Deception by the Gibeonites

Now it came about when (A)all the kings who were beyond the Jordan, in the hill country, the lowland, and on all the (B)coast of the Great Sea toward Lebanon, (C)the Hittite and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard about it, that they met together with (D)one [a]purpose, to fight with Joshua and with Israel.

The inhabitants of (E)Gibeon also heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai, but they on their part acted craftily and went and took provisions for a journey, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins that were worn out, split open, and patched, and worn-out and patched sandals on their feet, and worn-out clothes on themselves; and all the bread of their provision was dry and had become crumbled. And they went to Joshua at the (F)camp at Gilgal and said to him and to the men of Israel, “We have come from a far country; now then, make a covenant with us.” But the men of Israel said to the (G)Hivites, “Perhaps you are living [b]within our land; (H)how then are we to make a covenant with you?” So they said to Joshua, “(I)We are your servants.” Then Joshua said to them, “Who are you and where do you come from?” They said to him, “Your servants have come from (J)a very distant country because of the [c]fame of the Lord your God; for (K)we have heard the report about Him and all that He did in Egypt, 10 and all that He did to the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon and to Og king of Bashan who was in Ashtaroth. 11 So our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spoke to us, saying, ‘Take provisions in your hand for the journey, and go to meet them, and say to them, “(L)We are your servants; now then, make a covenant with us.”’ 12 This bread of ours was hot when we took it for our provisions from our houses on the day that we left to come to you; but now behold, it is dry and has become crumbled. 13 And these wineskins which we filled were new, and behold, they are split open; and these clothes of ours and our sandals are worn out from the very long journey.” 14 So the men of Israel took some of their provisions, and (M)did not ask for the [d]counsel of the Lord. 15 And (N)Joshua made peace with them and made a covenant with them, to let them live; and the leaders of the congregation swore an oath to them.

16 However, it came about at the end of three days after they had made a covenant with them, that they heard that they were neighbors and that they were living [e]within their land. 17 Then the sons of Israel set out and came to their cities on the third day. Now their cities were (O)Gibeon, Chephirah, Beeroth, and Kiriath-jearim. 18 But the sons of Israel did not [f]attack them because the leaders of the congregation had sworn to them by the Lord, the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled against the leaders. 19 But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, “We have sworn to them by the Lord, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them. 20 This we will do to them, even let them live, so that wrath will not be on us because of the oath which we swore to them.” 21 So the leaders said to them, “Let them live.” And they became (P)gatherers of firewood and [g]labor to draw water for the whole congregation, just as the leaders had spoken to them.

22 Then Joshua called for them and spoke to them, saying, “Why have you deceived us, saying, ‘We are very far from you,’ (Q)when you are living [h]within our land? 23 Now therefore, you are (R)cursed, and [i]you will never cease to be slaves, both gatherers of firewood and [j]labor to draw water for the house of my God.” 24 So they answered Joshua and said, “(S)Since your servants were fully informed that the Lord your God had commanded His servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land before you, we feared greatly for our lives because of you, and did this thing. 25 And now behold, (T)we are in your hands; do to us as it seems good and right in your sight to do.” 26 This he did to them, and saved them from the hands of the sons of Israel, and they did not kill them. 27 But on that day Joshua made them gatherers of firewood and [k]labor to draw water for the congregation and for the altar of the Lord, to this day, (U)in the place which He would choose.

Five Kings Attack Gibeon

10 Now it came about when Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had captured Ai, and had [l]utterly destroyed it (just (V)as he had done to Jericho and its king, so he had done to Ai and its king), and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had (W)made peace with Israel and were [m]within their land, that [n]he (X)feared greatly because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty. Therefore Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent word (Y)to Hoham king of Hebron, to Piram king of Jarmuth, to Japhia king of Lachish, and to Debir king of Eglon, saying, “Come up to me and help me, and let’s [o]attack Gibeon, for it has (Z)made peace with Joshua and with the sons of Israel.” So the five kings of (AA)the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, gathered together and went up, they with all their armies, and camped by Gibeon and fought against it.

Then the men of Gibeon sent word to Joshua at the camp at Gilgal, saying, “Do not [p]abandon your servants; come up to us quickly and save us and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites that live in the hill country have assembled against us.” So Joshua went up from Gilgal, he and (AB)all the people of war with him, and all the valiant warriors. And the Lord said to Joshua, “(AC)Do not fear them, for I have handed them over to you; not [q]one of them will stand against you.” So Joshua came upon them suddenly [r]by marching all night from Gilgal. 10 (AD)And the Lord brought them into confusion before Israel, and He struck them down in a great defeat at Gibeon, and pursued them by the way of the ascent to Beth-horon and struck them as far as Azekah and Makkedah. 11 And as they fled from Israel, while they were at the descent of Beth-horon, (AE)the Lord hurled large stones from heaven on them as far as Azekah, and they died; there were more who died [s]from the hailstones than those whom the sons of Israel killed with the sword.

