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The Kings Conquered by Moses

These are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelites[a] defeated beyond to the Jordan to the west, from Baal Gad in the valley of Lebanon,[b] and up to Mount Halak, which rises to Seir. And Joshua gave it as a possession to the tribes of Israel according to their allotments, in the hill country, the Shephelah,[c] the Arabah,[d] on the slopes, in the wilderness, and in the Negev;[e] the Hittites,[f] the Amorites,[g] the Canaanites,[h] the Perizzites,[i] the Hivites,[j] and the Jebusites:[k]

the king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one;

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  1. Joshua 12:7 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  2. Joshua 12:7 Or “white mountain”
  3. Joshua 12:8 Or “lowlands”; a geographical region on the western edge of the hills of Judea
  4. Joshua 12:8 A dry region that runs south of the Sea of Galilee along the Jordan Valley
  5. Joshua 12:8 An arid region south of the Judaean hills
  6. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Hittite”
  7. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Amorite”
  8. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Canaanite”
  9. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Perizzite”
  10. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Hivite”
  11. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Jebusite”