Laws of Holiness

19 The Lord spoke to Moses: “Speak to the entire Israelite community and tell them: Be holy(A) because I, the Lord your God, am holy.(B)

“Each of you is to respect his mother and father.(C) You are to keep my Sabbaths; I am the Lord your God. Do not turn to worthless idols(D) or make cast images(E) of gods for yourselves;(F) I am the Lord your God.

“When you offer a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord, sacrifice it so that you may be accepted. It is to be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day, but what remains on the third day must be burned.(G) If any is eaten on the third day, it is a repulsive thing; it will not be accepted.(H) Anyone who eats it will bear his iniquity, for he has profaned what is holy to the Lord. That person is to be cut off from his people.(I)

“When you reap the harvest of your land, you are not to reap to the very edge of your field or gather the gleanings(J) of your harvest. 10 Do not strip your vineyard bare or gather its fallen grapes. Leave them for the poor(K) and the resident alien;(L) I am the Lord your God.

11 “Do not steal.(M) Do not act deceptively(N) or lie(O) to one another. 12 Do not swear falsely by my name, profaning the name of your God;(P) I am the Lord.

13 “Do not oppress(Q) your neighbor or rob(R) him. The wages due a hired worker(S) must not remain with you until morning. 14 Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind,(T) but you are to fear your God;(U) I am the Lord.(V)

15 “Do not act unjustly(W) when deciding a case. Do not be partial(X) to the poor or give preference to the rich;(Y) judge your neighbor fairly. 16 Do not go about spreading slander(Z) among your people; do not jeopardize[a] your neighbor’s life; I am the Lord.

17 “Do not harbor hatred against your brother.[b](AA) Rebuke your neighbor directly, and you will not incur guilt because of him.(AB) 18 Do not take revenge(AC) or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself;(AD) I am the Lord.

19 “You are to keep my statutes. Do not crossbreed two different kinds of your livestock, sow your fields with two kinds of seed, or put on a garment made of two kinds of material.(AE)

20 “If a man has sexual intercourse with a woman who is a slave designated for another man, but she has not been redeemed(AF) or given her freedom, there must be punishment.[c] They are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed. 21 However, he must bring a ram as his guilt[d] offering to the Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting.(AG) 22 The priest will make atonement on his behalf before the Lord with the ram of the guilt offering for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven for the sin he committed.

23 “When you come into the land and plant any kind of tree for food, you are to consider the fruit forbidden.[e] It will be forbidden to you for three years; it is not to be eaten. 24 In the fourth year all its fruit is to be consecrated as a praise offering(AH) to the Lord. 25 But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. In this way its yield will increase for you;(AI) I am the Lord your God.

26 “You are not to eat anything with blood in it.[f](AJ) You are not to practice divination(AK) or witchcraft.(AL) 27 You are not to cut off the hair at the sides of your head or mar the edge of your beard.(AM) 28 You are not to make gashes on your bodies for the dead(AN) or put tattoo marks on yourselves; I am the Lord.

29 “Do not debase[g](AO) your daughter by making her a prostitute,(AP) or the land will be prostituted and filled with depravity. 30 Keep my Sabbaths and revere my sanctuary;(AQ) I am the Lord.

31 “Do not turn to mediums[h](AR) or consult spiritists,[i](AS) or you will be defiled by them; I am the Lord your God.

32 “You are to rise in the presence of the elderly and honor the old.(AT) Fear your God; I am the Lord.

33 “When an alien resides with you in your land, you must not oppress(AU) him. 34 You will regard the alien who resides with you as the native-born among you. You are to love him as yourself,(AV) for you were aliens in the land of Egypt;(AW) I am the Lord your God.

35 “Do not be unfair(AX) in measurements of length, weight, or volume. 36 You are to have honest balances,(AY) honest weights, an honest dry measure,[j] and an honest liquid measure;[k](AZ) I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 37 Keep all my statutes and all my ordinances and do them; I am the Lord.”

Footnotes

  1. 19:16 Lit not stand against
  2. 19:17 Or your fellow Israelite
  3. 19:20 Or compensation
  4. 19:21 Or restitution
  5. 19:23 Lit uncircumcised
  6. 19:26 Or anything over its blood
  7. 19:29 Lit profane
  8. 19:31 Or spirits of the dead
  9. 19:31 Or familiar spirits
  10. 19:36 Lit honest ephah
  11. 19:36 Lit honest hin

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