The Priests and Levites(A)

12 Now these are the (B)priests and the Levites who came up with (C)Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua: (D)Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra, Amariah, [a]Malluch, Hattush, [b]Shechaniah, [c]Rehum, [d]Meremoth, Iddo, [e]Ginnethoi, (E)Abijah, [f]Mijamin, [g]Maadiah, Bilgah, Shemaiah, Joiarib, Jedaiah, [h]Sallu, Amok, Hilkiah, and Jedaiah.

These were the heads of the priests and their brethren in the days of (F)Jeshua.

Moreover the Levites were Jeshua, Binnui, Kadmiel, Sherebiah, Judah, and Mattaniah (G)who led the thanksgiving psalms, he and his brethren. Also Bakbukiah and Unni, their brethren, stood across from them in their duties.

10 Jeshua begot Joiakim, Joiakim begot Eliashib, Eliashib begot Joiada, 11 Joiada begot Jonathan, and Jonathan begot Jaddua.

12 Now in the days of Joiakim, the priests, the (H)heads of the fathers’ houses were: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah; 13 of Ezra, Meshullam; of Amariah, Jehohanan; 14 of [i]Melichu, Jonathan; of [j]Shebaniah, Joseph; 15 of [k]Harim, Adna; of [l]Meraioth, Helkai; 16 of Iddo, Zechariah; of Ginnethon, Meshullam; 17 of Abijah, Zichri; the son of [m]Minjamin; of [n]Moadiah, Piltai; 18 of Bilgah, Shammua; of Shemaiah, Jehonathan; 19 of Joiarib, Mattenai; of Jedaiah, Uzzi; 20 of [o]Sallai, Kallai; of Amok, Eber; 21 of Hilkiah, Hashabiah; and of Jedaiah, Nethanel.

22 During the reign of Darius the Persian, a record was also kept of the Levites and priests who had been (I)heads of their fathers’ houses in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, Johanan, and Jaddua. 23 The sons of Levi, the heads of the fathers’ houses until the days of Johanan the son of Eliashib, were written in the book of the (J)chronicles.

24 And the heads of the Levites were Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brothers across from them, to (K)praise and give thanks, (L)group[p] alternating with group, (M)according to the command of David the man of God. 25 Mattaniah, Bakbukiah, Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, and Akkub were gatekeepers keeping the watch at the storerooms of the gates. 26 These lived in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua, the son of [q]Jozadak, and in the days of Nehemiah (N)the governor, and of Ezra the priest, (O)the scribe.

Nehemiah Dedicates the Wall

27 Now at (P)the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought out the Levites in all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem to celebrate the dedication with gladness, (Q)both with thanksgivings and singing, with cymbals and stringed instruments and harps. 28 And the sons of the singers gathered together from the countryside around Jerusalem, from the (R)villages of the Netophathites, 29 from the house of Gilgal, and from the fields of Geba and Azmaveth; for the singers had built themselves villages all around Jerusalem. 30 Then the priests and Levites (S)purified themselves, and purified the people, the gates, and the wall.

31 So I brought the leaders of Judah up on the wall, and appointed two large thanksgiving choirs. (T)One went to the right hand on the wall (U)toward the Refuse Gate. 32 After them went Hoshaiah and half of the leaders of Judah, 33 and Azariah, Ezra, Meshullam, 34 Judah, Benjamin, Shemaiah, Jeremiah, 35 and some of the priests’ sons (V)with trumpets—Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph, 36 and his brethren, Shemaiah, Azarel, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethanel, Judah, and Hanani, with (W)the musical (X)instruments of David the man of God. And Ezra the scribe went before them. 37 (Y)By the Fountain Gate, in front of them, they went up (Z)the stairs of the (AA)City of David, on the stairway of the wall, beyond the house of David, as far as (AB)the Water Gate eastward.

38 (AC)The other thanksgiving choir went the opposite way, and I was behind them with half of the people on the wall, going past the (AD)Tower of the Ovens as far as (AE)the Broad Wall, 39 (AF)and above the Gate of Ephraim, above (AG)the Old Gate, above (AH)the Fish Gate, (AI)the Tower of Hananel, the Tower of [r]the Hundred, as far as (AJ)the Sheep Gate; and they stopped by (AK)the Gate of the Prison.

40 So the two thanksgiving choirs stood in the house of God, likewise I and the half of the rulers with me; 41 and the priests, Eliakim, Maaseiah, [s]Minjamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets; 42 also Maaseiah, Shemaiah, Eleazar, Uzzi, Jehohanan, Malchijah, Elam, and Ezer. The singers [t]sang loudly with Jezrahiah the director.

43 Also that day they offered great sacrifices, and rejoiced, for God had made them rejoice with great joy; the women and the children also rejoiced, so that the joy of Jerusalem was heard (AL)afar off.

Temple Responsibilities

44 (AM)And at the same time some were appointed over the rooms of the storehouse for the offerings, the firstfruits, and the (AN)tithes, to gather into them from the fields of the cities the portions specified by the Law for the priests and Levites; for Judah rejoiced over the priests and Levites who [u]ministered. 45 Both the singers and the gatekeepers kept the charge of their God and the charge of the purification, (AO)according to the command of David and Solomon his son. 46 For in the days of David (AP)and Asaph of old there were chiefs of the singers, and songs of praise and thanksgiving to God. 47 In the days of Zerubbabel and in the days of Nehemiah all Israel gave the portions for the singers and the gatekeepers, a portion for (AQ)each day. (AR)They also [v]consecrated holy things for the Levites, (AS)and the Levites consecrated them for the children of Aaron.

