Jesus’ Authority Questioned

20 (A)On one of the days while (B)He was teaching the people in the temple and (C)preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders (D)confronted Him, and they declared, saying to Him, “Tell us by what authority You are doing these things, or who is the one who gave You this authority?” But He replied to them, “I will also ask you a [a]question, and you tell Me: Was the baptism of John from heaven or from men?” They discussed among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us to death, since they are convinced that John was a (E)prophet.” And so they answered that they did not know where it came from. And Jesus said to them, “Neither am I telling you by what authority I do these things.”

Parable of the Vine-growers

(F)But He began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and leased it to [b]vine-growers, and went on a journey for a long time. 10 At the harvest time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, so that they would give him his share of the produce of the vineyard; but the vine-growers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 And he proceeded to send another slave; but they beat him also and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. 12 And he proceeded to send a third; but this one too they wounded and threw out. 13 Now the [c]owner of the vineyard said, ‘What am I to do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will (G)respect him.’ 14 But when the vine-growers saw him, they discussed with one another, saying, ‘This is the heir; let’s kill him so that the inheritance will be ours.’ 15 And so they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What, then, will the [d]owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and (H)put these vine-growers to death, and will give the vineyard to others.” However, when they heard this, they said, “(I)May it never happen!” 17 But [e]Jesus looked at them and said, “Then what is this statement that has been written:

(J)A stone which the builders rejected,
This has become (K)the [f]chief cornerstone’?

18 (L)Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will crush him.”

Paying Taxes to Caesar

19 The scribes and the chief priests (M)tried to lay hands on Him that very hour, and yet they feared the people; for they were aware that He had spoken this parable against them. 20 (N)And so they watched Him [g]closely, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, in order (O)that they might catch Him in some statement, so that they could hand Him over to the jurisdiction and authority of (P)the governor. 21 And the spies questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, and You [h]are not partial to anyone, but You teach the way of God on the basis of truth. 22 Is it [i]permissible for us (Q)to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” 23 But He saw through their trickery and said to them, 24 “Show Me a [j]denarius. Whose image and inscription does it have?” They said, “Caesar’s.” 25 And He said to them, “Then (R)pay to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 26 And they were unable to (S)catch Him in a statement in the presence of the people; and they were amazed at His answer, and said nothing.

Is There a Resurrection?

27 (T)Now some of the (U)Sadducees (who maintain that there is no resurrection) came to Him, 28 and they questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that (V)if [k]a man’s brother dies, [l]leaving a wife, and he is childless, that his brother is to [m]marry the wife and raise up children [n]for his brother. 29 So then, there were seven brothers; and the first took a wife and died childless; 30 and the second 31 and the third [o]married her; and in the same way [p]all seven [q]died, leaving no children. 32 Finally the woman also died. 33 Therefore, in the resurrection, [r]which one’s wife does the woman become? For [s]all seven [t]married her.”

34 Jesus said to them, “The sons of (W)this age marry and the women are given in marriage, 35 but those who are considered worthy to attain to (X)that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; 36 for they cannot even die anymore, for they are like angels, and are (Y)sons of God, being [u]sons of the resurrection. 37 But as for the fact that the dead are raised, even Moses revealed this in (Z)the passage about the burning bush, where he calls the Lord (AA)the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 (AB)Now He is not the God of the dead, but of the living; for (AC)all live to Him.” 39 Some of the scribes answered and said, “Teacher, You have spoken well.” 40 For (AD)they did not have the courage to question Him any longer about anything.

41 (AE)But He said to them, “How is it that they say the [v]Christ is (AF)David’s son? 42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms,

(AG)The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit at My right hand,
43 (AH)Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”’

44 Therefore David calls Him ‘Lord,’ and so how is He his son?”

45 (AI)And while all the people were listening, He said to the disciples, 46 “Beware of the scribes, (AJ)who like to walk around in long robes, and love personal greetings in the marketplaces, and chief seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets, 47 who [w]devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers. These will receive all the more condemnation.”

The Widow’s Gift

21 (AK)Now He looked up and saw the wealthy putting their gifts into the temple treasury. And He saw a poor widow putting [x]in (AL)two [y]lepta coins. And He said, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all of them; for they all [z]contributed to the [aa]offering from their [ab]surplus; but she, from her poverty, put in all [ac]that she had (AM)to live on.”

(AN)And while some were talking about the temple, that it was decorated with beautiful stones and [ad]vowed gifts, He said, As for these things which you are observing, the days will come when (AO)there will not be left one stone upon [ae]another, which will not be torn down.”

They asked Him questions, saying, “Teacher, when therefore will these things happen? And what will be the [af]sign when these things are about to take place?” And He said, “See to it that you are not misled; for many will come in My name, saying, ‘(AP)I am He,’ and, ‘The time is near.’ (AQ)Do not go after them. And when you hear of wars and revolts, do not be alarmed; for these things must take place first, but the end will not follow immediately.”

