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Job 18-20 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Chapter 18

Bildad’s Second Speech. Then Bildad the Shuhite answered and said:

When will you put an end to words?
    Reflect, and then we can have discussion.
Why are we accounted like beasts,
    equal to them in your sight?
You who tear yourself in your anger—
    shall the earth be neglected on your account
    or the rock be moved out of its place?
Truly, the light of the wicked is extinguished;
    the flame of his fire casts no light.
In his tent light is darkness;
    the lamp above him goes out.
His vigorous steps are hemmed in,
    his own counsel casts him down.
A net catches him by the feet,
    he wanders into a pitfall.
A trap seizes him by the heel,
    a snare lays hold of him.
10 A noose is hidden for him on the ground,
    a netting for him on the path.
11 On every side terrors frighten him;
    they harry him at each step.
12 His strength is famished,
    disaster is ready at his side,
13 His skin is eaten to the limbs,
    the firstborn of Death[a] eats his limbs.
14 He is plucked from the security of his tent;
    and marched off to the king of terrors.[b]
15 Fire lodges in his tent,
    over his abode brimstone is scattered.
16 Below, his roots dry up,
    and above, his branches wither.
17 His memory perishes from the earth,
    and he has no name in the countryside.
18 He is driven from light into darkness,
    and banished from the world.
19 He has neither offshoot nor offspring among his people,
    no survivor where once he dwelt.
20 Those who come after shall be appalled at his fate;
    those who went before are seized with horror.
21 So is it then with the dwelling of the impious;
    such is the place of the one who does not know God!

Chapter 19

Job’s Fifth Reply. [c]Then Job answered and said:

How long will you afflict my spirit,
    grind me down with words?
These ten times you have humiliated me,
    have assailed me without shame!
Even if it were true that I am at fault,
    my fault would remain with me;
If truly you exalt yourselves at my expense,
    and use my shame as an argument against me,
Know then that it is God who has dealt unfairly with me,
    and compassed me round with his net.
If I cry out “Violence!” I am not answered.
    I shout for help, but there is no justice.
He has barred my way and I cannot pass;
    veiled my path in darkness;
He has stripped me of my glory,
    taken the diadem from my brow.
10 He breaks me down on every side, and I am gone;
    he has uprooted my hope like a tree.
11 He has kindled his wrath against me;
    he counts me one of his enemies.
12 His troops advance as one;
    they build up their road to attack me,
    encamp around my tent.
13 My family has withdrawn from me,
    my friends are wholly estranged.
14 My relatives and companions neglect me,
    my guests have forgotten me.
15 Even my maidservants consider me a stranger;
    I am a foreigner in their sight.
16 I call my servant, but he gives no answer,
    though I plead aloud with him.
17 My breath is abhorrent to my wife;
    I am loathsome to my very children.
18 Even young children despise me;
    when I appear, they speak against me.
19 All my intimate friends hold me in horror;
    those whom I loved have turned against me!
20 My bones cling to my skin,
    and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.[d]
21 Pity me, pity me, you my friends,
    for the hand of God has struck me!
22 Why do you pursue me like God,
    and prey insatiably upon me?
23 Oh, would that my words were written down!
    Would that they were inscribed in a record:[e]
24 That with an iron chisel and with lead
    they were cut in the rock forever!
25 As for me, I know that my vindicator lives,[f]
    and that he will at last stand forth upon the dust.
26 This will happen when my skin has been stripped off,
    and from my flesh I will see God:
27 I will see for myself,
    my own eyes, not another’s, will behold him:
    my inmost being is consumed with longing.
28 But you who say, “How shall we persecute him,
    seeing that the root of the matter is found in him?”
29 Be afraid of the sword for yourselves,
    for your anger is a crime deserving the sword;
    that you may know that there is a judgment.

Chapter 20

Zophar’s Second Speech. Then Zophar the Naamathite answered and said:

