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Luke 23 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Jesus before Pilate

23 Then the assembly rose as a body and brought Jesus[a] before Pilate. They began to accuse him, saying, “We found this man perverting our nation, forbidding us to pay taxes to the emperor, and saying that he himself is the Messiah, a king.”[b] Then Pilate asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” He answered, “You say so.” Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no basis for an accusation against this man.” But they were insistent and said, “He stirs up the people by teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee where he began even to this place.”

Jesus before Herod

When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that he was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him off to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had been wanting to see him for a long time, because he had heard about him and was hoping to see him perform some sign. He questioned him at some length, but Jesus[c] gave him no answer. 10 The chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him. 11 Even Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him; then he put an elegant robe on him, and sent him back to Pilate. 12 That same day Herod and Pilate became friends with each other; before this they had been enemies.

Jesus Sentenced to Death

13 Pilate then called together the chief priests, the leaders, and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was perverting the people; and here I have examined him in your presence and have not found this man guilty of any of your charges against him. 15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us. Indeed, he has done nothing to deserve death. 16 I will therefore have him flogged and release him.”[d]

18 Then they all shouted out together, “Away with this fellow! Release Barabbas for us!” 19 (This was a man who had been put in prison for an insurrection that had taken place in the city, and for murder.) 20 Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again; 21 but they kept shouting, “Crucify, crucify him!” 22 A third time he said to them, “Why, what evil has he done? I have found in him no ground for the sentence of death; I will therefore have him flogged and then release him.” 23 But they kept urgently demanding with loud shouts that he should be crucified; and their voices prevailed. 24 So Pilate gave his verdict that their demand should be granted. 25 He released the man they asked for, the one who had been put in prison for insurrection and murder, and he handed Jesus over as they wished.

The Crucifixion of Jesus

26 As they led him away, they seized a man, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming from the country, and they laid the cross on him, and made him carry it behind Jesus. 27 A great number of the people followed him, and among them were women who were beating their breasts and wailing for him. 28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For the days are surely coming when they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.’ 30 Then they will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us’; and to the hills, ‘Cover us.’ 31 For if they do this when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

32 Two others also, who were criminals, were led away to be put to death with him. 33 When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified Jesus[e] there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left. [[34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”]][f] And they cast lots to divide his clothing. 35 And the people stood by, watching; but the leaders scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Messiah[g] of God, his chosen one!” 36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, 37 and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” 38 There was also an inscription over him,[h] “This is the King of the Jews.”

39 One of the criminals who were hanged there kept deriding[i] him and saying, “Are you not the Messiah?[j] Save yourself and us!” 40 But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed have been condemned justly, for we are getting what we deserve for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into[k] your kingdom.” 43 He replied, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”

The Death of Jesus

44 It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land[l] until three in the afternoon, 45 while the sun’s light failed;[m] and the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commend my spirit.” Having said this, he breathed his last. 47 When the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God and said, “Certainly this man was innocent.”[n] 48 And when all the crowds who had gathered there for this spectacle saw what had taken place, they returned home, beating their breasts. 49 But all his acquaintances, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.

The Burial of Jesus

50 Now there was a good and righteous man named Joseph, who, though a member of the council, 51 had not agreed to their plan and action. He came from the Jewish town of Arimathea, and he was waiting expectantly for the kingdom of God. 52 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid it in a rock-hewn tomb where no one had ever been laid. 54 It was the day of Preparation, and the sabbath was beginning.[o] 55 The women who had come with him from Galilee followed, and they saw the tomb and how his body was laid. 56 Then they returned, and prepared spices and ointments.

On the sabbath they rested according to the commandment.


  1. Luke 23:1 Gk him
  2. Luke 23:2 Or is an anointed king
  3. Luke 23:9 Gk he
  4. Luke 23:16 Here, or after verse 19, other ancient authorities add verse 17, Now he was obliged to release someone for them at the festival
  5. Luke 23:33 Gk him
  6. Luke 23:34 Other ancient authorities lack the sentence Then Jesus . . . what they are doing
  7. Luke 23:35 Or the Christ
  8. Luke 23:38 Other ancient authorities add written in Greek and Latin and Hebrew (that is, Aramaic)
  9. Luke 23:39 Or blaspheming
  10. Luke 23:39 Or the Christ
  11. Luke 23:42 Other ancient authorities read in
  12. Luke 23:44 Or earth
  13. Luke 23:45 Or the sun was eclipsed. Other ancient authorities read the sun was darkened
  14. Luke 23:47 Or righteous
  15. Luke 23:54 Gk was dawning
New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright © 1989 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Luke 23 New Living Translation (NLT)

Jesus’ Trial before Pilate

23 Then the entire council took Jesus to Pilate, the Roman governor. They began to state their case: “This man has been leading our people astray by telling them not to pay their taxes to the Roman government and by claiming he is the Messiah, a king.”

