13 In accordance with the Lord’s command to him, Joshua gave to Caleb(A) son of Jephunneh a portion in Judah—Kiriath Arba(B), that is, Hebron.(C) (Arba was the forefather of Anak.)(D) 14 From Hebron Caleb drove out the three Anakites(E)—Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai,(F) the sons of Anak.(G) 15 From there he marched against the people living in Debir (formerly called Kiriath Sepher). 16 And Caleb said, “I will give my daughter Aksah(H) in marriage to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher.” 17 Othniel(I) son of Kenaz, Caleb’s brother, took it; so Caleb gave his daughter Aksah to him in marriage.

18 One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him[a] to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”

19 She replied, “Do me a special favor. Since you have given me land in the Negev,(J) give me also springs of water.” So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.(K)

20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of Judah, according to its clans:

21 The southernmost towns of the tribe of Judah in the Negev(L) toward the boundary of Edom were:

Kabzeel,(M) Eder,(N) Jagur, 22 Kinah, Dimonah, Adadah, 23 Kedesh,(O) Hazor,(P) Ithnan, 24 Ziph,(Q) Telem, Bealoth, 25 Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth Hezron (that is, Hazor),(R) 26 Amam, Shema, Moladah,(S) 27 Hazar Gaddah, Heshmon, Beth Pelet, 28 Hazar Shual,(T) Beersheba,(U) Biziothiah, 29 Baalah,(V) Iyim, Ezem,(W) 30 Eltolad,(X) Kesil, Hormah,(Y) 31 Ziklag,(Z) Madmannah,(AA) Sansannah, 32 Lebaoth, Shilhim, Ain(AB) and Rimmon(AC)—a total of twenty-nine towns and their villages.

33 In the western foothills:

Eshtaol,(AD) Zorah,(AE) Ashnah,(AF) 34 Zanoah,(AG) En Gannim,(AH) Tappuah,(AI) Enam, 35 Jarmuth,(AJ) Adullam,(AK) Sokoh,(AL) Azekah,(AM) 36 Shaaraim,(AN) Adithaim and Gederah(AO) (or Gederothaim)[b]—fourteen towns and their villages.

37 Zenan, Hadashah, Migdal Gad, 38 Dilean, Mizpah,(AP) Joktheel,(AQ) 39 Lachish,(AR) Bozkath,(AS) Eglon,(AT) 40 Kabbon, Lahmas, Kitlish, 41 Gederoth,(AU) Beth Dagon,(AV) Naamah and Makkedah(AW)—sixteen towns and their villages.

42 Libnah,(AX) Ether, Ashan,(AY) 43 Iphtah, Ashnah,(AZ) Nezib, 44 Keilah,(BA) Akzib(BB) and Mareshah(BC)—nine towns and their villages.

45 Ekron,(BD) with its surrounding settlements and villages; 46 west of Ekron, all that were in the vicinity of Ashdod,(BE) together with their villages; 47 Ashdod,(BF) its surrounding settlements and villages; and Gaza, its settlements and villages, as far as the Wadi of Egypt(BG) and the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea.(BH)

48 In the hill country:

Shamir,(BI) Jattir,(BJ) Sokoh,(BK) 49 Dannah, Kiriath Sannah (that is, Debir(BL)), 50 Anab,(BM) Eshtemoh,(BN) Anim, 51 Goshen,(BO) Holon(BP) and Giloh(BQ)—eleven towns and their villages.

52 Arab, Dumah,(BR) Eshan, 53 Janim, Beth Tappuah, Aphekah, 54 Humtah, Kiriath Arba(BS) (that is, Hebron) and Zior—nine towns and their villages.

55 Maon,(BT) Carmel,(BU) Ziph,(BV) Juttah,(BW) 56 Jezreel,(BX) Jokdeam, Zanoah,(BY) 57 Kain, Gibeah(BZ) and Timnah(CA)—ten towns and their villages.

58 Halhul, Beth Zur,(CB) Gedor,(CC) 59 Maarath, Beth Anoth and Eltekon—six towns and their villages.[c]

60 Kiriath Baal(CD) (that is, Kiriath Jearim(CE)) and Rabbah(CF)—two towns and their villages.

61 In the wilderness:(CG)

Beth Arabah,(CH) Middin, Sekakah, 62 Nibshan, the City of Salt and En Gedi(CI)—six towns and their villages.

63 Judah could not(CJ) dislodge the Jebusites(CK), who were living in Jerusalem;(CL) to this day the Jebusites live there with the people of Judah.(CM)

Allotment for Ephraim and Manasseh

16 The allotment for Joseph began at the Jordan, east of the springs of Jericho, and went up from there through the desert(CN) into the hill country of Bethel.(CO) It went on from Bethel (that is, Luz(CP)),[d] crossed over to the territory of the Arkites(CQ) in Ataroth,(CR) descended westward to the territory of the Japhletites as far as the region of Lower Beth Horon(CS) and on to Gezer,(CT) ending at the Mediterranean Sea.

