New International Version
15 The Lord said to Moses, 2 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘After you enter the land I am giving you(A) as a home 3 and you present to the Lord food offerings from the herd or the flock,(B) as an aroma pleasing to the Lord(C)—whether burnt offerings(D) or sacrifices, for special vows or freewill offerings(E) or festival offerings(F)— 4 then the person who brings an offering shall present to the Lord a grain offering(G) of a tenth of an ephah[a] of the finest flour(H) mixed with a quarter of a hin[b] of olive oil. 5 With each lamb(I) for the burnt offering or the sacrifice, prepare a quarter of a hin of wine(J) as a drink offering.(K)
6 “‘With a ram(L) prepare a grain offering(M) of two-tenths of an ephah[c](N) of the finest flour mixed with a third of a hin[d] of olive oil,(O) 7 and a third of a hin of wine(P) as a drink offering.(Q) Offer it as an aroma pleasing to the Lord.(R)
8 “‘When you prepare a young bull(S) as a burnt offering or sacrifice, for a special vow(T) or a fellowship offering(U) to the Lord, 9 bring with the bull a grain offering(V) of three-tenths of an ephah[e](W) of the finest flour mixed with half a hin[f] of olive oil, 10 and also bring half a hin of wine(X) as a drink offering.(Y) This will be a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.(Z) 11 Each bull or ram, each lamb or young goat, is to be prepared in this manner. 12 Do this for each one, for as many as you prepare.(AA)
13 “‘Everyone who is native-born(AB) must do these things in this way when they present a food offering as an aroma pleasing to the Lord.(AC) 14 For the generations to come,(AD) whenever a foreigner(AE) or anyone else living among you presents a food(AF) offering(AG) as an aroma pleasing to the Lord, they must do exactly as you do. 15 The community is to have the same rules for you and for the foreigner residing among you; this is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.(AH) You and the foreigner shall be the same before the Lord: 16 The same laws and regulations will apply both to you and to the foreigner residing among you.(AI)’”
17 The Lord said to Moses, 18 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land to which I am taking you(AJ) 19 and you eat the food of the land,(AK) present a portion as an offering to the Lord.(AL) 20 Present a loaf from the first of your ground meal(AM) and present it as an offering from the threshing floor.(AN) 21 Throughout the generations to come(AO) you are to give this offering to the Lord from the first of your ground meal.(AP)
Offerings for Unintentional Sins
22 “‘Now if you as a community unintentionally fail to keep any of these commands the Lord gave Moses(AQ)— 23 any of the Lord’s commands to you through him, from the day the Lord gave them and continuing through the generations to come(AR)— 24 and if this is done unintentionally(AS) without the community being aware of it,(AT) then the whole community is to offer a young bull for a burnt offering(AU) as an aroma pleasing to the Lord,(AV) along with its prescribed grain offering(AW) and drink offering,(AX) and a male goat for a sin offering.[g](AY) 25 The priest is to make atonement for the whole Israelite community, and they will be forgiven,(AZ) for it was not intentional(BA) and they have presented to the Lord for their wrong a food offering(BB) and a sin offering.(BC) 26 The whole Israelite community and the foreigners residing among them will be forgiven, because all the people were involved in the unintentional wrong.(BD)
27 “‘But if just one person sins unintentionally,(BE) that person must bring a year-old female goat for a sin offering.(BF) 28 The priest is to make atonement(BG) before the Lord for the one who erred by sinning unintentionally, and when atonement has been made, that person will be forgiven.(BH) 29 One and the same law applies to everyone who sins unintentionally, whether a native-born Israelite or a foreigner residing among you.(BI)
30 “‘But anyone who sins defiantly,(BJ) whether native-born or foreigner,(BK) blasphemes the Lord(BL) and must be cut off from the people of Israel.(BM) 31 Because they have despised(BN) the Lord’s word and broken his commands,(BO) they must surely be cut off; their guilt remains on them.(BP)’”
The Sabbath-Breaker Put to Death
32 While the Israelites were in the wilderness,(BQ) a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day.(BR) 33 Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and the whole assembly, 34 and they kept him in custody, because it was not clear what should be done to him.(BS) 35 Then the Lord said to Moses, “The man must die.(BT) The whole assembly must stone him outside the camp.(BU)” 36 So the assembly took him outside the camp and stoned him(BV) to death,(BW) as the Lord commanded Moses.(BX)
Tassels on Garments
