So the Lord sold them(A) into the hands of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor.(B) Sisera,(C) the commander of his army, was based in Harosheth Haggoyim. Because he had nine hundred chariots fitted with iron(D) and had cruelly oppressed(E) the Israelites for twenty years, they cried to the Lord for help.

Now Deborah,(F) a prophet,(G) the wife of Lappidoth, was leading[a] Israel at that time. She held court(H) under the Palm of Deborah between Ramah(I) and Bethel(J) in the hill country of Ephraim, and the Israelites went up to her to have their disputes decided. She sent for Barak son of Abinoam(K) from Kedesh(L) in Naphtali and said to him, “The Lord, the God of Israel, commands you: ‘Go, take with you ten thousand men of Naphtali(M) and Zebulun(N) and lead them up to Mount Tabor.(O) I will lead Sisera, the commander of Jabin’s(P) army, with his chariots and his troops to the Kishon River(Q) and give him into your hands.(R)’”

Barak said to her, “If you go with me, I will go; but if you don’t go with me, I won’t go.”

“Certainly I will go with you,” said Deborah. “But because of the course you are taking, the honor will not be yours, for the Lord will deliver Sisera into the hands of a woman.” So Deborah went with Barak to Kedesh.(S) 10 There Barak summoned(T) Zebulun and Naphtali, and ten thousand men went up under his command. Deborah also went up with him.

11 Now Heber the Kenite had left the other Kenites,(U) the descendants of Hobab,(V) Moses’ brother-in-law,[b] and pitched his tent by the great tree(W) in Zaanannim(X) near Kedesh.

12 When they told Sisera that Barak son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor,(Y) 13 Sisera summoned from Harosheth Haggoyim to the Kishon River(Z) all his men and his nine hundred chariots fitted with iron.(AA)

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  1. Judges 4:4 Traditionally judging
  2. Judges 4:11 Or father-in-law

29 In the time of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser(A) king of Assyria came and took Ijon,(B) Abel Beth Maakah, Janoah, Kedesh and Hazor. He took Gilead and Galilee, including all the land of Naphtali,(C) and deported(D) the people to Assyria.

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