The People Who Sealed the Covenant

10 Now those who placed their seal on the document were:

Nehemiah the [a]governor, (A)the son of Hacaliah, and Zedekiah, (B)Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah, Pashhur, Amariah, Malchijah, Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluch, Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah, Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch, Meshullam, Abijah, Mijamin, Maaziah, Bilgai, and Shemaiah. These were the priests.

The Levites: Jeshua the son of Azaniah, Binnui of the sons of Henadad, and Kadmiel.

10 Their brethren: Shebaniah, Hodijah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan, 11 Micha, Rehob, Hashabiah, 12 Zaccur, Sherebiah, Shebaniah, 13 Hodijah, Bani, and Beninu.

14 The leaders of the people: (C)Parosh, Pahath-Moab, Elam, Zattu, Bani, 15 Bunni, Azgad, Bebai, 16 Adonijah, Bigvai, Adin, 17 Ater, Hezekiah, Azzur, 18 Hodijah, Hashum, Bezai, 19 Hariph, Anathoth, Nebai, 20 Magpiash, Meshullam, Hezir, 21 Meshezabel, Zadok, Jaddua, 22 Pelatiah, Hanan, Anaiah, 23 Hoshea, Hananiah, Hasshub, 24 Hallohesh, Pilha, Shobek, 25 Rehum, Hashabnah, Maaseiah, 26 Ahijah, Hanan, Anan, 27 Malluch, Harim, and Baanah.

The Covenant That Was Sealed

28 (D)Now the rest of the people—the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, the Nethinim, (E)and all those who had separated themselves from the peoples of the lands to the Law of God, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, everyone who had knowledge and understanding— 29 these joined with their brethren, their nobles, (F)and entered into a curse and an oath (G)to walk in God’s Law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the Lord our Lord, and His ordinances and His statutes: 30 We would not give (H)our daughters as wives to the peoples of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons; 31 (I)if the peoples of the land brought [b]wares or any grain to sell on the Sabbath day, we would not buy it from them on the Sabbath, or on a holy day; and we would forego the (J)seventh year’s produce and the (K)exacting[c] of every debt.

32 Also we made ordinances for ourselves, to exact from ourselves yearly (L)one-third of a shekel for the service of the house of our God: 33 for (M)the showbread, for the regular grain offering, for the (N)regular burnt offering of the Sabbaths, the New Moons, and the set feasts; for the holy things, for the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, and all the work of the house of our God. 34 We cast lots among the priests, the Levites, and the people, (O)for bringing the wood offering into the house of our God, according to our fathers’ houses, at the appointed times year by year, to burn on the altar of the Lord our God (P)as it is written in the Law.

35 And we made ordinances (Q)to bring the firstfruits of our ground and the firstfruits of all fruit of all trees, year by year, to the house of the Lord; 36 to bring the (R)firstborn of our sons and our cattle, as it is written in the Law, and the firstborn of our herds and our flocks, to the house of our God, to the priests who minister in the house of our God; 37 (S)to bring the firstfruits of our dough, our offerings, the fruit from all kinds of trees, the new wine and oil, to the priests, to the storerooms of the [d]house of our God; and to bring (T)the tithes of our land to the Levites, for the Levites should receive the tithes in all our farming communities. 38 And the priest, the descendant of Aaron, shall be with the Levites (U)when the Levites receive tithes; and the Levites shall bring up a tenth of the tithes to the house of our God, to (V)the rooms of the storehouse.

39 For the children of Israel and the children of Levi (W)shall bring the offering of the grain, of the new wine and the oil, to the storerooms where the articles of the sanctuary are, where the priests who minister and the gatekeepers (X)and the singers are; and we will not (Y)neglect the house of our God.

The People Dwelling in Jerusalem

11 Now the leaders of the people dwelt at Jerusalem; the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to dwell in Jerusalem, (Z)the holy city, and nine-tenths were to dwell in other cities. And the people blessed all the men who (AA)willingly offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem.

(AB)These are the heads of the province who dwelt in Jerusalem. (But in the cities of Judah everyone dwelt in his own possession in their cities—Israelites, priests, Levites, (AC)Nethinim, and (AD)descendants of Solomon’s servants.) Also (AE)in Jerusalem dwelt some of the children of Judah and of the children of Benjamin.

The children of Judah: Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalalel, of the children of (AF)Perez; and Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Col-Hozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of Shiloni. All the sons of Perez who dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred and sixty-eight valiant men.

And these are the sons of Benjamin: Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jeshaiah; and after him Gabbai and Sallai, nine hundred and twenty-eight. Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer, and Judah the son of [e]Senuah was second over the city.

