1 Christ turneth water into Wine, 11 which was the beginning of his miracles. 12 He goeth down to Capernaum: 13 from thence he goeth up to Jerusalem, 15 and casteth the merchandise out of the Temple. 19 He foretelleth that the Temple, that is, his body shall be destroyed of the Jews. 23 Many believe in him, seeing the miracles which he did.

And [a]the [b]third day, was there a marriage in Cana a town of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.

And Jesus was called also, and his disciples unto the marriage.

[c]Now when the wine failed, the mother of Jesus said unto him, They have no wine.

Jesus said unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine [d]hour is not yet come.

His mother said unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.

And there were set there, six [e]waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three [f]firkins apiece.

And Jesus said unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. Then they filled them up to the brim.

Then he said unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. So they bare it.

Now when the governor of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, (for he knew not whence it was, but the servants, which drew the water, knew) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom,

10 And said unto him, All men at the beginning set forth good wine, and when men have [g]well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept back the good wine until now.

11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana a town of Galilee, and showed forth his glory: and his disciples believed on him.

12 After that, he went down into Capernaum, he and his mother, and his [h]brethren, and his disciples: but they continued not many days there.

13 [i]For the Jews’ Passover was at hand. Therefore Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

14 [j]And he found in the Temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves, and changers of money sitting there.

15 Then he made a scourge of small cords and drove them all out of the Temple with the sheep and oxen, and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew their tables,

16 And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence: make not my father’s house, an house of merchandise.

17 And his disciples remembered, that it was written, (A)The [k]zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.

18 [l]Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, What [m]sign showest thou unto us, that thou doest these things?

19 Jesus answered, and said unto them, (B)Destroy this Temple, and in three days I will raise it up again.

20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this Temple a building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?

21 But he spake of the [n]temple of his body.

22 As soon therefore as he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he thus said unto them: and they believed the Scriptures, and the word which Jesus had said.

23 Now when he was at Jerusalem at the Passover in the feast, many believed in his Name, when they saw his miracles which he did.

24 [o]But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew them all.

25 [p]And had no need that any should testify of man, for he knew what was in man.


  1. John 2:1 Christ declaring openly in an assembly by a notable miracle, that he hath power over the nature of things, to feed man’s body, leadeth the minds of all men, to his spiritual and saving virtue and power.
  2. John 2:1 After the talk which he had with Nathanael, or after that he departured from John, or after that he came into Galilee.
  3. John 2:3 Christ is careful enough of our salvation, and therefore hath no need of others to put him in mind of it.
  4. John 2:4 Mine appointed time.
  5. John 2:6 These were vessels appointed for water, wherein they washed themselves.
  6. John 2:6 Every firkin contained an hundred pounds, at twelve ounces the pound: Whereby we gather that Christ helped them with a thousand and eight hundred pounds of wine.
  7. John 2:10 Word for word, are drunken. Now this speech, to be drunken, is not always taken in evil part in the Hebrew tongue, but signifieth sometime such store, and plentiful use of wine, as doth not pass measure, as Gen. 43:34.
  8. John 2:12 That is, his cousins.
  9. John 2:13 Christ being made subject to the Law for us, satisfieth the Law of the Passover.
  10. John 2:14 Christ being ordained to purge the Church, doth with great zeal begin his office both of Priest and Prophet.
  11. John 2:17 Zeal in this place is taken for a wrathful indignation and displeasure of the mind, conceived of some naughty and evil dealing towards them whom we love well.
  12. John 2:18 Against them which so bind God to an ordinary calling which they themselves most shamefully abuse, that they will not admit an extraordinary, which God confirmeth from heaven, (and they although in vain would have it extinguished) unless it be sealed with outward and bodily miracles.
  13. John 2:18 With what miracle dost thou confirm it, that we may see that heavenly power and virtue, which giveth thee authority to speak and do thus?
  14. John 2:21 That is, of his body.
  15. John 2:24 It is not good crediting them, which stand only upon miracles.
  16. John 2:25 Christ is the searcher of hearts, and therefore true God.

Jesus Changes Water Into Wine

On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee.(A) Jesus’ mother(B) was there, and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.”

“Woman,[a](C) why do you involve me?”(D) Jesus replied. “My hour(E) has not yet come.”

His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”(F)

Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing,(G) each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.[b]

Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim.

Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.”

They did so, and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine.(H) He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.”

11 What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs(I) through which he revealed his glory;(J) and his disciples believed in him.(K)

12 After this he went down to Capernaum(L) with his mother(M) and brothers(N) and his disciples. There they stayed for a few days.

Jesus Clears the Temple Courts(O)

13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover,(P) Jesus went up to Jerusalem.(Q) 14 In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves,(R) and others sitting at tables exchanging money.(S) 15 So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. 16 To those who sold doves he said, “Get these out of here! Stop turning my Father’s house(T) into a market!” 17 His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.”[c](U)

18 The Jews(V) then responded to him, “What sign(W) can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?”(X)

19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”(Y)

20 They replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?” 21 But the temple he had spoken of was his body.(Z) 22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said.(AA) Then they believed the scripture(AB) and the words that Jesus had spoken.

23 Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival,(AC) many people saw the signs(AD) he was performing and believed(AE) in his name.[d] 24 But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all people. 25 He did not need any testimony about mankind,(AF) for he knew what was in each person.(AG)


  1. John 2:4 The Greek for Woman does not denote any disrespect.
  2. John 2:6 Or from about 75 to about 115 liters
  3. John 2:17 Psalm 69:9
  4. John 2:23 Or in him