are the stages in the journey(CF) of the Israelites when they came out of Egypt(CG) by divisions under the leadership of Moses and Aaron.(CH) 2 At the Lord’s command Moses recorded(CI) the stages in their journey(CJ). This is their journey by stages:
3 The Israelites set out(CK) from Rameses(CL) on the fifteenth day of the first month, the day after the Passover.(CM) They marched out defiantly(CN) in full view of all the Egyptians, 4 who were burying all their firstborn,(CO) whom the Lord had struck down among them; for the Lord had brought judgment(CP) on their gods.(CQ)
5 The Israelites left Rameses and camped at Sukkoth.(CR)
6 They left Sukkoth and camped at Etham, on the edge of the desert.(CS)
9 They left Marah and went to Elim, where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees, and they camped(CY) there.
11 They left the Red Sea and camped in the Desert of Sin.(DA)
12 They left the Desert of Sin and camped at Dophkah.
13 They left Dophkah and camped at Alush.
14 They left Alush and camped at Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.(DB)
16 They left the Desert of Sinai and camped at Kibroth Hattaavah.(DE)
17 They left Kibroth Hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth.(DF)
18 They left Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah.
19 They left Rithmah and camped at Rimmon Perez.
20 They left Rimmon Perez and camped at Libnah.(DG)
21 They left Libnah and camped at Rissah.
22 They left Rissah and camped at Kehelathah.
23 They left Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher.
24 They left Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah.
25 They left Haradah and camped at Makheloth.
26 They left Makheloth and camped at Tahath.
27 They left Tahath and camped at Terah.
28 They left Terah and camped at Mithkah.
29 They left Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah.
30 They left Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth.(DH)
31 They left Moseroth and camped at Bene Jaakan.(DI)
32 They left Bene Jaakan and camped at Hor Haggidgad.
33 They left Hor Haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah.(DJ)
34 They left Jotbathah and camped at Abronah.
35 They left Abronah and camped at Ezion Geber.(DK)
36 They left Ezion Geber and camped at Kadesh, in the Desert of Zin.(DL)
37 They left Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor,(DM) on the border of Edom.(DN) 38 At the Lord’s command Aaron the priest went up Mount Hor, where he died(DO) on the first day of the fifth month of the fortieth year(DP) after the Israelites came out of Egypt.(DQ) 39 Aaron was a hundred and twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor.
41 They left Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah.
42 They left Zalmonah and camped at Punon.
43 They left Punon and camped at Oboth.(DU)
44 They left Oboth and camped at Iye Abarim, on the border of Moab.(DV)
45 They left Iye Abarim and camped at Dibon Gad.
46 They left Dibon Gad and camped at Almon Diblathaim.
48 They left the mountains of Abarim(DY) and camped on the plains of Moab(DZ) by the Jordan(EA) across from Jericho.(EB) 49 There on the plains of Moab they camped along the Jordan from Beth Jeshimoth(EC) to Abel Shittim.(ED)
50 On the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho(EE) the Lord said to Moses, 51 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you cross the Jordan into Canaan,(EF) 52 drive out all the inhabitants of the land before you. Destroy all their carved images and their cast idols, and demolish all their high places.(EG) 53 Take possession of the land and settle in it, for I have given you the land to possess.(EH) 54 Distribute the land by lot,(EI) according to your clans.(EJ) To a larger group give a larger inheritance, and to a smaller group a smaller one.(EK) Whatever falls to them by lot will be theirs. Distribute it according to your ancestral tribes.(EL)
55 “‘But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land, those you allow to remain will become barbs in your eyes and thorns(EM) in your sides. They will give you trouble in the land where you will live. 56 And then I will do to you what I plan to do to them.(EN)’”
Boundaries of Canaan
3 “‘Your southern side will include some of the Desert of Zin(ER) along the border of Edom. Your southern boundary will start in the east from the southern end of the Dead Sea,(ES) 4 cross south of Scorpion Pass,(ET) continue on to Zin and go south of Kadesh Barnea.(EU) Then it will go to Hazar Addar and over to Azmon,(EV) 5 where it will turn, join the Wadi of Egypt(EW) and end at the Mediterranean Sea.
7 “‘For your northern boundary,(EZ) run a line from the Mediterranean Sea to Mount Hor(FA) 8 and from Mount Hor to Lebo Hamath.(FB) Then the boundary will go to Zedad, 9 continue to Ziphron and end at Hazar Enan. This will be your boundary on the north.
