Satan Tempts Jesus(A)

Then (B)Jesus was led up by (C)the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. And when He had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterward He was hungry.

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The Temptation of Jesus

Then Jesus was led by the [Holy] Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.(A) After He had gone without food for forty days and forty nights, He became hungry.(B)

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20 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.”

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20 Jesus replied to him, “Foxes have holes and the birds of the air have nests, but the [a]Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.”(A)

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 8:20 Jesus uses this title to identify Himself as Messiah. It appears over eighty times in the Gospels.

(A)And when John had heard (B)in prison about the works of Christ, he [a]sent two of his disciples and said to Him, “Are You (C)the Coming One, or do we look for another?”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 11:2 NU sent by his

Now when [a]John [the Baptist] in prison heard about the activities of Christ, he sent word by his disciples(A) and asked Him, “Are You the Expected One (the Messiah), or should we look for someone else [who will be the promised One]?”(B)

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 11:2 John and Jesus were about the same age and were related through their mothers, Elizabeth and Mary (Luke 1:36).

A House Divided Cannot Stand(A)

22 (B)Then one was brought to Him who was demon-possessed, blind and mute; and He healed him, so that the [a]blind and mute man both spoke and saw. 23 And all the multitudes were amazed and said, “Could this be the (C)Son of David?”

24 (D)Now when the Pharisees heard it they said, “This fellow does not cast out demons except by [b]Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 12:22 NU omits blind and
  2. Matthew 12:24 NU, M Beelzebul, a Philistine deity

The Pharisees Rebuked

22 Then a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute was brought to Jesus, and He healed him, so that the mute man both spoke and saw.(A) 23 All the people wondered in amazement, and said, “Could this be the Son of David (the Messiah)?” 24 But the Pharisees heard it and said, “This man [a]casts out demons only by [the help of] Beelzebul (Satan) the prince of the demons.”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 12:24 A statement of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. See vv 31, 32.

56 Your father Abraham (A)rejoiced to see My day, (B)and he saw it and was glad.”

57 Then the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?”

58 Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, (C)before Abraham was, (D)I AM.”

59 Then (E)they took up stones to throw at Him; but Jesus hid Himself and went out of the temple, (F)going[a] through the midst of them, and so passed by.

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Footnotes

  1. John 8:59 NU omits the rest of v. 59.

56 Your father Abraham [greatly] rejoiced to see My day (My incarnation). [a]He saw it and was delighted.”(A) 57 Then the Jews said to Him, “You are not even fifty years old, and You [claim to] have seen Abraham?” 58 Jesus replied, “I assure you and most solemnly say to you, before Abraham was born, [b]I Am.”(B) 59 So they picked up stones to throw at Him, but Jesus concealed Himself and left the temple.

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Footnotes

  1. John 8:56 How Abraham saw the incarnation of Jesus is unclear. Some suggest it was simply by faith, others suggest it was through Isaac and the promise of the covenant, but more likely, he saw it from Paradise.
  2. John 8:58 I.e. I Am the One who is—the Lord, Heb Yahweh.

Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection(A)

21 From that time Jesus began (B)to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.

22 Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, [a]“Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You!”

23 But He turned and said to Peter, “Get behind Me, (C)Satan! (D)You are [b]an offense to Me, for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men.”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 16:22 Lit. Merciful to You (May God be merciful)
  2. Matthew 16:23 a stumbling block

Jesus Foretells His Death

21 [a]From that time on Jesus began to show His disciples [clearly] that He must go to Jerusalem, and endure many things at the hands of the elders and the chief priests and scribes (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court), and be killed, and be raised [from death to life] on the third day.(A) 22 Peter took Him aside [to speak to Him privately] and began to reprimand Him, saying, “May God forbid it! This will never happen to You.” 23 But Jesus turned and said to Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to Me; for you are not setting your mind on things of God, but on things of man.”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 16:21 This marks a turning point in the book. 4:17 marked the beginning of Jesus’ public ministry offering the kingdom to Israel. Since Israel rejected the Messiah, the kingdom is held in abeyance and the Messiah must suffer death. But He had to die in any case to provide salvation.

