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Luke 19 Disciples’ Literal New Testament (DLNT)

Salvation Comes To a Rich Tax Collector Named Zacchaeus

19 And having entered, he was going through Jericho. And behold— there was a man being called by the name Zacchaeus. And he was a chief-tax-collector. And he was rich. And he was seeking to see Who Jesus was. And he was not able because of the crowd, because he was short in stature. And having run ahead to the place in front, he went up on a sycamore-tree in order that he might see Him, because He was going to come through that way. And when He came upon the place, having looked-up, Jesus said to him, “Zacchaeus, having hurried, come down. For today I must stay at your house”. And having hurried, he came down and received[a] Him, rejoicing. And having seen it, they all were grumbling, saying that “He went in to take-up-lodging with a sinful man”. And having stood[b], Zacchaeus said to the Lord, “Behold, Master— I am giving half of my possessions to the poor. And if I extorted anything from anyone, I am giving it back fourfold”. And Jesus said with-regard-to[c] him that “Today salvation came[d] to this house, because even[e] he is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost”.

The Parable of The Minas: Do Business With The Resources I Have Given You

11 And while they were listening-to these things, having proceeded [to speak further], He spoke a parable because of His being near Jerusalem and their thinking[f] that the kingdom of God was about to appear[g] at-once. 12 Therefore He said, “A certain well-born[h] man traveled to a distant country to receive a kingdom for himself, and to return. 13 And having called ten of his own slaves, he gave them ten minas[i] and said to them, ‘Do business while I am coming’. 14 But his citizens were hating him, and they sent-forth a delegation after him, saying, ‘We do not want this one to be-king over us’. 15 And it came about at his return, having received the kingdom, that he said that these slaves to whom he had given the money should be called to him in order that he might come-to-know what they gained-through-doing-business. 16 And the first one arrived, saying, ‘Master, your mina earned ten minas’. 17 And he said to him, ‘Very-well done, good slave. Because you proved-to-be faithful[j] in a very-little thing— be having authority over ten cities’. 18 And the second one came, saying, ‘Your mina, master, made five minas’. 19 And he said also to this one, ‘And you— be over five cities’. 20 And the other one came, saying, ‘Master, behold your mina, which I was holding, laying-away in a handkerchief. 21 For I was fearing you, because you are a harsh[k] man. You take-up[l] what you did not lay-down, and you reap what you did not sow’. 22 He says to him, ‘I will judge you out of your own mouth, evil slave. You knew that I am a harsh man, taking up what I did not lay-down and reaping what I did not sow[m]! 23 And for what reason did you not give my money to be on a [banker’s] table, and I, having come, would have collected it with interest?’ 24 And he said to the ones standing-near, ‘Take the mina away from him and give it to the one having the ten minas’. 25 And they said to him, ‘Master, he has ten minas [already]’. 26 I say to you that to everyone having, it will be given. But from the one not having, even what he has will be taken away. 27 However, bring here these enemies of mine— the ones not having wanted me to be king over them— and slay them in front of me”.

Jesus Goes Up To Jerusalem

28 And having said these things, He was proceeding ahead, going up to Jerusalem.

He Enters Jerusalem Riding a Colt, To The Praise of The People. He Weeps Over The City

29 And it came about when He drew-near to Bethphage and Bethany— near the mountain being called ‘of Olives’— that He sent-forth two of the disciples, 30 saying, “Go to the village before you, in which while proceeding you will find a colt having been tied on which none[n] of mankind ever sat. And having untied it, bring it. 31 And if someone asks you, ‘For what reason are you untying it?’, thus you shall say— that[o] ‘The Lord has need of it’”. 32 And having gone, the ones having been sent-forth found it just as He said to them. 33 And while they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?” 34 And the ones said that “The Lord has need of it”. 35 And they brought it to Jesus. And having cast their cloaks upon the colt, they put Jesus on it. 36 And while He was proceeding, they were spreading their cloaks under Him in the road. 37 And while He was drawing-near now[p], at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began to praise God, rejoicing with a loud voice for all the miracles which they saw, 38 saying, “Blessed is the King coming in the name of the Lord. Peace in heaven and glory in the highest [heavens]!” 39 And some of the Pharisees from the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples”. 40 And having responded, He said, “I say to you, if these will be silent, the stones will cry out!” 41 And when He drew-near, having seen the city, He wept over it, 42 saying that “If you, even you, had known on this day the things for peace! But now[q] they were hidden from your eyes. 43 Because days will come upon you— and your enemies will throw-up a palisade[r] against you, and encircle you, and confine you from all sides. 44 And they will dash[s] you to the ground, and your children within you. And they will not leave a stone upon a stone within you, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation”.

Jesus Throws The Merchandisers Out of The Temple. The Priests Seek To Destroy Him

45 And having entered into the temple, He began to throw-out the ones selling, 46 saying to them, “It has been written [in Isa 56:7]: ‘And My house shall be a house of prayer’. But you made it a den of robbers[t]”. 47 And He was teaching daily in the temple. And the chief priests and the scribes and the leading ones of the people were seeking to destroy Him. 48 And they were not finding what they might do, for all the people hung-on[u] Him, listening.


