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Nahum 1-3 New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

An oracle concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum of Elkosh.

The Consuming Wrath of God

A jealous and avenging God is the Lord,
    the Lord is avenging and wrathful;
the Lord takes vengeance on his adversaries
    and rages against his enemies.
The Lord is slow to anger but great in power,
    and the Lord will by no means clear the guilty.

His way is in whirlwind and storm,
    and the clouds are the dust of his feet.
He rebukes the sea and makes it dry,
    and he dries up all the rivers;
Bashan and Carmel wither,
    and the bloom of Lebanon fades.
The mountains quake before him,
    and the hills melt;
the earth heaves before him,
    the world and all who live in it.

Who can stand before his indignation?
    Who can endure the heat of his anger?
His wrath is poured out like fire,
    and by him the rocks are broken in pieces.
The Lord is good,
    a stronghold in a day of trouble;
he protects those who take refuge in him,
    even in a rushing flood.
He will make a full end of his adversaries,[a]
    and will pursue his enemies into darkness.
Why do you plot against the Lord?
    He will make an end;
    no adversary will rise up twice.
10 Like thorns they are entangled,
    like drunkards they are drunk;
    they are consumed like dry straw.
11 From you one has gone out
    who plots evil against the Lord,
    one who counsels wickedness.

Good News for Judah

12 Thus says the Lord,
“Though they are at full strength and many,[b]
    they will be cut off and pass away.
Though I have afflicted you,
    I will afflict you no more.
13 And now I will break off his yoke from you
    and snap the bonds that bind you.”

14 The Lord has commanded concerning you:
    “Your name shall be perpetuated no longer;
from the house of your gods I will cut off
    the carved image and the cast image.
I will make your grave, for you are worthless.”

15 [c] Look! On the mountains the feet of one
    who brings good tidings,
    who proclaims peace!
Celebrate your festivals, O Judah,
    fulfill your vows,
for never again shall the wicked invade you;
    they are utterly cut off.

The Destruction of the Wicked City

A shatterer[d] has come up against you.
    Guard the ramparts;
    watch the road;
gird your loins;
    collect all your strength.

(For the Lord is restoring the majesty of Jacob,
    as well as the majesty of Israel,
though ravagers have ravaged them
    and ruined their branches.)

The shields of his warriors are red;
    his soldiers are clothed in crimson.
The metal on the chariots flashes
    on the day when he musters them;
    the chargers[e] prance.
The chariots race madly through the streets,
    they rush to and fro through the squares;
their appearance is like torches,
    they dart like lightning.
He calls his officers;
    they stumble as they come forward;
they hasten to the wall,
    and the mantelet[f] is set up.
The river gates are opened,
    the palace trembles.
It is decreed[g] that the city[h] be exiled,
    its slave women led away,
moaning like doves
    and beating their breasts.
Nineveh is like a pool
    whose waters[i] run away.
“Halt! Halt!”—
    but no one turns back.
“Plunder the silver,
    plunder the gold!
There is no end of treasure!
    An abundance of every precious thing!”

10 Devastation, desolation, and destruction!
    Hearts faint and knees tremble,
all loins quake,
    all faces grow pale!
11 What became of the lions’ den,
    the cave[j] of the young lions,
where the lion goes,
    and the lion’s cubs, with no one to disturb them?
12 The lion has torn enough for his whelps
    and strangled prey for his lionesses;
he has filled his caves with prey
    and his dens with torn flesh.

13 See, I am against you, says the Lord of hosts, and I will burn your[k] chariots in smoke, and the sword shall devour your young lions; I will cut off your prey from the earth, and the voice of your messengers shall be heard no more.

Ruin Imminent and Inevitable

Ah! City of bloodshed,

    utterly deceitful, full of booty—
    no end to the plunder!
The crack of whip and rumble of wheel,
    galloping horse and bounding chariot!
Horsemen charging,
    flashing sword and glittering spear,
piles of dead,
    heaps of corpses,
dead bodies without end—
    they stumble over the bodies!
Because of the countless debaucheries of the prostitute,
    gracefully alluring, mistress of sorcery,
who enslaves[l] nations through her debaucheries,
    and peoples through her sorcery,
I am against you,
    says the Lord of hosts,
    and will lift up your skirts over your face;
and I will let nations look on your nakedness
    and kingdoms on your shame.
I will throw filth at you
    and treat you with contempt,
    and make you a spectacle.
Then all who see you will shrink from you and say,
“Nineveh is devastated; who will bemoan her?”
    Where shall I seek comforters for you?

Are you better than Thebes[m]
    that sat by the Nile,
with water around her,
    her rampart a sea,
    water her wall?
Ethiopia[n] was her strength,
    Egypt too, and that without limit;
    Put and the Libyans were her[o] helpers.

10 Yet she became an exile,
    she went into captivity;
even her infants were dashed in pieces
    at the head of every street;
lots were cast for her nobles,
    all her dignitaries were bound in fetters.
11 You also will be drunken,
    you will go into hiding;[p]
you will seek
    a refuge from the enemy.
12 All your fortresses are like fig trees
    with first-ripe figs—
if shaken they fall
    into the mouth of the eater.
13 Look at your troops:
    they are women in your midst.
The gates of your land
    are wide open to your foes;
    fire has devoured the bars of your gates.

14 Draw water for the siege,
    strengthen your forts;
trample the clay,
    tread the mortar,
    take hold of the brick mold!
15 There the fire will devour you,
    the sword will cut you off.
    It will devour you like the locust.