37 The Lord said to Moses, 38 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘Throughout the generations to come(BY) you are to make tassels on the corners of your garments,(BZ) with a blue cord on each tassel. 39 You will have these tassels to look at and so you will remember(CA) all the commands of the Lord, that you may obey them and not prostitute yourselves(CB) by chasing after the lusts of your own hearts(CC) and eyes. 40 Then you will remember to obey all my commands(CD) and will be consecrated to your God.(CE) 41 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt to be your God.(CF) I am the Lord your God.(CG)’”
Korah, Dathan and Abiram
16 Korah(CH) son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, and certain Reubenites—Dathan and Abiram(CI), sons of Eliab,(CJ) and On son of Peleth—became insolent[h] 2 and rose up against Moses.(CK) With them were 250 Israelite men, well-known community leaders who had been appointed members of the council.(CL) 3 They came as a group to oppose Moses and Aaron(CM) and said to them, “You have gone too far! The whole community is holy,(CN) every one of them, and the Lord is with them.(CO) Why then do you set yourselves above the Lord’s assembly?”(CP)
4 When Moses heard this, he fell facedown.(CQ) 5 Then he said to Korah and all his followers: “In the morning the Lord will show who belongs to him and who is holy,(CR) and he will have that person come near him.(CS) The man he chooses(CT) he will cause to come near him. 6 You, Korah, and all your followers(CU) are to do this: Take censers(CV) 7 and tomorrow put burning coals(CW) and incense(CX) in them before the Lord. The man the Lord chooses(CY) will be the one who is holy.(CZ) You Levites have gone too far!”
8 Moses also said to Korah, “Now listen, you Levites! 9 Isn’t it enough(DA) for you that the God of Israel has separated you from the rest of the Israelite community and brought you near himself to do the work at the Lord’s tabernacle and to stand before the community and minister to them?(DB) 10 He has brought you and all your fellow Levites near himself, but now you are trying to get the priesthood too.(DC) 11 It is against the Lord that you and all your followers have banded together. Who is Aaron that you should grumble(DD) against him?(DE)”
12 Then Moses summoned Dathan and Abiram,(DF) the sons of Eliab. But they said, “We will not come!(DG) 13 Isn’t it enough that you have brought us up out of a land flowing with milk and honey(DH) to kill us in the wilderness?(DI) And now you also want to lord it over us!(DJ) 14 Moreover, you haven’t brought us into a land flowing with milk and honey(DK) or given us an inheritance of fields and vineyards.(DL) Do you want to treat these men like slaves[i]?(DM) No, we will not come!(DN)”
16 Moses said to Korah, “You and all your followers are to appear before the Lord tomorrow—you and they and Aaron.(DQ) 17 Each man is to take his censer and put incense in it—250 censers in all—and present it before the Lord. You and Aaron are to present your censers also.(DR)” 18 So each of them took his censer,(DS) put burning coals and incense in it, and stood with Moses and Aaron at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 19 When Korah had gathered all his followers in opposition to them(DT) at the entrance to the tent of meeting, the glory of the Lord(DU) appeared to the entire assembly. 20 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 21 “Separate yourselves(DV) from this assembly so I can put an end to them at once.”(DW)
23 Then the Lord said to Moses, 24 “Say to the assembly, ‘Move away from the tents of Korah, Dathan and Abiram.’”
25 Moses got up and went to Dathan and Abiram, and the elders of Israel(EB) followed him. 26 He warned the assembly, “Move back from the tents of these wicked men!(EC) Do not touch anything belonging to them, or you will be swept away(ED) because of all their sins.(EE)” 27 So they moved away from the tents of Korah, Dathan and Abiram.(EF) Dathan and Abiram had come out and were standing with their wives, children(EG) and little ones at the entrances to their tents.(EH)
28 Then Moses said, “This is how you will know(EI) that the Lord has sent me(EJ) to do all these things and that it was not my idea: 29 If these men die a natural death and suffer the fate of all mankind, then the Lord has not sent me.(EK) 30 But if the Lord brings about something totally new, and the earth opens its mouth(EL) and swallows them, with everything that belongs to them, and they go down alive into the realm of the dead,(EM) then you will know that these men have treated the Lord with contempt.(EN)”
31 As soon as he finished saying all this, the ground under them split apart(EO) 32 and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them(EP) and their households, and all those associated with Korah, together with their possessions. 33 They went down alive into the realm of the dead,(EQ) with everything they owned; the earth closed over them, and they perished and were gone from the community. 34 At their cries, all the Israelites around them fled, shouting, “The earth is going to swallow us too!”
