(A)In the beginning was (B)the Word, and the Word was (C)with God, and (D)the Word was God. [a]He was in the beginning with God. (E)All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him [b]not even one thing came into being that has come into being. (F)In Him was life, and the life was (G)the Light of mankind. And (H)the Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not [c]grasp it.

The Witness John the Baptist

A man [d]came, one sent from God, and his name was (I)John. [e]He came [f](J)as a witness, to testify about the Light, (K)so that all might believe through him. [g](L)He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

[h]This was (M)the true Light [i]that, coming into the world, enlightens every person. 10 He was in the world, and (N)the world came into being through Him, and yet the world did not [j]know Him. 11 He came to His [k]own, and His own people did not [l]accept Him. 12 But [m]as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become (O)children of God, (P)to those who [n]believe in His name, 13 (Q)who were [o]born, not of [p]blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of a man, but of God.

The Word Made Flesh

14 And (R)the Word (S)became flesh, and (T)dwelt among us; and (U)we saw His glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of (V)grace and (W)truth. 15 John *(X)testified about Him and called out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘(Y)He who is coming after me has proved to be [q]my superior, (Z)because He existed before me.’” 16 For of His (AA)fullness [r]we have all received, and [s]grace upon grace. 17 For (AB)the Law was given through Moses; (AC)grace and (AD)truth [t]were realized through Jesus Christ. 18 (AE)No one has seen God at any time; (AF)God the only Son, who is (AG)in the [u]arms of the Father, (AH)He has [v]explained Him.

The Testimony of John the Baptist

19 This is (AI)the testimony of John, when (AJ)the Jews sent priests and Levites to him (AK)from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 And he confessed and did not deny; and this is what he confessed: “(AL)I am not the [w]Christ.” 21 And so they asked him, “What then? Are you (AM)Elijah?” And he *said, “I am not.” “Are you (AN)the Prophet?” And he answered, “No.” 22 Then they said to him, “Who are you? Tell us, so that we may give an answer to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” 23 He said, “I am (AO)the voice of one calling [x]out in the wilderness, ‘Make the way of the Lord straight,’ as Isaiah the prophet said.”

24 And the messengers had been sent from the Pharisees. 25 They asked him, and said to him, “Why then are you baptizing, if you are not the [y]Christ, nor Elijah, nor (AP)the Prophet?” 26 John answered them, saying, “(AQ)I baptize [z]in water, but among you stands One whom you do not know. 27 It is (AR)He who comes after me, of whom I am not worthy even to untie the (AS)strap of His sandal.” 28 These things took place in Bethany (AT)beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing people.

29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him, and *said, “Behold, (AU)the Lamb of God who (AV)takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is He in behalf of whom I said, ‘(AW)After me is coming a Man who has proved to be [aa]my superior, (AX)because He existed before me.’ 31 And I did not recognize [ab]Him, but so that He would be revealed to Israel, I came baptizing [ac]in water.” 32 And John (AY)testified, saying, “(AZ)I have seen the Spirit descending as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him. 33 And I did not recognize [ad]Him, but He who sent me to baptize [ae]in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, (BA)this is the One who baptizes [af]in the Holy Spirit.’ 34 And I myself have seen, and have testified that this is (BB)the [ag]Son of God.”

Jesus’ Public Ministry; First Converts

35 Again (BC)the next day John was standing [ah]with two of his disciples, 36 and he looked at Jesus as He walked, and *said, “Behold, (BD)the Lamb of God!” 37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38 And Jesus turned and saw them following, and *said to them, “What are you seeking?” They said to Him, “(BE)Rabbi (which translated means Teacher), where are You staying?” 39 He *said to them, “Come, and you will see.” So they came and saw where He was staying, and they stayed with Him that day; it was about the [ai]tenth hour. 40 (BF)One of the two who heard John speak, and followed Him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. 41 He first *found his own brother Simon and *said to him, “We have found the (BG)Messiah” (which translated means [aj]Christ). 42 He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of [ak](BH)John; you shall be called (BI)Cephas” (which is translated [al](BJ)Peter).

43 (BK)The next day He [am]decided to go to (BL)Galilee, and He *found (BM)Philip. And Jesus *said to him, (BN)Follow Me.” 44 Now (BO)Philip was from (BP)Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 (BQ)Philip *found (BR)Nathanael and *said to him, “We have found Him of whom (BS)Moses wrote in the Law, and (BT)the prophets also wrote: Jesus (BU)the son of Joseph, from (BV)Nazareth!” 46 Nathanael said to him, “(BW)Can anything good be from Nazareth?” (BX)Philip *said to him, “Come and see.” 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him, and *said of him, “Here is truly an (BY)Israelite, in whom there is no deceit!” 48 Nathanael *said to Him, “How do You know me?” Jesus answered and said to him, “Before (BZ)Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.” 49 Nathanael answered Him, “(CA)Rabbi, You are (CB)the Son of God; You are the (CC)King of Israel!” 50 Jesus answered and said to him, “Because I said to you that I saw you under the fig tree, do you believe? You will see greater things than these.” 51 And He *said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see (CD)heaven opened and (CE)the angels of God ascending and descending on (CF)the Son of Man.”

