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14 But it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon[a] in the judgment than for you! 15 And you, Capernaum,[b] will you be exalted to heaven?[c] No, you will be thrown down to Hades![d]

16 “The one who listens[e] to you listens to me,[f] and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects[g] the one who sent me.”[h]

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  1. Luke 10:14 sn Jesus’ general point is that in the day of judgment the Gentile cities will come off better than the cities of Galilee. This is not to indicate toleration for the sins of the Gentile cities, but to show how badly the judgment will go for the Galilean ones. In the OT prophetic oracles were pronounced repeatedly against Tyre and Sidon: Isa 23:1-18; Ezek 26:1-28:26; Joel 4:4; Zech 9:2-4.
  2. Luke 10:15 sn Capernaum was a town located on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, 680 ft (204 m) below sea level. It existed since Hasmonean times and was a major trade and economic center in the North Galilean region. The population in the first century is estimated to be around 1,500. Capernaum became the hub of operations for Jesus’ Galilean ministry (Matt 4:13; Mark 2:1). In modern times the site was discovered in 1838 by the American explorer E. Robinson, and major excavations began in 1905 by German archaeologists H. Kohl and C. Watzinger. Not until 1968, however, were remains from the time of Jesus visible; in that year V. Corbo and S. Loffreda began a series of annual archaeological campaigns that lasted until 1985. This work uncovered what is thought to be the house of Simon Peter as well as ruins of the first century synagogue beneath the later synagogue from the fourth or fifth century A.D. Today gently rolling hills and date palms frame the first century site, a favorite tourist destination of visitors to the Galilee.
  3. Luke 10:15 tn The interrogative particle introducing this question expects a negative reply.
  4. Luke 10:15 sn In the OT, Hades was known as Sheol. It is the place where the unrighteous will reside (Matt 11:23; Luke 16:23; Rev 20:13-14).
  5. Luke 10:16 tn Grk “hears you,” but as the context of vv. 8-9 makes clear, it is response that is the point. In contemporary English, “listen to” is one way to express this function (L&N 31.56).
  6. Luke 10:16 sn Jesus linked himself to the disciples’ message: Responding to the disciples (listens to you) counts as responding to him.
  7. Luke 10:16 tn The double mention of rejection in this clause—ἀθετῶν ἀθετεῖ (athetōn athetei) in the Greek text—keeps up the emphasis of the section.
  8. Luke 10:16 sn The one who sent me refers to God.