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Kingdoms Conquered by Israel

12 This is a list of the kings who ruled the land that the Israelis conquered, and whose territories they took on the other side of the Jordan River toward the east, from the Arnon River to Mount Hermon, along with the entire eastern Jordan plain.[a] Sihon king of the Amorites lived in Heshbon and ruled from Aroer, which is located on the edge of the Arnon River[b] from the middle of the valley, including half of Gilead as far as Wadi[c] Jabbok, the border of the Ammonites, and toward the Arabah as far as the Sea of Galilee[d] to the east, as far as the Arabah Sea (that is, the Dead Sea) to the east as one travels in the direction[e] of Beth-jeshimoth, and to the south as far as the foothills of Pisgah.[f] The territory of Og king of Bashan was conquered. He was[g] one of the last of the Rephaim,[h] and lived at Ashtaroth and Edrei, ruling over Mount Hermon, Salecah, and all of Bashan as far as the border of the descendants of Geshur, the descendants of Maacath, and half of Gilead to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.

Moses, the servant of the Lord, and the Israelis defeated them. Then Moses, the servant of the Lord, gave it to the descendants of Reuben, the descendants of Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh as their inheritance.[i] This is a list of the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelis defeated beyond the Jordan River toward the west, from Baal-gad in the Lebanon valley as far as Mount Halak, which rises in the direction of Seir. Joshua gave it to Israel, distributing it according to their tribal divisions as their inheritance, in the mountain regions, in the Arabah, on the foothills, in the wilderness, in the Negev;[j] that is, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:

The king of Jericho: 1

The king of Ai, which is near Bethel: 1

10 The king of Jerusalem: 1

The king of Hebron: 1

11 The king of Jarmuth: 1

The king of Lachish: 1

12 The king of Eglon: 1

The king of Gezer: 1

13 The king of Debir: 1

The king of Geder: 1

14 The king of Hormah: 1

The king of Arad: 1

15 The king of Libnah: 1

The king of Adullam: 1

16 The king of Makkedah: 1

The king of Bethel: 1

17 The king of Tappuach: 1

The king of Hepher: 1

18 The king of Aphek: 1

The king of Lasharon: 1

19 The king of Madon: 1

The king of Hazor: 1

20 The king of Shimron-meron: 1

The king of Achshaph: 1

21 The king of Taanach: 1

The king of Megiddo: 1

22 The king of Kedesh: 1

The king of Jokneam in Carmel: 1

23 The king of Dor in the Dor heights: 1

The king of various[k] gentiles in Gilgal:[l] 1

24 The king of Tirzah: 1

Total number of all kings: 31


  1. Joshua 12:1 Lit. Arabah
  2. Joshua 12:2 The Heb. lacks River
  3. Joshua 12:2 I.e. a seasonal stream or river that channels water during rain seasons but is dry at other times
  4. Joshua 12:3 Lit. Chinnereth
  5. Joshua 12:3 Lit. east in the road
  6. Joshua 12:3 Lit. Ashdoth-pisgah; perhaps including Mount Nebo
  7. Joshua 12:4 The Heb. lacks was conquered. He was
  8. Joshua 12:4 I.e. a race of giants that formerly populated Canaan; cf. Num 13:22, 33
  9. Joshua 12:6 Or possession
  10. Joshua 12:8 I.e. the southern region of Israel; cf. Josh 10:40
  11. Joshua 12:23 The Heb. lacks various
  12. Joshua 12:23 So MT; LXX reads of Goyim in Galilee