36 The Lord said to Moses, 37 “Tell Eleazar(ET) son of Aaron, the priest, to remove the censers(EU) from the charred remains and scatter the coals some distance away, for the censers are holy— 38 the censers of the men who sinned at the cost of their lives.(EV) Hammer the censers into sheets to overlay the altar,(EW) for they were presented before the Lord and have become holy. Let them be a sign(EX) to the Israelites.”
39 So Eleazar the priest(EY) collected the bronze censers brought by those who had been burned to death,(EZ) and he had them hammered out to overlay the altar, 40 as the Lord directed him through Moses. This was to remind the Israelites that no one except a descendant of Aaron should come to burn incense(FA) before the Lord,(FB) or he would become like Korah and his followers.(FC)
41 The next day the whole Israelite community grumbled against Moses and Aaron. “You have killed the Lord’s people,” they said.
42 But when the assembly gathered in opposition(FD) to Moses and Aaron and turned toward the tent of meeting, suddenly the cloud covered it and the glory of the Lord(FE) appeared. 43 Then Moses and Aaron went to the front of the tent of meeting, 44 and the Lord said to Moses, 45 “Get away from this assembly so I can put an end(FF) to them at once.” And they fell facedown.
46 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Take your censer(FG) and put incense in it, along with burning coals from the altar, and hurry to the assembly(FH) to make atonement(FI) for them. Wrath has come out from the Lord;(FJ) the plague(FK) has started.” 47 So Aaron did as Moses said, and ran into the midst of the assembly. The plague had already started among the people,(FL) but Aaron offered the incense and made atonement for them. 48 He stood between the living and the dead, and the plague stopped.(FM) 49 But 14,700 people died from the plague, in addition to those who had died because of Korah.(FN) 50 Then Aaron returned to Moses at the entrance to the tent of meeting, for the plague had stopped.[j]
The Budding of Aaron’s Staff
17 [k]The Lord said to Moses, 2 “Speak to the Israelites and get twelve staffs(FO) from them, one from the leader of each of their ancestral tribes.(FP) Write the name of each man on his staff. 3 On the staff of Levi write Aaron’s name,(FQ) for there must be one staff for the head of each ancestral tribe. 4 Place them in the tent of meeting(FR) in front of the ark of the covenant law,(FS) where I meet with you.(FT) 5 The staff belonging to the man I choose(FU) will sprout,(FV) and I will rid myself of this constant grumbling(FW) against you by the Israelites.”
6 So Moses spoke to the Israelites, and their leaders gave him twelve staffs, one for the leader of each of their ancestral tribes, and Aaron’s staff was among them. 7 Moses placed the staffs before the Lord in the tent of the covenant law.(FX)
8 The next day Moses entered the tent(FY) and saw that Aaron’s staff,(FZ) which represented the tribe of Levi, had not only sprouted but had budded, blossomed and produced almonds.(GA) 9 Then Moses brought out all the staffs(GB) from the Lord’s presence to all the Israelites. They looked at them, and each of the leaders took his own staff.
10 The Lord said to Moses, “Put back Aaron’s staff(GC) in front of the ark of the covenant law, to be kept as a sign to the rebellious.(GD) This will put an end to their grumbling against me, so that they will not die.” 11 Moses did just as the Lord commanded him.
Duties of Priests and Levites
18 The Lord said to Aaron, “You, your sons and your family are to bear the responsibility for offenses connected with the sanctuary,(GG) and you and your sons alone are to bear the responsibility for offenses connected with the priesthood. 2 Bring your fellow Levites from your ancestral tribe to join you and assist you when you and your sons minister(GH) before the tent of the covenant law. 3 They are to be responsible to you(GI) and are to perform all the duties of the tent,(GJ) but they must not go near the furnishings of the sanctuary or the altar. Otherwise both they and you will die.(GK) 4 They are to join you and be responsible for the care of the tent of meeting—all the work at the tent—and no one else may come near where you are.(GL)
5 “You are to be responsible for the care of the sanctuary and the altar,(GM) so that my wrath will not fall on the Israelites again. 6 I myself have selected your fellow Levites from among the Israelites as a gift to you,(GN) dedicated to the Lord to do the work at the tent of meeting.(GO) 7 But only you and your sons may serve as priests in connection with everything at the altar and inside the curtain.(GP) I am giving you the service of the priesthood as a gift.(GQ) Anyone else who comes near the sanctuary is to be put to death.(GR)”
Offerings for Priests and Levites
8 Then the Lord said to Aaron, “I myself have put you in charge of the offerings presented to me; all the holy offerings the Israelites give me I give to you and your sons as your portion,(GS) your perpetual share.(GT) 9 You are to have the part of the most holy offerings(GU) that is kept from the fire. From all the gifts they bring me as most holy offerings, whether grain(GV) or sin[l](GW) or guilt offerings,(GX) that part belongs to you and your sons. 10 Eat it as something most holy; every male shall eat it.(GY) You must regard it as holy.(GZ)
11 “This also is yours: whatever is set aside from the gifts of all the wave offerings(HA) of the Israelites. I give this to you and your sons and daughters as your perpetual share.(HB) Everyone in your household who is ceremonially clean(HC) may eat it.