So Pilate asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”

Jesus replied, “You have said it.”

Pilate turned to the leading priests and to the crowd and said, “I find nothing wrong with this man!”

Then they became insistent. “But he is causing riots by his teaching wherever he goes—all over Judea, from Galilee to Jerusalem!”

“Oh, is he a Galilean?” Pilate asked. When they said that he was, Pilate sent him to Herod Antipas, because Galilee was under Herod’s jurisdiction, and Herod happened to be in Jerusalem at the time.

Herod was delighted at the opportunity to see Jesus, because he had heard about him and had been hoping for a long time to see him perform a miracle. He asked Jesus question after question, but Jesus refused to answer. 10 Meanwhile, the leading priests and the teachers of religious law stood there shouting their accusations. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers began mocking and ridiculing Jesus. Finally, they put a royal robe on him and sent him back to Pilate. 12 (Herod and Pilate, who had been enemies before, became friends that day.)

13 Then Pilate called together the leading priests and other religious leaders, along with the people, 14 and he announced his verdict. “You brought this man to me, accusing him of leading a revolt. I have examined him thoroughly on this point in your presence and find him innocent. 15 Herod came to the same conclusion and sent him back to us. Nothing this man has done calls for the death penalty. 16 So I will have him flogged, and then I will release him.”[a]

18 Then a mighty roar rose from the crowd, and with one voice they shouted, “Kill him, and release Barabbas to us!” 19 (Barabbas was in prison for taking part in an insurrection in Jerusalem against the government, and for murder.) 20 Pilate argued with them, because he wanted to release Jesus. 21 But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

22 For the third time he demanded, “Why? What crime has he committed? I have found no reason to sentence him to death. So I will have him flogged, and then I will release him.”

23 But the mob shouted louder and louder, demanding that Jesus be crucified, and their voices prevailed. 24 So Pilate sentenced Jesus to die as they demanded. 25 As they had requested, he released Barabbas, the man in prison for insurrection and murder. But he turned Jesus over to them to do as they wished.

The Crucifixion

26 As they led Jesus away, a man named Simon, who was from Cyrene,[b] happened to be coming in from the countryside. The soldiers seized him and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. 27 A large crowd trailed behind, including many grief-stricken women. 28 But Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, don’t weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For the days are coming when they will say, ‘Fortunate indeed are the women who are childless, the wombs that have not borne a child and the breasts that have never nursed.’ 30 People will beg the mountains, ‘Fall on us,’ and plead with the hills, ‘Bury us.’[c] 31 For if these things are done when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?[d]

32 Two others, both criminals, were led out to be executed with him. 33 When they came to a place called The Skull,[e] they nailed him to the cross. And the criminals were also crucified—one on his right and one on his left.

34 Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.”[f] And the soldiers gambled for his clothes by throwing dice.[g]

35 The crowd watched and the leaders scoffed. “He saved others,” they said, “let him save himself if he is really God’s Messiah, the Chosen One.” 36 The soldiers mocked him, too, by offering him a drink of sour wine. 37 They called out to him, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” 38 A sign was fastened above him with these words: “This is the King of the Jews.”

39 One of the criminals hanging beside him scoffed, “So you’re the Messiah, are you? Prove it by saving yourself—and us, too, while you’re at it!”

40 But the other criminal protested, “Don’t you fear God even when you have been sentenced to die? 41 We deserve to die for our crimes, but this man hasn’t done anything wrong.” 42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your Kingdom.”

43 And Jesus replied, “I assure you, today you will be with me in paradise.”

The Death of Jesus

44 By this time it was about noon, and darkness fell across the whole land until three o’clock. 45 The light from the sun was gone. And suddenly, the curtain in the sanctuary of the Temple was torn down the middle. 46 Then Jesus shouted, “Father, I entrust my spirit into your hands!”[h] And with those words he breathed his last.

47 When the Roman officer[i] overseeing the execution saw what had happened, he worshiped God and said, “Surely this man was innocent.[j] 48 And when all the crowd that came to see the crucifixion saw what had happened, they went home in deep sorrow.[k] 49 But Jesus’ friends, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance watching.

