Eliphaz Speaks: The Innocent Prosper

Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:

“If one ventures a word with you, will you be impatient?
    Yet who can keep from speaking?
Behold, you have instructed many,
    and you have (A)strengthened the weak hands.
Your words have upheld him who was stumbling,
    and you have (B)made firm the feeble knees.
But now it has come to you, and you are impatient;
    it touches you, and you are dismayed.
(C)Is not your fear of God[a] your (D)confidence,
    and the integrity of your ways your hope?

“Remember: (E)who that was innocent ever perished?
    Or where were the upright cut off?
As I have seen, those who (F)plow iniquity
    and sow trouble reap the same.
By (G)the breath of God they perish,
    and by (H)the blast of his anger they are consumed.
10 The roar of the lion, the voice of the fierce lion,
    (I)the teeth of the young lions are broken.
11 The strong lion perishes for lack of prey,
    and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

12 “Now a word was brought to me stealthily;
    my ear received (J)the whisper of it.
13 Amid (K)thoughts from (L)visions of the night,
    when (M)deep sleep falls on men,
14 dread came upon me, and trembling,
    which made all my bones shake.
15 A spirit glided past my face;
    the hair of my flesh stood up.
16 It stood still,
    but I could not discern its appearance.
(N)A form was before my eyes;
    there was silence, then I heard (O)a voice:
17 (P)‘Can mortal man be in the right before[b] God?
    Can a man be pure before his Maker?
18 Even in his servants (Q)he puts no trust,
    and his angels he charges with error;
19 how much more those who dwell in houses of (R)clay,
    whose foundation is in (S)the dust,
    who are crushed like[c] (T)the moth.
20 Between (U)morning and evening they are beaten to pieces;
    they perish forever (V)without anyone regarding it.
21 Is not their tent-cord plucked up within them,
    (W)do they not die, and that without wisdom?’

“Call now; is there anyone who will answer you?
    To which of (X)the holy ones will you turn?
Surely vexation kills the fool,
    and jealousy slays the simple.
(Y)I have seen the fool taking root,
    but suddenly I cursed his dwelling.
His children are (Z)far from safety;
    they are crushed in (AA)the gate,
    and there is no one to deliver them.
The hungry eat his harvest,
    and he takes it even out of thorns,[d]
    and the thirsty pant[e] after his[f] wealth.
For affliction does not come from the dust,
    nor does trouble sprout from the ground,
but man is (AB)born to trouble
    as the sparks fly upward.

“As for me, I would seek God,
    and to God would I commit my cause,
who (AC)does great things and (AD)unsearchable,
    (AE)marvelous things without number:
10 he gives (AF)rain on the earth
    and sends waters on the fields;
11 he (AG)sets on high those who are lowly,
    and those who mourn are lifted to safety.
12 He (AH)frustrates the devices of the crafty,
    so that their hands achieve no success.
13 He (AI)catches the wise in their own craftiness,
    and the schemes of the wily are brought to a quick end.
14 They meet with darkness in the daytime
    and (AJ)grope at noonday as in the night.
15 But he (AK)saves the needy from the sword of their mouth
    and from the hand of the mighty.
16 So the poor have hope,
    and (AL)injustice shuts her mouth.

17 “Behold, (AM)blessed is the one whom God reproves;
    therefore (AN)despise not the discipline of the (AO)Almighty.
18 For he wounds, but he (AP)binds up;
    he (AQ)shatters, but his hands heal.
19 He will (AR)deliver you from six troubles;
    in seven no (AS)evil[g] shall touch you.
20 (AT)In famine he will redeem you from death,
    and in war from the power of the sword.
21 You shall be (AU)hidden from the lash of the tongue,
    and shall not fear destruction when it comes.
22 At destruction and famine you shall laugh,
    and shall not fear (AV)the beasts of the earth.
23 For you shall be in league with the stones of the field,
    and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with you.
24 You shall know that your (AW)tent is at peace,
    and you shall inspect your fold and miss nothing.
25 You shall know also that your (AX)offspring shall be many,
    and your descendants as (AY)the grass of the earth.
26 You shall come to your grave in (AZ)ripe old age,
    like a sheaf gathered up in its season.
27 Behold, this we have (BA)searched out; it is true.
    Hear, and know it for your good.”[h]

Job Replies: My Complaint Is Just

Then Job answered and said:

