The Pharisees: Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes to Caesar?
13 Then they sent to Him some of the Pharisees and the Herodians, to catch Him in His words. 14 When they had come, they said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are true, and [a]care about no one; for You do not [b]regard the person of men, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? 15 Shall we pay, or shall we not pay?”
But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why do you test Me? Bring Me a denarius that I may see it.”16 So they brought it.
And He said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” They said to Him, “Caesar’s.”
17 And Jesus answered and said to them, [c]“Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and toGod the things that are God’s.”
And they marveled at Him.
The Sadducees: What About the Resurrection?
18 Then some Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him; and they asked Him, saying: 19 “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man’s brother dies, and leaves his wife behind, and leaves no children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 20 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife; and dying, he left no offspring. 21 And the second took her, and he died; nor did he leave any offspring. And the third likewise. 22 So the seven had her and left no offspring. Last of all the woman died also. 23 Therefore, in the resurrection, when they rise, whose wife will she be? For all seven had her as wife.”
24 Jesus answered and said to them, “Are you not therefore[d]mistaken, because you do not know the Scriptures nor the power of God?25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, butare like angels in heaven.26 But concerning the dead, that theyrise, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the burning bush passage, how God spoke to him, saying,‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living. You are therefore greatly[e]mistaken.”
The Scribes: Which Is the First Commandment of All?
28 Then one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, [f]perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the [g]first commandment of all?”
29 Jesus answered him, “The[h]first of all the commandments is:‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.30 And you shalllove the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’[i]This is the first commandment.31 And the second, like it, is this:‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater thanthese.”
32 So the scribe said to Him, “Well said, Teacher. You have spoken the truth, for there is one God, and there is no other but He. 33 And to love Him with all the heart, with all the understanding, [j]with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as oneself, is more than all the whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.”
34 Now when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.”
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