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The Word Became Flesh

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.(A) He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through him, and without him not one thing came into being. What has come into being(B) in him was life,[a] and the life was the light of all people.(C) The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overtake it.

There was a man sent from God whose name was John. He came as a witness to testify to the light, so that all might believe through him. He himself was not the light, but he came to testify to the light. The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world.[b](D)

10 He was in the world, and the world came into being through him, yet the world did not know him.(E) 11 He came to what was his own,[c] and his own people did not accept him. 12 But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God,(F) 13 who were born, not of blood or of the will of the flesh or of the will of man, but of God.(G)

14 And the Word became flesh and lived among us, and we have seen his glory, the glory as of a father’s only son,[d] full of grace and truth.(H) 15 (John testified to him and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me ranks ahead of me because he was before me.’ ”) 16 From his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace.[e](I) 17 The law indeed was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.(J) 18 No one has ever seen God. It is the only Son, himself God, who[f] is close to the Father’s heart,[g] who has made him known.(K)

The Testimony of John the Baptist

19 This is the testimony given by John when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 He confessed and did not deny it, but he confessed, “I am not the Messiah.”[h](L) 21 And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the prophet?” He answered, “No.”(M) 22 Then they said to him, “Who are you? Let us have an answer for those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” 23 He said,

“I am the voice of one crying out in the wilderness,
‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’ ”

as the prophet Isaiah said.(N)

24 Now they had been sent from the Pharisees. 25 They asked him, “Why, then, are you baptizing if you are neither the Messiah,[i] nor Elijah, nor the prophet?” 26 John answered them, “I baptize with water. Among you stands one whom you do not know, 27 the one who is coming after me; I am not worthy to untie the strap of his sandal.” 28 This took place in Bethany across the Jordan where John was baptizing.

The Lamb of God

29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him and declared, “Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!(O) 30 This is he of whom I said, ‘After me comes a man who ranks ahead of me because he was before me.’ 31 I myself did not know him, but I came baptizing with water for this reason, that he might be revealed to Israel.” 32 And John testified, “I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it remained on him.(P) 33 I myself did not know him, but the one who sent me to baptize with water said to me, ‘He on whom you see the Spirit descend and remain is the one who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’(Q) 34 And I myself have seen and have testified that this is the Chosen One.”[j]

The First Disciples of Jesus

35 The next day John again was standing with two of his disciples, 36 and as he watched Jesus walk by he exclaimed, “Look, here is the Lamb of God!”(R) 37 The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus. 38 When Jesus turned and saw them following, he said to them, “What are you looking for?” They said to him, “Rabbi” (which translated means Teacher), “where are you staying?”(S) 39 He said to them, “Come and see.” They came and saw where he was staying, and they remained with him that day. It was about four o’clock in the afternoon. 40 One of the two who heard John speak and followed him was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother.(T) 41 He first found his brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which is translated Anointed[k]).(U) 42 He brought Simon[l] to Jesus, who looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You are to be called Cephas”[m] (which is translated Peter[n]).(V)

Jesus Calls Philip and Nathanael

43 The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.”(W) 44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.(X) 45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found him about whom Moses in the Law and also the Prophets wrote, Jesus son of Joseph from Nazareth.”(Y) 46 Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.”(Z) 47 When Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him, he said of him, “Here is truly an Israelite in whom there is no deceit!”(AA) 48 Nathanael asked him, “Where did you get to know me?” Jesus answered, “I saw you under the fig tree before Philip called you.” 49 Nathanael replied, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”(AB) 50 Jesus answered, “Do you believe because I told you that I saw you under the fig tree? You will see greater things than these.” 51 And he said to him, “Very truly, I tell you,[o] you will see heaven opened and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.”(AC)

The Wedding at Cana

On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.(AD) Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine gave out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what concern is that to me and to you?[p] My hour has not yet come.”(AE) His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” Now standing there were six stone water jars for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons.(AF) Jesus said to them, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. He said to them, “Now draw some out, and take it to the person in charge of the banquet.” So they took it. When the person in charge tasted the water that had become wine and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), that person called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first and then the inferior wine after the guests have become drunk. But you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 Jesus did this, the first of his signs, in Cana of Galilee and revealed his glory, and his disciples believed in him.(AG)

12 After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples, and they remained there a few days.(AH)

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

13 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.(AI) 14 In the temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 Making a whip of cords, he drove all of them out of the temple, with the sheep and the cattle. He also poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. 16 He told those who were selling the doves, “Take these things out of here! Stop making my Father’s house a marketplace!”(AJ) 17 His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will consume me.”(AK) 18 The Jews then said to him, “What sign can you show us for doing this?”(AL) 19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”(AM) 20 The Jews then said, “This temple has been under construction for forty-six years, and will you raise it up in three days?” 21 But he was speaking of the temple of his body.(AN) 22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken.

