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Jesus Is Led Before Pilate. He Tells Him He Is The King of The Jews

23 And having arisen, the whole assembly of them led Him before Pilate. And they began to accuse Him, saying “We found this One perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tributes[a] to Caesar, and saying that He is Christ, a King”. And Pilate asked Him, saying “Are You the King of the Jews?” And the One, having responded to him, said “You are saying[b] it ”. And Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no guilt[c] in this man”. But the ones were insisting[d], saying that “He is stirring-up the people, teaching throughout all Judea— having indeed begun from Galilee, as far as here”. And Pilate, having heard it, asked if the man was a Galilean. And having learned that He was from the authority of Herod[e], he sent Him up to Herod— he also being in Jerusalem during these days.

Before Herod, Jesus Says Nothing

Now Herod, having seen Jesus, rejoiced greatly. For he was wanting to see Him for considerable periods-of-time because of hearing about Him. And he was hoping to see some sign being done by Him. And he was questioning Him with many words, but He answered him nothing. 10 And the chief priests and the scribes were standing there, accusing Him vigorously[f]. 11 And Herod also— with his troops— having treated Him with contempt, and having mocked Him, having clothed Him with shining clothing, sent Him back to Pilate. 12 Now both Herod and Pilate became friends with one another on the very day. For they were-previously existing with hostility[g] toward them.

Pilate Offers To Release Jesus. The Crowd Demands He Be Crucified

13 Now Pilate, having called-together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14 said to them, “You brought me this man as One turning-away[h] the people. And behold— I, having examined Him in your presence, found no guilt in this man of the things which you are accusing against Him. 15 But neither did Herod, for he sent Him back to us. And behold— nothing worthy of death has been committed by Him. 16 Therefore, having disciplined Him, I will release Him”. 17 [i] 18 But they cried-out all-together, saying, “Take away this One, and release Barabbas for us”— 19 who had been thrown in prison because of a certain rebellion[j] having taken place in the city, and murder. 20 And again Pilate addressed them, wanting to release Jesus. 21 But the ones were calling-out, saying “Crucify, crucify Him!” 22 And a third time the one said to them, “What indeed[k] did this One do wrong? I found no guilt worthy of death in Him. Therefore, having disciplined Him, I will release Him”. 23 But the ones were pressing-upon him with loud voices, asking that He be crucified. And their voices were prevailing. 24 And Pilate decided[l] that their request should be done. 25 And he released the one having been thrown into prison because of rebellion and murder, whom they were asking-for. And he handed-over Jesus to their will.

Jesus Is Crucified

26 And when they led Him away, having taken-hold-of a certain Simon, a Cyrenian[m] coming from the country, they laid the cross on him to carry behind Jesus. 27 And a large crowd of the people, and of women who were beating-their-breasts and lamenting Him, was following Him. 28 But having turned to them, Jesus said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not be weeping for Me. But weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 Because behold— days are coming during which they will say, ‘Blessed[n] are the barren, and[o] the wombs which did not bear and breasts which did not feed[p]’. 30 At-that-time they will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us’, and to the hills, ‘Cover us’. 31 Because if they are doing these things in-the-case-of the wet wood[q], what will happen in-the-case-of the dry[r]?” 32 And two other[s] criminals were also being led to be executed with Him. 33 And when they came to the place being called “The Skull[t]”, there they crucified Him and the criminals— one on the right side, and the other on the left side. 34 But[u] Jesus was saying, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing”. And they cast lots, dividing His garments among themselves.

The King of The Jews Is Mocked While Hanging On The Cross

35 And the people were standing there watching. And the rulers were also sneering-at Him, saying “He saved others. Let Him save Himself if this One is the Christ of God, the Chosen One”. 36 And the soldiers also mocked Him, coming to Him, offering Him sour-wine[v], 37 and saying “If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself ”. 38 And there was also an inscription over Him— “This is the King of the Jews”. 39 And one of the criminals having been hung was blaspheming Him, saying “Are You not the Christ? Save Yourself and us”. 40 But having responded, the other, rebuking him, said “Do you not even fear God? Because you are under the same condemnation[w]! 41 And we are suffering justly, for we are receiving-back things worthy of the things which we did— but this One did nothing out-of-place[x]”. 42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom”. 43 And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, you will be with Me today in paradise”.

Darkness Comes Over the Land And The Temple Curtain Is Torn. Jesus Dies

44 And it was now about the sixth[y] hour. And a darkness came over the whole land[z] until the ninth hour, 45 the sun having failed. And the curtain of the temple was torn[aa] in-the-middle. 46 And having called-out with a loud voice, Jesus said, “Father, I commend[ab] My spirit into Your hands”. And having said this, He expired. 47 And having seen the thing having taken place, the centurion was glorifying God, saying “This man really was righteous”. 48 And all the crowds having come together for this sight, having watched the things having taken place, were returning striking their chests. 49 But all His acquaintances and the women accompanying Him from Galilee were standing at a distance while seeing these things.

Jesus Is Buried In a Tomb On Friday Afternoon Before Sunset

50 And behold, there was a man, Joseph by name— being a council-member and a good and righteous man (51 this one had not consented to the plan[ac] and their action)— from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was waiting-for the kingdom of God. 52 This one, having gone to Pilate, asked-for the body of Jesus. 53 And having taken it down, he wrapped it in linen-cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut-in-the-rock where no one was yet lying. 54 And it was the day of Preparation[ad], and the Sabbath was dawning[ae].

