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Matthew 16:19-21 Disciples’ Literal New Testament (DLNT)

19 I will give you the keys[a] of the kingdom of the heavens. And whatever you[b] bind[c] on earth will have been bound[d] in the heavens, and whatever you loose on earth will have been loosed in the heavens”. 20 Then He gave-orders to the disciples that they should tell no one that He is the Christ[e].

The King Begins To Predict His Death And Resurrection

21 From that time[f] on, Jesus began to show His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised on the third day.


  1. Matthew 16:19 Keys are for opening and closing. Peter may be using these keys when he opens the kingdom to the Jews, Samaritans, and Gentiles, in Acts.
  2. Matthew 16:19 This is singular. This power may have been held by Peter exclusively; or, by all the apostles; or, it may have passed on to other believers. Compare 18:18.
  3. Matthew 16:19 bind... loose. Some think this means forbidding and permitting things, as the Rabbis used these terms; others, forgiving and retaining sins, Jn 20:23; others, the power of excommunication, Mt 18:18.
  4. Matthew 16:19 will have been bound... loosed. Lit, will be having been bound... loosed. God does not second what Peter binds, but what Peter binds will correspond to what has been bound in heaven. In other words, Peter will speak with God’s authority, with divine guidance.
  5. Matthew 16:20 That is, Messiah. This term had political overtones Jesus did not want to fan at this time.
  6. Matthew 16:21 Matthew reaches a turning point. Jesus now speaks directly about His death and resurrection for the first time, and begins to prepare the disciples for that event and their life and mission after it.
Disciples’ Literal New Testament (DLNT)

Disciples' Literal New Testament: Serving Modern Disciples by More Fully Reflecting the Writing Style of the Ancient Disciples, Copyright © 2011 Michael J. Magill. All Rights Reserved. Published by Reyma Publishing

Matthew 16:19-21 New International Version (NIV)

19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[a] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[b] loosed in heaven.” 20 Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.

Jesus Predicts His Death

21 From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.


  1. Matthew 16:19 Or will have been
  2. Matthew 16:19 Or will have been
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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