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Luke 23 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

23 1 He is accuseth before Pilate. 7 He is sent to Herod. 11 He is mocked. 24 Pilate yieldeth him up to the Jews’ request. 27 The women bewail him. 33 He is crucified. 39 One of the thieves revileth him. 43 The other is saved by faith. 45 He dieth. 53 He is buried.

Then [a]the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.

And they began to accuse him, saying, We have found this man [b]perverting the nation, and forbidding to pay tribute to Caesar, saying, That he is Christ a King.

And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him, and said, Thou sayest it.

Then said Pilate to the high Priests, and to the people, I find no fault in this man.

But they were the more fierce, saying, He moveth the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning at Galilee, even to this place.

[c]Now when Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilean.

And when he knew that he was of [d]Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, which was also at Jerusalem in those days.

And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him, and trusteth to have seen some sign done by him.

Then questioned he with him of many things: but he answered him nothing.

10 The high Priests also and Scribes stood forth and accused him vehemently.

11 And Herod with his [e]men of war, despised him, and mocked him, and arrayed him in white, and sent him again to Pilate.

12 [f]And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were enemies one to another.

13 [g]Then Pilate called together the high Priests, and the [h]rulers, and the people,

14 And said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverted the people: and behold, I have examined him before you, and have found no fault in this man, of those things whereof ye accuse him:

15 No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him: and lo, nothing worthy of death is done of him.

16 [i]I will therefore chastise him, and let him loose.

17 (For of necessity he must have let one loose unto them at the feast.)

18 Then all the multitude cried at once, saying, Away with him, and deliver unto us Barabbas:

19 Which for a certain insurrection made in the city, and murder, was cast in prison.

20 Then Pilate spake again to them, willing to let Jesus loose.

21 But they cried, saying, Crucify, crucify him.

22 [j]And he said unto them the third time, But what evil hath he done? I find no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him loose.

23 But they were instant with loud voices, and required that he might be crucified: and the voices of them and of the high Priests prevailed.

24 So Pilate gave sentence, that it should be as they required.

25 And he let loose unto them him that for insurrection and murder was cast into prison, whom they desired, and delivered Jesus to do with him what they would.

26 [k]And as they led him away, they caught one Simon of Cyrene, coming out of the field, and on him they laid the cross, to bear it after Jesus.

27 [l]And there followed him a great multitude of people, and of women, which women bewailed and lamented him.

28 But Jesus turned back unto them, and said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.

29 For behold, the days will come, when men shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck.

30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us: and to the hills, Cover us.

31 For if they do these things to a [m]green tree, what shall be done to the dry?

32 And there were two others, which were evildoers, led with him to be slain.

33 [n]And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the evildoers: one at the right hand, and the other at the left.

34 [o]Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them: for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.

35 And the people stood, and beheld: and the rulers mocked him with them, saying, He saved others: let him save himself, if he be that Christ the [p]Chosen of God.

36 The soldiers also mocked him, and came and offered him vinegar,

37 And said, If thou be the King of the Jews, save thyself.

38 [q]And a superscription was also written over him, in Greek letters, and in Latin, and in Hebrew, THIS IS THAT KING OF THE JEWS.

39 [r]And [s]one of the evildoers, which were hanged, railed on him, saying, If thou be that Christ, save thyself and us.

40 But the other answered, and rebuked him, saying, Fearest thou not God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?

41 We are indeed righteously here: for we receive things worthy of that we have done: but this man hath done nothing [t]amiss.

42 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me, when thou comest into thy kingdom.

43 Then Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, today shalt thou be with me in [u]Paradise.

44 [v]And it was about the sixth hour: and there was a darkness over all the land, until the ninth hour.

45 [w]And the Sun was darkened, and the veil of the Temple rent through the midst.

46 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and said, Father, into thine hands I commend my spirit. And when he thus had said, he gave up the ghost.

47 [x]Now when the Centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Of a surety this man was just.

48 And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done: smote their breasts, and returned.

49 [y]And all his acquaintances stood afar off, and the women that followed him from Galilee, beholding these things.

50 [z]And behold, there was a man named Joseph, which was a counselor, a good man and a just.

51 He did not consent to the counsel and deed of them, which was of Arimathea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.

52 He went unto Pilate, and asked the body of Jesus,

53 And took it down, and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid it in a tomb hewn out of a rock, wherein was never man yet laid.

54 And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath [aa]drew on.

55 [ab]And the women also that followed after, which came with him from Galilee, beheld the sepulcher, and how his body was laid.