Miracle at Cana

On (CG)the third day there was a wedding in (CH)Cana of Galilee, and the (CI)mother of Jesus was there; and both Jesus and His (CJ)disciples were invited to the wedding. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus *said to Him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus *said to her, [an](CK)What business do you have with Me, (CL)woman? (CM)My hour has not yet come.” His (CN)mother *said to the servants, “Whatever He tells you, do it.” Now there were six stone waterpots standing there (CO)for the Jewish custom of purification, containing [ao]two or three measures each. Jesus *said to them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” So they filled them up to the brim. And He *said to them, “Draw some out now and take it to the [ap]headwaiter.” And they took it to him. Now when the headwaiter tasted the water (CP)which had become wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the headwaiter *called the groom, 10 and *said to him, “Every man serves the good wine first, and when the guests (CQ)are drunk, then he serves the poorer wine; but you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 This beginning of His [aq](CR)signs Jesus did in Cana of (CS)Galilee, and revealed His (CT)glory; and His disciples believed in Him.

12 After this He went down to (CU)Capernaum, He and His (CV)mother, and His (CW)brothers and His (CX)disciples; and they stayed there a few days.

First Passover—Cleansing the Temple

13 (CY)The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus (CZ)went up to Jerusalem. 14 (DA)And within the temple grounds He found those who were selling oxen, sheep, and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a whip of [ar]cords, and drove them all out of the temple area, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables; 16 and to those who were selling (DB)the doves He said, “Take these things away from here; stop making (DC)My Father’s house a [as]place of business!” 17 His (DD)disciples remembered that it was written: “(DE)Zeal for Your house will consume me.” 18 (DF)The Jews then said to Him, “(DG)What sign do You show us [at]as your authority for doing these things?” 19 Jesus answered them, (DH)Destroy this [au]temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 (DI)The Jews then said, “It took (DJ)forty-six years to build this [av]temple, and yet You will raise it up in three days?” 21 But He was speaking about (DK)the [aw]temple of His body. 22 So when He was raised from the dead, His (DL)disciples (DM)remembered that He said this; and they believed (DN)the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.

23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at (DO)the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name as they (DP)observed His signs which He was doing. 24 But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, because (DQ)He knew all people, 25 and because He did not need anyone to testify about mankind, (DR)for He Himself knew what was in mankind.

The New Birth

Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named (DS)Nicodemus, a (DT)ruler of the Jews; this man came to [ax]Jesus at night and said to Him, “(DU)Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these [ay](DV)signs that You do unless (DW)God is with him.” Jesus responded and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless someone (DX)is born [az]again he cannot see (DY)the kingdom of God.”

Nicodemus *said to Him, “How can a person be born when he is old? He cannot enter his mother’s womb a second time and be born, can he?” Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless someone is born of (DZ)water and the Spirit, he cannot enter (EA)the kingdom of God. (EB)That which has been born of the flesh is flesh, and that which has been born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must be born [ba]again.’ (EC)The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it is coming from and where it is going; so is everyone who has been born of the Spirit.”

Nicodemus responded and said to Him, “How can these things be?” 10 Jesus answered and said to him, “You are (ED)the teacher of Israel, and yet you do not understand these things? 11 Truly, truly, I say to you, (EE)we speak of what we know and (EF)testify of what we have seen, and (EG)you people do not accept our testimony. 12 If I told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 (EH)No one has ascended into heaven, except (EI)He who descended from heaven: (EJ)the Son of Man. 14 And just as (EK)Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must (EL)the Son of Man (EM)be lifted up, 15 so that everyone who [bb]believes will (EN)have eternal life in Him.

16 “For God so (EO)loved the world, that He (EP)gave His (EQ)only Son, so that everyone who (ER)believes in Him will not perish, but have eternal life. 17 For God (ES)did not send the Son into the world (ET)to judge the world, but so that the world might be saved through Him. 18 (EU)The one who believes in Him is not judged; the one who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of (EV)the only Son of God. 19 And this is the judgment, that (EW)the Light has come into the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the Light; for (EX)their deeds were evil. 20 (EY)For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light, so that his deeds will not be exposed. 21 But the one who (EZ)practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds will be revealed [bc]as having been performed in God.”