“Oh that my vexation were weighed,
    and all my calamity laid in the balances!
For then it would be heavier than (BB)the sand of the sea;
    therefore my words have been rash.
For (BC)the arrows of the Almighty are in me;
    my spirit drinks their poison;
    the terrors of God are arrayed against me.
Does the wild donkey bray when he has grass,
    or the ox low over his fodder?
Can that which is tasteless be eaten without salt,
    or is there any taste in the juice of the mallow?[i]
My appetite refuses to touch them;
    they are as food that is loathsome to me.[j]

“Oh that I might have my request,
    and that God would fulfill my hope,
that it would (BD)please God to crush me,
    that he would let loose his hand and cut me off!
10 This would be my comfort;
    I would even exult[k] in pain (BE)unsparing,
    for I have not denied the words of (BF)the Holy One.
11 What is my strength, that I should wait?
    And what is my end, that I should be patient?
12 Is my strength the strength of stones, or is my flesh bronze?
13 Have I any help in me,
    when resource is driven from me?

14 “He who (BG)withholds[l] kindness from a (BH)friend
    forsakes the fear of the Almighty.
15 My (BI)brothers are (BJ)treacherous as a torrent-bed,
    as torrential (BK)streams that pass away,
16 which are dark with ice,
    and where the snow hides itself.
17 When they melt, they disappear;
    when it is hot, they vanish from their place.
18 The caravans turn aside from their course;
    they go up into (BL)the waste and perish.
19 The caravans of (BM)Tema look,
    the travelers of (BN)Sheba hope.
20 They are (BO)ashamed because they were confident;
    they come there and are (BP)disappointed.
21 For you have now become nothing;
    you see my calamity and are afraid.
22 Have I said, ‘Make me a gift’?
    Or, ‘From your wealth offer a bribe for me’?
23 Or, ‘Deliver me from the adversary's hand’?
    Or, ‘Redeem me from the hand of (BQ)the ruthless’?

24 “Teach me, and I will be silent;
    make me understand how I have gone astray.
25 How forceful are upright words!
    But what does reproof from you reprove?
26 Do you think that you can reprove words,
    when the speech of a despairing man is (BR)wind?
27 You would even (BS)cast lots over the fatherless,
    and bargain over your friend.

28 “But now, be pleased to look at me,
    for I will not lie to your face.
29 (BT)Please turn; let no injustice be done.
    Turn now; my vindication is at stake.
30 Is there any injustice on my tongue?
    Cannot my palate discern the cause of calamity?

Job Continues: My Life Has No Hope

“Has not man (BU)a hard service on earth,
    and are not his (BV)days like the days of a hired hand?
Like a slave who longs for (BW)the shadow,
    and like (BX)a hired hand who looks for his (BY)wages,
so I am allotted months of (BZ)emptiness,
    (CA)and nights of misery are apportioned to me.
(CB)When I lie down I say, ‘When shall I arise?’
    But the night is long,
    and I am full of tossing till the dawn.
My flesh is clothed with (CC)worms and (CD)dirt;
    my skin hardens, then (CE)breaks out afresh.
My days are (CF)swifter than (CG)a weaver's shuttle
    and come to their end without hope.

“Remember that my life is a (CH)breath;
    my eye will never again see good.
(CI)The eye of him who sees me will behold me no more;
    while your eyes are on me, (CJ)I shall be gone.
As (CK)the cloud fades and vanishes,
    so he who (CL)goes down to Sheol does not come up;
10 he (CM)returns no more to his house,
    nor does his (CN)place know him anymore.

11 “Therefore I will not (CO)restrain my mouth;
    I will speak in the anguish of my spirit;
    I will (CP)complain in (CQ)the bitterness of my soul.
12 Am I the sea, or (CR)a sea monster,
    that you set a guard over me?
13 (CS)When I say, ‘My bed will comfort me,
    my couch will ease my complaint,’
14 then you scare me with dreams
    and terrify me with visions,
15 so that I would choose strangling
    and death rather than my (CT)bones.
16 I (CU)loathe my life; I would not live forever.
    (CV)Leave me alone, for my days are (CW)a breath.
17 (CX)What is man, that you make so much of him,
    and that you set your heart on him,
18 (CY)visit him every morning
    and (CZ)test him every moment?
19 How long will you not (DA)look away from me,
    nor leave me alone till I swallow my spit?
20 If I sin, what do I do to you, you watcher of mankind?
    Why have you made me (DB)your mark?
    Why have I become a burden to you?
21 Why do you not pardon my transgression
    and take away my iniquity?
For now I shall lie in (DC)the earth;
    you will (DD)seek me, (DE)but I shall not be.”