Things to Come

10 Then He continued by saying to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, 11 and there will be [ag]massive earthquakes, and in various places plagues and famines; and there will be terrible sights and great [ah]signs from heaven.

12 “But before all these things, (AR)they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, turning you over to the synagogues and prisons, [ai]bringing you before kings and governors on account of My name. 13 (AS)It will lead to [aj]an opportunity for your testimony. 14 (AT)So [ak]make up your minds not to prepare beforehand to defend yourselves; 15 for (AU)I will provide you [al]eloquence and wisdom which none of your adversaries will be able to oppose or refute. 16 But you will be betrayed even by parents, brothers and sisters, other relatives, and friends, and they will put some of you to death, 17 and you will be hated by all people because of My name. 18 And yet (AV)not a hair of your head will perish. 19 (AW)By your endurance you will gain your [am]lives.

20 “But when you see Jerusalem (AX)surrounded by armies, then [an]recognize that her desolation is near. 21 Then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains, and those who are inside [ao]the city must leave, and (AY)those who are in the country must not enter [ap]the city; 22 because these are (AZ)days of punishment, so that all things which have been written will be fulfilled. 23 Woe to those women who are pregnant, and to those who are nursing babies in those days; for (BA)there will be great distress upon the [aq]land, and wrath to this people; 24 and they will fall by (BB)the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations; and (BC)Jerusalem will be (BD)trampled underfoot by the Gentiles until (BE)the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

The Return of Christ

25 “There will be [ar]signs in the sun and moon and stars, and on the earth distress among nations, in perplexity at the roaring of the sea and the waves, 26 people fainting from fear and the expectation of the things that are coming upon the [as]world; for the powers of [at]the heavens will be shaken. 27 And (BF)then they will see (BG)the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28 But when these things begin to take place, straighten up and lift up your heads, because (BH)your redemption is drawing near.”

29 And He told them a parable: “Look at the fig tree and all the trees: 30 as soon as they put forth leaves, you see for yourselves and (BI)know that summer is now near. 31 So you too, when you see these things happening, [au]recognize that (BJ)the kingdom of God is near. 32 Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all things take place. 33 (BK)Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will not pass away.

34 “But (BL)be on your guard, so that your hearts will not be weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and the worries of life, and that [av]this day will not come on you suddenly, like a trap; 35 for it will come upon all those who live on the face of all the earth. 36 But (BM)stay alert at all times, praying that you will have strength to escape all these things that are going to take place, and to (BN)stand before the Son of Man.”

37 Now [aw]during the day He was (BO)teaching in the temple, but [ax](BP)at evening He would go out and spend the night on (BQ)the [ay]mountain that is called [az]Olivet. 38 And all the people would get up (BR)very early in the morning to come to Him in the temple to listen to Him.

Preparing the Passover

22 (BS)Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is called the (BT)Passover, was approaching. And the chief priests and the scribes (BU)were trying to find [ba]a way to put Him to death, since they were afraid of the people.

(BV)And (BW)Satan entered Judas, the one called Iscariot, [bb]who belonged to the number of the twelve. And he left and discussed with the chief priests and (BX)officers how he was to betray Him to them. And they were delighted, and agreed to give him money. And so he consented, and began looking for a good opportunity to betray Him to them [bc]away from the crowd.

(BY)Now the first day of Unleavened Bread came, on which (BZ)the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. And so Jesus sent (CA)Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, so that we may eat it.” They said to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare it?” 10 And He said to them, “When you have entered the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you; follow him into the house that he enters. 11 And you shall say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?”’ 12 And he will show you a large, furnished upstairs room; prepare it there.” 13 And they left and found everything just as He had told them; and they prepared the Passover.

The Lord’s Supper

14 (CB)When the hour came, He reclined at the table, and (CC)the apostles with Him. 15 And He said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16 for I say to you, I shall not eat it again (CD)until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 (CE)And when He had taken a cup and (CF)given thanks, He said, “Take this and share it among yourselves; 18 for (CG)I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And when He had taken some bread and (CH)given thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body, which is being given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 20 And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup, which is (CI)poured out for you, is the (CJ)new covenant in My blood. 21 (CK)But behold, the hand of the one betraying Me is with [bd]Mine on the table. 22 For indeed, the Son of Man is going (CL)as it has been determined; but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!” 23 And they began to debate among themselves which one of them it was who was going to do this.

Who Is Greatest

24 And (CM)a dispute also developed among them as to which one of them was regarded as being the greatest. 25 (CN)And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles domineer over them; and those who have authority over them are called ‘Benefactors.’ 26 But it is not this way for you; (CO)rather, the one who is the greatest among you must become like (CP)the youngest, and the leader like the servant. 27 For (CQ)who is greater, the one who reclines at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at the table? But (CR)I am among you as the one who serves.