10 (AG)Of the priests: Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, and Jachin; 11 Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, was the leader of the house of God. 12 Their brethren who did the work of the house were eight hundred and twenty-two; and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashhur, the son of Malchijah, 13 and his brethren, heads of the fathers’ houses, were two hundred and forty-two; and Amashai the son of Azarel, the son of Ahzai, the son of Meshillemoth, the son of Immer, 14 and their brethren, mighty men of valor, were one hundred and twenty-eight. Their overseer was Zabdiel [f]the son of one of the great men.

15 Also of the Levites: Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni; 16 (AH)Shabbethai and (AI)Jozabad, of the heads of the Levites, had the oversight of (AJ)the business outside of the [g]house of God; 17 Mattaniah the son of [h]Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, the leader who began the thanksgiving with prayer; Bakbukiah, the second among his brethren; and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun. 18 All the Levites in (AK)the holy city were two hundred and eighty-four.

19 Moreover the gatekeepers, Akkub, Talmon, and their brethren who kept the gates, were one hundred and seventy-two.

20 And the rest of Israel, of the priests and Levites, were in all the cities of Judah, everyone in his inheritance. 21 (AL)But the Nethinim dwelt in Ophel. And Ziha and Gishpa were over the Nethinim.

22 Also the overseer of the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha, of the sons of Asaph, the singers in charge of the [i]service of the [j]house of God. 23 For (AM)it was the king’s command concerning them that a [k]certain portion should be for the singers, a quota day by day. 24 Pethahiah the son of Meshezabel, of the children of (AN)Zerah the son of Judah, was (AO)the[l] king’s deputy in all matters concerning the people.

The People Dwelling Outside Jerusalem

25 And as for the villages with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt in (AP)Kirjath Arba and its villages, Dibon and its villages, Jekabzeel and its villages; 26 in Jeshua, Moladah, Beth Pelet, 27 Hazar Shual, and Beersheba and its villages; 28 in Ziklag and Meconah and its villages; 29 in En Rimmon, Zorah, Jarmuth, 30 Zanoah, Adullam, and their villages; in Lachish and its fields; in Azekah and its villages. They dwelt from Beersheba to the Valley of Hinnom.

31 Also the children of Benjamin from Geba dwelt in Michmash, Aija, and Bethel, and their villages; 32 in Anathoth, Nob, Ananiah; 33 in Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim; 34 in Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat; 35 in Lod, Ono, and (AQ)the Valley of Craftsmen. 36 Some of the Judean divisions of Levites were in Benjamin.

The Priests and Levites(AR)

12 Now these are the (AS)priests and the Levites who came up with (AT)Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua: (AU)Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra, Amariah, [m]Malluch, Hattush, [n]Shechaniah, [o]Rehum, [p]Meremoth, Iddo, [q]Ginnethoi, (AV)Abijah, [r]Mijamin, [s]Maadiah, Bilgah, Shemaiah, Joiarib, Jedaiah, [t]Sallu, Amok, Hilkiah, and Jedaiah.

These were the heads of the priests and their brethren in the days of (AW)Jeshua.

Moreover the Levites were Jeshua, Binnui, Kadmiel, Sherebiah, Judah, and Mattaniah (AX)who led the thanksgiving psalms, he and his brethren. Also Bakbukiah and Unni, their brethren, stood across from them in their duties.

10 Jeshua begot Joiakim, Joiakim begot Eliashib, Eliashib begot Joiada, 11 Joiada begot Jonathan, and Jonathan begot Jaddua.

12 Now in the days of Joiakim, the priests, the (AY)heads of the fathers’ houses were: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah; 13 of Ezra, Meshullam; of Amariah, Jehohanan; 14 of [u]Melichu, Jonathan; of [v]Shebaniah, Joseph; 15 of [w]Harim, Adna; of [x]Meraioth, Helkai; 16 of Iddo, Zechariah; of Ginnethon, Meshullam; 17 of Abijah, Zichri; the son of [y]Minjamin; of [z]Moadiah, Piltai; 18 of Bilgah, Shammua; of Shemaiah, Jehonathan; 19 of Joiarib, Mattenai; of Jedaiah, Uzzi; 20 of [aa]Sallai, Kallai; of Amok, Eber; 21 of Hilkiah, Hashabiah; and of Jedaiah, Nethanel.

22 During the reign of Darius the Persian, a record was also kept of the Levites and priests who had been (AZ)heads of their fathers’ houses in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, Johanan, and Jaddua. 23 The sons of Levi, the heads of the fathers’ houses until the days of Johanan the son of Eliashib, were written in the book of the (BA)chronicles.

24 And the heads of the Levites were Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brothers across from them, to (BB)praise and give thanks, (BC)group[ab] alternating with group, (BD)according to the command of David the man of God. 25 Mattaniah, Bakbukiah, Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, and Akkub were gatekeepers keeping the watch at the storerooms of the gates. 26 These lived in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua, the son of [ac]Jozadak, and in the days of Nehemiah (BE)the governor, and of Ezra the priest, (BF)the scribe.