12 Then Joshua spoke to the Lord on the day when the Lord turned the Amorites over to the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel,

(AF)Sun, stand still at Gibeon,
And moon, at the Valley of Aijalon!”
13 (AG)So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped,
Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies.

Is it not written in (AH)the Book of Jashar? And (AI)the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and did not hurry to go down for about a whole day. 14 There was no day like that before it or after it, when the Lord listened to the voice of a man; for (AJ)the Lord fought for Israel.

15 Then Joshua and all Israel with him returned to the camp [t]at Gilgal.

Victory at Makkedah

16 Now these (AK)five kings had fled and hidden themselves in the cave at Makkedah. 17 And it was told to Joshua, saying, “The five kings have been found hidden in the cave at Makkedah.” 18 So Joshua said, “Roll large stones against the mouth of the cave, and post men by it to guard them, 19 but do not stay there yourselves; pursue your enemies and [u]attack them from behind. Do not allow them to enter their cities, for the Lord your God has handed them over to you.” 20 It came about when Joshua and the sons of Israel had finished striking them down in a very great defeat, (AL)until they were destroyed, and the survivors of them who escaped [v]had entered the fortified cities, 21 that all the people returned to the camp, to Joshua at Makkedah in peace. No one [w]uttered a word against any of the sons of Israel.

22 Then Joshua said, “Open the mouth of the cave and bring these five kings out to me from the cave.” 23 They did so, and (AM)brought these five kings out to him from the cave: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon. 24 When they brought these kings out to Joshua, Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said to the leaders of the men of war who had gone with him, “Come forward, (AN)put your feet on the necks of these kings.” So they came forward and put their feet on their necks. 25 Joshua then said to them, “(AO)Do not fear or be dismayed! Be strong and courageous, for the Lord will do this to all your enemies with whom you fight.” 26 So afterward Joshua struck them and put them to death, and he (AP)hanged them on five [x]trees; and they were hung on the [y]trees until evening. 27 Then it came about at [z]sunset that Joshua gave the command, and (AQ)they took them down from the [aa]trees and threw them into the cave where they had hidden themselves, and put large stones over the mouth of the cave, to this very day.

28 Now Joshua captured Makkedah on that day, and struck it and its king with the edge of the sword; (AR)he [ab]utterly destroyed [ac]it and every [ad]person who was in it. He left no survivor. So he did to the king of Makkedah (AS)just as he had done to the king of Jericho.

Joshua’s Conquest of Southern Canaan

29 Then Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Makkedah to (AT)Libnah, and fought against Libnah. 30 And the Lord also handed it over to Israel, with its king, and he struck it and every person who was in it with the edge of the sword. He left no survivor in it. So he did to its king just as he had done to the king of Jericho.

31 And Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Libnah to Lachish, and they camped by it and fought against it. 32 And the Lord handed Lachish over to Israel; and he captured it on the second day, and struck it and every person who was in it with the edge of the sword, according to all that he had done to Libnah.

33 Then Horam king of (AU)Gezer came up to help Lachish, and Joshua [ae]defeated him and his people until he had left him no survivor.

34 And Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Lachish to Eglon, and they camped by it and fought against it. 35 They captured it on that day and struck it with the edge of the sword; and he [af]utterly destroyed on that day every person who was in it, according to all that he had done to Lachish.

36 Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to (AV)Hebron, and they fought against it. 37 And they captured it and struck it and its king and all its cities and all the persons who were in it with the edge of the sword. He left no survivor, according to all that he had done to Eglon. And he [ag]utterly destroyed it and every person who was in it.

38 Then Joshua and all Israel with him returned to (AW)Debir, and they fought against it. 39 He captured it and its king and all its cities, and they struck them with the edge of the sword, and [ah]utterly destroyed every person who was in it. He left no survivor. Just as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir and its king, as he had also done to Libnah and its king.

40 So Joshua struck all the land, (AX)the hill country and the [ai]Negev and the lowland and the slopes, and (AY)all their kings. He left no survivor, but (AZ)he [aj]utterly destroyed all who breathed, just as the Lord, the God of Israel, had commanded. 41 Joshua struck them from Kadesh-barnea even as far as Gaza, and all the country of (BA)Goshen even as far as Gibeon. 42 Joshua captured all these kings and their lands at one time, because (BB)the Lord, the God of Israel, fought for Israel. 43 So Joshua and all Israel with him returned to the camp [ak]at Gilgal.

Northern Canaan Taken

11 Then it came about, when Jabin king of (BC)Hazor heard about it, that he sent word to Jobab king of Madon, to the king of Shimron, to the king of Achshaph, and to the kings who were of the north in the hill country, and in the (BD)Arabah—south of [al]Chinneroth and in the lowland, and on the [am]heights of Dor on the west— to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the hill country, and (BE)the Hivite [an]at the foot of (BF)Hermon in the land of (BG)Mizpeh. Then they came out, they and all their armies with them, (BH)as many people as the sand that is on the seashore, with very many horses and chariots. So all of these kings gathered together, and came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.