The Plot to Kill Jesus(A)

26 Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, that He said to His disciples, (B)“You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.”

(C)Then the chief priests, [a]the scribes, and the elders of the people assembled at the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, and (D)plotted to take Jesus by [b]trickery and kill Him. But they said, “Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar among the (E)people.”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 26:3 NU omits the scribes
  2. Matthew 26:4 deception

The Plot to Kill Jesus

26 When Jesus had finished this [a]discourse, He said to His disciples, “You know that the Passover is coming in two days, and the Son of Man is to be betrayed and handed over for crucifixion.”(A)

Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the courtyard of the [elegant home of the Jewish] high priest, whose name was [b]Caiaphas, and plotted together to arrest Jesus by stealth and kill Him. But they said, “It must not be during the festival (Passover), otherwise there might be a riot among the people.”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 26:1 I.e. a formal, extended teaching about important matters.
  2. Matthew 26:3 Caiaphas served as high priest a.d. 18 to 36. His father-in-law, Annas, served as high priest a.d. 6-15. Annas was removed from the position by Rome, but continued to be extremely influential and was regarded by the Jews as de facto high priest even though others (his sons and son-in-law) officially held the office. In about 1990, in an ancient burial cave outside Jerusalem, Israeli archeologists found twelve limestone ossuaries (bone boxes). One of them was uniquely elaborate and decorated with a rare and intricate pattern of rosettes. According to its inscription, this ossuary contained the bones of Caiaphas.

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus(A)

14 (B)Then one of the twelve, called (C)Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15 and said, (D)“What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver. 16 So from that time he sought opportunity to betray Him.

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Judas’ Bargain

14 Then one of the twelve [disciples], who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I hand Jesus over to you?” And they weighed out [a]thirty pieces of silver.(A) 16 And from that moment Judas began looking for an opportune time to betray Jesus.(B)

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 26:15 Probably about a month’s wages for a laborer.

Before the High Priest

12 Then the detachment of troops and the captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him.

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Jesus before Annas and Caiaphas

12 So the cohort and their commander and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him,

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26 Then he released Barabbas to them; and when (A)he had [a]scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.

The Soldiers Mock Jesus(B)

27 (C)Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the [b]Praetorium and gathered the whole [c]garrison around Him. 28 And they (D)stripped Him and (E)put a scarlet robe on Him. 29 (F)When they had [d]twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 Then (G)they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head. 31 And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, (H)and led Him away to be crucified.

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 27:26 flogged with a Roman scourge
  2. Matthew 27:27 The governor’s headquarters
  3. Matthew 27:27 cohort
  4. Matthew 27:29 Lit. woven

26 So he set Barabbas free for them; but after having Jesus severely whipped (scourged), he handed Him over to be crucified.

Jesus Is Mocked

27 Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into [a]the Praetorium, and they gathered the whole Roman cohort around Him.(A) 28 They stripped him and put a scarlet [b]robe on Him [as a king’s robe]. 29 And after twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and put a reed in His right hand [as a scepter]. Kneeling before Him, they ridiculed Him, saying, “Hail (rejoice), King of the Jews!” 30 They spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him repeatedly on the head. 31 After they finished ridiculing Him, they stripped Him of the scarlet robe and put His own clothes on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him.

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 27:27 The official residence of a governor of a Roman province.
  2. Matthew 27:28 A ranking Roman officer’s outer cloak.

16 (A)Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. Then they took Jesus [a]and led Him away.

The King on a Cross(B)

17 (C)And He, bearing His cross, (D)went out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha, 18 where they crucified Him, and (E)two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center.

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Footnotes

  1. John 19:16 NU omits and led Him away