12 “I give you all the finest olive oil and all the finest new wine and grain(HD) they give the Lord(HE) as the firstfruits of their harvest.(HF) 13 All the land’s firstfruits that they bring to the Lord will be yours.(HG) Everyone in your household who is ceremonially clean may eat it.(HH)
14 “Everything in Israel that is devoted[m] to the Lord(HI) is yours. 15 The first offspring of every womb, both human and animal, that is offered to the Lord is yours.(HJ) But you must redeem(HK) every firstborn(HL) son and every firstborn male of unclean animals.(HM) 16 When they are a month old,(HN) you must redeem them at the redemption price set at five shekels[n](HO) of silver, according to the sanctuary shekel,(HP) which weighs twenty gerahs.(HQ)
17 “But you must not redeem the firstborn of a cow, a sheep or a goat; they are holy.(HR) Splash their blood(HS) against the altar and burn their fat(HT) as a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.(HU) 18 Their meat is to be yours, just as the breast of the wave offering(HV) and the right thigh are yours.(HW) 19 Whatever is set aside from the holy(HX) offerings the Israelites present to the Lord I give to you and your sons and daughters as your perpetual share. It is an everlasting covenant of salt(HY) before the Lord for both you and your offspring.”
21 “I give to the Levites all the tithes(IB) in Israel as their inheritance(IC) in return for the work they do while serving at the tent of meeting.(ID) 22 From now on the Israelites must not go near the tent of meeting, or they will bear the consequences of their sin and will die.(IE) 23 It is the Levites who are to do the work at the tent of meeting and bear the responsibility for any offenses they commit against it. This is a lasting ordinance(IF) for the generations to come.(IG) They will receive no inheritance(IH) among the Israelites.(II) 24 Instead, I give to the Levites as their inheritance the tithes that the Israelites present as an offering to the Lord.(IJ) That is why I said concerning them: ‘They will have no inheritance among the Israelites.’”
25 The Lord said to Moses, 26 “Speak to the Levites and say to them: ‘When you receive from the Israelites the tithe I give you(IK) as your inheritance, you must present a tenth of that tithe as the Lord’s offering.(IL) 27 Your offering will be reckoned(IM) to you as grain from the threshing floor(IN) or juice from the winepress.(IO) 28 In this way you also will present an offering to the Lord from all the tithes(IP) you receive from the Israelites. From these tithes you must give the Lord’s portion to Aaron the priest. 29 You must present as the Lord’s portion the best and holiest part of everything given to you.’
30 “Say to the Levites: ‘When you present the best part, it will be reckoned to you as the product of the threshing floor or the winepress.(IQ) 31 You and your households may eat the rest of it anywhere, for it is your wages for your work at the tent of meeting.(IR) 32 By presenting the best part(IS) of it you will not be guilty in this matter;(IT) then you will not defile the holy offerings(IU) of the Israelites, and you will not die.’”
- Numbers 15:4 That is, probably about 3 1/2 pounds or about 1.6 kilograms
- Numbers 15:4 That is, about 1 quart or about 1 liter; also in verse 5
- Numbers 15:6 That is, probably about 7 pounds or about 3.2 kilograms
- Numbers 15:6 That is, about 1 1/3 quarts or about 1.3 liters; also in verse 7
- Numbers 15:9 That is, probably about 11 pounds or about 5 kilograms
- Numbers 15:9 That is, about 2 quarts or about 1.9 liters; also in verse 10
- Numbers 15:24 Or purification offering; also in verses 25 and 27
- Numbers 16:1 Or Peleth—took men
- Numbers 16:14 Or to deceive these men; Hebrew Will you gouge out the eyes of these men
- Numbers 16:50 In Hebrew texts 16:36-50 is numbered 17:1-15.
- Numbers 17:1 In Hebrew texts 17:1-13 is numbered 17:16-28.
- Numbers 18:9 Or purification
- Numbers 18:14 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord.
- Numbers 18:16 That is, about 2 ounces or about 58 grams