Yet the Lord said to Joshua, “(BI)Do not be afraid because of them, for tomorrow at this time I am going to turn all of them over to Israel as good as dead; you shall (BJ)hamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire.” So Joshua and all the people of war with him came upon them suddenly at the waters of Merom, and attacked them. And the Lord handed them over to Israel, so that they [ao]defeated them, and pursued them as far as Great Sidon, and (BK)Misrephoth-maim, and the Valley of (BL)Mizpeh to the east; and they struck them until no survivor was left to them. And Joshua did to them just as the Lord had told him; he (BM)hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots with fire.

10 Then Joshua turned back at that time and captured (BN)Hazor, and struck its king with the sword; for Hazor previously was the head of all these kingdoms. 11 (BO)They struck every person who was in it with the edge of the sword, [ap]utterly destroying them; there was no one left who breathed. And he burned Hazor with fire. 12 Joshua captured all the cities of these kings, and all their kings; and he struck them with the edge of the sword and utterly destroyed them, just (BP)as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. 13 However, Israel did not burn any cities that stood on their mounds, except Hazor alone, which Joshua burned. 14 And (BQ)all the spoils of these cities and the cattle, the sons of Israel took as their plunder; but they struck every person with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them. They left no one breathing. 15 Just as the Lord had commanded His servant Moses, so Moses commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did; he left nothing undone of all that the Lord had commanded Moses.

16 So Joshua took all that land: (BR)the hill country and all the [aq]Negev, all the land of Goshen, the lowland, (BS)the Arabah, the hill country of Israel and its lowland 17 from (BT)Mount Halak, that rises toward Seir, even as far as Baal-gad in the Valley of Lebanon [ar]at the foot of Mount Hermon. And he captured (BU)all their kings, and struck them and put them to death. 18 Joshua waged war a long time with all these kings. 19 There was not a city which made peace with the sons of Israel except (BV)the Hivites living in Gibeon; they took them all in battle. 20 (BW)For it was of the Lord to [as]harden their hearts, to meet Israel in battle in order that he might (BX)utterly destroy them, that they might [at]receive no mercy, but that he might destroy them, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

21 Then Joshua came at that time and eliminated (BY)the Anakim from the hill country, from Hebron, Debir, Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah and all the hill country of Israel. Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities. 22 There were no Anakim left in the land of the sons of Israel; only in Gaza, (BZ)Gath, and (CA)Ashdod some remained. 23 So Joshua took the whole land, in accordance with everything that the Lord had spoken to Moses; and (CB)Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. (CC)So the land was at rest from war.

Footnotes

  1. Joshua 9:2 Lit mouth
  2. Joshua 9:7 Lit among us
  3. Joshua 9:9 Or name
  4. Joshua 9:14 Lit mouth
  5. Joshua 9:16 Lit in the middle of it
  6. Joshua 9:18 Lit strike
  7. Joshua 9:21 Lit people drawing
  8. Joshua 9:22 Lit among us
  9. Joshua 9:23 Lit a servant will not be cut off from you
  10. Joshua 9:23 Lit people drawing
  11. Joshua 9:27 Lit people drawing
  12. Joshua 10:1 Or put under the ban
  13. Joshua 10:1 Lit among them
  14. Joshua 10:2 Lit they
  15. Joshua 10:4 Lit strike
  16. Joshua 10:6 Lit slacken your hands from
  17. Joshua 10:8 Lit a man
  18. Joshua 10:9 Lit he went up
  19. Joshua 10:11 Lit with
  20. Joshua 10:15 Lit to Gilgal
  21. Joshua 10:19 Lit strike their tail
  22. Joshua 10:20 Lit and had
  23. Joshua 10:21 Lit moved his tongue
  24. Joshua 10:26 Or wooden posts
  25. Joshua 10:26 Or wooden posts
  26. Joshua 10:27 Lit the time of the going of the sun
  27. Joshua 10:27 Or wooden posts
  28. Joshua 10:28 Lit put under the ban
  29. Joshua 10:28 Some mss them
  30. Joshua 10:28 Lit soul, and so throughout the ch
  31. Joshua 10:33 Lit struck
  32. Joshua 10:35 Lit put under the ban
  33. Joshua 10:37 Lit put it under the ban
  34. Joshua 10:39 Lit put under the ban
  35. Joshua 10:40 I.e., South country
  36. Joshua 10:40 Lit put under the ban
  37. Joshua 10:43 Lit to Gilgal
  38. Joshua 11:2 I.e., Sea of Galilee
  39. Joshua 11:2 Or Naphoth-dor
  40. Joshua 11:3 Lit under
  41. Joshua 11:8 Lit struck
  42. Joshua 11:11 Lit putting them under the ban, and so throughout the ch
  43. Joshua 11:16 I.e., South country
  44. Joshua 11:17 Lit under
  45. Joshua 11:20 Lit make strong
  46. Joshua 11:20 Lit have