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The Kings Conquered by Joshua

12 These are the kings of the land whom the Israelites[a] defeated, and of whose land they took possession beyond the Jordon to the east,[b] from the wadi[c] of Arnon up to Mount Hermon, and all the Arabah[d] to the east: Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is on the edge of the wadi[e] of Arnon, from the middle of the valley and half of Gilead, up to the Jabbok River,[f] which marks the border of the Ammonites;[g] and the Arabah[h] up to the Kinnereth Sea[i] to the east, and as far as the sea of Arabah, the Salt Sea[j] to the east, in the direction of[k] Beth Jeshimoth, and to the area southward, at the foot of[l] the slopes of Pisgah;[m] the territory of Og king of Bashan, one of the last of the Rephaites, who lived at Ashtaroth and Edrei and ruled over Mount Hermon and Salecah and over all Bashan up to the border of the Geshurites[n] and the Maacathites,[o] and half of Gilead, as far as the border of Sihon king of Heshbon. Moses Yahweh’s servant and the Israelites[p] defeated them; and Moses Yahweh’s servant gave it as a possession to the Reubenites,[q] the Gadites,[r] and the half-tribe of Manasseh.

The Kings Conquered by Moses

These are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelites[s] defeated beyond to the Jordan to the west, from Baal Gad in the valley of Lebanon,[t] and up to Mount Halak, which rises to Seir. And Joshua gave it as a possession to the tribes of Israel according to their allotments, in the hill country, the Shephelah,[u] the Arabah,[v] on the slopes, in the wilderness, and in the Negev;[w] the Hittites,[x] the Amorites,[y] the Canaanites,[z] the Perizzites,[aa] the Hivites,[ab] and the Jebusites:[ac]

the king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one;

10 the king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one;

11 the king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;

12 the king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one;

13 the king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;

14 the king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;

15 the king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

16 the king of Makkedah, one; the king of Bethel, one;

17 the king of Tappuah, one; the king of Hepher, one;

18 the king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;

19 the king of Madon, one; the king of Hazor, one;

20 the king of Shimron-meron, one; the king of Acshaph, one;

21 the king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;

22 the king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam in Carmel, one;

23 the king of Dor in Naphath Dor, one; the king of Goiim for Gilgal, one;

24 the king of Tirzah, one; all the kings, thirty-one.


  1. Joshua 12:1 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  2. Joshua 12:1 Literally “to the rising of the sun”
  3. Joshua 12:1 A valley that is dry most of the year, but contains a stream during the rainy season
  4. Joshua 12:1 A dry region that runs south of the Sea of Galilee along the Jordan Valley
  5. Joshua 12:2 A valley that is dry most of the year, but contains a stream during the rainy season
  6. Joshua 12:2 Literally “Jabbok the wadi”
  7. Joshua 12:2 Literally “sons of Ammon” or “children of Ammon”
  8. Joshua 12:3 A dry region that runs south of the Sea of Galilee along the Jordan Valley
  9. Joshua 12:3 That is, the Sea of Galilee
  10. Joshua 12:3 That is, the Dead Sea
  11. Joshua 12:3 Literally “the way of”
  12. Joshua 12:3 Literally “under”
  13. Joshua 12:3 Or Ashdoth Pisgah
  14. Joshua 12:5 Hebrew “Geshurite”
  15. Joshua 12:5 Hebrew “Maacathite”
  16. Joshua 12:6 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  17. Joshua 12:6 Hebrew “Reubenite”
  18. Joshua 12:6 Hebrew “Gadite”
  19. Joshua 12:7 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  20. Joshua 12:7 Or “white mountain”
  21. Joshua 12:8 Or “lowlands”; a geographical region on the western edge of the hills of Judea
  22. Joshua 12:8 A dry region that runs south of the Sea of Galilee along the Jordan Valley
  23. Joshua 12:8 An arid region south of the Judaean hills
  24. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Hittite”
  25. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Amorite”
  26. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Canaanite”
  27. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Perizzite”
  28. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Hivite”
  29. Joshua 12:8 Hebrew “Jebusite”