So Manasseh and Ephraim, the descendants of Joseph, received their inheritance.(CU)

This was the territory of Ephraim, according to its clans:

The boundary of their inheritance went from Ataroth Addar(CV) in the east to Upper Beth Horon(CW) and continued to the Mediterranean Sea. From Mikmethath(CX) on the north it curved eastward to Taanath Shiloh, passing by it to Janoah(CY) on the east. Then it went down from Janoah(CZ) to Ataroth(DA) and Naarah, touched Jericho and came out at the Jordan. From Tappuah(DB) the border went west to the Kanah Ravine(DC) and ended at the Mediterranean Sea. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the Ephraimites, according to its clans. It also included all the towns and their villages that were set aside for the Ephraimites within the inheritance of the Manassites.(DD)

10 They did not dislodge the Canaanites living in Gezer; to this day the Canaanites live among the people of Ephraim but are required to do forced labor.(DE)

17 This was the allotment for the tribe of Manasseh(DF) as Joseph’s firstborn,(DG) that is, for Makir,(DH) Manasseh’s firstborn. Makir was the ancestor of the Gileadites, who had received Gilead(DI) and Bashan(DJ) because the Makirites were great soldiers. So this allotment was for the rest of the people of Manasseh(DK)—the clans of Abiezer,(DL) Helek, Asriel,(DM) Shechem, Hepher(DN) and Shemida.(DO) These are the other male descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph by their clans.

Now Zelophehad son of Hepher,(DP) the son of Gilead, the son of Makir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons but only daughters,(DQ) whose names were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milkah and Tirzah. They went to Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders and said, “The Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our relatives.” So Joshua gave them an inheritance along with the brothers of their father, according to the Lord’s command.(DR) Manasseh’s share consisted of ten tracts of land besides Gilead and Bashan east of the Jordan,(DS) because the daughters of the tribe of Manasseh received an inheritance among the sons. The land of Gilead belonged to the rest of the descendants of Manasseh.

The territory of Manasseh extended from Asher(DT) to Mikmethath(DU) east of Shechem.(DV) The boundary ran southward from there to include the people living at En Tappuah. (Manasseh had the land of Tappuah, but Tappuah(DW) itself, on the boundary of Manasseh, belonged to the Ephraimites.) Then the boundary continued south to the Kanah Ravine.(DX) There were towns belonging to Ephraim lying among the towns of Manasseh, but the boundary of Manasseh was the northern side of the ravine and ended at the Mediterranean Sea. 10 On the south the land belonged to Ephraim, on the north to Manasseh. The territory of Manasseh reached the Mediterranean Sea and bordered Asher(DY) on the north and Issachar(DZ) on the east.(EA)

11 Within Issachar(EB) and Asher, Manasseh also had Beth Shan,(EC) Ibleam(ED) and the people of Dor,(EE) Endor,(EF) Taanach(EG) and Megiddo,(EH) together with their surrounding settlements (the third in the list is Naphoth[e]).(EI)

12 Yet the Manassites were not able(EJ) to occupy these towns, for the Canaanites were determined to live in that region. 13 However, when the Israelites grew stronger, they subjected the Canaanites to forced labor but did not drive them out completely.(EK)

14 The people of Joseph said to Joshua, “Why have you given us only one allotment and one portion for an inheritance? We are a numerous people, and the Lord has blessed us abundantly.”(EL)

15 “If you are so numerous,” Joshua answered, “and if the hill country of Ephraim is too small for you, go up into the forest(EM) and clear land for yourselves there in the land of the Perizzites(EN) and Rephaites.(EO)

16 The people of Joseph replied, “The hill country is not enough for us, and all the Canaanites who live in the plain have chariots fitted with iron,(EP) both those in Beth Shan(EQ) and its settlements and those in the Valley of Jezreel.”(ER)

17 But Joshua said to the tribes of Joseph—to Ephraim and Manasseh—“You are numerous and very powerful. You will have not only one allotment(ES) 18 but the forested hill country(ET) as well. Clear it, and its farthest limits will be yours; though the Canaanites have chariots fitted with iron(EU) and though they are strong, you can drive them out.”


  1. Joshua 15:18 Hebrew and some Septuagint manuscripts; other Septuagint manuscripts (see also note at Judges 1:14) Othniel, he urged her
  2. Joshua 15:36 Or Gederah and Gederothaim
  3. Joshua 15:59 The Septuagint adds another district of eleven towns, including Tekoa and Ephrathah (Bethlehem).
  4. Joshua 16:2 Septuagint; Hebrew Bethel to Luz
  5. Joshua 17:11 That is, Naphoth Dor

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