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The Sanctuary’s Lamp and Bread

24 Then[a] Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, “Command the Israelites[b] that[c] they should bring pure olive oil from beaten olives for the light to present[d] a lamp continually. Aaron shall arrange for it outside[e] the curtain of the testimony in the tent of assembly from evening until morning before[f] Yahweh continually; it shall be a lasting statute[g] throughout your generations. On the pure golden[h] lampstand he shall arrange for the lamps before[i] Yahweh continually.

“And you shall take finely milled flour, and you shall bake with it twelve ring-shaped bread cakes: each one shall be two-tenths of an ephah. And you shall place them in two rows, six to the row, on the pure gold[j] table before[k] Yahweh. And you shall put pure frankincense on each[l] row so that[m] it shall be for the bread as a memorial offering, an offering made by fire for Yahweh. On every Sabbath[n] he shall arrange it in rows before[o] Yahweh continually; they are from the Israelites[p] as an everlasting[q] covenant. And it shall be for Aaron and for his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place, because it is a most holy thing[r] for him from Yahweh’s offerings made by fire—a lasting rule.”[s]

Punishment for Blasphemy

10 And an Israelite woman’s son, and he was an Egyptian man’s son, went out in the midst of the Israelites;[t] and the Israelite woman’s son and an[u] Israelite man fought in the camp. 11 Then[v] the Israelite woman’s son blasphemed the name, and he cursed, so[w] they brought him to Moses—and the name of his mother was Shelomith the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan. 12 Then[x] they put him in custody so that[y] the matter might be made clear to them in accordance with the mouth of Yahweh.

13 Then[z] Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 14 “Bring the curser outside the camp,[aa] and all the hearers shall place their hands on his head, and the whole community shall stone him. 15 And you shall speak to the Israelites,[ab] saying, ‘Any man[ac] when he curses his God shall bear[ad] his sin. 16 And he who blasphemes Yahweh’s name certainly shall be put to death; the whole community certainly shall stone him. As the alien, so the native shall be put to death at blaspheming his name.

17 “‘And when a man kills any human being, he certainly shall be put to death. 18 And he who kills[ae] a domestic animal must repay for it life in place of life. 19 And when a man causes[af] a physical defect in his fellow citizen according to[ag] what he has done, so it shall be done to him: 20 fracture in place of fracture, eye in place of eye, tooth in place of tooth—according to[ah] the physical defect he causes[ai] to the person, likewise it shall be caused[aj] to him. 21 And a killer of a domestic animal must repay for it, and a killer of a human shall be put to death. 22 You must have[ak] one norm; as for the alien, so[al] it must be for the native, because I am Yahweh your God.’”

23 Thus[am] Moses spoke to the Israelites,[an] and they brought the curser outside the camp,[ao] and they stoned him with stones, and the Israelites[ap] did just as Yahweh had commanded Moses.


  1. Leviticus 24:1 Or “And”
  2. Leviticus 24:2 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  3. Leviticus 24:2 Or “and”
  4. Leviticus 24:2 Literally “to cause raising up”; or “set up” (HALOT 830 s.v. 4.d)
  5. Leviticus 24:3 Literally “from the outside of to”
  6. Leviticus 24:3 Literally “to the faces of”
  7. Leviticus 24:3 Literally “a statute of eternity” or “a statute of long duration”
  8. Leviticus 24:4 Supplied by context and the description of the lampstand in Exod 25:31
  9. Leviticus 24:4 Literally “to the faces of”
  10. Leviticus 24:6 Supplied by context and the description of the table in Exod 25:24
  11. Leviticus 24:6 Literally “to the faces of”
  12. Leviticus 24:7 Hebrew “the”
  13. Leviticus 24:7 Or “and”
  14. Leviticus 24:8 Literally “On the day of the Sabbath on the day of the Sabbath”
  15. Leviticus 24:8 Literally “to the faces of”
  16. Leviticus 24:8 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  17. Leviticus 24:8 Or “eternal” or “enduring” or “perpetual”
  18. Leviticus 24:9 Literally “a holy thing of holy things”
  19. Leviticus 24:9 Literally “rule of eternity” or “rule of long duration”
  20. Leviticus 24:10 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  21. Leviticus 24:10 Hebrew “the”
  22. Leviticus 24:11 Or “And”
  23. Leviticus 24:11 Or “and”
  24. Leviticus 24:12 Or “And”
  25. Leviticus 24:12 Literally “to”
  26. Leviticus 24:13 Or “And”
  27. Leviticus 24:14 Literally “to from an outside place of the camp”
  28. Leviticus 24:15 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  29. Leviticus 24:15 Literally “A man a man”
  30. Leviticus 24:15 Or “and he shall bear”
  31. Leviticus 24:18 Literally “he who kills the soul of” or “he who kills the life of”
  32. Leviticus 24:19 Literally “gives”
  33. Leviticus 24:19 Literally “as that”
  34. Leviticus 24:20 Literally “as that”
  35. Leviticus 24:20 Literally “gives”
  36. Leviticus 24:20 Literally “given”
  37. Leviticus 24:22 Literally “it shall be for you”
  38. Leviticus 24:22 Hebrew “as”
  39. Leviticus 24:23 Or “And”
  40. Leviticus 24:23 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  41. Leviticus 24:23 Literally “to from an outside place of the camp”
  42. Leviticus 24:23 Literally “sons/children of Israel”