Nehemiah Dedicates the Wall

27 Now at (BG)the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought out the Levites in all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem to celebrate the dedication with gladness, (BH)both with thanksgivings and singing, with cymbals and stringed instruments and harps. 28 And the sons of the singers gathered together from the countryside around Jerusalem, from the (BI)villages of the Netophathites, 29 from the house of Gilgal, and from the fields of Geba and Azmaveth; for the singers had built themselves villages all around Jerusalem. 30 Then the priests and Levites (BJ)purified themselves, and purified the people, the gates, and the wall.

31 So I brought the leaders of Judah up on the wall, and appointed two large thanksgiving choirs. (BK)One went to the right hand on the wall (BL)toward the Refuse Gate. 32 After them went Hoshaiah and half of the leaders of Judah, 33 and Azariah, Ezra, Meshullam, 34 Judah, Benjamin, Shemaiah, Jeremiah, 35 and some of the priests’ sons (BM)with trumpets—Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph, 36 and his brethren, Shemaiah, Azarel, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethanel, Judah, and Hanani, with (BN)the musical (BO)instruments of David the man of God. And Ezra the scribe went before them. 37 (BP)By the Fountain Gate, in front of them, they went up (BQ)the stairs of the (BR)City of David, on the stairway of the wall, beyond the house of David, as far as (BS)the Water Gate eastward.

38 (BT)The other thanksgiving choir went the opposite way, and I was behind them with half of the people on the wall, going past the (BU)Tower of the Ovens as far as (BV)the Broad Wall, 39 (BW)and above the Gate of Ephraim, above (BX)the Old Gate, above (BY)the Fish Gate, (BZ)the Tower of Hananel, the Tower of [ad]the Hundred, as far as (CA)the Sheep Gate; and they stopped by (CB)the Gate of the Prison.

40 So the two thanksgiving choirs stood in the house of God, likewise I and the half of the rulers with me; 41 and the priests, Eliakim, Maaseiah, [ae]Minjamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets; 42 also Maaseiah, Shemaiah, Eleazar, Uzzi, Jehohanan, Malchijah, Elam, and Ezer. The singers [af]sang loudly with Jezrahiah the director.

43 Also that day they offered great sacrifices, and rejoiced, for God had made them rejoice with great joy; the women and the children also rejoiced, so that the joy of Jerusalem was heard (CC)afar off.

Temple Responsibilities

44 (CD)And at the same time some were appointed over the rooms of the storehouse for the offerings, the firstfruits, and the (CE)tithes, to gather into them from the fields of the cities the portions specified by the Law for the priests and Levites; for Judah rejoiced over the priests and Levites who [ag]ministered. 45 Both the singers and the gatekeepers kept the charge of their God and the charge of the purification, (CF)according to the command of David and Solomon his son. 46 For in the days of David (CG)and Asaph of old there were chiefs of the singers, and songs of praise and thanksgiving to God. 47 In the days of Zerubbabel and in the days of Nehemiah all Israel gave the portions for the singers and the gatekeepers, a portion for (CH)each day. (CI)They also [ah]consecrated holy things for the Levites, (CJ)and the Levites consecrated them for the children of Aaron.

Principles of Separation(CK)

13 On that day (CL)they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the people, and in it was found written (CM)that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever come into the assembly of God, because they had not met the children of Israel with bread and water, but (CN)hired Balaam against them to curse them. (CO)However, our God turned the curse into a blessing. So it was, when they had heard the Law, (CP)that they separated all the mixed multitude from Israel.

The Reforms of Nehemiah

Now before this, (CQ)Eliashib the priest, having authority over the storerooms of the house of our God, was allied with (CR)Tobiah. And he had prepared for him a large room, (CS)where previously they had stored the grain offerings, the frankincense, the articles, the tithes of grain, the new wine and oil, (CT)which were commanded to be given to the Levites and singers and gatekeepers, and the offerings for the priests. But during all this I was not in Jerusalem, (CU)for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon I had returned to the king. Then after certain days I obtained leave from the king, and I came to Jerusalem and discovered the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, in (CV)preparing a room for him in the courts of the [ai]house of God. And it grieved me bitterly; therefore I threw all the household goods of Tobiah out of the room. Then I commanded them to (CW)cleanse the rooms; and I brought back into them the articles of the house of God, with the grain offering and the frankincense.

10 I also realized that the portions for the Levites had (CX)not been given them; for each of the Levites and the singers who did the work had gone back to (CY)his field. 11 So (CZ)I contended with the rulers, and said, (DA)“Why is the house of God forsaken?” And I gathered them together and set them in their place. 12 (DB)Then all Judah brought the tithe of the grain and the new wine and the oil to the storehouse. 13 (DC)And I appointed as treasurers over the storehouse Shelemiah the priest and Zadok the scribe, and of the Levites, Pedaiah; and next to them was Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah; for they were considered (DD)faithful, and their task was to distribute to their brethren.

