The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

The(A) historical record[a](B) of Jesus Christ, the Son of David,(C) the Son of Abraham:(D)

From Abraham to David

Abraham fathered[b] Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers,(E)
Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram,(F)
Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse,(G)
and Jesse fathered King David.

From David to the Babylonian Exile

Then[c] David fathered Solomon by Uriah’s wife,(H)
Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa,[d]
Asa[e] fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram,[f]
Joram fathered Uzziah,(I)
Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10 Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon,[g]
Amon fathered Josiah,(J)
11 and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon.(K)

From the Exile to the Messiah

12 Then after the exile to Babylon
Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13 Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,
Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor,(L)
14 Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15 Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16 and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary,
who gave birth to[h] Jesus who is called the Messiah.(M)

17 So all the generations from Abraham to David were 14 generations; and from David until the exile to Babylon, 14 generations; and from the exile to Babylon until the Messiah, 14 generations.(N)

The Nativity of the Messiah

18 The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After His mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit.(O) 19 So her husband Joseph, being a righteous man,(P) and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly.(Q)

20 But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit.(R) 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus,[i](S) because He will save His people from their sins.”(T)

22 Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:

23 See, the virgin will become pregnant
and give birth to a son,
and they will name Him Immanuel,[j]

which is translated “God is with us.”(U)

24 When Joseph got up from sleeping, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her(V) 25 but did not know her intimately until she gave birth to a son.[k] And he named Him Jesus.(W)

Wise Men Seek the King

After Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of King Herod, wise men from the east arrived unexpectedly in Jerusalem,(X) saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews?(Y) For we saw His star in the east[l](Z) and have come to worship Him.”[m]

When King Herod heard this, he was deeply disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. So he assembled all the chief priests and scribes(AA) of the people and asked them where the Messiah would be born.

“In Bethlehem of Judea,” they told him, “because this is what was written by the prophet:

And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least among the leaders of Judah:
because out of you will come a leader
who will shepherd My people Israel.(AB)[n]

Then Herod secretly summoned the wise men and asked them the exact time the star appeared. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search carefully for the child. When you find Him, report back to me so that I too can go and worship Him.”[o](AC)

After hearing the king, they went on their way. And there it was—the star they had seen in the east![p] It led them until it came and stopped above the place where the child was. 10 When they saw the star, they were overjoyed beyond measure. 11 Entering the house, they saw the child with Mary His mother, and falling to their knees, they worshiped Him.[q] Then they opened their treasures and presented Him with gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh.(AD) 12 And being warned(AE) in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their own country by another route.

The Flight into Egypt

13 After they were gone, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Get up! Take the child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there until I tell you. For Herod is about to search for the child to destroy Him.”(AF) 14 So he got up, took the child and His mother during the night, and escaped to Egypt. 15 He stayed there until Herod’s death, so that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled: Out of Egypt I called My Son.(AG)[r]

The Massacre of the Innocents

16 Then Herod, when he saw that he had been outwitted by the wise men, flew into a rage. He gave orders to massacre all the male children in and around Bethlehem who were two years[s] old and under, in keeping with the time he had learned from the wise men.(AH) 17 Then what was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:

18 A voice was heard in Ramah,
weeping,[t] and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children;
and she refused to be consoled,
because they were no more.(AI)[u]

The Holy Family in Nazareth

19 After Herod died, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,(AJ) 20 saying, “Get up! Take the child and His mother and go to the land of Israel, because those who sought the child’s life are dead.” 21 So he got up, took the child and His mother, and entered the land of Israel. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus[v] was ruling over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. And being warned in a dream, he withdrew to the region of Galilee.(AK) 23 Then he went and settled in a town called Nazareth to fulfill what was spoken through the prophets, that He will be called a Nazarene.(AL)

The Messiah’s Herald

In those days John the Baptist came,(AM) preaching in the Wilderness of Judea(AN) and saying, “Repent, because the kingdom of heaven has come near!”(AO) For he is the one spoken of through the prophet Isaiah, who said:

A voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
Prepare the way for the Lord;
make His paths straight!(AP)[w]

John himself had a camel-hair garment with a leather belt around his waist, and his food was locusts and wild honey. Then people from Jerusalem, all Judea, and all the vicinity of the Jordan were flocking to him, and they were baptized by him in the Jordan River as they confessed their sins.(AQ)

When he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees(AR) coming to the place of his baptism,[x] he said to them, “Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?(AS) Therefore produce fruit(AT) consistent with[y] repentance. And don’t presume to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’(AU) For I tell you that God is able to raise up children for Abraham from these stones! 10 Even now the ax is ready to strike the root of the trees! Therefore, every tree that doesn’t produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.(AV)

11 “I baptize you with[z] water for repentance,[aa](AW) but the One who is coming after me is more powerful than I. I am not worthy to remove[ab] His sandals. He Himself will baptize you with[ac] the Holy Spirit and fire.(AX) 12 His winnowing shovel[ad] is in His hand, and He will clear His threshing floor and gather His wheat into the barn. But the chaff He will burn up with fire that never goes out.”(AY)

The Baptism of Jesus

13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan, to be baptized by him.(AZ) 14 But John tried to stop Him, saying, “I need to be baptized by You, and yet You come to me?”

15 Jesus answered him, “Allow it for now, because this is the way for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he allowed Him to be baptized.

16 After Jesus was baptized, He went up immediately from the water. The heavens(BA) suddenly opened for Him,[ae] and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming down on Him.(BB) 17 And there came a voice from heaven:

This is My beloved Son.
I take delight in Him!(BC)


  1. Matthew 1:1 Or The book of the genealogy
  2. Matthew 1:2 In vv. 2-16 either a son, as here, or a later descendant, as in v. 8
  3. Matthew 1:6 Other mss add King
  4. Matthew 1:7 Other mss read Asaph
  5. Matthew 1:8 Other mss read Asaph
  6. Matthew 1:8 = Jehoram
  7. Matthew 1:10 Other mss read Amos
  8. Matthew 1:16 Lit Mary, from whom was born
  9. Matthew 1:21 Jesus is the Gk form of the Hb name “Joshua,” which = “The Lord saves” or “Yahweh saves.”
  10. Matthew 1:23 Is 7:14
  11. Matthew 1:25 Other mss read to her firstborn son
  12. Matthew 2:2 Or star at its rising
  13. Matthew 2:2 Or to pay Him homage
  14. Matthew 2:6 Mc 5:2
  15. Matthew 2:8 Or and pay Him homage
  16. Matthew 2:9 Or star . . . at its rising
  17. Matthew 2:11 Or they paid Him homage
  18. Matthew 2:15 Hs 11:1
  19. Matthew 2:16 Lit were from two years
  20. Matthew 2:18 Other mss read Ramah, lamentation, and weeping,
  21. Matthew 2:18 Jr 31:15
  22. Matthew 2:22 A son of Herod the Great who ruled a portion of his father’s kingdom 4 b.c.–a.d. 6
  23. Matthew 3:3 Is 40:3
  24. Matthew 3:7 Lit to his baptism
  25. Matthew 3:8 Lit fruit worthy of
  26. Matthew 3:11 Or in
  27. Matthew 3:11 Baptism was the means by which repentance was expressed publicly.
  28. Matthew 3:11 Or to carry
  29. Matthew 3:11 Or in
  30. Matthew 3:12 A wooden farm implement used to toss threshed grain into the wind so the lighter chaff would blow away and separate from the heavier grain
  31. Matthew 3:16 Other mss omit for Him