Principles of Separation(AT)

13 On that day (AU)they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the people, and in it was found written (AV)that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever come into the assembly of God, because they had not met the children of Israel with bread and water, but (AW)hired Balaam against them to curse them. (AX)However, our God turned the curse into a blessing. So it was, when they had heard the Law, (AY)that they separated all the mixed multitude from Israel.

The Reforms of Nehemiah

Now before this, (AZ)Eliashib the priest, having authority over the storerooms of the house of our God, was allied with (BA)Tobiah. And he had prepared for him a large room, (BB)where previously they had stored the grain offerings, the frankincense, the articles, the tithes of grain, the new wine and oil, (BC)which were commanded to be given to the Levites and singers and gatekeepers, and the offerings for the priests. But during all this I was not in Jerusalem, (BD)for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon I had returned to the king. Then after certain days I obtained leave from the king, and I came to Jerusalem and discovered the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, in (BE)preparing a room for him in the courts of the [w]house of God. And it grieved me bitterly; therefore I threw all the household goods of Tobiah out of the room. Then I commanded them to (BF)cleanse the rooms; and I brought back into them the articles of the house of God, with the grain offering and the frankincense.

10 I also realized that the portions for the Levites had (BG)not been given them; for each of the Levites and the singers who did the work had gone back to (BH)his field. 11 So (BI)I contended with the rulers, and said, (BJ)“Why is the house of God forsaken?” And I gathered them together and set them in their place. 12 (BK)Then all Judah brought the tithe of the grain and the new wine and the oil to the storehouse. 13 (BL)And I appointed as treasurers over the storehouse Shelemiah the priest and Zadok the scribe, and of the Levites, Pedaiah; and next to them was Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah; for they were considered (BM)faithful, and their task was to distribute to their brethren.

14 (BN)Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and do not wipe out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for its services!

15 In those days I saw people in Judah treading winepresses (BO)on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and loading donkeys with wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of burdens, (BP)which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And I warned them about the day on which they were selling provisions. 16 Men of Tyre dwelt there also, who brought in fish and all kinds of goods, and sold them on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.

17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said to them, “What evil thing is this that you do, by which you profane the Sabbath day? 18 (BQ)Did not your fathers do thus, and did not our God bring all this disaster on us and on this city? Yet you bring added wrath on Israel by profaning the Sabbath.”

19 So it was, at the gates of Jerusalem, as it (BR)began to be dark before the Sabbath, that I commanded the gates to be shut, and charged that they must not be opened till after the Sabbath. (BS)Then I posted some of my servants at the gates, so that no burdens would be brought in on the Sabbath day. 20 Now the merchants and sellers of all kinds of [x]wares [y]lodged outside Jerusalem once or twice.

21 Then I warned them, and said to them, “Why do you spend the night [z]around the wall? If you do so again, I will lay hands on you!” From that time on they came no more on the Sabbath. 22 And I commanded the Levites that (BT)they should cleanse themselves, and that they should go and guard the gates, to sanctify the Sabbath day.

Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of Your mercy!

23 In those days I also saw Jews who (BU)had married women of (BV)Ashdod, Ammon, and Moab. 24 And half of their children spoke the language of Ashdod, and could not speak the language of Judah, but spoke according to the language of one or the other people.

25 So I (BW)contended with them and [aa]cursed them, struck some of them and pulled out their hair, and made them (BX)swear by God, saying, “You shall not give your daughters as wives to their sons, nor take their daughters for your sons or yourselves. 26 (BY)Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? Yet among many nations there was no king like him, (BZ)who was beloved of his God; and God made him king over all Israel. (CA)Nevertheless pagan women caused even him to sin. 27 Should we then hear of your doing all this great evil, (CB)transgressing against our God by marrying pagan women?”

28 And one of the sons (CC)of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was a son-in-law of (CD)Sanballat the Horonite; therefore I drove him from me.

29 (CE)Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood and (CF)the covenant of the priesthood and the Levites.

30 (CG)Thus I cleansed them of everything pagan. I also (CH)assigned duties to the priests and the Levites, each to his service, 31 and to bringing (CI)the wood offering and the firstfruits at appointed times.

(CJ)Remember me, O my God, for good!


  1. Nehemiah 12:2 Melichu, v. 14
  2. Nehemiah 12:3 Shebaniah, v. 14
  3. Nehemiah 12:3 Harim, v. 15
  4. Nehemiah 12:3 Meraioth, v. 15
  5. Nehemiah 12:4 Ginnethon, v. 16
  6. Nehemiah 12:5 Minjamin, v. 17
  7. Nehemiah 12:5 Moadiah, v. 17
  8. Nehemiah 12:7 Sallai, v. 20
  9. Nehemiah 12:14 Malluch, v. 2
  10. Nehemiah 12:14 Shechaniah, v. 3
  11. Nehemiah 12:15 Rehum, v. 3
  12. Nehemiah 12:15 Meremoth, v. 3
  13. Nehemiah 12:17 Mijamin, v. 5
  14. Nehemiah 12:17 Maadiah, v. 5
  15. Nehemiah 12:20 Sallu, v. 7
  16. Nehemiah 12:24 Lit. watch by watch
  17. Nehemiah 12:26 Jehozadak, 1 Chr. 6:14
  18. Nehemiah 12:39 Heb. Hammeah
  19. Nehemiah 12:41 Or Mijamin, v. 5
  20. Nehemiah 12:42 Lit. made their voice to be heard
  21. Nehemiah 12:44 Lit. stood
  22. Nehemiah 12:47 set apart
  23. Nehemiah 13:7 Temple
  24. Nehemiah 13:20 merchandise
  25. Nehemiah 13:20 spent the night
  26. Nehemiah 13:21 Lit. before
  27. Nehemiah 13:25 pronounced them cursed

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