28 “You are the ones who have stood by Me in My (CS)trials; 29 and just as My Father has granted Me a (CT)kingdom, I grant you 30 that you may (CU)eat and drink at My table in My (CV)kingdom, and (CW)you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

31 “Simon, Simon, behold, (CX)Satan has [be]demanded to (CY)sift you men like wheat; 32 but I (CZ)have prayed for [bf]you, that [bg]your faith will not fail; and [bh]you, when you have [bi]turned back, (DA)strengthen your brothers.” 33 (DB)But he said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You both to prison and to death!” 34 But He said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow today until you have denied three times that you know Me.”

35 And He said to them, (DC)When I sent you out without money belt and bag and sandals, you did not lack anything, did you?” They said, “No, nothing.” 36 And He said to them, “But now, [bj]whoever has a money belt is to take it along, likewise also a bag, and [bk]whoever has no sword is to sell his [bl]cloak and buy one. 37 For I tell you that this which is written must be fulfilled in Me: ‘(DD)And He was counted with wrongdoers’; for (DE)that which refers to Me has its [bm]fulfillment.” 38 They said, “Lord, look, here are two (DF)swords.” And He said to them, “It is enough.”

The Garden of Gethsemane

39 (DG)And He came out and went, (DH)as was His habit, to (DI)the Mount of Olives; and the disciples also followed Him. 40 (DJ)Now when He arrived at the place, He said to them, (DK)Pray that you do not come into temptation.” 41 And He withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and He (DL)knelt down and began to pray, 42 saying, “Father, if You are willing, remove this (DM)cup from Me; (DN)yet not My will, but Yours be done.” 43 [[bn]Now an (DO)angel from heaven appeared to Him, strengthening Him. 44 And (DP)being in agony, He was praying very fervently; and His sweat became like drops of blood, falling down upon the ground]. 45 When He rose from prayer, He came to the disciples and found them sleeping from sorrow, 46 and He said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and (DQ)pray that you do not come into temptation.”

Jesus Betrayed by Judas

47 (DR)While He was still speaking, behold, a crowd came, and the one called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading the way for them; and he approached Jesus to kiss Him. 48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?” 49 When those who were around Him saw what was going to happen, they said, “Lord, shall we strike with the (DS)sword?” 50 And one of them struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his right ear. 51 But Jesus responded and said, [bo]Stop! No more of this.” And He touched his ear and healed him. 52 And Jesus said to the chief priests and (DT)officers of the temple and elders who had come against Him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs (DU)as you would against a man inciting a revolt? 53 While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but [bp]this hour and the power of darkness are yours.”

Jesus’ Arrest

54 (DV)Now they arrested Him and led Him away, and brought Him to the house of the high priest; but (DW)Peter was following at a distance. 55 (DX)After they kindled a fire in the middle of (DY)the courtyard and sat down together, Peter was sitting among them. 56 And a slave woman, seeing him as he sat in the firelight, and staring at him, said, “This man was with Him as well.” 57 But he denied it, saying, “I do not know Him, woman!” 58 And a little later, (DZ)another person saw him and said, “You are one of them too!” But Peter said, “Man, I am not!” 59 And after about an hour had passed, some other man began to insist, saying, “Certainly this man also was with Him, (EA)for he, too, is a Galilean.” 60 But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are talking about!” And immediately, while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. 61 And then (EB)the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had told him, (EC)Before a rooster crows today, you will deny Me three times.” 62 And he went out and wept bitterly.

63 (ED)The men who were holding [bq]Jesus in custody began mocking Him and beating Him, 64 and they blindfolded Him and repeatedly asked Him, saying, “(EE)Prophesy, who is the one who hit You?” 65 And they were saying many other things against Him, (EF)blaspheming.

Jesus before the Sanhedrin

66 (EG)When it was day, (EH)the [br]Council of elders of the people assembled, both chief priests and scribes, and they led Him away to their (EI)council chamber, saying, 67 (EJ)If You are the [bs]Christ, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe; 68 and if I ask a question, you will not answer. 69 (EK)But from now on (EL)the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” 70 And they all said, “So You are (EM)the Son of God?” And He said to them, (EN)You say correctly that I am.” 71 And then they said, “What further need do we have of testimony? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth!”

Jesus before Pilate

23 Then the entire assembly of them set out and (EO)brought Him before Pilate. (EP)And they began to bring charges against Him, saying, “We found this man (EQ)misleading our nation and (ER)forbidding us to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is [bt]Christ, a King.” Now Pilate asked Him, saying, “So You are the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, (ES)It is as you say.” But Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “(ET)I find no grounds for charges in the case of this man.” But they kept on insisting, saying, “He is stirring up the people, teaching all over Judea, (EU)starting from Galilee, as far as this place!”

Now when Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to (EV)Herod, [bu]since he also was in Jerusalem [bv]at this time.

Jesus before Herod

Now Herod was overjoyed when he saw Jesus; for (EW)he had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some [bw]sign performed by Him. And he questioned Him [bx]at some length; but (EX)He offered him no answer at all. 10 Now the chief priests and the scribes stood there, vehemently charging Him. 11 And Herod, together with his soldiers, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, (EY)dressing Him in a brightly shining robe, and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 And so (EZ)Herod and Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for previously, they had been enemies toward each other.