The Burial of Jesus

50 Now there was a good and righteous man named Joseph. He was a member of the Jewish high council, 51 but he had not agreed with the decision and actions of the other religious leaders. He was from the town of Arimathea in Judea, and he was waiting for the Kingdom of God to come. 52 He went to Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. 53 Then he took the body down from the cross and wrapped it in a long sheet of linen cloth and laid it in a new tomb that had been carved out of rock. 54 This was done late on Friday afternoon, the day of preparation,[l] as the Sabbath was about to begin.

55 As his body was taken away, the women from Galilee followed and saw the tomb where his body was placed. 56 Then they went home and prepared spices and ointments to anoint his body. But by the time they were finished the Sabbath had begun, so they rested as required by the law.


  1. 23:16 Some manuscripts add verse 17, Now it was necessary for him to release one prisoner to them during the Passover celebration. Compare Matt 27:15; Mark 15:6; John 18:39.
  2. 23:26 Cyrene was a city in northern Africa.
  3. 23:30 Hos 10:8.
  4. 23:31 Or If these things are done to me, the living tree, what will happen to you, the dry tree?
  5. 23:33 Sometimes rendered Calvary, which comes from the Latin word for “skull.”
  6. 23:34a This sentence is not included in many ancient manuscripts.
  7. 23:34b Greek by casting lots. See Ps 22:18.
  8. 23:46 Ps 31:5.
  9. 23:47a Greek the centurion.
  10. 23:47b Or righteous.
  11. 23:48 Greek went home beating their breasts.
  12. 23:54 Greek It was the day of preparation.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Luke 23 Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testament (MOUNCE)

23 Then kai the ho whole hapas assembly plēthos of them autos rose anistēmi up and brought agō Jesus autos before epi · ho Pilate Pilatos. And de they began archō to accuse katēgoreō him autos, saying legō, “ We found heuriskō this houtos man trying to mislead diastrephō · ho our hēmeis nation ethnos, · kai opposing kōlyō the payment didōmi of taxes phoros to Caesar Kaisar, and kai claiming legō himself heautou to be eimi Christ Christos, a king basileus.” · ho So de Pilate Pilatos asked erōtaō Jesus autos, saying legō, “ Are eimi you sy the ho king basileus of the ho Jews Ioudaios?” In response apokrinomai Jesus ho · de said phēmi to him autos, “ You sy say legō so.” · ho Then de Pilate Pilatos said legō to pros the ho chief archiereus priests and kai the ho crowds ochlos, “ I find heuriskō no oudeis basis for a charge aitios against en · ho this houtos man anthrōpos.” But de they ho kept insisting epischuō, saying legō, “ He stirs anaseiō up the ho people laos, teaching didaskō throughout kata all holos · ho Judea Ioudaia, · kai starting archō from apo · ho Galilee Galilaia even heōs to this hōde place .”

Now de when Pilate Pilatos heard akouō this, he asked eperōtaō whether ei the ho man anthrōpos was eimi a Galilean Galilaios. · kai Learning epiginōskō that hoti he was eimi from ek · ho Herod’ s hērōdēs jurisdiction exousia, he sent anapempō him autos off to pros Herod hērōdēs, who autos was eimi also kai in en Jerusalem Hierosolyma during en those houtos · ho days hēmera. Upon seeing Jesus Iēsous, · ho · de Herod hērōdēs · ho was very lian glad chairō, since gar for ek a long hikanos time chronos he had been eimi wanting thelō to see him autos, because dia of what ho he had heard akouō about peri him autos, and kai he was hoping elpizō to see some tis miraculous sign sēmeion done ginomai by hypo him autos. So de Herod questioned eperōtaō him autos with en many hikanos words logos; but de Jesus autos gave him autos no oudeis answer apokrinomai, 10 even though the ho chief priests archiereus and kai the ho scribes grammateus stood histēmi by , · de vehemently eutonōs accusing katēgoreō him autos. 11 Then de, when Herod hērōdēs, along with syn his autos soldiers strateuma, had treated exoutheneō him autos with contempt · kai · ho · ho and kai ridiculed empaizō him, they put periballō an elegant lampros robe esthēs on him, and sent anapempō him autos back to ho Pilate Pilatos. 12 And de Herod hērōdēs and kai Pilate Pilatos became ginomai friends philos · ho · ho with meta each other allēlōn that en very autos · ho day hēmera, for gar before prouparchō this they had been eimi hostile en echthra toward pros each autos other .