23 When he was in Jerusalem during the Passover festival, many believed in his name because they saw the signs that he was doing. 24 But Jesus on his part would not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people 25 and needed no one to testify about anyone, for he himself knew what was in everyone.(AO)

Nicodemus Visits Jesus

Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a leader of the Jews. He came to Jesus[q] by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God, for no one can do these signs that you do unless God is with that person.”(AP) Jesus answered him, “Very truly, I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God without being born from above.”[r](AQ) Nicodemus said to him, “How can anyone be born after having grown old? Can one enter a second time into the mother’s womb and be born?” Jesus answered, “Very truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit.(AR) What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not be astonished that I said to you, ‘You[s] must be born from above.’[t] The wind[u] blows where it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.”(AS) Nicodemus said to him, “How can these things be?”(AT) 10 Jesus answered him, “Are you the teacher of Israel, and yet you do not understand these things?

11 “Very truly, I tell you, we speak of what we know and testify to what we have seen, yet you[v] do not receive our testimony.(AU) 12 If I have told you about earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you about heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended into heaven except the one who descended from heaven, the Son of Man.[w](AV) 14 And just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,(AW) 15 that whoever believes in him may have eternal life.[x](AX)

16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life.(AY)

17 “Indeed, God did not send the Son into the world to condemn the world but in order that the world might be saved through him.(AZ) 18 Those who believe in him are not condemned, but those who do not believe are condemned already because they have not believed in the name of the only Son of God.(BA) 19 And this is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and people loved darkness rather than light because their deeds were evil.(BB) 20 For all who do evil hate the light and do not come to the light, so that their deeds may not be exposed.(BC) 21 But those who do what is true come to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that their deeds have been done in God.”[y](BD)

Jesus and John the Baptist

22 After this Jesus and his disciples went into the region of Judea, and he spent some time there with them and baptized. 23 John also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim because water was abundant there, and people kept coming and were being baptized. 24 (John, of course, had not yet been thrown into prison.)(BE)

25 Now a discussion about purification arose between John’s disciples and a Jew.[z] 26 They came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, the one who was with you across the Jordan, to whom you testified, here he is baptizing, and all are going to him.”(BF) 27 John answered, “No one can receive anything except what has been given from heaven.(BG) 28 You yourselves are my witnesses that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah,[aa] but I have been sent ahead of him.’(BH) 29 He who has the bride is the bridegroom. The friend of the bridegroom who stands and hears him rejoices greatly at the bridegroom’s voice. For this reason my joy has been fulfilled.(BI) 30 He must increase, but I must decrease.”[ab]

The One Who Comes from Heaven

31 The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is of the earth belongs to the earth and speaks about earthly things. The one who comes from heaven is above all.(BJ) 32 He testifies to what he has seen and heard, yet no one accepts his testimony.(BK) 33 Whoever has accepted his testimony has certified[ac] this, that God is true.(BL) 34 He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure.(BM) 35 The Father loves the Son and has placed all things in his hands.(BN) 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever disobeys the Son will not see life but must endure God’s wrath.(BO)

Jesus and the Woman of Samaria

Now when Jesus[ad] learned that the Pharisees had heard, “Jesus is making and baptizing more disciples than John”(BP) (although it was not Jesus himself but his disciples who baptized), he left Judea and started back to Galilee. But he had to go through Samaria. So he came to a Samaritan city called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob had given to his son Joseph.(BQ) Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired out by his journey, was sitting by the well. It was about noon.

A Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” (His disciples had gone to the city to buy food.) The Samaritan woman said to him, “How is it that you, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria?” (Jews do not share things in common with Samaritans.)[ae](BR) 10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.”(BS) 11 The woman said to him, “Sir,[af] you have no bucket, and the well is deep. Where do you get that living water? 12 Are you greater than our ancestor Jacob, who gave us the well and with his sons and his flocks drank from it?” 13 Jesus said to her, “Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, 14 but those who drink of the water that I will give them will never be thirsty. The water that I will give will become in them a spring of water gushing up to eternal life.”(BT) 15 The woman said to him, “Sir,[ag] give me this water, so that I may never be thirsty or have to keep coming here to draw water.”(BU)

16 Jesus said to her, “Go, call your husband, and come back.” 17 The woman answered him, “I have no husband.” Jesus said to her, “You are right in saying, ‘I have no husband,’ 18 for you have had five husbands, and the one you have now is not your husband. What you have said is true!” 19 The woman said to him, “Sir,[ah] I see that you are a prophet. 20 Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain, but you[ai] say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem.”(BV) 21 Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when you[aj] will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.(BW) 22 You[ak] worship what you[al] do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews.(BX) 23 But the hour is coming and is now here when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him.(BY) 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”(BZ) 25 The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah is coming” (who is called Christ). “When he comes, he will proclaim all things to us.”(CA) 26 Jesus said to her, “I am he,[am] the one who is speaking to you.”(CB)

27 Just then his disciples came. They were astonished that he was speaking with a woman, but no one said, “What do you want?” or, “Why are you speaking with her?” 28 Then the woman left her water jar and went back to the city. She said to the people, 29 “Come and see a man who told me everything I have ever done! He cannot be the Messiah,[an] can he?”(CC) 30 They left the city and were on their way to him.

31 Meanwhile the disciples were urging him, “Rabbi, eat something.” 32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you do not know about.” 33 So the disciples said to one another, “Surely no one has brought him something to eat?” 34 Jesus said to them, “My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to complete his work.(CD) 35 Do you not say, ‘Four months more, then comes the harvest’? But I tell you, look around you, and see how the fields are ripe for harvesting.(CE) 36 The reaper is already receiving[ao] wages and is gathering fruit for eternal life, so that sower and reaper may rejoice together.(CF) 37 For here the saying holds true, ‘One sows and another reaps.’(CG) 38 I sent you to reap that for which you did not labor. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor.”

39 Many Samaritans from that city believed in him because of the woman’s testimony, “He told me everything I have ever done.”(CH) 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they asked him to stay with them, and he stayed there two days. 41 And many more believed because of his word. 42 They said to the woman, “It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is truly the Savior of the world.”(CI)

Jesus Returns to Galilee

43 When the two days were over, he went from that place to Galilee(CJ) 44 (for Jesus himself had testified that a prophet has no honor in the prophet’s own country).(CK) 45 When he came to Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him, since they had seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the festival, for they, too, had gone to the festival.(CL)

Jesus Heals an Official’s Son

46 Then he came again to Cana in Galilee, where he had changed the water into wine. Now there was a royal official whose son lay ill in Capernaum.(CM) 47 When he heard that Jesus had come from Judea to Galilee, he went and begged him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death.(CN) 48 Then Jesus said to him, “Unless you[ap] see signs and wonders you will not believe.”(CO) 49 The official said to him, “Sir,[aq] come down before my little boy dies.” 50 Jesus said to him, “Go; your son will live.”[ar] The man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him and started on his way. 51 As he was going down, his slaves met him and told him that his child was alive. 52 So he asked them the hour when he began to recover, and they said to him, “Yesterday at one in the afternoon the fever left him.” 53 The father realized that this was the hour when Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.”[as] So he himself believed, along with his whole household.(CP) 54 Now this was the second sign that Jesus did after coming from Judea to Galilee.(CQ)

Jesus Heals on the Sabbath

After this there was a festival of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Now in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate there is a pool, called in Hebrew[at] Beth-zatha,[au] which has five porticoes.(CR) In these lay many ill, blind, lame, and paralyzed people.[av] One man was there who had been ill for thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there and knew that he had been there a long time, he said to him, “Do you want to be made well?” The ill man answered him, “Sir,[aw] I have no one to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up, and while I am making my way someone else steps down ahead of me.” Jesus said to him, “Stand up, take your mat and walk.”(CS) At once the man was made well, and he took up his mat and began to walk.