Pilate Seeks Jesus’ Release

13 Now Pilate summoned to himself the chief priests, the [by](FA)rulers, and the people, 14 and he said to them, “You brought this man to me on the ground that (FB)he is inciting the people to revolt; and behold, after examining Him before you, I (FC)have found no basis at all in the case of this man for the charges which you are bringing against Him. 15 No, nor has (FD)Herod, for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him. 16 Therefore I will [bz](FE)punish Him and release Him.” 17 [[ca]Now he was obligated to release to them at the feast one prisoner.]

18 But they cried out all together, saying, “(FF)Away with this man, and release to us Barabbas!” 19 (He was one who had been thrown into prison for a revolt that took place in the city, and for murder.) 20 But Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again, 21 but they kept on crying out, saying, “Crucify, crucify Him!” 22 And he said to them a third time, “Why, what has this man done wrong? I have found [cb]in His case no grounds for a sentence of death; therefore I will [cc](FG)punish Him and release Him.” 23 But they were insistent, with loud voices, demanding that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail. 24 And so Pilate decided to have their demand carried out. 25 And he released the man for whom they were asking, who had been thrown into prison for a revolt and murder; but he handed Jesus over to their will.

Simon Carries the Cross

26 (FH)And when they led Him away, they seized a man, Simon of (FI)Cyrene, as he was coming in from the country, and placed on him the cross to carry behind Jesus.

27 Now following Him was a large crowd of the people, and of women who were [cd](FJ)mourning and grieving for Him. 28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For behold, days are coming when they will say, ‘(FK)Blessed are those who cannot bear, and the wombs that have not given birth, and the breasts that have not nursed.’ 30 Then they will begin to (FL)say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us,’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us.’ 31 For if they do these things [ce]when the tree is green, what will happen [cf]when it is dry?”

32 (FM)Now two others, who were criminals, were also being led away to be put to death with Him.

The Crucifixion

33 (FN)And when they came to the place called [cg]The Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 [[ch]But Jesus was saying, (FO)Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”] (FP)And they cast lots, dividing His garments among themselves. 35 And the people stood by, watching. And even the (FQ)rulers were sneering at Him, saying, “He saved others; (FR)let Him save Himself if this is the [ci]Christ of God, His Chosen One.” 36 The soldiers also ridiculed Him, coming up to Him, (FS)offering Him sour wine, 37 and saying, “(FT)If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!” 38 Now there was also an inscription above Him, “(FU)THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

39 (FV)One of the criminals who were hanged there was [cj]hurling abuse at Him, saying, “Are You not the [ck]Christ? (FW)Save Yourself and us!” 40 But the other responded, and rebuking him, said, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving [cl]what we deserve for our crimes; but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom!” 43 And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you will be with Me in (FX)Paradise.”

44 (FY)It was now about [cm](FZ)the sixth hour, and darkness came over the entire land until [cn]the ninth hour, 45 [co]because the sun stopped shining; and (GA)the veil of the temple was torn [cp]in two. 46 And Jesus, (GB)crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, (GC)into Your hands I entrust My spirit.” And having said this, He [cq]died. 47 (GD)Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he began (GE)praising God, saying, “This man was in fact [cr]innocent.” 48 And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, after watching what had happened, began to return home, [cs](GF)beating their chests. 49 (GG)And all His acquaintances and (GH)the women who accompanied Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, seeing these things.

Jesus Is Buried

50 (GI)And a man named Joseph, who was a (GJ)member of the Council, a good and righteous man 51 (he had not consented to their plan and action), a man from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was (GK)waiting for the kingdom of God— 52 this man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 And he took it down and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had ever lain. 54 It was a [ct](GL)preparation day, and a Sabbath was about to [cu]begin. 55 Now (GM)the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed, and they saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 And then they returned and (GN)prepared spices and perfumes.

And (GO)on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

The Resurrection

24 (GP)But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of (GQ)the Lord Jesus. While they were perplexed about this, behold, (GR)two men suddenly (GS)stood near them in gleaming clothing; and as [cv]the women were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, “Why are you seeking the living One among the dead? He is not here, but He (GT)has [cw]risen. Remember how He spoke to you (GU)while He was still in Galilee, saying that (GV)the Son of Man must be handed over to sinful men, and be crucified, and on the third day rise from the dead.” And (GW)they remembered His words, and returned from the tomb and reported all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest. 10 Now these women were (GX)Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James; also the other women with them were telling these things to (GY)the apostles. 11 But these words appeared [cx]to them as nonsense, and they (GZ)would not believe [cy]the women. 12 Nevertheless, Peter got up and (HA)ran to the tomb; and when he stooped and looked in, he *saw the linen wrappings [cz]only; and he went away (HB)to his [da]home, marveling at what had happened.

