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Warnings About Experts in the Law

38 In his teaching Jesus[a] also said, “Watch out for the experts in the law.[b] They like walking[c] around in long robes and elaborate greetings[d] in the marketplaces,[e] 39 and the best seats in the synagogues[f] and the places of honor at banquets. 40 They[g] devour widows’ property,[h] and as a show make long prayers. These men will receive a more severe punishment.”

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  1. Mark 12:38 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  2. Mark 12:38 tn Or “for the scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 1:22.
  3. Mark 12:38 tn In Greek this is the only infinitive in vv. 38-39. It would be awkward in English to join an infinitive to the following noun clauses, so this has been translated as a gerund.
  4. Mark 12:38 sn There is later Jewish material in the Talmud that spells out such greetings in detail. See H. Windisch, TDNT 1:498.
  5. Mark 12:38 sn See the note on marketplaces in Mark 6:56.
  6. Mark 12:39 sn See the note on synagogue in 1:21.
  7. Mark 12:40 tn Grk “who,” continuing the sentence begun in v. 38.
  8. Mark 12:40 tn Grk “houses,” “households”; however, the term can have the force of “property” or “possessions” as well (O. Michel, TDNT 5:131; BDAG 695 s.v. οἶκια 1.a).