Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.[a](A)

“How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!”

Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit.(B) Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit[b] gives birth to spirit.(C) You should not be surprised at my saying, ‘You[c] must be born again.’

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Footnotes

  1. John 3:3 The Greek for again also means from above; also in verse 7.
  2. John 3:6 Or but spirit
  3. John 3:7 The Greek is plural.

38 Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized,(A) every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins.(B) And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.(C)

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19 Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out,(A) that times of refreshing may come from the Lord,

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12 Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to mankind by which we must be saved.”(A)

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24 and all are justified(A) freely by his grace(B) through the redemption(C) that came by Christ Jesus. 25 God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement,[a](D) through the shedding of his blood(E)—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished(F)

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 3:25 The Greek for sacrifice of atonement refers to the atonement cover on the ark of the covenant (see Lev. 16:15,16).

11 And that is what some of you were.(A) But you were washed,(B) you were sanctified,(C) you were justified(D) in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

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Made Alive in Christ

As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins,(A) in which you used to live(B) when you followed the ways of this world(C) and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air,(D) the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.(E) All of us also lived among them at one time,(F) gratifying the cravings of our flesh[a](G) and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature deserving of wrath. But because of his great love for us,(H) God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions(I)—it is by grace you have been saved.(J) And God raised us up with Christ(K) and seated us with him(L) in the heavenly realms(M) in Christ Jesus, in order that in the coming ages he might show the incomparable riches of his grace,(N) expressed in his kindness(O) to us in Christ Jesus. For it is by grace(P) you have been saved,(Q) through faith(R)—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works,(S) so that no one can boast.(T) 10 For we are God’s handiwork,(U) created(V) in Christ Jesus to do good works,(W) which God prepared in advance for us to do.

Jew and Gentile Reconciled Through Christ

11 Therefore, remember that formerly(X) you who are Gentiles by birth and called “uncircumcised” by those who call themselves “the circumcision” (which is done in the body by human hands)(Y) 12 remember that at that time you were separate from Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners(Z) to the covenants of the promise,(AA) without hope(AB) and without God in the world. 13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once(AC) were far away have been brought near(AD) by the blood of Christ.(AE)

14 For he himself is our peace,(AF) who has made the two groups one(AG) and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, 15 by setting aside in his flesh(AH) the law with its commands and regulations.(AI) His purpose was to create in himself one(AJ) new humanity out of the two, thus making peace, 16 and in one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross,(AK) by which he put to death their hostility.

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Footnotes

  1. Ephesians 2:3 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.

25 Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth,(A) 26 and that they will come to their senses and escape from the trap of the devil,(B) who has taken them captive to do his will.

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17 In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead.(A)

18 But someone will say, “You have faith; I have deeds.”

Show me your faith without deeds,(B) and I will show you my faith(C) by my deeds.(D) 19 You believe that there is one God.(E) Good! Even the demons believe that(F)—and shudder.

20 You foolish person, do you want evidence that faith without deeds is useless[a]?(G) 21 Was not our father Abraham considered righteous for what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar?(H) 22 You see that his faith and his actions were working together,(I) and his faith was made complete by what he did.(J) 23 And the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness,”[b](K) and he was called God’s friend.(L) 24 You see that a person is considered righteous by what they do and not by faith alone.

25 In the same way, was not even Rahab the prostitute considered righteous for what she did when she gave lodging to the spies and sent them off in a different direction?(M) 26 As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is dead.(N)

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Footnotes

  1. James 2:20 Some early manuscripts dead
  2. James 2:23 Gen. 15:6

11 And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life,(A) and this life is in his Son.(B) 12 Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life.(C)

Concluding Affirmations

13 I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God(D) so that you may know that you have eternal life.(E)

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And they sang a new song, saying:(A)

“You are worthy(B) to take the scroll
    and to open its seals,
because you were slain,
    and with your blood(C) you purchased(D) for God
    persons from every tribe and language and people and nation.(E)

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