God Continues to Challenge Job

39 “Do you know the time when the wild (A)mountain goats bear young?
Or can you mark when (B)the deer gives birth?
Can you number the months that they fulfill?
Or do you know the time when they bear young?
They bow down,
They bring forth their young,
They deliver their [a]offspring.
Their young ones are healthy,
They grow strong with grain;
They depart and do not return to them.

“Who set the wild donkey free?
Who loosed the bonds of the [b]onager,
(C)Whose home I have made the wilderness,
And the [c]barren land his dwelling?
He scorns the tumult of the city;
He does not heed the shouts of the driver.
The range of the mountains is his pasture,
And he searches after (D)every green thing.

“Will the (E)wild ox be willing to serve you?
Will he bed by your manger?
10 Can you bind the wild ox in the furrow with ropes?
Or will he plow the valleys behind you?
11 Will you trust him because his strength is great?
Or will you leave your labor to him?
12 Will you trust him to bring home your [d]grain,
And gather it to your threshing floor?

13 “The wings of the ostrich wave proudly,
But are her wings and pinions like the kindly stork’s?
14 For she leaves her eggs on the ground,
And warms them in the dust;
15 She forgets that a foot may crush them,
Or that a wild beast may break them.
16 She (F)treats her young harshly, as though they were not hers;
Her labor is in vain, without [e]concern,
17 Because God deprived her of wisdom,
And did not (G)endow her with understanding.
18 When she lifts herself on high,
She scorns the horse and its rider.

19 “Have you given the horse strength?
Have you clothed his neck with [f]thunder?
20 Can you [g]frighten him like a locust?
His majestic snorting strikes terror.
21 He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength;
(H)He gallops into the clash of arms.
22 He mocks at fear, and is not frightened;
Nor does he turn back from the sword.
23 The quiver rattles against him,
The glittering spear and javelin.
24 He devours the distance with fierceness and rage;
Nor does he come to a halt because the trumpet has sounded.
25 At the blast of the trumpet he says, ‘Aha!’
He smells the battle from afar,
The thunder of captains and shouting.

26 “Does the hawk fly by your wisdom,
And spread its wings toward the south?
27 Does the (I)eagle mount up at your command,
And (J)make its nest on high?
28 On the rock it dwells and resides,
On the crag of the rock and the stronghold.
29 From there it spies out the prey;
Its eyes observe from afar.
30 Its young ones suck up blood;
And (K)where the slain are, there it is.

God’s Power and Wisdom

40 Moreover the Lord (L)answered Job, and said:

“Shall (M)the one who contends with the Almighty correct Him?
He who (N)rebukes God, let him answer it.”

Job’s Response to God

Then Job answered the Lord and said:

“Behold,(O) I am vile;
What shall I answer You?
(P)I lay my hand over my mouth.
Once I have spoken, but I will not answer;
Yes, twice, but I will proceed no further.”

God’s Challenge to Job

(Q)Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said:

“Now(R) [h]prepare yourself like a man;
(S)I will question you, and you shall answer Me:

“Would(T) you indeed [i]annul My judgment?
Would you condemn Me that you may be justified?
Have you an arm like God?
Or can you thunder with (U)a voice like His?
10 (V)Then adorn yourself with majesty and splendor,
And array yourself with glory and beauty.
11 Disperse the rage of your wrath;
Look on everyone who is proud, and humble him.
12 Look on everyone who is (W)proud, and bring him low;
Tread down the wicked in their place.
13 Hide them in the dust together,
Bind their faces in hidden darkness.
14 Then I will also confess to you
That your own right hand can save you.

15 “Look now at the [j]behemoth, which I made along with you;
He eats grass like an ox.
16 See now, his strength is in his hips,
And his power is in his stomach muscles.
17 He moves his tail like a cedar;
The sinews of his thighs are tightly knit.
18 His bones are like beams of bronze,
His ribs like bars of iron.
19 He is the first of the (X)ways of God;
Only He who made him can bring near His sword.
20 Surely the mountains (Y)yield food for him,
And all the beasts of the field play there.
21 He lies under the lotus trees,
In a covert of reeds and marsh.
22 The lotus trees cover him with their shade;
The willows by the brook surround him.
23 Indeed the river may rage,
Yet he is not disturbed;
He is confident, though the Jordan gushes into his mouth,
24 Though he takes it in his eyes,
Or one pierces his nose with a snare.

God’s Power in the Leviathan

41 “Can you draw out (Z)Leviathan[k] with a hook,
Or snare his tongue with a line which you lower?
Can you (AA)put a reed through his nose,
Or pierce his jaw with a [l]hook?
Will he make many supplications to you?
Will he speak softly to you?
Will he make a covenant with you?
Will you take him as a servant forever?
Will you play with him as with a bird,
Or will you leash him for your maidens?
Will your companions [m]make a banquet of him?
Will they apportion him among the merchants?
Can you fill his skin with harpoons,
Or his head with fishing spears?
Lay your hand on him;
Remember the battle—
Never do it again!
Indeed, any hope of overcoming him is false;
Shall one not be overwhelmed at the sight of him?
10 No one is so fierce that he would dare stir him up.
Who then is able to stand against Me?
11 (AB)Who has preceded Me, that I should pay him?
(AC)Everything under heaven is Mine.

