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43 Woe to you Pharisees! You love the seat of honor in synagogues and greetings in marketplaces.(A) 44 Woe to you! You are like unseen graves[a] over which people unknowingly walk.”(B)

45 Then one of the scholars of the law[b] said to him in reply, “Teacher, by saying this you are insulting us too.”(C)

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  1. 11:44 Unseen graves: contact with the dead or with human bones or graves (see Nm 19:16) brought ritual impurity. Jesus presents the Pharisees as those who insidiously lead others astray through their seeming attention to the law.
  2. 11:45 Scholars of the law: see note on Lk 10:25.

43 “Woe to you Pharisees, because you love the most important seats in the synagogues and respectful greetings in the marketplaces.(A)

44 “Woe to you, because you are like unmarked graves,(B) which people walk over without knowing it.”

45 One of the experts in the law(C) answered him, “Teacher, when you say these things, you insult us also.”

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