So now my thoughts provide an answer for me,
    because of the feelings within me.
A rebuke that puts me to shame I hear,
    and from my understanding a spirit gives me a reply.
Do you not know this: from of old,
    since human beings were placed upon the earth,
The triumph of the wicked is short
    and the joy of the impious but for a moment?
Though his pride mount up to the heavens
    and his head reach to the clouds,
Yet he perishes forever like the dung he uses for fuel,
    and onlookers say, “Where is he?”
Like a dream he takes flight and cannot be found;
    he fades away like a vision of the night.
The eye which saw him does so no more;
    nor shall his dwelling again behold him.
10 His sons will restore to the poor,
    and his hands will yield up his riches.
11 Though his bones are full of youthful vigor,
    it shall lie with him in the dust.
12 Though wickedness is sweet in his mouth,
    and he hides it under his tongue,
13 Though he retains it and will not let it go
    but keeps it still within his mouth,
14 Yet in his stomach the food shall turn;
    it shall be venom of asps inside him.
15 The riches he swallowed he shall vomit up;
    God shall make his belly disgorge them.
16 The poison of asps he shall drink in;
    the viper’s fangs shall slay him.
17 He shall see no streams of oil,[g]
    no torrents of honey or milk.
18 He shall give back his gains, never used;
    like his profit from trade, never enjoyed.
19 Because he has oppressed and neglected the poor,
    and stolen a house he did not build;
20 For he has known no quiet in his greed,
    in his treasure he cannot save himself.
21 None of his survivors will consume it,
    therefore his prosperity shall not endure.
22 When he has more than enough, distress shall be his,
    every sort of trouble shall come upon him.
23 When he has filled his belly,
    God shall send against him the fury of his wrath
    and rain down his missiles upon him.
24 Should he escape an iron weapon,
    a bronze bow shall pierce him through;
25 The dart shall come out of his back,
    a shining point out of his gall-bladder:
    terrors fall upon him.
26 Complete darkness is in store for his treasured ones;
    a fire unfanned shall consume him;
    any survivor in his tent shall be destroyed.
27 The heavens shall reveal his guilt,
    and the earth rise up against him.
28 The flood shall sweep away his house,
    torrents in the day of God’s anger.
29 This is the portion of the wicked,
    the heritage appointed him by God.[h]


  1. 18:13 Firstborn of Death: that is, disease, plague.
  2. 18:14 The king of terrors: of Sheol, of Death (cf. the “terrors” in v. 11). However, the Hebrew of this verse is obscure.
  3. 19:1 Job continues railing against his friends (vv. 2–5), and describing God’s savage attack in words reminiscent of 16:9–17.
  4. 19:20 Skin of my teeth: although the metaphor is not clear, this has become a proverbial expression for a narrow escape. It does not fit Job’s situation here.
  5. 19:23–24 What Job is about to say is so important that he wants it recorded in a permanent manner.
  6. 19:25–27 The meaning of this passage is obscure because the original text has been poorly preserved and the ancient versions do not agree among themselves. Job asserts three times that he shall see a future vindicator (Hebrew goel), but he leaves the time and manner of this vindication undefined. The Vulgate translation has Job indicating a belief in resurrection after death, but the Hebrew and the other ancient versions are less specific.
  7. 20:17 Oil: olive oil, one of the main agricultural products of ancient Palestine, a land proverbially rich in honey and milk; see Ex 3:8; etc.
  8. 20:29 Zophar ends his lecture in the style of Bildad (cf. 18:19) with a summary appraisal of what he has been saying about the fate of the wicked.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

Wisdom 8:11-21 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

11 I shall become keen in judgment,
    and shall be a marvel before rulers.
12 They will wait while I am silent and listen when I speak;
    and when I shall speak the more,
    they will put their hands upon their mouths.[a]
13 Because of her I shall have immortality
    and leave to those after me an everlasting memory.
14 I shall govern peoples, and nations will be my subjects—
15     tyrannical princes, hearing of me, will be afraid;
    in the assembly I shall appear noble, and in war courageous.
16 Entering my house, I shall take my repose beside her;
For association with her involves no bitterness
    and living with her no grief,
    but rather joy and gladness.

Wisdom Is a Gift of God

17 Reflecting on these things,
    and considering in my heart
That immortality lies in kinship with Wisdom,
18     great delight in love of her,
    and unfailing riches in the works of her hands;
And that in associating with her there is prudence,
    and fair renown in sharing her discourses,
    I went about seeking to take her for my own.
19 [b]Now, I was a well-favored child,
    and I came by a noble nature;
20     or rather, being noble, I attained an unblemished body.
21 And knowing that I could not otherwise possess her unless God gave it—
    and this, too, was prudence, to know whose gift she is—
I went to the Lord and besought him,
    and said with all my heart:


  1. 8:12 Hands upon their mouths: a sign of respect for unanswerable wisdom; cf. Jb 40:4.
  2. 8:19–20 Here the author mentions first bodily, then spiritual, excellence. To make it plain that the latter is the governing factor in the harmonious development of the human person, he then reverses the order. The Platonic doctrine of the pre-existence of the soul is often read into these lines, but such an anthropology does not seem to be the intent of the author (cf. 7:1–6). Verse 20 appears to rule out any misunderstanding of v. 19. Verse 21 emphasizes that he did not bring talent to his “birth”; his wisdom is the gift of God.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

Luke 21 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Chapter 21

The Poor Widow’s Contribution.[a] When he looked up he saw some wealthy people putting their offerings into the treasury and he noticed a poor widow putting in two small coins. He said, “I tell you truly, this poor widow put in more than all the rest; for those others have all made offerings from their surplus wealth, but she, from her poverty, has offered her whole livelihood.”

The Destruction of the Temple Foretold. [b]While some people were speaking about how the temple was adorned with costly stones and votive offerings, he said, “All that you see here—the days will come when there will not be left a stone upon another stone that will not be thrown down.”

