The Guilt Offering

14 The Lord said to Moses: 15 “When anyone is unfaithful to the Lord by sinning unintentionally(A) in regard to any of the Lord’s holy things, they are to bring to the Lord as a penalty(B) a ram(C) from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel.[a](D) It is a guilt offering.(E) 16 They must make restitution(F) for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value(G) and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.

17 “If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, even though they do not know it,(H) they are guilty and will be held responsible.(I) 18 They are to bring to the priest as a guilt offering(J) a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.(K) 19 It is a guilt offering; they have been guilty of[b] wrongdoing against the Lord.”(L)

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 5:15 That is, about 2/5 ounce or about 12 grams
  2. Leviticus 5:19 Or offering; atonement has been made for their

[a]The Lord said to Moses: “If anyone sins and is unfaithful to the Lord(A) by deceiving a neighbor(B) about something entrusted to them or left in their care(C) or about something stolen, or if they cheat(D) their neighbor, or if they find lost property and lie about it,(E) or if they swear falsely(F) about any such sin that people may commit— when they sin in any of these ways and realize their guilt, they must return(G) what they have stolen or taken by extortion, or what was entrusted to them, or the lost property they found, or whatever it was they swore falsely about. They must make restitution(H) in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day they present their guilt offering.(I) And as a penalty they must bring to the priest, that is, to the Lord, their guilt offering,(J) a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value.(K) In this way the priest will make atonement(L) for them before the Lord, and they will be forgiven for any of the things they did that made them guilty.”

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 6:1 In Hebrew texts 6:1-7 is numbered 5:20-26, and 6:8-30 is numbered 6:1-23.

The Guilt Offering

“‘These are the regulations for the guilt offering,(A) which is most holy: The guilt offering is to be slaughtered in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered, and its blood is to be splashed against the sides of the altar. All its fat(B) shall be offered: the fat tail and the fat that covers the internal organs, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which is to be removed with the kidneys.(C) The priest shall burn them on the altar(D) as a food offering presented to the Lord. It is a guilt offering. Any male in a priest’s family may eat it,(E) but it must be eaten in the sanctuary area; it is most holy.(F)

“‘The same law applies to both the sin offering[a](G) and the guilt offering:(H) They belong to the priest(I) who makes atonement with them.(J) The priest who offers a burnt offering for anyone may keep its hide(K) for himself. Every grain offering baked in an oven(L) or cooked in a pan(M) or on a griddle(N) belongs to the priest who offers it, 10 and every grain offering, whether mixed with olive oil or dry, belongs equally to all the sons of Aaron.

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 7:7 Or purification offering; also in verse 37

37 These, then, are the regulations for the burnt offering,(A) the grain offering,(B) the sin offering, the guilt offering, the ordination offering(C) and the fellowship offering, 38 which the Lord gave Moses(D) at Mount Sinai(E) in the Desert of Sinai on the day he commanded the Israelites to bring their offerings to the Lord.(F)

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Sabbath Offerings

“‘On the Sabbath(A) day, make an offering of two lambs a year old without defect,(B) together with its drink offering and a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah[a](C) of the finest flour mixed with olive oil.(D) 10 This is the burnt offering for every Sabbath,(E) in addition to the regular burnt offering(F) and its drink offering.

Monthly Offerings

11 “‘On the first of every month,(G) present to the Lord a burnt offering of two young bulls,(H) one ram(I) and seven male lambs a year old, all without defect.(J) 12 With each bull there is to be a grain offering(K) of three-tenths of an ephah[b](L) of the finest flour mixed with oil; with the ram, a grain offering of two-tenths(M) of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with oil; 13 and with each lamb, a grain offering(N) of a tenth(O) of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with oil. This is for a burnt offering,(P) a pleasing aroma, a food offering presented to the Lord.(Q) 14 With each bull there is to be a drink offering(R) of half a hin[c] of wine; with the ram, a third of a hin[d]; and with each lamb, a quarter of a hin. This is the monthly burnt offering to be made at each new moon(S) during the year. 15 Besides the regular burnt offering(T) with its drink offering, one male goat(U) is to be presented to the Lord as a sin offering.[e](V)

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Footnotes

  1. Numbers 28:9 That is, probably about 7 pounds or about 3.2 kilograms; also in verses 12, 20 and 28
  2. Numbers 28:12 That is, probably about 11 pounds or about 5 kilograms; also in verses 20 and 28
  3. Numbers 28:14 That is, about 2 quarts or about 1.9 liters
  4. Numbers 28:14 That is, about 1 1/3 quarts or about 1.3 liters
  5. Numbers 28:15 Or purification offering; also in verse 22

Atonement for an Unsolved Murder

21 If someone is found slain, lying in a field in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess, and it is not known who the killer was,(A) your elders and judges shall go out and measure the distance from the body to the neighboring towns. Then the elders of the town nearest the body shall take a heifer that has never been worked and has never worn a yoke(B) and lead it down to a valley that has not been plowed or planted and where there is a flowing stream. There in the valley they are to break the heifer’s neck. The Levitical priests shall step forward, for the Lord your God has chosen them to minister and to pronounce blessings(C) in the name of the Lord and to decide all cases of dispute and assault.(D) Then all the elders of the town nearest the body shall wash their hands(E) over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley, and they shall declare: “Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it done. Accept this atonement for your people Israel, whom you have redeemed, Lord, and do not hold your people guilty of the blood of an innocent person.” Then the bloodshed will be atoned for,(F) and you will have purged(G) from yourselves the guilt of shedding innocent blood, since you have done what is right in the eyes of the Lord.

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Sabbath Laws

10 “For six years you are to sow your fields and harvest the crops,

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19 Anyone who injures their neighbor is to be injured in the same manner:

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The Priestly Blessing

22 The Lord said to Moses, 23 “Tell Aaron and his sons, ‘This is how you are to bless(A) the Israelites. Say to them:

24 “‘“The Lord bless you(B)
    and keep you;(C)
25 the Lord make his face shine on you(D)
    and be gracious to you;(E)
26 the Lord turn his face(F) toward you
    and give you peace.(G)”’

27 “So they will put my name(H) on the Israelites, and I will bless them.”

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