14 (DE)Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and do not wipe out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for its services!

15 In those days I saw people in Judah treading winepresses (DF)on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and loading donkeys with wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of burdens, (DG)which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And I warned them about the day on which they were selling provisions. 16 Men of Tyre dwelt there also, who brought in fish and all kinds of goods, and sold them on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.

17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said to them, “What evil thing is this that you do, by which you profane the Sabbath day? 18 (DH)Did not your fathers do thus, and did not our God bring all this disaster on us and on this city? Yet you bring added wrath on Israel by profaning the Sabbath.”

19 So it was, at the gates of Jerusalem, as it (DI)began to be dark before the Sabbath, that I commanded the gates to be shut, and charged that they must not be opened till after the Sabbath. (DJ)Then I posted some of my servants at the gates, so that no burdens would be brought in on the Sabbath day. 20 Now the merchants and sellers of all kinds of [aj]wares [ak]lodged outside Jerusalem once or twice.

21 Then I warned them, and said to them, “Why do you spend the night [al]around the wall? If you do so again, I will lay hands on you!” From that time on they came no more on the Sabbath. 22 And I commanded the Levites that (DK)they should cleanse themselves, and that they should go and guard the gates, to sanctify the Sabbath day.

Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of Your mercy!

23 In those days I also saw Jews who (DL)had married women of (DM)Ashdod, Ammon, and Moab. 24 And half of their children spoke the language of Ashdod, and could not speak the language of Judah, but spoke according to the language of one or the other people.

25 So I (DN)contended with them and [am]cursed them, struck some of them and pulled out their hair, and made them (DO)swear by God, saying, “You shall not give your daughters as wives to their sons, nor take their daughters for your sons or yourselves. 26 (DP)Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? Yet among many nations there was no king like him, (DQ)who was beloved of his God; and God made him king over all Israel. (DR)Nevertheless pagan women caused even him to sin. 27 Should we then hear of your doing all this great evil, (DS)transgressing against our God by marrying pagan women?”

28 And one of the sons (DT)of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was a son-in-law of (DU)Sanballat the Horonite; therefore I drove him from me.

29 (DV)Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood and (DW)the covenant of the priesthood and the Levites.

30 (DX)Thus I cleansed them of everything pagan. I also (DY)assigned duties to the priests and the Levites, each to his service, 31 and to bringing (DZ)the wood offering and the firstfruits at appointed times.

(EA)Remember me, O my God, for good!


  1. Nehemiah 10:1 Heb. Tirshatha
  2. Nehemiah 10:31 merchandise
  3. Nehemiah 10:31 collection
  4. Nehemiah 10:37 Temple
  5. Nehemiah 11:9 Or Hassenuah
  6. Nehemiah 11:14 Or the son of Haggedolim
  7. Nehemiah 11:16 Temple
  8. Nehemiah 11:17 Or Michah
  9. Nehemiah 11:22 work
  10. Nehemiah 11:22 Temple
  11. Nehemiah 11:23 fixed share
  12. Nehemiah 11:24 Lit. at the king’s hand
  13. Nehemiah 12:2 Melichu, v. 14
  14. Nehemiah 12:3 Shebaniah, v. 14
  15. Nehemiah 12:3 Harim, v. 15
  16. Nehemiah 12:3 Meraioth, v. 15
  17. Nehemiah 12:4 Ginnethon, v. 16
  18. Nehemiah 12:5 Minjamin, v. 17
  19. Nehemiah 12:5 Moadiah, v. 17
  20. Nehemiah 12:7 Sallai, v. 20
  21. Nehemiah 12:14 Malluch, v. 2
  22. Nehemiah 12:14 Shechaniah, v. 3
  23. Nehemiah 12:15 Rehum, v. 3
  24. Nehemiah 12:15 Meremoth, v. 3
  25. Nehemiah 12:17 Mijamin, v. 5
  26. Nehemiah 12:17 Maadiah, v. 5
  27. Nehemiah 12:20 Sallu, v. 7
  28. Nehemiah 12:24 Lit. watch by watch
  29. Nehemiah 12:26 Jehozadak, 1 Chr. 6:14
  30. Nehemiah 12:39 Heb. Hammeah
  31. Nehemiah 12:41 Or Mijamin, v. 5
  32. Nehemiah 12:42 Lit. made their voice to be heard
  33. Nehemiah 12:44 Lit. stood
  34. Nehemiah 12:47 set apart
  35. Nehemiah 13:7 Temple
  36. Nehemiah 13:20 merchandise
  37. Nehemiah 13:20 spent the night
  38. Nehemiah 13:21 Lit. before
  39. Nehemiah 13:25 pronounced them cursed

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