The Road to Emmaus

13 And behold, on that very day (HC)two of them were going to a village named Emmaus, which was [db]sixty stadia from Jerusalem. 14 And they were talking with each other about all these things which had taken place. 15 While they were talking and discussing, Jesus Himself approached and began traveling with them. 16 But (HD)their eyes were kept from recognizing Him. 17 And He said to them, “What are these words that you are exchanging with one another as you are walking?” And they came to a stop, looking sad. 18 One of them, named Cleopas, answered and said to Him, “Are You possibly the only one living near Jerusalem [dc]who does not know about the things that happened here in these days?” 19 And He said to them, “What sort of things?” And they said to Him, “Those about (HE)Jesus the Nazarene, who proved to be a (HF)prophet mighty in deed and word in the sight of God and all the people, 20 and how the chief priests and our (HG)rulers handed Him over to be sentenced to death, and crucified Him. 21 But we [dd]were hoping that it was He who was going to (HH)redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, it is now the third day since these things happened. 22 But also some women among us left us bewildered. (HI)When they were at the tomb early in the morning, 23 and did not find His body, they came, saying that they had also seen a vision of angels who said that He was alive. 24 And so some of those who were with us went to the tomb, and found it just exactly as the women also had said; but Him they did not see.” 25 And then He said to them, [de]You foolish men and slow of heart to believe in all that (HJ)the prophets have spoken! 26 (HK)Was it not necessary for the [df]Christ to suffer these things and to come into His glory?” 27 Then beginning [dg]with (HL)Moses and [dh]with all the (HM)Prophets, He explained to them the things written about Himself in all the Scriptures.

28 And they approached the village where they were going, and (HN)He gave the impression that He was going farther. 29 And so they strongly urged Him, saying, “Stay with us, for it is getting toward evening, and the day [di]is now nearly over.” So He went in to stay with them. 30 And it came about, when He had reclined at the table with them, that He took the bread and (HO)blessed it, and He broke it and began giving it to them. 31 And then their (HP)eyes were opened and they recognized Him; and He vanished from [dj]their sight. 32 They said to one another, “[dk]Were our hearts not burning within us when He was speaking to us on the road, while He (HQ)was [dl]explaining the Scriptures to us?” 33 And they got up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and (HR)found the eleven gathered together and (HS)those who were with them, 34 saying, “(HT)The Lord has really risen and (HU)has appeared to Simon!” 35 They began to relate [dm]their experiences on the road, and how (HV)He was recognized by them at the breaking of the bread.

Other Appearances

36 Now while they were telling these things, (HW)Jesus Himself suddenly stood in their midst and *said to them, “Peace be to you.” 37 But they were startled and frightened, and thought that they were looking at (HX)a spirit. 38 And He said to them, “Why are you frightened, and why are doubts arising in your [dn]hearts? 39 (HY)See My hands and My feet, that [do]it is I Myself; (HZ)touch Me and see, because a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you plainly see that I have.” 40 And when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet. 41 While they still [dp](IA)could not believe it because of their joy and astonishment, He said to them, (IB)Have you anything here to eat?” 42 They served Him a piece of broiled fish; 43 and He took it and (IC)ate it in front of them.

44 Now He said to them, (ID)These are My words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all the things that are written about Me in the (IE)Law of Moses and the Prophets and (IF)the Psalms must be fulfilled.” 45 Then He (IG)opened their [dq]minds to understand the Scriptures, 46 and He said to them, (IH)So it is written, that the [dr]Christ would suffer and (II)rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and that (IJ)repentance [ds]for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed [dt]in His name to (IK)all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. 48 You are (IL)witnesses of these things. 49 And behold, (IM)I am sending the promise of My Father upon you; but (IN)you are to stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.”

The Ascension

50 And He led them out as far as (IO)Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them. 51 While He was blessing them, He parted from them and was carried up into heaven. 52 And they, after worshiping Him, returned to Jerusalem with great joy, 53 and were continually in the temple [du]praising God.

(IP)In the beginning was (IQ)the Word, and the Word was (IR)with God, and (IS)the Word was God. [dv]He was in the beginning with God. (IT)All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him [dw]not even one thing came into being that has come into being. (IU)In Him was life, and the life was (IV)the Light of mankind. And (IW)the Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not [dx]grasp it.

The Witness John the Baptist

A man [dy]came, one sent from God, and his name was (IX)John. [dz]He came [ea](IY)as a witness, to testify about the Light, (IZ)so that all might believe through him. [eb](JA)He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

[ec]This was (JB)the true Light [ed]that, coming into the world, enlightens every person. 10 He was in the world, and (JC)the world came into being through Him, and yet the world did not [ee]know Him. 11 He came to His [ef]own, and His own people did not [eg]accept Him. 12 But [eh]as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become (JD)children of God, (JE)to those who [ei]believe in His name, 13 (JF)who were [ej]born, not of [ek]blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of a man, but of God.