Now that day was a Sabbath.(CT) 10 So the Jews said to the man who had been cured, “It is the Sabbath; it is not lawful for you to carry your mat.”(CU) 11 But he answered them, “The man who made me well said to me, ‘Take up your mat and walk.’ ” 12 They asked him, “Who is the man who said to you, ‘Take it up and walk’?” 13 Now the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had disappeared in[ax] the crowd that was there. 14 Later Jesus found him in the temple and said to him, “See, you have been made well! Do not sin any more, so that nothing worse happens to you.”(CV) 15 The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well. 16 Therefore the Jews started persecuting Jesus, because he was doing such things on the Sabbath. 17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is still working, and I also am working.”(CW) 18 For this reason the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because he was not only breaking the Sabbath but was also calling God his own Father, thereby making himself equal to God.(CX)

The Authority of the Son

19 Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing on his own but only what he sees the Father doing, for whatever the Father[ay] does, the Son does likewise.(CY) 20 The Father loves the Son and shows him all that he himself is doing, and he will show him greater works than these, so that you will be astonished.(CZ) 21 Indeed, just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whomever he wishes.(DA) 22 The Father judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son,(DB) 23 so that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Anyone who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him.(DC) 24 Very truly, I tell you, anyone who hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and does not come under judgment but has passed from death to life.(DD)

25 “Very truly, I tell you, the hour is coming and is now here when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live.(DE) 26 For just as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself, 27 and he has given him authority to execute judgment because he is the Son of Man.(DF) 28 Do not be astonished at this, for the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29 and will come out: those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of condemnation.(DG)

Witnesses to Jesus

30 “I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just because I seek to do not my own will but the will of him who sent me.(DH)

31 “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not true.(DI) 32 There is another who testifies on my behalf, and I know that his testimony to me is true.(DJ) 33 You sent messengers to John, and he testified to the truth.(DK) 34 Not that I accept such human testimony, but I say these things so that you may be saved. 35 He was a burning and shining lamp, and you were willing to rejoice for a while in his light.(DL) 36 But I have a testimony greater than John’s. The works that the Father has given me to complete, the very works that I am doing, testify on my behalf that the Father has sent me.(DM) 37 And the Father who sent me has himself testified on my behalf. You have never heard his voice or seen his form,(DN) 38 and you do not have his word abiding in you, because you do not believe him whom he has sent.(DO)

39 “You search the scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life, and it is they that testify on my behalf.(DP) 40 Yet you refuse to come to me to have life. 41 I do not accept glory from humans. 42 But I know that you do not have the love of God in[az] you. 43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me; if another comes in his own name, you will accept him. 44 How can you believe when you accept glory from one another and do not seek the glory that comes from the one who alone is God?[ba](DQ) 45 Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father; your accuser is Moses, on whom you have set your hope.(DR) 46 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me.(DS) 47 But if you do not believe what he wrote, how will you believe what I say?”

Feeding the Five Thousand

After this Jesus went to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, also called the Sea of Tiberias.[bb] A large crowd kept following him because they saw the signs that he was doing for the sick. Jesus went up the mountain and sat down there with his disciples. Now the Passover, the festival of the Jews, was near. When he looked up and saw a large crowd coming toward him, Jesus said to Philip, “Where are we to buy bread for these people to eat?”(DT) He said this to test him, for he himself knew what he was going to do. Philip answered him, “Two hundred denarii would not buy enough bread for each of them to get a little.” One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to him, “There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish. But what are they among so many people?” 10 Jesus said, “Make the people sit down.” Now there was a great deal of grass in the place, so they[bc] sat down, about five thousand in all. 11 Then Jesus took the loaves, and when he had given thanks he distributed them to those who were seated; so also the fish, as much as they wanted.(DU) 12 When they were satisfied, he told his disciples, “Gather up the fragments left over, so that nothing may be lost.” 13 So they gathered them up, and from the fragments of the five barley loaves, left by those who had eaten, they filled twelve baskets. 14 When the people saw the sign that he had done, they began to say, “This is indeed the prophet who is to come into the world.”(DV)

15 When Jesus realized that they were about to come and take him by force to make him king, he withdrew again to the mountain by himself.(DW)

Jesus Walks on the Water

16 When evening came, his disciples went down to the sea, 17 got into a boat, and started across the sea to Capernaum. It was now dark, and Jesus had not yet come to them. 18 The sea became rough because a strong wind was blowing. 19 When they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and coming near the boat, and they were terrified. 20 But he said to them, “It is I;[bd] do not be afraid.” 21 Then they wanted to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat reached the land toward which they were going.