Multiply yourselves like the locust,
    multiply like the grasshopper!
16 You increased your merchants
    more than the stars of the heavens.
    The locust sheds its skin and flies away.
17 Your guards are like grasshoppers,
    your scribes like swarms[q] of locusts
settling on the fences
    on a cold day—
when the sun rises, they fly away;
    no one knows where they have gone.

18 Your shepherds are asleep,
    O king of Assyria;
    your nobles slumber.
Your people are scattered on the mountains
    with no one to gather them.
19 There is no assuaging your hurt,
    your wound is mortal.
All who hear the news about you
    clap their hands over you.
For who has ever escaped
    your endless cruelty?


  1. Nahum 1:8 Gk: Heb of her place
  2. Nahum 1:12 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  3. Nahum 1:15 Ch 2.1 in Heb
  4. Nahum 2:1 Cn: Heb scatterer
  5. Nahum 2:3 Cn Compare Gk Syr: Heb cypresses
  6. Nahum 2:5 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  7. Nahum 2:7 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  8. Nahum 2:7 Heb it
  9. Nahum 2:8 Cn Compare Gk: Heb a pool, from the days that she has become, and they
  10. Nahum 2:11 Cn: Heb pasture
  11. Nahum 2:13 Heb her
  12. Nahum 3:4 Heb sells
  13. Nahum 3:8 Heb No-amon
  14. Nahum 3:9 Or Nubia; Heb Cush
  15. Nahum 3:9 Gk: Heb your
  16. Nahum 3:11 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  17. Nahum 3:17 Meaning of Heb uncertain
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Sirach 47:12-25 New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)


12 After him a wise son rose up
    who because of him lived in security:[a]
13 Solomon reigned in an age of peace,
    because God made all his borders tranquil,
so that he might build a house in his name
    and provide a sanctuary to stand forever.
14 How wise you were when you were young!
    You overflowed like the Nile[b] with understanding.
15 Your influence spread throughout the earth,
    and you filled it with proverbs having deep meaning.
16 Your fame reached to far-off islands,
    and you were loved for your peaceful reign.
17 Your songs, proverbs, and parables,
    and the answers you gave astounded the nations.
18 In the name of the Lord God,
    who is called the God of Israel,
you gathered gold like tin
    and amassed silver like lead.
19 But you brought in women to lie at your side,
    and through your body you were brought into subjection.
20 You stained your honor,
    and defiled your family line,
so that you brought wrath upon your children,
    and they were grieved[c] at your folly,
21 because the sovereignty was divided
    and a rebel kingdom arose out of Ephraim.
22 But the Lord will never give up his mercy,
    or cause any of his works to perish;
he will never blot out the descendants of his chosen one,
    or destroy the family line of him who loved him.
So he gave a remnant to Jacob,
    and to David a root from his own family.

Rehoboam and Jeroboam

23 Solomon rested with his ancestors,
    and left behind him one of his sons,
broad in[d] folly and lacking in sense,
    Rehoboam, whose policy drove the people to revolt.
Then Jeroboam son of Nebat led Israel into sin
    and started Ephraim on its sinful ways.
24 Their sins increased more and more,
    until they were exiled from their land.
25 For they sought out every kind of wickedness,
    until vengeance came upon them.


  1. Sirach 47:12 Heb: Gk in a broad place
  2. Sirach 47:14 Heb: Gk a river
  3. Sirach 47:20 Other ancient authorities read I was grieved
  4. Sirach 47:23 Heb (with a play on the name Rehoboam) Syr: Gk the people’s
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Luke 1:26-56 New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

The Birth of Jesus Foretold

26 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And he came to her and said, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.”[a] 29 But she was much perplexed by his words and pondered what sort of greeting this might be. 30 The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. 33 He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” 34 Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?”[b] 35 The angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born[c] will be holy; he will be called Son of God. 36 And now, your relative Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son; and this is the sixth month for her who was said to be barren. 37 For nothing will be impossible with God.” 38 Then Mary said, “Here am I, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me according to your word.” Then the angel departed from her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 In those days Mary set out and went with haste to a Judean town in the hill country, 40 where she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the child leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit 42 and exclaimed with a loud cry, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. 43 And why has this happened to me, that the mother of my Lord comes to me? 44 For as soon as I heard the sound of your greeting, the child in my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed is she who believed that there would be[d] a fulfillment of what was spoken to her by the Lord.”

Mary’s Song of Praise

46 And Mary[e] said,

“My soul magnifies the Lord,
47     and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,
48 for he has looked with favor on the lowliness of his servant.
    Surely, from now on all generations will call me blessed;
49 for the Mighty One has done great things for me,
    and holy is his name.
50 His mercy is for those who fear him
    from generation to generation.
51 He has shown strength with his arm;
    he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of their hearts.
52 He has brought down the powerful from their thrones,
    and lifted up the lowly;
53 he has filled the hungry with good things,
    and sent the rich away empty.
54 He has helped his servant Israel,
    in remembrance of his mercy,
55 according to the promise he made to our ancestors,
    to Abraham and to his descendants forever.”

56 And Mary remained with her about three months and then returned to her home.


  1. Luke 1:28 Other ancient authorities add Blessed are you among women
  2. Luke 1:34 Gk I do not know a man
  3. Luke 1:35 Other ancient authorities add of you
  4. Luke 1:45 Or believed, for there will be
  5. Luke 1:46 Other ancient authorities read Elizabeth
New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE)

New Revised Standard Version Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1989, 1993 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


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