  1. Job 4:6 Hebrew lacks of God
  2. Job 4:17 Or more than; twice in this verse
  3. Job 4:19 Or before
  4. Job 5:5 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  5. Job 5:5 Aquila, Symmachus, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew could be read as and the snare pants
  6. Job 5:5 Hebrew their
  7. Job 5:19 Or disaster
  8. Job 5:27 Hebrew for yourself
  9. Job 6:6 The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
  10. Job 6:7 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  11. Job 6:10 The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
  12. Job 6:14 Syriac, Vulgate (compare Targum); the meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain

18 I thank God that I speak in tongues more than all of you. 19 Nevertheless, in church I would rather speak five words with my mind in order to instruct others, than ten thousand words in a tongue.

20 Brothers, (A)do not be children in your thinking. (B)Be infants in evil, but in your thinking be (C)mature. 21 (D)In the Law it is written, (E)“By people of strange tongues and by the lips of foreigners will I speak to this people, and even then they will not listen to me, says the Lord.” 22 Thus tongues are a sign not for believers but for unbelievers, while prophecy is a sign[a] not for unbelievers but for believers. 23 If, therefore, the whole church comes together and all speak in tongues, and outsiders or unbelievers enter, (F)will they not say that you are out of your minds? 24 But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or outsider enters, he is convicted by all, he is called to account by all, 25 (G)the secrets of his heart are disclosed, and so, (H)falling on his face, he will worship God and (I)declare that God is really among you.

Orderly Worship

26 What then, brothers? When you come together, each one has (J)a hymn, (K)a lesson, (L)a revelation, (M)a tongue, or (N)an interpretation. (O)Let all things be done for building up. 27 If any speak in (P)a tongue, let there be only two or at most three, and each in turn, and let someone interpret. 28 But if there is no one to interpret, let each of them keep silent in church and speak to himself and to God. 29 Let two or three prophets speak, and let the others (Q)weigh what is said. 30 If a revelation is made to another sitting there, (R)let the first be silent. 31 For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and all be encouraged, 32 and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets. 33 For God is not a God of (S)confusion but of peace.

As in (T)all the churches of the saints, 34 (U)the women should keep silent in the churches. For they are not permitted to speak, but (V)should be in submission, as (W)the Law also says. 35 If there is anything they desire to learn, let them ask their husbands at home. For it is shameful for a woman to speak in church.

36 Or was it from you that the word of God came? Or are you the only ones it has reached? 37 (X)If anyone thinks that he is a prophet, or spiritual, he should acknowledge that the things I am writing to you are a command of the Lord. 38 If anyone does not recognize this, he is not recognized. 39 So, my brothers, (Y)earnestly desire to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. 40 (Z)But all things should be done decently and (AA)in order.

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  1. 1 Corinthians 14:22 Greek lacks a sign

30 The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom,
    and his tongue speaks justice.
31 (A)The law of his God is in his heart;
    his (B)steps do not slip.

32 The wicked (C)watches for the righteous
    and seeks to put him to death.
33 The Lord will not (D)abandon him to his power
    or let him (E)be condemned when he is brought to trial.

34 (F)Wait for the Lord and keep his way,
    and he will exalt you to inherit the land;
    you will look on (G)when the wicked are cut off.

35 (H)I have seen a wicked, ruthless man,
    spreading himself like (I)a green laurel tree.[a]
36 But he passed away,[b] and behold, (J)he was no more;
    though I sought him, he could not be found.

37 Mark the blameless and behold the upright,
    for there is a future for the man of (K)peace.
38 But (L)transgressors shall be altogether destroyed;
    the future of the wicked (M)shall be cut off.

39 (N)The salvation of the righteous is from the Lord;
    he is their stronghold in (O)the time of trouble.
40 The Lord helps them and (P)delivers them;
    (Q)he delivers them from the wicked and saves them,
    because they (R)take refuge in him.

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  1. Psalm 37:35 The identity of this tree is uncertain
  2. Psalm 37:36 Or But one passed by

27 (A)The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination;
    how much more (B)when he brings it with evil intent.

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