The Bread from Heaven

22 The next day the crowd that had stayed on the other side of the sea saw that there had been only one boat there. They also saw that Jesus had not gotten into the boat with his disciples but that his disciples had gone away alone.(DX) 23 But some boats from Tiberias came near the place where they had eaten the bread after the Lord had given thanks.(DY) 24 So when the crowd saw that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they themselves got into the boats and went to Capernaum looking for Jesus.(DZ)

25 When they found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Rabbi, when did you come here?” 26 Jesus answered them, “Very truly, I tell you, you are looking for me not because you saw signs but because you ate your fill of the loaves.(EA) 27 Do not work for the food that perishes but for the food that endures for eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. For it is on him that God the Father has set his seal.”(EB) 28 Then they said to him, “What must we do to perform the works of God?” 29 Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.”(EC) 30 So they said to him, “What sign are you going to give us, then, so that we may see it and believe you? What work are you performing?(ED) 31 Our ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’ ”(EE) 32 Then Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is that which[be] comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”(EF) 34 They said to him, “Sir,[bf] give us this bread always.”(EG)

35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty.(EH) 36 But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe.(EI) 37 Everything that the Father gives me will come to me, and anyone who comes to me I will never drive away,(EJ) 38 for I have come down from heaven not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me.(EK) 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me but raise it up on the last day.(EL) 40 This is indeed the will of my Father, that all who see the Son and believe in him may have eternal life, and I will raise them up on the last day.”(EM)

41 Then the Jews began to complain about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.” 42 They were saying, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, ‘I have come down from heaven’?”(EN) 43 Jesus answered them, “Do not complain among yourselves. 44 No one can come to me unless drawn by the Father who sent me, and I will raise that person up on the last day.(EO) 45 It is written in the prophets, ‘And they shall all be taught by God.’ Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me.(EP) 46 Not that anyone has seen the Father except the one who is from God; he has seen the Father.(EQ) 47 Very truly, I tell you, whoever believes has eternal life.(ER) 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. 50 This is the bread that comes down from heaven, so that one may eat of it and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats of this bread will live forever, and the bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh.”(ES)

52 The Jews then disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?”(ET) 53 So Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you.(EU) 54 Those who eat my flesh and drink my blood have eternal life, and I will raise them up on the last day,(EV) 55 for my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. 56 Those who eat my flesh and drink my blood abide in me and I in them.(EW) 57 Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so whoever eats me will live because of me. 58 This is the bread that came down from heaven, not like that which the ancestors ate, and they died. But the one who eats this bread will live forever.” 59 He said these things while he was teaching in a synagogue at Capernaum.

The Words of Eternal Life

60 When many of his disciples heard it, they said, “This teaching is difficult; who can accept it?” 61 But Jesus, being aware that his disciples were complaining about it, said to them, “Does this offend you?(EX) 62 Then what if you were to see the Son of Man ascending to where he was before?(EY) 63 It is the spirit that gives life; the flesh is useless. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life. 64 But among you there are some who do not believe.” For Jesus knew from the beginning who were the ones who did not believe and who was the one who would betray him.(EZ) 65 And he said, “For this reason I have told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted by the Father.”(FA)

66 Because of this many of his disciples turned back and no longer went about with him. 67 So Jesus asked the twelve, “Do you also wish to go away?” 68 Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom can we go? You have the words of eternal life. 69 We have come to believe and know that you are the Holy One of God.”[bg](FB) 70 Jesus answered them, “Did I not choose you, the twelve? Yet one of you is a devil.”(FC) 71 He was speaking of Judas son of Simon Iscariot,[bh] for he, though one of the twelve, was going to betray him.

The Unbelief of Jesus’s Brothers

After this Jesus went about in Galilee. He did not wish to go about in Judea because the Jews were looking for an opportunity to kill him.(FD) Now the Jewish Festival of Booths[bi] was near.(FE) So his brothers said to him, “Leave here and go to Judea so that your disciples also may see the works you are doing,(FF) for no one who wants[bj] to be widely known acts in secret. If you do these things, show yourself to the world.” (For not even his brothers believed in him.)(FG) Jesus said to them, “My time has not yet come, but your time is always here.(FH) The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify against it that its works are evil.(FI) Go to the festival yourselves. I am not[bk] going to this festival, for my time has not yet fully come.” After saying this, he remained in Galilee.