The Word Made Flesh

14 And (JG)the Word (JH)became flesh, and (JI)dwelt among us; and (JJ)we saw His glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of (JK)grace and (JL)truth. 15 John *(JM)testified about Him and called out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘(JN)He who is coming after me has proved to be [el]my superior, (JO)because He existed before me.’” 16 For of His (JP)fullness [em]we have all received, and [en]grace upon grace. 17 For (JQ)the Law was given through Moses; (JR)grace and (JS)truth [eo]were realized through Jesus Christ. 18 (JT)No one has seen God at any time; (JU)God the only Son, who is (JV)in the [ep]arms of the Father, (JW)He has [eq]explained Him.

The Testimony of John the Baptist

19 This is (JX)the testimony of John, when (JY)the Jews sent priests and Levites to him (JZ)from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 And he confessed and did not deny; and this is what he confessed: “(KA)I am not the [er]Christ.” 21 And so they asked him, “What then? Are you (KB)Elijah?” And he *said, “I am not.” “Are you (KC)the Prophet?” And he answered, “No.” 22 Then they said to him, “Who are you? Tell us, so that we may give an answer to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” 23 He said, “I am (KD)the voice of one calling [es]out in the wilderness, ‘Make the way of the Lord straight,’ as Isaiah the prophet said.”

24 And the messengers had been sent from the Pharisees. 25 They asked him, and said to him, “Why then are you baptizing, if you are not the [et]Christ, nor Elijah, nor (KE)the Prophet?” 26 John answered them, saying, “(KF)I baptize [eu]in water, but among you stands One whom you do not know. 27 It is (KG)He who comes after me, of whom I am not worthy even to untie the (KH)strap of His sandal.” 28 These things took place in Bethany (KI)beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing people.

29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him, and *said, “Behold, (KJ)the Lamb of God who (KK)takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is He in behalf of whom I said, ‘(KL)After me is coming a Man who has proved to be [ev]my superior, (KM)because He existed before me.’ 31 And I did not recognize [ew]Him, but so that He would be revealed to Israel, I came baptizing [ex]in water.” 32 And John (KN)testified, saying, “(KO)I have seen the Spirit descending as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him. 33 And I did not recognize [ey]Him, but He who sent me to baptize [ez]in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, (KP)this is the One who baptizes [fa]in the Holy Spirit.’ 34 And I myself have seen, and have testified that this is (KQ)the [fb]Son of God.”

Jesus’ Public Ministry; First Converts

35 Again (KR)the next day John was standing [fc]with two of his disciples, 36 and he looked at Jesus as He walked, and *said, “Behold, (KS)the Lamb of God!” 37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38 And Jesus turned and saw them following, and *said to them, “What are you seeking?” They said to Him, “(KT)Rabbi (which translated means Teacher), where are You staying?” 39 He *said to them, “Come, and you will see.” So they came and saw where He was staying, and they stayed with Him that day; it was about the [fd]tenth hour. 40 (KU)One of the two who heard John speak, and followed Him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. 41 He first *found his own brother Simon and *said to him, “We have found the (KV)Messiah” (which translated means [fe]Christ). 42 He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of [ff](KW)John; you shall be called (KX)Cephas” (which is translated [fg](KY)Peter).

43 (KZ)The next day He [fh]decided to go to (LA)Galilee, and He *found (LB)Philip. And Jesus *said to him, (LC)Follow Me.” 44 Now (LD)Philip was from (LE)Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 (LF)Philip *found (LG)Nathanael and *said to him, “We have found Him of whom (LH)Moses wrote in the Law, and (LI)the prophets also wrote: Jesus (LJ)the son of Joseph, from (LK)Nazareth!” 46 Nathanael said to him, “(LL)Can anything good be from Nazareth?” (LM)Philip *said to him, “Come and see.” 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him, and *said of him, “Here is truly an (LN)Israelite, in whom there is no deceit!” 48 Nathanael *said to Him, “How do You know me?” Jesus answered and said to him, “Before (LO)Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.” 49 Nathanael answered Him, “(LP)Rabbi, You are (LQ)the Son of God; You are the (LR)King of Israel!” 50 Jesus answered and said to him, “Because I said to you that I saw you under the fig tree, do you believe? You will see greater things than these.” 51 And He *said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see (LS)heaven opened and (LT)the angels of God ascending and descending on (LU)the Son of Man.”

Miracle at Cana

On (LV)the third day there was a wedding in (LW)Cana of Galilee, and the (LX)mother of Jesus was there; and both Jesus and His (LY)disciples were invited to the wedding. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus *said to Him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus *said to her, [fi](LZ)What business do you have with Me, (MA)woman? (MB)My hour has not yet come.” His (MC)mother *said to the servants, “Whatever He tells you, do it.” Now there were six stone waterpots standing there (MD)for the Jewish custom of purification, containing [fj]two or three measures each. Jesus *said to them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” So they filled them up to the brim. And He *said to them, “Draw some out now and take it to the [fk]headwaiter.” And they took it to him. Now when the headwaiter tasted the water (ME)which had become wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the headwaiter *called the groom, 10 and *said to him, “Every man serves the good wine first, and when the guests (MF)are drunk, then he serves the poorer wine; but you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 This beginning of His [fl](MG)signs Jesus did in Cana of (MH)Galilee, and revealed His (MI)glory; and His disciples believed in Him.

