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An Introduction to Jesus the Messiah

This is[a] a record of the life[b] of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

The Ancestry of Jesus(A)

Abraham fathered Isaac, Isaac fathered Jacob, and Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers. Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez fathered Hezron, Hezron fathered Aram, Aram fathered Amminadab, Amminadab fathered Nahshon, and Nahshon fathered Salmon. Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab, Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth, Obed fathered Jesse, and Jesse fathered King David.

David fathered Solomon by the wife of Uriah, Solomon fathered Rehoboam, Rehoboam fathered Abijah, Abijah fathered Asaph,[c] Asaph[d] fathered Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, Joram fathered Uzziah, Uzziah fathered Jotham, Jotham fathered Ahaz, Ahaz fathered Hezekiah, 10 Hezekiah fathered Manasseh, Manasseh fathered Amos,[e] and Amos[f] fathered Josiah. 11 Josiah fathered Jechoniah[g] and his brothers at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

12 After the deportation to Babylon, Jechoniah[h] fathered Salathiel,[i] Salathiel fathered Zerubbabel, 13 Zerubbabel fathered Abiud, Abiud fathered Eliakim, Eliakim fathered Azor, 14 Azor fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Achim, Achim fathered Eliud, 15 Eliud fathered Eleazar, Eleazar fathered Matthan, and Matthan fathered Jacob. 16 Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, who was the mother of Jesus,[j] who is called the Messiah.[k]

17 So all the generations from Abraham to David totaled fourteen[l] generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon totaled fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Messiah[m] there were fourteen generations.

The Birth of Jesus(B)

18 Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah[n] happened in this way. When his mother Mary was engaged[o] to Joseph, before they lived together she was discovered to be pregnant by the Holy Spirit. 19 Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to disgrace her, decided to divorce her secretly.

20 After he had thought about it, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. “Joseph, son of David,” he said, “don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus,[p] because he is the one who will save his people from their sins.”

22 Now all this happened to fulfill what was declared by the Lord through the prophet when he said,

23 “See, a virgin will become pregnant
    and give birth to a son,
        and they will name him Immanuel,”[q]

which means, “God with us.” 24 When Joseph got up from his sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary as[r] his wife. 25 He did not have marital relations with[s] her until she had given birth to a son;[t] and he named him Jesus.


  1. Matthew 1:1 The Gk. lacks This is
  2. Matthew 1:1 Or birth
  3. Matthew 1:7 Other mss. read Asa; cf. 1Chr 3:10
  4. Matthew 1:8 Other mss. read Asa; cf. 1Chr 3:10
  5. Matthew 1:10 Other mss. read Amon; cf. 1Chr 3:13
  6. Matthew 1:10 Other mss. read Amon; cf. 1Chr 3:13
  7. Matthew 1:11 Or Jeconiah; cf. Jer 22:28-30
  8. Matthew 1:12 Or Jeconiah; cf. Jer 22:28-30
  9. Matthew 1:12 Or Shealtiel; cf. 1Chr 3:17; Ezra 3:2,8; 5:2; Neh 12:1; Luke 3:27
  10. Matthew 1:16 Lit. of whom Jesus was born
  11. Matthew 1:16 Or Christ
  12. Matthew 1:17 I.e. the numerical value of the Heb. name David
  13. Matthew 1:17 Or Christ
  14. Matthew 1:18 Or Christ
  15. Matthew 1:18 Engagement involved a legally binding promise of marriage.
  16. Matthew 1:21 The name Jesus means The Lord saves
  17. Matthew 1:23 Cf. Isa 7:14, citing a statement by the Lord
  18. Matthew 1:24 The Gk. lacks Mary as
  19. Matthew 1:25 Lit. not know
  20. Matthew 1:25 Other mss. read to her firstborn son