13 Pilate Pilatos then de called synkaleō together the ho chief archiereus priests , · kai the ho rulers archōn, and kai the ho people laos, 14 and said legō to pros them autos, “ You brought prospherō me egō · ho this houtos man anthrōpos as hōs one who was trying apostrephō to mislead the ho people laos. And kai indeed idou, having examined anakrinō him in enōpion your hymeis presence enōpion, I egō found heuriskō no outheis basis aitios for hos your charges katēgoreō against en · ho this houtos man anthrōpos. 15 For that matter alla, neither oude did Herod hērōdēs, for gar he sent anapempō him autos back to pros us hēmeis. · kai Look idou, nothing oudeis deserving axios death thanatos has been eimi done prassō by him autos. 16 So oun I will have him autos flogged paideuō and release apolyō him.”

18 But de they cried anakrazō out together pamplēthei, saying legō, “ Take airō this houtos man away! Release apolyō · de for us hēmeis · ho Barabbas Barabbas!” 19 who hostis was eimi thrown ballō into en prison phylakē because dia of a certain tis riot stasis that had occurred ginomai in en the ho city polis and kai for murder phonos. · ho 20 Once again palin · de · ho Pilate Pilatos, wanting thelō to release apolyō Jesus Iēsous, called prosphōneō out to them autos, · ho 21 but de they ho kept shouting epiphōneō, saying legō, “ Crucify stauroō, crucify stauroō him autos!” 22 A third time triton he ho · de spoke legō to pros them autos, “ What tis evil kakos did poieō this houtos man do? I have found heuriskō in en him autos no oudeis guilt aitios deserving death thanatos. I will therefore oun punish paideuō and release apolyō him autos.” 23 But de they ho were insistent epikeimai, demanding aiteō with loud megas cries phōnē that he autos should be crucified stauroō, and kai their autos cries phōnē prevailed katischuō. · ho 24 So kai Pilate Pilatos decided epikrinō that their autos demand aitēma should be granted ginomai. · ho 25 He released apolyō · de the ho man who had been thrown ballō into eis prison phylakē for dia insurrection stasis and kai murder phonos, for whom hos they asked aiteō, but de he handed over paradidōmi · ho Jesus Iēsous to ho their autos will thelēma.

26 · kai As hōs they led apagō him autos away , they took epilambanomai hold of a certain tis Simon Simōn of Cyrene Kyrēnaios, who was coming erchomai in from apo the countryside agros, and put epitithēmi the ho cross stauros on him autos to carry pherō it behind opisthen · ho Jesus Iēsous. 27 And de there followed akoloutheō him autos a great polys crowd plēthos of the ho people laos, and kai among them were women gynē who hos were mourning koptō and kai wailing thrēneō for him autos. 28 Turning strephō · de to pros them autos, · ho Jesus Iēsous said legō, “ Daughters thugatēr of Jerusalem Ierousalēm, do not weep klaiō for epi me egō, but plēn weep klaiō for epi yourselves heautou and kai for epi · ho your hymeis children teknon. 29 For hoti the days hēmera are surely coming erchomai when en hos they will say legō, ‘ Blessed makarios are the ho barren steira and kai the ho wombs koilia that hos never ou gave birth gennaō and kai the breasts mastos that hos never ou nursed trephō!’ 30 Then tote they will begin archō to say legō to the ho mountains oros, ‘ Fall piptō on epi us hēmeis!’ and kai to the ho hills bounos, ‘ Cover kalyptō us hēmeis!’ 31 For hoti if ei they do poieō these things houtos when en the ho wood xylon is green hygros, what tis will happen ginomai when en · ho it is dry xēros?”

32 And de they also kai led agō away two dyo others heteros, who were criminals kakourgos, to be put to death anaireō with syn him autos. 33 And kai when hote they came erchomai to epi the ho place topos · ho called kaleō “The Skull kranion,” there ekei they crucified stauroō him autos and kai the ho criminals kakourgos one hos on ek his right dexios and de one hos on ek his left aristeros. 34 · ho And de Jesus Iēsous was saying legō, “ Father patēr, forgive aphiēmi them autos; for gar they do not ou know oida what tis they are doing poieō.” Then de in order to divide diamerizō up · ho his autos clothing himation they cast ballō lots klēros. 35 · kai The ho people laos stood histēmi by , watching theōreō. The ho rulers archōn even kai scoffed ekmyktērizō · de at him, saying legō, “ He saved sōzō others allos; let him save sōzō himself heautou, if ei he houtos is eimi the ho Christ Christos of ho God theos, the ho Chosen eklektos One !” 36 The ho soldiers stratiōtēs, also kai, mocked empaizō · de him autos, coming proserchomai up and offering prospherō him autos sour oxos wine 37 and kai saying legō, “ If ei you sy are eimi the ho king basileus of the ho Jews Ioudaios, save sōzō yourself seautou!” 38 In fact kai, there was eimi · de an inscription epigraphē above epi him autos, “ This houtos is the ho King basileus of the ho Jews Ioudaios.”

