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Leviticus 27Lexham English Bible (LEB)

Instructions About Vows

27 Then[a] Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the Israelites,[b] and say[c] to them, ‘When a man makes a vow according to your[d] proper value of persons to Yahweh, if[e] your proper value is for a male[f] from twenty years of age[g] up to[h] sixty years of age,[i] then[j] your proper value shall be fifty shekels of money according to the sanctuary’s shekel. But[k] if it is for a female, then[l] your proper value shall be thirty shekels. And if from five years of age[m] up to[n] twenty years of age,[o] then[p] your proper value shall be twenty shekels for the male and ten shekels for the female. And if from a month of age[q] up to[r] five years of age,[s] then[t] your proper value shall be five shekels of money for the male, and your proper value for the female shall be three shekels of money. And if from sixty years of age[u] and above: if a male, then[v] your proper value shall be fifteen shekels; and for the female, ten shekels. But[w] if he is poorer than your proper value, then[x] he shall present himself before[y] the priest, and the priest shall set a value on him; the priest shall value him according to[z] what the person who made a vow can afford.[aa]

“‘And if it is a domestic animal from which they present an offering for Yahweh, all that he gives from it for Yahweh shall be a holy object. 10 He shall not replace it, nor shall he exchange it, either good with bad or bad with good; and if he indeed exchanges a domestic animal with a domestic animal, then[ab] it and its substitution shall be a holy object.[ac] 11 But[ad] if it is any unclean animal from which they may not present an offering for Yahweh, then[ae] he shall present the animal before[af] the priest. 12 And the priest shall set a value on it, either good or bad;[ag] as the priest sets your proper value, so it shall be. 13 And if he indeed wants to redeem it, then[ah] he shall add a fifth of it onto your proper value.

14 “‘And if a man consecrates his house as a holy object for Yahweh, then[ai] the priest shall set a value on it, either good or bad;[aj] just as the priest sets a value on it, so it shall remain. 15 But[ak] if the one who consecrates it wants to redeem his house, then[al] he shall add a fifth of your proper value’s money onto it, and it shall be his.

16 “‘And if a man consecrates some of[am] his property’s fields[an] for Yahweh, then[ao] your proper value shall be in accordance with its seed requirements:[ap] a homer of barley seed for fifty shekels of money. 17 If he consecrates his field from the Year of Jubilee, it shall stand as your proper value. 18 But[aq] if he consecrates his field after the Jubilee, then[ar] the priest shall calculate the money for him according to the number of years[as] that are left over until the Year of Jubilee; and it shall be deducted from your proper value. 19 And if he indeed redeems the field that is consecrated, then[at] he shall add a fifth of your proper value’s money onto it, and it shall stand for[au] him. 20 And if he does not redeem the field and if he sells the field to another man, it may not be redeemed again, 21 and the field shall be a holy object for Yahweh when it goes out[av] in the Jubilee, like a devoted[aw] field; it shall be the priest’s property.[ax]

22 “‘And if he consecrates for Yahweh his acquired[ay] field that is not the field of his inherited possession, 23 then[az] the priest shall calculate for him the amount[ba] of your proper value until the year of the Jubilee, and he shall give your proper value on that day as a holy object for Yahweh. 24 In the Year of the Jubilee the field shall return to the one who bought it from him, to the one whose property the land is. 25 And every proper value of yours shall be in the sanctuary’s shekel—the shekel shall be twenty gerahs.

26 “‘However, a man shall not consecrate a firstborn among livestock, which belongs as firstborn to Yahweh; whether an ox or[bb] small livestock, it is for Yahweh. 27 And if it is among the unclean animals, then[bc] he shall ransom it according to your proper value, and he shall add a fifth of its value onto it; and if it is not redeemed, then[bd] it shall be sold according to your proper value. 28 However, anything devoted[be] that a man has devoted to Yahweh from all that he has,[bf] from human or[bg] animal, or[bh] from the field of his property, may not be sold, and it may not be redeemed; anything devoted is a most holy thing[bi] for Yahweh. 29 Anyone devoted who is devoted from human beings[bj] cannot be ransomed—he shall surely be put to death.

30 “‘And any tithe of the land from the land’s seed or from the fruit of the trees is for Yahweh; it is a holy object for Yahweh. 31 And if a man indeed redeems from his tithe, he shall add a fifth of its value onto it. 32 As for[bk] every tithe of cattle or[bl] of the flock,[bm] all which crosses under the rod, the tenth shall be a holy object for Yahweh. 33 He shall not inspect between the good and the bad, and he shall not exchange it; but[bn] if he indeed exchanges it, then[bo] it and its substitution shall be[bp] a holy object—it shall not be redeemed.’”

