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17 Then[a] the seventy-two[b] returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons submit to[c] us in your name!”[d] 18 So[e] he said to them, “I saw[f] Satan fall[g] like lightning[h] from heaven. 19 Look, I have given you authority to tread[i] on snakes and scorpions[j] and on the full force of the enemy,[k] and nothing will[l] hurt you.

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  1. Luke 10:17 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
  2. Luke 10:17 tc See the tc note on the number “seventy-two” in Luke 10:1.
  3. Luke 10:17 tn Or “the demons obey”; see L&N 36.18.
  4. Luke 10:17 tn The prepositional phrase “in your name” indicates the sphere of authority for the messengers’ work of exorcism.
  5. Luke 10:18 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “so” to indicate that Jesus’ reply in vv. 18-20 follows from the positive report of the messengers in v. 17.
  6. Luke 10:18 tn This is an imperfect tense verb.
  7. Luke 10:18 tn In Greek, this is a participle and comes at the end of the verse, making it somewhat emphatic.
  8. Luke 10:18 tn This is probably best taken as allusion to Isa 14:12; the phrase in common is ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ (ek tou ouranou). These exorcisms in Jesus’ name are a picture of Satan’s greater defeat at Jesus’ hands (D. L. Bock, Luke [BECNT], 2:1006-7).
  9. Luke 10:19 tn Or perhaps, “trample on” (which emphasizes the impact of the feet on the snakes). See L&N 15.226.
  10. Luke 10:19 sn Snakes and scorpions are examples of the hostility in the creation that is defeated by Jesus. The use of battle imagery shows who the kingdom fights against. See Acts 28:3-6.
  11. Luke 10:19 tn Or “I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and [authority] over the full force of the enemy.” The second prepositional phrase can be taken either as modifying the infinitive πατεῖν (patein, “to tread”) or the noun ἐξουσίαν (exousian, “power”). The former is to be preferred and has been represented in the The enemy is a reference to Satan (mentioned in v. 18).
  12. Luke 10:19 tn This is an emphatic double negative in the Greek text.