12 After this He went down to (MJ)Capernaum, He and His (MK)mother, and His (ML)brothers and His (MM)disciples; and they stayed there a few days.

First Passover—Cleansing the Temple

13 (MN)The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus (MO)went up to Jerusalem. 14 (MP)And within the temple grounds He found those who were selling oxen, sheep, and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a whip of [fm]cords, and drove them all out of the temple area, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables; 16 and to those who were selling (MQ)the doves He said, “Take these things away from here; stop making (MR)My Father’s house a [fn]place of business!” 17 His (MS)disciples remembered that it was written: “(MT)Zeal for Your house will consume me.” 18 (MU)The Jews then said to Him, “(MV)What sign do You show us [fo]as your authority for doing these things?” 19 Jesus answered them, (MW)Destroy this [fp]temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 (MX)The Jews then said, “It took (MY)forty-six years to build this [fq]temple, and yet You will raise it up in three days?” 21 But He was speaking about (MZ)the [fr]temple of His body. 22 So when He was raised from the dead, His (NA)disciples (NB)remembered that He said this; and they believed (NC)the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.

23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at (ND)the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name as they (NE)observed His signs which He was doing. 24 But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, because (NF)He knew all people, 25 and because He did not need anyone to testify about mankind, (NG)for He Himself knew what was in mankind.