The Signs of the End. Then they asked him, “Teacher, when will this happen? And what sign will there be when all these things are about to happen?” He answered, “See that you not be deceived, for many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he,’ and ‘The time has come.’[c] Do not follow them! When you hear of wars and insurrections, do not be terrified; for such things must happen first, but it will not immediately be the end.” 10 Then he said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11 There will be powerful earthquakes, famines, and plagues from place to place; and awesome sights and mighty signs will come from the sky.

The Coming Persecution. 12 “Before all this happens,[d] however, they will seize and persecute you, they will hand you over to the synagogues and to prisons, and they will have you led before kings and governors because of my name. 13 It will lead to your giving testimony. 14 Remember, you are not to prepare your defense beforehand, 15 for I myself shall give you a wisdom in speaking[e] that all your adversaries will be powerless to resist or refute. 16 You will even be handed over by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends, and they will put some of you to death. 17 You will be hated by all because of my name, 18 but not a hair on your head will be destroyed. 19 By your perseverance you will secure your lives.

The Great Tribulation.[f] 20 “When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, know that its desolation is at hand. 21 Then those in Judea must flee to the mountains. Let those within the city escape from it, and let those in the countryside not enter the city, 22 for these days are the time of punishment when all the scriptures are fulfilled. 23 Woe to pregnant women and nursing mothers in those days, for a terrible calamity will come upon the earth and a wrathful judgment upon this people. 24 They will fall by the edge of the sword and be taken as captives to all the Gentiles; and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles[g] are fulfilled.

The Coming of the Son of Man. 25 “There will be signs in the sun, the moon, and the stars, and on earth nations will be in dismay, perplexed by the roaring of the sea and the waves. 26 People will die of fright in anticipation of what is coming upon the world, for the powers of the heavens[h] will be shaken. 27 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28 But when these signs begin to happen, stand erect and raise your heads because your redemption is at hand.”

The Lesson of the Fig Tree. 29 He taught them a lesson. “Consider the fig tree and all the other trees. 30 When their buds burst open, you see for yourselves and know that summer is now near; 31 in the same way, when you see these things happening, know that the kingdom of God is near. 32 Amen, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken place. 33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.

Exhortation to Be Vigilant. 34 “Beware that your hearts do not become drowsy from carousing and drunkenness and the anxieties of daily life, and that day catch you by surprise 35 like a trap. For that day will assault everyone who lives on the face of the earth. 36 Be vigilant at all times and pray that you have the strength to escape the tribulations that are imminent and to stand before the Son of Man.”

Ministry in Jerusalem. 37 During the day, Jesus was teaching in the temple area, but at night he would leave and stay at the place called the Mount of Olives. 38 And all the people would get up early each morning to listen to him in the temple area.


  1. 21:1–4 The widow is another example of the poor ones in this gospel whose detachment from material possessions and dependence on God leads to their blessedness (Lk 6:20). Her simple offering provides a striking contrast to the pride and pretentiousness of the scribes denounced in the preceding section (Lk 20:45–47). The story is taken from Mk 12:41–44.
  2. 21:5–36 Jesus’ eschatological discourse in Luke is inspired by Mk 13 but Luke has made some significant alterations to the words of Jesus found there. Luke maintains, though in a modified form, the belief in the early expectation of the end of the age (see Lk 21:27, 28, 31, 32, 36), but, by focusing attention throughout the gospel on the importance of the day-to-day following of Jesus and by reinterpreting the meaning of some of the signs of the end from Mk 13 he has come to terms with what seemed to the early Christian community to be a delay of the parousia. Mark, for example, described the desecration of the Jerusalem temple by the Romans (Mk 13:14) as the apocalyptic symbol (see Dn 9:27; 12:11) accompanying the end of the age and the coming of the Son of Man. Luke (Lk 21:20–24), however, removes the apocalyptic setting and separates the historical destruction of Jerusalem from the signs of the coming of the Son of Man by a period that he refers to as “the times of the Gentiles” (Lk 21:24). See also notes on Mt 24:1–36 and Mk 13:1–37.
  3. 21:8 The time has come: in Luke, the proclamation of the imminent end of the age has itself become a false teaching.
  4. 21:12 Before all this happens…: to Luke and his community, some of the signs of the end just described (Lk 21:10–11) still lie in the future. Now in dealing with the persecution of the disciples (Lk 21:12–19) and the destruction of Jerusalem (Lk 21:20–24) Luke is pointing to eschatological signs that have already been fulfilled.
  5. 21:15 A wisdom in speaking: literally, “a mouth and wisdom.”
  6. 21:20–24 The actual destruction of Jerusalem by Rome in A.D. 70 upon which Luke and his community look back provides the assurance that, just as Jesus’ prediction of Jerusalem’s destruction was fulfilled, so too will be his announcement of their final redemption (Lk 21:27–28).
  7. 21:24 The times of the Gentiles: a period of indeterminate length separating the destruction of Jerusalem from the cosmic signs accompanying the coming of the Son of Man.
  8. 21:26 The powers of the heavens: the heavenly bodies mentioned in Lk 21:25 and thought of as cosmic armies.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.


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