  1. Luke 19:6 That is, as a guest in his house.
  2. Luke 19:8 That is, in his house, perhaps at the meal. Or, having stopped, if the setting for this is on the road after leaving the house.
  3. Luke 19:9 Or, to him; that is, to Zacchaeus, but addressing all present.
  4. Luke 19:9 Or, came-about in.
  5. Luke 19:9 Or, he also.
  6. Luke 19:11 Or, supposing, presuming.
  7. Luke 19:11 Or, come-into-sight.
  8. Luke 19:12 Or, noble, socially important.
  9. Luke 19:13 A mina is equivalent to 100 denarii (100 days’ wages for a laborer).
  10. Luke 19:17 Or, trustworthy.
  11. Luke 19:21 Or, strict, exacting. The slave blames his inaction on the master. Because of the way you are, I did nothing.
  12. Luke 19:21 In a banking sense, this means you withdraw what you did not deposit. You expect a return beyond your investment!
  13. Luke 19:22 Or, sow?
  14. Luke 19:30 That is, no human.
  15. Luke 19:31 ‘That’ introduces the quotation, and would usually be omitted in English. Or, ‘Because the Lord’. Same in v 34.
  16. Luke 19:37 Or, drawing-near, now at.
  17. Luke 19:42 Or, But as-it-is.
  18. Luke 19:43 Or, siege-work. This verse describes the centuries-old military strategy for attacking a walled city. Jesus is predicting Jerusalem would be attacked. Next He predicts the outcome.
  19. Luke 19:44 Or, raze. The reference is to buildings and people.
  20. Luke 19:46 Or, plunderers, bandits.
  21. Luke 19:48 Or, hung-on, listening-to Him.
Disciples’ Literal New Testament (DLNT)

Disciples' Literal New Testament: Serving Modern Disciples by More Fully Reflecting the Writing Style of the Ancient Disciples, Copyright © 2011 Michael J. Magill. All Rights Reserved. Published by Reyma Publishing

Luke 19 New International Version (NIV)

Zacchaeus the Tax Collector

19 Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through. A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy. He wanted to see who Jesus was, but because he was short he could not see over the crowd. So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore-fig tree to see him, since Jesus was coming that way.

When Jesus reached the spot, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down immediately. I must stay at your house today.” So he came down at once and welcomed him gladly.

All the people saw this and began to mutter, “He has gone to be the guest of a sinner.”

But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount.”

Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.”

The Parable of the Ten Minas

11 While they were listening to this, he went on to tell them a parable, because he was near Jerusalem and the people thought that the kingdom of God was going to appear at once. 12 He said: “A man of noble birth went to a distant country to have himself appointed king and then to return. 13 So he called ten of his servants and gave them ten minas.[a] ‘Put this money to work,’ he said, ‘until I come back.’

14 “But his subjects hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We don’t want this man to be our king.’

15 “He was made king, however, and returned home. Then he sent for the servants to whom he had given the money, in order to find out what they had gained with it.

16 “The first one came and said, ‘Sir, your mina has earned ten more.’

17 “‘Well done, my good servant!’ his master replied. ‘Because you have been trustworthy in a very small matter, take charge of ten cities.’

18 “The second came and said, ‘Sir, your mina has earned five more.’

19 “His master answered, ‘You take charge of five cities.’

20 “Then another servant came and said, ‘Sir, here is your mina; I have kept it laid away in a piece of cloth. 21 I was afraid of you, because you are a hard man. You take out what you did not put in and reap what you did not sow.’

22 “His master replied, ‘I will judge you by your own words, you wicked servant! You knew, did you, that I am a hard man, taking out what I did not put in, and reaping what I did not sow? 23 Why then didn’t you put my money on deposit, so that when I came back, I could have collected it with interest?’

24 “Then he said to those standing by, ‘Take his mina away from him and give it to the one who has ten minas.’

25 “‘Sir,’ they said, ‘he already has ten!’

26 “He replied, ‘I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given, but as for the one who has nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 27 But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them—bring them here and kill them in front of me.’”

Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King

28 After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. 29 As he approached Bethphage and Bethany at the hill called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, 30 “Go to the village ahead of you, and as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 31 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ say, ‘The Lord needs it.’”

32 Those who were sent ahead went and found it just as he had told them. 33 As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?”

34 They replied, “The Lord needs it.”

35 They brought it to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it. 36 As he went along, people spread their cloaks on the road.

37 When he came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of disciples began joyfully to praise God in loud voices for all the miracles they had seen:

38 “Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!”[b]

“Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”

39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples!”

40 “I tell you,” he replied, “if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out.”

41 As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he wept over it 42 and said, “If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace—but now it is hidden from your eyes. 43 The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side. 44 They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God’s coming to you.”

Jesus at the Temple

45 When Jesus entered the temple courts, he began to drive out those who were selling. 46 “It is written,” he said to them, “‘My house will be a house of prayer’[c]; but you have made it ‘a den of robbers.’[d]

47 Every day he was teaching at the temple. But the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the leaders among the people were trying to kill him. 48 Yet they could not find any way to do it, because all the people hung on his words.


  1. Luke 19:13 A mina was about three months’ wages.
  2. Luke 19:38 Psalm 118:26
  3. Luke 19:46 Isaiah 56:7
  4. Luke 19:46 Jer. 7:11
New International Version (NIV)

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