56 And they returned and prepared odors, and ointments, and resteth the Sabbath day according to the commandment.


  1. Luke 23:1 Christ, who is now ready to suffer for the sedition, which we raised in this world, is first of all pronounced guiltless, that it might appear that he suffered not for his own sins (which were none) but for ours.
  2. Luke 23:2 Corrupting the people, and leading them into errors.
  3. Luke 23:6 Christ is a laughingstock to princes, but to their great smart.
  4. Luke 23:7 This was Herod Antipas the Tetrarch, in the time of whose governance, which was almost the space of 22 years, John the Baptist preached and was put to death, and Jesus Christ also died and rose again, and the Apostles began to preach, and divers things were done at Jerusalem almost seven years after Christ’s death. This Herod was sent into banishment to Lyons, about the second year of Gaius Caesar.
  5. Luke 23:11 Accompanied with his nobles and soldiers which followed him from Galilee.
  6. Luke 23:12 The hatred of godliness joineth the wicked together.
  7. Luke 23:13 Christ is quit the second time, even of him of whom he is condemned, that it might appear, how he being just, redeemed us which were unjust.
  8. Luke 23:13 Those whom the Jews called the Sanhedrin.
  9. Luke 23:16 The wisdom of the flesh, of two evils chooseth the less, but God curseth such counsels.
  10. Luke 23:22 Christ is quit the third time, before he was condemned once, that it might appear, how that our sins were condemned in him.
  11. Luke 23:26 An example of the outrageousness and disorder of the soldiers.
  12. Luke 23:27 The triumph of the wicked hath a most horrible end.
  13. Luke 23:31 As if he said, If they do thus to me that am fruitful, and always flourishing, and who lives forever by reason of my Godhead, what will they do to you, that are unfruitful and void of all lively righteousness?
  14. Luke 23:33 Christ became accursed for us upon the Cross, suffering the punishment which they deserved that would be God’s.
  15. Luke 23:34 Christ in praying for his enemies, showeth that he is both the sacrifice and the Priest.
  16. Luke 23:35 Whom God loveth more than all others.
  17. Luke 23:38 Pilate at unawares is made a preacher of the kingdom of Christ.
  18. Luke 23:39 Therefore either we must take that spoken by Synecdoche which Matthew saith, or that both of them mocked Christ. But one of them at length overcome with the great patience of God, brake forth into that confession worthy all memory.
  19. Luke 23:39 Christ, in the midst of the humbling of himself upon the cross, showeth indeed that he hath both power of life to save the believers, and of death to revenge the rebellious.
  20. Luke 23:41 More than he ought.
  21. Luke 23:43 God made the visible paradise to the East part of the world: but that which we behold with the eyes of our mind is the place of everlasting joy and salvation through the goodness and mercy of God, a most pleasant rest of the souls of the godly, and most quiet and joyful dwelling.
  22. Luke 23:44 Christ being even at the point of death, showeth himself to be God almighty, even to the blind.
  23. Luke 23:45 Christ entereth stoutly into the very darkness of death, for to overcome death even within his most secret places.
  24. Luke 23:47 Christ causeth his very enemies to give honorable witness on his side, so oft as it pleaseth him.
  25. Luke 23:49 Christ gathereth together, and defendeth his little flock in the midst of the tormentors.
  26. Luke 23:50 Christ through his famous burial confirmeth the truth both of his death, and resurrection, by the plain and evident witness of Pilate.
  27. Luke 23:54 Word for word, dawning, as now beginning, for the light of the former day drew toward the going down, and that was the day of preparation for the feast which was to be kept the day following.
  28. Luke 23:55 Christ, being set upon by the devil and all his instruments, and being even, in death’s mouth, setteth weak women in his foreward, minding straightways to triumph over those terrible enemies without any great endeavor.
1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

Geneva Bible, 1599 Edition. Published by Tolle Lege Press. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, without written permission from the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations in articles, reviews, and broadcasts.

Luke 23 New International Version (NIV)

23 Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate. And they began to accuse him, saying, “We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Messiah, a king.”

So Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?”

“You have said so,” Jesus replied.

Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”

But they insisted, “He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the way here.”

On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. When he learned that Jesus was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been wanting to see him. From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform a sign of some sort. He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10 The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate. 12 That day Herod and Pilate became friends—before this they had been enemies.

13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him. 15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death. 16 Therefore, I will punish him and then release him.” [17] [a]

18 But the whole crowd shouted, “Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!” 19 (Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.)

20 Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again. 21 But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

22 For the third time he spoke to them: “Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him.”

23 But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed. 24 So Pilate decided to grant their demand. 25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.

The Crucifixion of Jesus

26 As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. 27 A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him. 28 Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For the time will come when you will say, ‘Blessed are the childless women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’ 30 Then

“‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!”
    and to the hills, “Cover us!”’[b]

31 For if people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

32 Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed. 33 When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified him there, along with the criminals—one on his right, the other on his left. 34 Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”[c] And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.

35 The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him. They said, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is God’s Messiah, the Chosen One.”

36 The soldiers also came up and mocked him. They offered him wine vinegar 37 and said, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.”

38 There was a written notice above him, which read: this is the king of the jews.

39 One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren’t you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!”

40 But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don’t you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? 41 We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.”

42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.[d]

43 Jesus answered him, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.”

The Death of Jesus

44 It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon, 45 for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.”[e] When he had said this, he breathed his last.

47 The centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God and said, “Surely this was a righteous man.” 48 When all the people who had gathered to witness this sight saw what took place, they beat their breasts and went away. 49 But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.

The Burial of Jesus

50 Now there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Council, a good and upright man, 51 who had not consented to their decision and action. He came from the Judean town of Arimathea, and he himself was waiting for the kingdom of God. 52 Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus’ body. 53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no one had yet been laid. 54 It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.

55 The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph and saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. 56 Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment.


  1. Luke 23:17 Some manuscripts include here words similar to Matt. 27:15 and Mark 15:6.
  2. Luke 23:30 Hosea 10:8
  3. Luke 23:34 Some early manuscripts do not have this sentence.
  4. Luke 23:42 Some manuscripts come with your kingly power
  5. Luke 23:46 Psalm 31:5
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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