John the Baptist’s Last Testimony

22 After these things Jesus and His (FA)disciples came into the land of Judea; and there He was spending time with them and (FB)baptizing. 23 Now John also was baptizing in Aenon, near Salim, because there was an abundance of water there; and people were coming and being baptized— 24 for (FC)John had not yet been thrown into prison.

25 Then a matter of dispute developed on the part of John’s disciples with a Jew about [bd](FD)purification. 26 And they came to John and said to him, “(FE)Rabbi, He who was with you (FF)beyond the Jordan, to whom you (FG)have testified—behold, He is baptizing and all the people are coming to Him.” 27 John replied, “(FH)A person can receive not even one thing unless it (FI)has been given to him from heaven. 28 You yourselves [be]are my witnesses that I said, ‘(FJ)I am not the [bf]Christ,’ but, ‘I have been sent ahead of Him.’ 29 He who has the bride is (FK)the groom; but the friend of the groom, who stands and listens to him, rejoices greatly because of the groom’s voice. So this (FL)joy of mine has been made full. 30 He must [bg]increase, but I must [bh]decrease.

31 (FM)He who comes from above is above all; (FN)the one who is only from the earth is of the earth and speaks of the earth. (FO)He who comes from heaven is above all. 32 What He has seen and heard, of this He (FP)testifies; and (FQ)no one accepts His testimony. 33 The one who has accepted His testimony (FR)has certified that God is true. 34 For He whom God (FS)sent speaks the words of God; (FT)for He does not give the Spirit [bi]sparingly. 35 (FU)The Father loves the Son and (FV)has entrusted all things to His hand. 36 The one who (FW)believes in the Son has eternal life; but the one who (FX)does not [bj]obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.”


  1. John 1:2 Lit This one
  2. John 1:3 One early ms nothing came into
  3. John 1:5 Or overpower
  4. John 1:6 Or came into being
  5. John 1:7 Lit This one
  6. John 1:7 Lit for testimony
  7. John 1:8 Lit That one; i.e., John
  8. John 1:9 I.e., the Word, Christ
  9. John 1:9 Or that enlightens every person coming into the world
  10. John 1:10 Or acknowledge
  11. John 1:11 Or own things, possessions, domain
  12. John 1:11 Or receive
  13. John 1:12 Or all who received
  14. John 1:12 Or trust in
  15. John 1:13 Or fathered
  16. John 1:13 Lit bloods
  17. John 1:15 Lit before me
  18. John 1:16 Lit we all received
  19. John 1:16 Lit grace for grace
  20. John 1:17 Lit came to be
  21. John 1:18 Lit chest; or possibly lap
  22. John 1:18 I.e., given a detailed account of
  23. John 1:20 I.e., Messiah
  24. John 1:23 Or out, In the wilderness make the way
  25. John 1:25 I.e., Messiah
  26. John 1:26 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  27. John 1:30 Lit before me
  28. John 1:31 I.e., as the Messiah
  29. John 1:31 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  30. John 1:33 I.e., as the Messiah
  31. John 1:33 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  32. John 1:33 The Gr here can be translated in, with, or by
  33. John 1:34 One early ms Chosen One of
  34. John 1:35 Lit and
  35. John 1:39 I.e., about 4 p.m.
  36. John 1:41 Gr Anointed One
  37. John 1:42 Gr Joannes
  38. John 1:42 I.e., Rock or Stone in Gr
  39. John 1:43 Or resolved
  40. John 2:4 Lit What to Me and to you (an ancient idiom)
  41. John 2:6 About 18 or 27 gallons each; or 68 or 102 liters
  42. John 2:8 I.e., manager of the banquet
  43. John 2:11 I.e., confirming miracles
  44. John 2:15 Or pieces of rope
  45. John 2:16 Lit house
  46. John 2:18 Lit that You do these
  47. John 2:19 Or sanctuary
  48. John 2:20 Or sanctuary
  49. John 2:21 Or sanctuary
  50. John 3:2 Lit Him
  51. John 3:2 I.e., confirming miracles
  52. John 3:3 Or from above
  53. John 3:7 Or from above
  54. John 3:15 Or believes in Him will have eternal life
  55. John 3:21 Lit that they have been
  56. John 3:25 I.e., ceremonial washing
  57. John 3:28 Lit testify for me
  58. John 3:28 I.e., Messiah
  59. John 3:30 Or become greater
  60. John 3:30 Or become less important
  61. John 3:34 Lit from measure
  62. John 3:36 I.e., in belief

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