Jesus at the Festival of Booths

10 But after his brothers had gone to the festival, then he also went, not publicly but, as it were,[bl] in secret. 11 The Jews were looking for him at the festival and saying, “Where is he?” 12 And there was considerable complaining about him among the crowds. While some were saying, “He is a good man,” others were saying, “No, he is deceiving the crowd.”(FJ) 13 Yet no one would speak openly about him for fear of the Jews.(FK)

14 About the middle of the festival Jesus went up into the temple and began to teach. 15 The Jews were astonished at it, saying, “How does this man have such learning, when he has never been taught?”(FL) 16 Then Jesus answered them, “My teaching is not mine but his who sent me.(FM) 17 Anyone who resolves to do the will of God will know whether the teaching is from God or whether I am speaking on my own.(FN) 18 Those who speak on their own seek their own glory, but the one who seeks the glory of him who sent him is true, and there is nothing unjust in him.(FO)

19 “Did not Moses give you the law? Yet none of you keeps the law. Why are you looking for an opportunity to kill me?”(FP) 20 The crowd answered, “You have a demon! Who is trying to kill you?”(FQ) 21 Jesus answered them, “I performed one work, and all of you are astonished. 22 Because of this Moses gave you circumcision (it is, of course, not from Moses but from the patriarchs), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath.(FR) 23 If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath in order that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me because I healed a man’s whole body on the Sabbath?(FS) 24 Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment.”(FT)

Is This the Christ?

25 Now some of the people of Jerusalem were saying, “Is not this the man whom they are trying to kill? 26 And here he is, speaking openly, but they say nothing to him! Can it be that the authorities really know that this is the Messiah?[bm] 27 Yet we know where this man is from, but when the Messiah[bn] comes no one will know where he is from.”(FU) 28 Then Jesus cried out as he was teaching in the temple, “You know me, and you know where I am from. I have not come on my own. But the one who sent me is true, and you do not know him.(FV) 29 I know him because I am from him, and he sent me.”(FW) 30 Then they tried to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him because his hour had not yet come.(FX) 31 Yet many in the crowd believed in him and were saying, “When the Messiah[bo] comes, will he do more signs than this man has done?”[bp](FY)

Officers Are Sent to Arrest Jesus

32 The Pharisees heard the crowd muttering such things about him, and the chief priests and Pharisees sent temple police to arrest him. 33 Jesus then said, “I will be with you a little while longer, and then I am going to him who sent me.(FZ) 34 You will search for me, but you will not find me, and where I am, you cannot come.”(GA) 35 The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we will not find him? Does he intend to go to the dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks?(GB) 36 What does he mean by saying, ‘You will search for me, but you will not find me’ and ‘Where I am, you cannot come’?”

Rivers of Living Water

37 On the last day of the festival, the great day, while Jesus was standing there, he cried out, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me,(GC) 38 and let the one who believes in me drink. As[bq] the scripture has said, ‘Out of the believer’s heart[br] shall flow rivers of living water.’ ”(GD) 39 Now he said this about the Spirit, which believers in him were to receive, for as yet there was no Spirit[bs] because Jesus was not yet glorified.(GE)

Division among the People

40 When they heard these words, some in the crowd said, “This is really the prophet.” 41 Others said, “This is the Messiah.”[bt] But some asked, “Surely the Messiah[bu] does not come from Galilee, does he?(GF) 42 Has not the scripture said that the Messiah[bv] is descended from David and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David lived?”(GG) 43 So there was a division in the crowd because of him. 44 Some of them wanted to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him.

The Unbelief of Those in Authority

45 Then the temple police went back to the chief priests and Pharisees, who asked them, “Why did you not arrest him?” 46 The police answered, “Never has anyone spoken like this!” 47 Then the Pharisees replied, “Surely you have not been deceived, too, have you? 48 Has any one of the authorities or of the Pharisees believed in him?(GH) 49 But this crowd, which does not know the law, they are accursed.” 50 Nicodemus, who had gone to Jesus[bw] before and who was one of them, asked, 51 “Our law does not judge people without first giving them a hearing to find out what they are doing, does it?”(GI) 52 They replied, “Surely you are not also from Galilee, are you? Search and you will see that no prophet is to arise from Galilee.”