34 These are the commands that Yahweh commanded Moses for the Israelites[bq] on Mount Sinai.[br]

Footnotes:

  1. Leviticus 27:1 Or “And”
  2. Leviticus 27:2 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  3. Leviticus 27:2 Or “and you shall say”
  4. Leviticus 27:2 Singular when modifying “proper value” throughout the entire chapter
  5. Leviticus 27:3 Or “and”
  6. Leviticus 27:3 Hebrew “the male”
  7. Leviticus 27:3 Literally “a son of twenty years”
  8. Leviticus 27:3 Or “and up to”
  9. Leviticus 27:3 Literally “a son of sixty years”
  10. Leviticus 27:3 Or “and”
  11. Leviticus 27:4 Or “And”
  12. Leviticus 27:4 Or “and”
  13. Leviticus 27:5 Literally “a son of five years”
  14. Leviticus 27:5 Or “and up to”
  15. Leviticus 27:5 Literally “a son of twenty years”
  16. Leviticus 27:5 Or “and”
  17. Leviticus 27:6 Literally “a son of a month”
  18. Leviticus 27:6 Or “and up to”
  19. Leviticus 27:6 Literally “a son of five years”
  20. Leviticus 27:6 Or “and”
  21. Leviticus 27:7 Literally “a son of sixty years”
  22. Leviticus 27:7 Or “and”
  23. Leviticus 27:8 Or “And”
  24. Leviticus 27:8 Or “and”
  25. Leviticus 27:8 Literally “to the faces of”
  26. Leviticus 27:8 Literally “on a mouth of”
  27. Leviticus 27:8 Literally “his hand produces”
  28. Leviticus 27:10 Or “and”
  29. Leviticus 27:10 Literally “it shall be and its substitution shall be holy”
  30. Leviticus 27:11 Or “And”
  31. Leviticus 27:11 Or “and”
  32. Leviticus 27:11 Literally “to the faces of”
  33. Leviticus 27:12 Literally “between good and between bad”
  34. Leviticus 27:13 Or “and”
  35. Leviticus 27:14 Or “and”
  36. Leviticus 27:14 Literally “between good and between bad”
  37. Leviticus 27:15 Or “And”
  38. Leviticus 27:15 Or “and”
  39. Leviticus 27:16 Literally “from”
  40. Leviticus 27:16 Collective singular; Hebrew “field”
  41. Leviticus 27:16 Or “and”
  42. Leviticus 27:16 Literally “to the number of its seed”
  43. Leviticus 27:18 Or “And”
  44. Leviticus 27:18 Or “and”
  45. Leviticus 27:18 Literally “on the mouth of the years”
  46. Leviticus 27:19 Or “and”
  47. Leviticus 27:19 Or “remain for” or “belong to”
  48. Leviticus 27:21 Or “is released” or “reverts”
  49. Leviticus 27:21 Or “permanently set apart”; a different Hebrew word than previously translated “consecrated” in this chapter
  50. Leviticus 27:21 Literally “to/for the priest it shall be his property”
  51. Leviticus 27:22 Or “purchased”
  52. Leviticus 27:23 Or “and”
  53. Leviticus 27:23 Literally “number”
  54. Leviticus 27:26 Literally “whether” or “if”
  55. Leviticus 27:27 Or “and”
  56. Leviticus 27:27 Or “and”
  57. Leviticus 27:28 Or “permanently set apart”; a different Hebrew word than previously translated “consecrated” in this chapter
  58. Leviticus 27:28 Literally “from all that is for him”
  59. Leviticus 27:28 Or “and”
  60. Leviticus 27:28 Or “and”
  61. Leviticus 27:28 Literally “a holy thing of holy things”
  62. Leviticus 27:29 Literally “the human”
  63. Leviticus 27:32 Or “And”
  64. Leviticus 27:32 Or “and”
  65. Leviticus 27:32 The Hebrew term refers collectively to both sheep and goats (small livestock animals)
  66. Leviticus 27:33 Or “and”
  67. Leviticus 27:33 Or “and”
  68. Leviticus 27:33 Literally “it shall be and its substitution shall be”
  69. Leviticus 27:34 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  70. Leviticus 27:34 Literally “the mountain of Sinai”
Lexham English Bible (LEB)

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