12 “I will not [n]conceal his limbs,
His mighty power, or his graceful proportions.
13 Who can [o]remove his outer coat?
Who can approach him with a double bridle?
14 Who can open the doors of his face,
With his terrible teeth all around?
15 His rows of [p]scales are his pride,
Shut up tightly as with a seal;
16 One is so near another
That no air can come between them;
17 They are joined one to another,
They stick together and cannot be parted.
18 His sneezings flash forth light,
And his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.
19 Out of his mouth go burning lights;
Sparks of fire shoot out.
20 Smoke goes out of his nostrils,
As from a boiling pot and burning rushes.
21 His breath kindles coals,
And a flame goes out of his mouth.
22 Strength dwells in his neck,
And [q]sorrow dances before him.
23 The folds of his flesh are joined together;
They are firm on him and cannot be moved.
24 His heart is as hard as stone,
Even as hard as the lower millstone.
25 When he raises himself up, the mighty are afraid;
Because of his crashings they [r]are beside themselves.
26 Though the sword reaches him, it cannot avail;
Nor does spear, dart, or javelin.
27 He regards iron as straw,
And bronze as rotten wood.
28 The arrow cannot make him flee;
Slingstones become like stubble to him.
29 Darts are regarded as straw;
He laughs at the threat of javelins.
30 His undersides are like sharp potsherds;
He spreads pointed marks in the mire.
31 He makes the deep boil like a pot;
He makes the sea like a pot of ointment.
32 He leaves a shining wake behind him;
One would think the deep had white hair.
33 On earth there is nothing like him,
Which is made without fear.
34 He beholds every high thing;
He is king over all the children of pride.”

Job’s Repentance and Restoration

42 Then Job answered the Lord and said:

“I know that You (AD)can do everything,
And that no purpose of Yours can be withheld from You.
You asked, (AE)‘Who is this who hides counsel without knowledge?’
Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand,
(AF)Things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.
Listen, please, and let me speak;
You said, (AG)‘I will question you, and you shall answer Me.’

“I have (AH)heard of You by the hearing of the ear,
But now my eye sees You.
Therefore I (AI)abhor[s] myself,
And repent in dust and ashes.”

And so it was, after the Lord had spoken these words to Job, that the Lord said to Eliphaz the Temanite, “My wrath is aroused against you and your two friends, for you have not spoken of Me what is right, as My servant Job has. Now therefore, take for yourselves (AJ)seven bulls and seven rams, (AK)go to My servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and My servant Job shall (AL)pray for you. For I will accept [t]him, lest I deal with you according to your folly; because you have not spoken of Me what is right, as My servant Job has.

So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went and did as the Lord commanded them; for the Lord had [u]accepted Job. 10 (AM)And the Lord [v]restored Job’s losses when he prayed for his friends. Indeed the Lord gave Job (AN)twice as much as he had before. 11 Then (AO)all his brothers, all his sisters, and all those who had been his acquaintances before, came to him and ate food with him in his house; and they consoled him and comforted him for all the adversity that the Lord had brought upon him. Each one gave him a piece of silver and each a ring of gold.

12 Now the Lord blessed (AP)the latter days of Job more than his beginning; for he had (AQ)fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, one thousand yoke of oxen, and one thousand female donkeys. 13 (AR)He also had seven sons and three daughters. 14 And he called the name of the first [w]Jemimah, the name of the second [x]Keziah, and the name of the third [y]Keren-Happuch. 15 In all the land were found no women so beautiful as the daughters of Job; and their father gave them an inheritance among their brothers.

16 After this Job (AS)lived one hundred and forty years, and saw his children and grandchildren for four generations. 17 So Job died, old and (AT)full of days.


  1. Job 39:3 Lit. pangs
  2. Job 39:5 A species of wild donkey
  3. Job 39:6 Lit. salt land
  4. Job 39:12 Lit. seed
  5. Job 39:16 Lit. fear
  6. Job 39:19 Or a mane
  7. Job 39:20 make him spring
  8. Job 40:7 Lit. gird up your loins
  9. Job 40:8 nullify
  10. Job 40:15 A large animal, exact identity unknown
  11. Job 41:1 A large sea creature, exact identity unknown
  12. Job 41:2 thorn
  13. Job 41:6 Or bargain over him
  14. Job 41:12 Lit. keep silent about
  15. Job 41:13 Lit. take off the face of his garment
  16. Job 41:15 Lit. shields
  17. Job 41:22 despair
  18. Job 41:25 Or purify themselves
  19. Job 42:6 despise
  20. Job 42:8 Lit. his face
  21. Job 42:9 Lit. lifted up the face of Job
  22. Job 42:10 Lit. turned the captivity of Job, what was captured from Job
  23. Job 42:14 Lit. Handsome as the Day
  24. Job 42:14 Cassia, a fragrance
  25. Job 42:14 Lit. The Horn of Color or The Colorful Ray

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