The Woman Caught in Adultery

[[53 Then each of them went home, while Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. Early in the morning he came again to the temple. All the people came to him, and he sat down and began to teach them. The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and, making her stand before all of them, they said to him, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the very act of committing adultery. Now in the law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say?”(GJ) They said this to test him, so that they might have some charge to bring against him. Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. When they kept on questioning him, he straightened up and said to them, “Let anyone among you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone at her.”(GK) And once again he bent down and wrote on the ground. When they heard it, they went away, one by one, beginning with the elders, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him.(GL) 10 Jesus straightened up and said to her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?” 11 She said, “No one, sir.”[bx] And Jesus said, “Neither do I condemn you. Go your way, and from now on do not sin again.”]][by](GM)

Jesus the Light of the World

12 Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life.”(GN) 13 Then the Pharisees said to him, “You are testifying on your own behalf; your testimony is not valid.” 14 Jesus answered, “Even if I testify on my own behalf, my testimony is valid because I know where I have come from and where I am going, but you do not know where I come from or where I am going. 15 You judge by human standards;[bz] I judge no one. 16 Yet even if I do judge, my judgment is valid, for it is not I alone who judge but I and the Father[ca] who sent me. 17 In your law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is valid.(GO) 18 I testify on my own behalf, and the Father who sent me testifies on my behalf.”(GP) 19 Then they said to him, “Where is your Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither me nor my Father. If you knew me, you would know my Father also.”(GQ) 20 He spoke these words while he was teaching in the treasury of the temple, but no one arrested him, because his hour had not yet come.(GR)

Jesus Foretells His Death

21 Again he said to them, “I am going away, and you will search for me, but you will die in your sin. Where I am going, you cannot come.”(GS) 22 Then the Jews said, “Is he going to kill himself? Is that what he means by saying, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’?” 23 He said to them, “You are from below, I am from above; you are from this world, I am not from this world.(GT) 24 I told you that you would die in your sins, for you will die in your sins unless you believe that I am he.”[cb](GU) 25 They said to him, “Who are you?” Jesus said to them, “Why do I speak to you at all?[cc] 26 I have much to say about you and much to condemn, but the one who sent me is true, and I declare to the world what I have heard from him.”(GV) 27 They did not understand that he was speaking to them about the Father. 28 So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will realize that I am he[cd] and that I do nothing on my own, but I speak these things as the Father instructed me.(GW) 29 And the one who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for I always do what is pleasing to him.”(GX) 30 As he was saying these things, many believed in him.

True Disciples

31 Then Jesus said to the Jews who had believed in him, “If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples, 32 and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.”(GY) 33 They answered him, “We are descendants of Abraham and have never been slaves to anyone. What do you mean by saying, ‘You will be made free’?”(GZ)

34 Jesus answered them, “Very truly, I tell you, everyone who commits sin is a slave to sin.(HA) 35 The slave does not have a permanent place in the household; the son has a place there forever.(HB) 36 So if the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed. 37 I know that you are descendants of Abraham, yet you look for an opportunity to kill me because there is no place in you for my word. 38 I declare what I have seen in the Father’s presence; as for you, you should do what you have heard from the Father.”[ce](HC)

Jesus and Abraham

39 They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you are Abraham’s children, you would do[cf] what Abraham did,(HD) 40 but now you are trying to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. This is not what Abraham did. 41 You are indeed doing what your father does.” They said to him, “We are not illegitimate children; we have one Father, God himself.”(HE) 42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I came from God, and now I am here. I did not come on my own, but he sent me.(HF) 43 Why do you not understand what I say? It is because you cannot accept my word. 44 You are from your father the devil, and you choose to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.(HG) 45 But because I tell the truth, you do not believe me.[cg] 46 Which of you convicts me of sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe me? 47 Whoever is from God hears the words of God. The reason you do not hear them is that you are not from God.”(HH)

48 The Jews answered him, “Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?”(HI) 49 Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon, but I honor my Father, and you dishonor me. 50 Yet I do not seek my own glory; there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge.(HJ) 51 Very truly, I tell you, whoever keeps my word will never see death.”(HK) 52 The Jews said to him, “Now we know that you have a demon. Abraham died, and so did the prophets, yet you say, ‘Whoever keeps my word will never taste death.’(HL) 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? The prophets also died. Who do you claim to be?”(HM) 54 Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, he of whom you say, ‘He is our God,’(HN) 55 though you do not know him. But I know him; if I would say that I do not know him, I would be a liar like you. But I do know him, and I keep his word.(HO) 56 Your ancestor Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day; he saw it and was glad.”(HP) 57 Then the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?”[ch] 58 Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, before Abraham was, I am.”(HQ) 59 So they picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple.(HR)