On Sunday Morning, The Women Go To The Tomb And Discover That Jesus Is Risen

55 Now having closely-followed, the women who had come-with Him from Galilee saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 And having returned, they prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested in-accordance-with the commandment—


  1. Luke 23:2 See 20:22.
  2. Luke 23:3 See Mt 27:11.
  3. Luke 23:4 Or, cause, source, basis for accusation.
  4. Luke 23:5 Or, growing emphatic, urgent.
  5. Luke 23:7 That is, Herod Antipas, governor over Galilee. See Mt 14:1 on him.
  6. Luke 23:10 Or, vehemently, forcefully.
  7. Luke 23:12 That is, each feeling the other was hostile to him.
  8. Luke 23:14 That is, from their duties toward Rome.
  9. Luke 23:17 Some manuscripts add ‘Now he was having an obligation to release one [prisoner] to them at the feast’.
  10. Luke 23:19 Or, insurrection, revolt, riot, uprising.
  11. Luke 23:22 Or, Why? What evil did this One do? Pilate is incredulous.
  12. Luke 23:24 Or, adjudged, determined. He rendered his judicial decision.
  13. Luke 23:26 That is, from Cyrene, a city on the coast of Africa.
  14. Luke 23:29 Or, Fortunate.
  15. Luke 23:29 Or, even.
  16. Luke 23:29 Or, nourish.
  17. Luke 23:31 Or, green tree. That is, Jesus.
  18. Luke 23:31 That is, unbelieving Israel. If the Innocent One is made to die, what will happen to guilty Israel? The answer came in a.d. 70 when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem.
  19. Luke 23:32 That is, others of a different kind. Luke may be stating it this way in fulfillment of 22:37. Or, this may be punctuated to avoid classing Jesus as a criminal, ‘And others were also being led, two criminals, to be executed with Him’.
  20. Luke 23:33 That is, Golgotha. See Mt 27:33.
  21. Luke 23:34 Some manuscripts omit this sentence.
  22. Luke 23:36 Or, wine-vinegar (watered down). This was a favorite beverage of the soldiers and the common people.
  23. Luke 23:40 That is, the same sentence of death.
  24. Luke 23:41 That is, morally wrong.
  25. Luke 23:44 sixth hour... ninth hour. That is, noon... 3 p.m.
  26. Luke 23:44 Or, earth.
  27. Luke 23:45 Or, split. See Mt 27:51.
  28. Luke 23:46 Or, entrust, deposit.
  29. Luke 23:51 Or, resolution, plot.
  30. Luke 23:54 That is, Friday, the day of preparation for the Sabbath.
  31. Luke 23:54 That is, the sun was going down. The Sabbath day began at sundown.

23 Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate.(A) And they began to accuse him, saying, “We have found this man subverting our nation.(B) He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar(C) and claims to be Messiah, a king.”(D)

So Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?”

“You have said so,” Jesus replied.

Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”(E)

But they insisted, “He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He started in Galilee(F) and has come all the way here.”

On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean.(G) When he learned that Jesus was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod,(H) who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been wanting to see him.(I) From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform a sign of some sort. He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer.(J) 10 The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe,(K) they sent him back to Pilate. 12 That day Herod and Pilate became friends(L)—before this they had been enemies.

13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him.(M) 15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death. 16 Therefore, I will punish him(N) and then release him.” [17] [a]

18 But the whole crowd shouted, “Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!”(O) 19 (Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.)

20 Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again. 21 But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

22 For the third time he spoke to them: “Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him.”(P)

23 But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed. 24 So Pilate decided to grant their demand. 25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.

The Crucifixion of Jesus(Q)

26 As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene,(R) who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.(S) 27 A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed(T) for him. 28 Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children.(U) 29 For the time will come when you will say, ‘Blessed are the childless women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’(V) 30 Then

“‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!”
    and to the hills, “Cover us!”’[b](W)

31 For if people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”(X)

32 Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed.(Y) 33 When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified him there, along with the criminals—one on his right, the other on his left. 34 Jesus said, “Father,(Z) forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”[c](AA) And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.(AB)

35 The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him.(AC) They said, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is God’s Messiah, the Chosen One.”(AD)

36 The soldiers also came up and mocked him.(AE) They offered him wine vinegar(AF) 37 and said, “If you are the king of the Jews,(AG) save yourself.”

38 There was a written notice above him, which read: this is the king of the jews.(AH)

39 One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren’t you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!”(AI)

40 But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don’t you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? 41 We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.”(AJ)

42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.[d](AK)

43 Jesus answered him, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.”(AL)

The Death of Jesus(AM)

44 It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon,(AN) 45 for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple(AO) was torn in two.(AP) 46 Jesus called out with a loud voice,(AQ) “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.”[e](AR) When he had said this, he breathed his last.(AS)

47 The centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God(AT) and said, “Surely this was a righteous man.” 48 When all the people who had gathered to witness this sight saw what took place, they beat their breasts(AU) and went away. 49 But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee,(AV) stood at a distance,(AW) watching these things.

The Burial of Jesus(AX)

50 Now there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Council, a good and upright man, 51 who had not consented to their decision and action. He came from the Judean town of Arimathea, and he himself was waiting for the kingdom of God.(AY) 52 Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus’ body. 53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no one had yet been laid. 54 It was Preparation Day,(AZ) and the Sabbath was about to begin.

55 The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee(BA) followed Joseph and saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. 56 Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes.(BB) But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment.(BC)


  1. Luke 23:17 Some manuscripts include here words similar to Matt. 27:15 and Mark 15:6.
  2. Luke 23:30 Hosea 10:8
  3. Luke 23:34 Some early manuscripts do not have this sentence.
  4. Luke 23:42 Some manuscripts come with your kingly power
  5. Luke 23:46 Psalm 31:5