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Matthew 5:42-44 New English Translation (NET Bible)

42 Give to the one who asks you,[a] and do not reject[b] the one who wants to borrow from you.

Love for Enemies

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor[c] and ‘hate your enemy.’[d] 44 But I say to you, love your enemy and[e] pray for those who persecute you,


  1. Matthew 5:42 sn Jesus advocates a generosity and a desire to meet those in dire need with the command give to the one who asks you. This may allude to begging; giving alms was viewed highly in the ancient world (Matt 6:1-4; Deut 15:7-11).
  2. Matthew 5:42 tn Grk “do not turn away from.”
  3. Matthew 5:43 sn A quotation from Lev 19:18.
  4. Matthew 5:43 sn The phrase hate your enemy does not occur explicitly in the OT, but was commonly inferred from passages like Deut 7:2; 30:7; Ps 26:5; Ps 139:21-22. Jesus’ hearers (and Matthew’s readers) would not have been surprised by the statement. It is the antithesis Jesus gives in the following verses that would have shocked them.
  5. Matthew 5:44 tc Most mss (D L W Δ Θ ƒ13 33 565 579 700 1241 1424 M lat sy(p),h) read “bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who mistreat you,” before “those who persecute you.” But this is surely a motivated reading, importing the longer form of this aphorism from Luke 6:27-28. The shorter text is found in א B ƒ1 sys,c sa bopt mae, as well as several fathers.
New English Translation (NET)

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