  1. Luke 20:3 Lit word
  2. Luke 20:9 Or tenant farmers, also vv 10, 14, 16
  3. Luke 20:13 Lit lord
  4. Luke 20:15 Lit lord
  5. Luke 20:17 Lit He
  6. Luke 20:17 Lit head of the corner
  7. Luke 20:20 Or maliciously
  8. Luke 20:21 Lit do not receive a face
  9. Luke 20:22 I.e., by Jewish law and tradition
  10. Luke 20:24 The denarius was a day’s wages for a laborer
  11. Luke 20:28 Lit someone’s brother
  12. Luke 20:28 Lit having
  13. Luke 20:28 Lit take
  14. Luke 20:28 I.e., as his brother’s heir
  15. Luke 20:31 Lit took
  16. Luke 20:31 Lit the seven also
  17. Luke 20:31 Lit left no children, and died
  18. Luke 20:33 Lit of which of them
  19. Luke 20:33 Lit the seven
  20. Luke 20:33 Lit had her as wife
  21. Luke 20:36 I.e., participants in
  22. Luke 20:41 I.e., Messiah
  23. Luke 20:47 I.e., misappropriate their property
  24. Luke 21:2 Lit there
  25. Luke 21:2 The smallest Greek copper coin, about 1/128 of a laborer’s daily wage
  26. Luke 21:4 Lit put into
  27. Luke 21:4 Lit gifts
  28. Luke 21:4 Lit abundance
  29. Luke 21:4 Lit the living that she had
  30. Luke 21:5 I.e., gifts promised by vows
  31. Luke 21:6 Lit a stone
  32. Luke 21:7 I.e., confirming miracle
  33. Luke 21:11 Lit great
  34. Luke 21:11 I.e., confirming miracles
  35. Luke 21:12 Lit being brought
  36. Luke 21:13 Lit a testimony for you
  37. Luke 21:14 Lit put in your hearts
  38. Luke 21:15 Lit a mouth
  39. Luke 21:19 Lit souls
  40. Luke 21:20 Lit know
  41. Luke 21:21 Lit her
  42. Luke 21:21 Lit her
  43. Luke 21:23 Or earth
  44. Luke 21:25 I.e., confirming miracles
  45. Luke 21:26 Lit inhabited earth
  46. Luke 21:26 Or heaven
  47. Luke 21:31 Lit know
  48. Luke 21:34 Lit that day
  49. Luke 21:37 Lit days
  50. Luke 21:37 Lit nights
  51. Luke 21:37 Or hill
  52. Luke 21:37 Or Olive Grove
  53. Luke 22:2 Lit how they were to
  54. Luke 22:3 Or possibly since he belonged; lit being of the
  55. Luke 22:6 Or without a disturbance
  56. Luke 22:21 Lit Me
  57. Luke 22:31 Or asked for you men, to sift you
  58. Luke 22:32 Gr singular, referring only to Peter
  59. Luke 22:32 Gr singular, referring only to Peter
  60. Luke 22:32 Gr singular, referring only to Peter
  61. Luke 22:32 I.e., repented
  62. Luke 22:36 Lit he who
  63. Luke 22:36 Lit he who
  64. Luke 22:36 Or outer garment
  65. Luke 22:37 Lit end
  66. Luke 22:43 Most early mss do not contain vv 43 and 44
  67. Luke 22:51 Or “Leave him alone! No more
  68. Luke 22:53 Lit this is your hour and the power of darkness
  69. Luke 22:63 Lit Him
  70. Luke 22:66 Or Sanhedrin
  71. Luke 22:67 I.e., Messiah
  72. Luke 23:2 I.e., the Messiah
  73. Luke 23:7 Lit himself also being in
  74. Luke 23:7 Lit in these days
  75. Luke 23:8 I.e., confirming miracle
  76. Luke 23:9 Lit in considerable words
  77. Luke 23:13 I.e., other Jewish leaders
  78. Luke 23:16 I.e., by scourging
  79. Luke 23:17 Most early mss do not contain this v
  80. Luke 23:22 Lit in Him no
  81. Luke 23:22 I.e., by scourging
  82. Luke 23:27 Lit beating their breasts
  83. Luke 23:31 Lit in the green tree
  84. Luke 23:31 Lit in the dry
  85. Luke 23:33 Gr Kranion, Lat Calvaria (Calvary)
  86. Luke 23:34 Most early mss do not contain But Jesus was saying...doing
  87. Luke 23:35 I.e., Messiah
  88. Luke 23:39 Or blaspheming
  89. Luke 23:39 I.e., Messiah
  90. Luke 23:41 Lit things worthy of what we have done
  91. Luke 23:44 I.e., noon
  92. Luke 23:44 I.e., 3 p.m.
  93. Luke 23:45 Lit the sun failing
  94. Luke 23:45 Lit in the middle
  95. Luke 23:46 Lit expired
  96. Luke 23:47 Lit righteous
  97. Luke 23:48 I.e., as a traditional sign of mourning or contrition
  98. Luke 23:54 I.e., preparation for the Sabbath
  99. Luke 23:54 Lit dawn
  100. Luke 24:5 Lit they
  101. Luke 24:6 Or been raised
  102. Luke 24:11 Lit in their sight
  103. Luke 24:11 Lit them
  104. Luke 24:12 Or by themselves
  105. Luke 24:12 Lit own home
  106. Luke 24:13 Possibly about 7 miles or 11.3 km; a Roman stadion perhaps averaged 607 ft. or 185 m
  107. Luke 24:18 Lit and you do not know
  108. Luke 24:21 Or expected that
  109. Luke 24:25 Lit O foolish
  110. Luke 24:26 I.e., Messiah
  111. Luke 24:27 Lit from
  112. Luke 24:27 Lit from
  113. Luke 24:29 Lit has now declined
  114. Luke 24:31 Lit them
  115. Luke 24:32 Lit Was our heart
  116. Luke 24:32 Lit opening
  117. Luke 24:35 Lit the things
  118. Luke 24:38 Lit heart
  119. Luke 24:39 Lit I Myself am
  120. Luke 24:41 Lit were disbelieving
  121. Luke 24:45 Lit mind
  122. Luke 24:46 I.e., Messiah
  123. Luke 24:47 Later mss and forgiveness
  124. Luke 24:47 Or on the basis of
  125. Luke 24:53 Lit blessing
  126. John 1:2 Lit This one
  127. John 1:3 One early ms nothing came into
  128. John 1:5 Or overpower
  129. John 1:6 Or came into being
  130. John 1:7 Lit This one
  131. John 1:7 Lit for testimony
  132. John 1:8 Lit That one; i.e., John
  133. John 1:9 I.e., the Word, Christ
  134. John 1:9 Or that enlightens every person coming into the world
  135. John 1:10 Or acknowledge
  136. John 1:11 Or own things, possessions, domain
  137. John 1:11 Or receive
  138. John 1:12 Or all who received
  139. John 1:12 Or trust in
  140. John 1:13 Or fathered
  141. John 1:13 Lit bloods
  142. John 1:15 Lit before me
  143. John 1:16 Lit we all received
  144. John 1:16 Lit grace for grace
  145. John 1:17 Lit came to be
  146. John 1:18 Lit chest; or possibly lap
  147. John 1:18 I.e., given a detailed account of
  148. John 1:20 I.e., Messiah
  149. John 1:23 Or out, In the wilderness make the way
  150. John 1:25 I.e., Messiah
  151. John 1:26 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  152. John 1:30 Lit before me
  153. John 1:31 I.e., as the Messiah
  154. John 1:31 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  155. John 1:33 I.e., as the Messiah
  156. John 1:33 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  157. John 1:33 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  158. John 1:34 One early ms Chosen One of
  159. John 1:35 Lit and
  160. John 1:39 I.e., about 4 p.m.
  161. John 1:41 Gr Anointed One
  162. John 1:42 Gr Joannes
  163. John 1:42 I.e., Rock or Stone in Gr
  164. John 1:43 Or resolved
  165. John 2:4 Lit What to Me and to you (an ancient idiom)
  166. John 2:6 About 18 or 27 gallons each; or 68 or 102 liters
  167. John 2:8 I.e., manager of the banquet
  168. John 2:11 I.e., confirming miracles
  169. John 2:15 Or pieces of rope
  170. John 2:16 Lit house
  171. John 2:18 Lit that You do these
  172. John 2:19 Or sanctuary
  173. John 2:20 Or sanctuary
  174. John 2:21 Or sanctuary