  1. 1.4 Or through him. And without him not one thing came into being that has come into being. In him was life
  2. 1.9 Or He was the true light that enlightens everyone coming into the world
  3. 1.11 Or to his own home
  4. 1.14 Or the Father’s only Son
  5. 1.16 Or grace in place of grace
  6. 1.18 Other ancient authorities read is the only Son who
  7. 1.18 Gk bosom
  8. 1.20 Or the Christ
  9. 1.25 Or the Christ
  10. 1.34 Other ancient authorities read the Son of God
  11. 1.41 Or Christ
  12. 1.42 Gk him
  13. 1.42 Aramaic for rock
  14. 1.42 Greek for rock
  15. 1.51 Both instances of you in 1.51 are plural in Greek
  16. 2.4 Or What have you to do with me, woman?
  17. 3.2 Gk him
  18. 3.3 Or born anew
  19. 3.7 The Greek word for you here is plural
  20. 3.7 Or born anew
  21. 3.8 The same Greek word means both wind and spirit
  22. 3.11 The Greek word for you here and in 3.12 is plural
  23. 3.13 Other ancient authorities add who is in heaven
  24. 3.15 Some interpreters hold that the quotation concludes with 3.15
  25. 3.21 Some interpreters hold that the quotation concludes with 3.15
  26. 3.25 Other ancient authorities read the Jews
  27. 3.28 Or the Christ
  28. 3.30 Some interpreters hold that the quotation continues through 3.36
  29. 3.33 Gk set a seal to
  30. 4.1 Other ancient authorities read the Lord
  31. 4.9 Other ancient authorities lack this sentence
  32. 4.11 Or Lord
  33. 4.15 Or Lord
  34. 4.19 Or Lord
  35. 4.20 The Greek word for you is plural
  36. 4.21 The Greek word for you is plural
  37. 4.22 The Greek word for you is plural
  38. 4.22 The Greek word for you is plural
  39. 4.26 Gk I am
  40. 4.29 Or the Christ
  41. 4.36 Or . . . the fields are already ripe for harvesting. The reaper is receiving
  42. 4.48 Both instances of the Greek word for you in 4.48 are plural
  43. 4.49 Or Lord
  44. 4.50 Gk son lives
  45. 4.53 Gk son lives
  46. 5.2 That is, Aramaic
  47. 5.2 Other ancient authorities read Bethesda or Bethsaida
  48. 5.3 Other ancient authorities add, wholly or in part, waiting for the stirring of the water, for an angel of the Lord went down from time to time into the pool and stirred up the water; whoever stepped in first after the stirring of the water was made well from whatever disease that person had.
  49. 5.7 Or Lord
  50. 5.13 Or had left because of
  51. 5.19 Gk that one
  52. 5.42 Or among
  53. 5.44 Other manuscripts read the Only One
  54. 6.1 Gk of Galilee of Tiberias
  55. 6.10 Gk the men
  56. 6.20 Gk I am
  57. 6.33 Or he who
  58. 6.34 Or Lord
  59. 6.69 Other ancient authorities read the Christ, the Son of the living God
  60. 6.71 Other ancient authorities read Judas Iscariot son of Simon or Judas son of Simon from Karyot (Kerioth)
  61. 7.2 Or Tabernacles
  62. 7.4 Other ancient authorities read wants it
  63. 7.8 Other ancient authorities add yet
  64. 7.10 Other ancient authorities lack as it were
  65. 7.26 Or the Christ
  66. 7.27 Or the Christ
  67. 7.31 Or the Christ
  68. 7.31 Other ancient authorities read is doing
  69. 7.38 Or come to me and drink. The one who believes in me, as
  70. 7.38 Gk out of his belly
  71. 7.39 Other ancient authorities read for as yet the Spirit (others, Holy Spirit) had not been given
  72. 7.41 Or the Christ
  73. 7.41 Or the Christ
  74. 7.42 Or the Christ
  75. 7.50 Gk him
  76. 8.11 Or Lord
  77. 8.11 The most ancient authorities lack 7.53–8.11; other authorities add the passage here or after 7.36 or after 21.25 or after Luke 21.38, with variations of text; some mark the passage as doubtful.
  78. 8.15 Gk according to the flesh
  79. 8.16 Other ancient authorities read he
  80. 8.24 Gk I am
  81. 8.25 Or What I have told you from the beginning
  82. 8.28 Gk I am
  83. 8.38 Other ancient authorities read you do what you have heard from your father
  84. 8.39 Other ancient authorities read you were . . . you would do or you are . . . then do
  85. 8.45 Or You do not believe even though I tell the truth
  86. 8.57 Other ancient authorities read has Abraham seen you?