39 One heis · de of the ho criminals kakourgos hanging kremannymi there kept deriding blasphēmeō him autos, saying legō, “ Are eimi you sy not ouchi the ho Messiah Christos? Save sōzō yourself seautou and kai us hēmeis!” 40 But de the ho other heteros responded apokrinomai to him autos with a rebuke epitimaō, saying phēmi, “ Do you sy not oude fear phobeomai · ho God theos, since hoti you are eimi under en the ho same autos sentence krima? 41 And kai we hēmeis indeed men justly dikaiōs. For gar we are receiving apolambanō what we deserve axios for what hos we did prassō; but de this houtos man has done prassō nothing oudeis improper atopos.” 42 Then kai he said legō, “ Jesus Iēsous, remember mimnēskomai me egō when hotan you come erchomai in eis · ho your sy kingdom basileia.” 43 And kai Jesus said legō to him autos, “ In solemn truth amēn I tell legō you sy: today sēmeron you will be eimi with meta me egō in en · ho paradise paradeisos.”

44 · kai It was eimi already ēdē only about hōsei the sixth hektos hour hōra but kai darkness skotos covered ginomai epi the whole holos · ho land until heōs the ninth enatos hour hōra, 45 because the light of the ho sun hēlios had been eclipsed ekleipō. The ho curtain katapetasma of the ho temple naos was torn schizō · de down the middle mesos. 46 Then kai Jesus Iēsous, crying phōneō out in a loud megas voice phōnē, · ho said legō, “ Father patēr, into eis your sy hands cheir I commit paratithēmi · ho my egō spirit pneuma!” Having said legō this houtos, · de he breathed ekpneō his last . 47 Now de when the ho centurion hekatontarchēs saw what ho had happened ginomai, he praised doxazō · ho God theos, saying legō, “ Truly ontōs · ho this houtos man anthrōpos was eimi righteous dikaios!”

48 And kai when all pas the ho crowds ochlos who had gathered symparaginomai for epi · ho this houtos spectacle theōria saw theōreō what ho had happened ginomai, they returned hypostrephō home, beating typtō their ho breasts stēthos. 49 And de all pas who ho knew gnōstos Jesus autos, including kai the women gynē who ho had followed synakoloutheō him autos from apo · ho Galilee Galilaia, were standing histēmi at apo a distance makrothen, watching horaō these houtos things . 50 Now kai there idou was a man anēr named onoma Joseph Iōsēph, a member hyparchō of the Council bouleutēs, · kai a good agathos and kai righteous dikaios man anēr. 51 ( He houtos had eimi not ou agreed synkatatithēmi with their ho decision boulē or kai · ho their autos action praxis.) He was from apo the ho Jewish Ioudaios town polis of Arimathea Harimathaia, and he hos was waiting prosdechomai expectantly for the ho kingdom basileia of ho God theos. 52 This houtos man went proserchomai to ho Pilate Pilatos and asked aiteō for the ho body sōma of ho Jesus Iēsous; 53 then kai taking kathaireō it down , he wrapped entylissō it autos in a linen sindōn cloth , and kai laid tithēmi him autos in en a tomb mnēma cut laxeutos in stone , where hou no one oudeis had yet oupō been eimi laid keimai. 54 · kai It was eimi the day hēmera of preparation paraskeuē and kai the Sabbath sabbaton was about to begin epiphōskō.

55 The ho women gynē who hostis had eimi come with synerchomai him autos from ek Galilee Galilaia followed along behind katakoloutheō · de · ho and saw theaomai the ho tomb mnēmeion, and kai how hōs his autos body sōma was laid tithēmi in it · ho 56 Then de they returned hypostrephō and prepared hetoimazō anointing spices arōma and kai perfumes myron. · kai On the ho Sabbath sabbaton they rested hēsychazō according kata to the ho commandment entolē.

Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testament (MOUNCE)

The Mounce Reverse-Interlinear™ New Testament (MOUNCE) Copyright © 2011 by Robert H. Mounce and William D. Mounce. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
“Reverse-Interlinear” is a trademark of William D. Mounce.

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