10 “‘For your eastern boundary,(FC) run a line from Hazar Enan to Shepham. 11 The boundary will go down from Shepham to Riblah(FD) on the east side of Ain(FE) and continue along the slopes east of the Sea of Galilee.[e](FF) 12 Then the boundary will go down along the Jordan and end at the Dead Sea.
“‘This will be your land, with its boundaries on every side.’”
13 Moses commanded the Israelites: “Assign this land by lot(FG) as an inheritance.(FH) The Lord has ordered that it be given to the nine and a half tribes, 14 because the families of the tribe of Reuben, the tribe of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance.(FI) 15 These two and a half tribes have received their inheritance east of the Jordan across from Jericho, toward the sunrise.”
16 The Lord said to Moses, 17 “These are the names of the men who are to assign the land for you as an inheritance: Eleazar the priest and Joshua(FJ) son of Nun. 18 And appoint one leader from each tribe to help(FK) assign the land.(FL) 19 These are their names:(FM)
Caleb(FN) son of Jephunneh,
from the tribe of Judah;(FO)
20 Shemuel son of Ammihud,
from the tribe of Simeon;(FP)
21 Elidad son of Kislon,
from the tribe of Benjamin;(FQ)
22 Bukki son of Jogli,
the leader from the tribe of Dan;
23 Hanniel son of Ephod,
the leader from the tribe of Manasseh(FR) son of Joseph;
24 Kemuel son of Shiphtan,
the leader from the tribe of Ephraim(FS) son of Joseph;
25 Elizaphan son of Parnak,
the leader from the tribe of Zebulun;(FT)
26 Paltiel son of Azzan,
the leader from the tribe of Issachar;
27 Ahihud son of Shelomi,
the leader from the tribe of Asher;(FU)
28 Pedahel son of Ammihud,
the leader from the tribe of Naphtali.”
29 These are the men the Lord commanded to assign the inheritance to the Israelites in the land of Canaan.(FV)
Towns for the Levites
35 On the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho,(FW) the Lord said to Moses, 2 “Command the Israelites to give the Levites towns to live in(FX) from the inheritance the Israelites will possess. And give them pasturelands(FY) around the towns. 3 Then they will have towns to live in and pasturelands for the cattle they own and all their other animals.(FZ)
4 “The pasturelands around the towns that you give the Levites will extend a thousand cubits[f] from the town wall. 5 Outside the town, measure two thousand cubits[g](GA) on the east side, two thousand on the south side, two thousand on the west and two thousand on the north, with the town in the center. They will have this area as pastureland for the towns.(GB)
Cities of Refuge(GC)
6 “Six of the towns you give the Levites will be cities of refuge, to which a person who has killed someone may flee.(GD) In addition, give them forty-two other towns. 7 In all you must give the Levites forty-eight towns, together with their pasturelands. 8 The towns you give the Levites from the land the Israelites possess are to be given in proportion to the inheritance of each tribe: Take many towns from a tribe that has many, but few from one that has few.”(GE)
- Numbers 32:17 Septuagint; Hebrew will be quick to arm ourselves
- Numbers 32:41 Or them the settlements of Jair
- Numbers 33:8 Many manuscripts of the Masoretic Text, Samaritan Pentateuch and Vulgate; most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text left from before Hahiroth
- Numbers 33:10 Or the Sea of Reeds; also in verse 11
- Numbers 34:11 Hebrew Kinnereth
- Numbers 35:4 That is, about 1,500 feet or about 450 meters
- Numbers 35:5 That is, about 3,000 feet or about 900 meters
New International Version
Cities of Refuge(A)
41 Then Moses set aside three cities east of the Jordan, 42 to which anyone who had killed a person could flee if they had unintentionally(B) killed a neighbor without malice aforethought. They could flee into one of these cities and save their life. 43 The cities were these: Bezer in the wilderness plateau, for the Reubenites; Ramoth(C) in Gilead, for the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, for the Manassites.
New International Version
17 Remember what the Amalekites(A) did to you along the way when you came out of Egypt. 18 When you were weary and worn out, they met you on your journey and attacked all who were lagging behind; they had no fear of God.(B) 19 When the Lord your God gives you rest(C) from all the enemies(D) around you in the land he is giving you to possess as an inheritance, you shall blot out the name of Amalek(E) from under heaven. Do not forget!