30 and say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.’

31 “Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves that (A)you are sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32 (B)Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ guilt. 33 Serpents, (C)brood[a] of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell? 34 (D)Therefore, indeed, I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes: (E)some of them you will kill and crucify, and (F)some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city, 35 (G)that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, (H)from the blood of righteous Abel to (I)the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 23:33 offspring

30 and you say, ‘If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partners with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’ 31 So you testify against yourselves, that you (A)are [a]sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32 [b]Fill up, then, the measure of the guilt of your fathers. 33 You snakes, (B)you [c]offspring of vipers, how [d]will you escape the [e]sentence of [f](C)hell?

34 (D)Therefore, behold, (E)I am sending you prophets and wise men and scribes; some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will (F)flog in your synagogues, and (G)persecute from city to city, 35 so that upon you will fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous (H)Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the (I)son of Berechiah, whom (J)you murdered between the [g]temple and the altar.

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 23:31 Or descendants
  2. Matthew 23:32 I.e., finish what they started
  3. Matthew 23:33 Or brood
  4. Matthew 23:33 Lit are you to escape
  5. Matthew 23:33 Or judgment
  6. Matthew 23:33 Gr Gehenna
  7. Matthew 23:35 Or sanctuary

30 and you say, ‘If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have joined them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’ 31 So you testify against yourselves that you are the descendants of those who murdered the prophets. 32 Fill up, then, the [allotted] measure of the guilt of your fathers’ sins. 33 You [a]serpents, you spawn of vipers, how can you escape the penalty of hell?

34 “Therefore, take notice, I am sending you prophets and wise men [interpreters, teachers] and scribes [men educated in the Mosaic Law and the writings of the prophets]; some of them you will kill and even crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues, and pursue and persecute from city to city, 35 so that on you will come the guilt of all the blood of the righteous shed on earth, from the blood of righteous [b]Abel to the blood of Zechariah [the priest], the son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.(A)

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 23:33 The serpent is the creature used by Satan to introduce evil into the Garden of Eden (Gen 3:1ff). Here Jesus continues the imagery of Satan as the serpent working through the religious leaders to continue the propagation of evil through deception, false teaching, and man-made laws and traditions which are given priority over God’s law.
  2. Matthew 23:35 I.e. the first and last martyrs recorded in the Hebrew text.

30 And you say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our ancestors, we would not have taken part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’ 31 So you testify against yourselves that you are the descendants of those who murdered the prophets.(A) 32 Go ahead, then, and complete(B) what your ancestors started!(C)

33 “You snakes! You brood of vipers!(D) How will you escape being condemned to hell?(E) 34 Therefore I am sending you prophets and sages and teachers. Some of them you will kill and crucify;(F) others you will flog in your synagogues(G) and pursue from town to town.(H) 35 And so upon you will come all the righteous blood that has been shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel(I) to the blood of Zechariah son of Berekiah,(J) whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.(K)

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30 And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.

31 Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets.

32 Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

33 Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

34 Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city:

35 That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.

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