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John 18:32-34 New English Translation (NET Bible)

32 (This happened[a] to fulfill the word Jesus had spoken when he indicated[b] what kind of death he was going to die.[c])

Pilate Questions Jesus

33 So Pilate went back into the governor’s residence,[d] summoned Jesus, and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”[e] 34 Jesus replied,[f] “Are you saying this on your own initiative,[g] or have others told you about me?”


  1. John 18:32 tn The words “This happened” are not in the Greek text but are implied.
  2. John 18:32 tn Or “making clear.”
  3. John 18:32 sn A reference to John 12:32.
  4. John 18:33 tn Grk “into the praetorium.”
  5. John 18:33 sn It is difficult to discern Pilate’s attitude when he asked, “Are you the king of the Jews?” Some have believed the remark to be sarcastic or incredulous as Pilate looked at this lowly and humble prisoner: “So youre the king of the Jews, are you?” Others have thought the Roman governor to have been impressed by Jesus’ regal disposition and dignity, and to have sincerely asked, “Are you really the king of the Jews?” Since it will later become apparent (v. 38) that Pilate considered Jesus innocent (and therefore probably also harmless) an attitude of incredulity is perhaps most likely, but this is far from certain in the absence of clear contextual clues.
  6. John 18:34 tn Grk “Jesus answered.”
  7. John 18:34 tn Grk “saying this from yourself.”
New English Translation (NET)

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