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14 And just as Moses lifted up[a] the serpent in the desert, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,(A) 15 [b]so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.”

16 For God so loved the world that he gave[c] his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life.(B)

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  1. 3:14 Lifted up: in Nm 21:9, Moses simply “mounted” a serpent upon a pole. John here substitutes a verb implying glorification. Jesus, exalted to glory at his cross and resurrection, represents healing for all.
  2. 3:15 Eternal life: used here for the first time in John, this term stresses quality of life rather than duration.
  3. 3:16 Gave: as a gift in the incarnation, and also “over to death” in the crucifixion; cf. Rom 8:32.