Job Replies: The Lord Has Done This

12 Then Job answered and said:

“No doubt you are the people,
    and wisdom will die with you.
But I have (A)understanding as well as you;
    I am not inferior to you.
    Who does not know (B)such things as these?
I am (C)a laughingstock to my friends;
    I, who (D)called to God and he answered me,
    a just and blameless man, am a laughingstock.
In the thought of one who is (E)at ease there is contempt for misfortune;
    it is ready for those whose feet slip.
(F)The tents of robbers are at peace,
    and those who provoke God are secure,
    who bring their god in their hand.[a]

“But ask the beasts, and they will teach you;
    the birds of the heavens, and they will tell you;
or the bushes of the earth, and they will teach you;[b]
    and the fish of the sea will declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
    that (G)the hand of the Lord has done this?
10 In (H)his hand is the life of every living thing
    and the breath of all mankind.
11 Does not (I)the ear test words
    as the palate tastes food?
12 Wisdom is with (J)the aged,
    and understanding in length of days.

13 (K)“With God[c] are wisdom and might;
    he has counsel and understanding.
14 If he tears down, none can rebuild;
    if he (L)shuts a man in, none can open.
15 If he (M)withholds the waters, they dry up;
    if he (N)sends them out, they overwhelm the land.
16 With him are strength and (O)sound wisdom;
    the deceived and the deceiver are his.
17 He leads (P)counselors away stripped,
    and (Q)judges he makes fools.
18 He (R)looses the bonds of kings
    and binds a waistcloth on their hips.
19 He leads priests away stripped
    and overthrows the mighty.
20 He deprives of speech those who are trusted
    (S)and takes away the discernment of the elders.
21 He (T)pours contempt on princes
    and loosens the belt of the strong.
22 He (U)uncovers the deeps out of darkness
    and brings (V)deep darkness to light.
23 He (W)makes nations great, and he destroys them;
    he enlarges nations, and (X)leads them away.
24 He takes away understanding from the chiefs of the people of the earth
    and (Y)makes them wander in a trackless waste.
25 They (Z)grope in the dark without light,
    and he makes them (AA)stagger like a drunken man.

Job Continues: Still I Will Hope in God

13 “Behold, my eye has seen all this,
    my ear has heard and understood it.
(AB)What you know, I also know;
    I am not inferior to you.
(AC)But I would speak to the Almighty,
    and I desire to (AD)argue my case with God.
As for you, (AE)you whitewash with lies;
    (AF)worthless physicians are you all.
Oh that you would (AG)keep silent,
    and it would be your wisdom!
Hear now my argument
    and listen to the pleadings of my lips.
Will you (AH)speak falsely for God
    and speak (AI)deceitfully for him?
Will you show partiality toward him?
    Will you (AJ)plead the case for God?
Will it be well with you when he (AK)searches you out?
    Or (AL)can you deceive him, as one deceives a man?
10 He will surely rebuke you
    if in secret you show partiality.
11 Will not his (AM)majesty terrify you,
    and the dread of him fall upon you?
12 Your maxims are proverbs of (AN)ashes;
    your defenses are defenses of clay.

13 “Let me have silence, and I will speak,
    and let come on me what may.
14 Why should I take my flesh in my teeth
    and (AO)put my life in my hand?
15 (AP)Though he slay me, I will (AQ)hope in him;[d]
    yet I will (AR)argue my ways to his face.
16 This will be my salvation,
    that the godless shall not come before him.
17 (AS)Keep listening to my words,
    and let my declaration be in your ears.
18 Behold, I have (AT)prepared my case;
    I know that I shall be in the right.
19 (AU)Who is there who will contend with me?
    For then I would be silent and die.
20 Only grant me two things,
    then I will not (AV)hide myself from your face:
21 (AW)withdraw your hand far from me,
    and let not (AX)dread of you terrify me.
22 (AY)Then call, and I will answer;
    or let me speak, and you reply to me.
23 How many are my iniquities and my sins?
    (AZ)Make me know my transgression and my sin.
24 Why (BA)do you hide your face
    and (BB)count me as your enemy?
25 Will you frighten (BC)a driven leaf
    and pursue dry (BD)chaff?
26 For you (BE)write bitter things against me
    and make me inherit (BF)the iniquities of my youth.
27 You put my feet in (BG)the stocks
    and (BH)watch all my paths;
    you set a limit for[e] the soles of my feet.
28 Man[f] wastes away like (BI)a rotten thing,
    like a garment that is (BJ)moth-eaten.

Job Continues: Death Comes Soon to All

14 “Man who is (BK)born of a woman
    is (BL)few of days and (BM)full of trouble.
He comes out like (BN)a flower and (BO)withers;
    he flees like (BP)a shadow and continues not.
And do you (BQ)open your eyes on such a one
    and (BR)bring me into judgment with you?
Who can bring (BS)a clean thing out of an unclean?
    There is not one.
Since his (BT)days are determined,
    and (BU)the number of his months is with you,
    and you have appointed his limits that he cannot pass,
(BV)look away from him and leave him alone,[g]
    that he may enjoy, like (BW)a hired hand, his day.

“For there is hope for a tree,
    if it be cut down, that it will sprout again,
    and that its shoots will not cease.
Though its root grow old in the earth,
    and (BX)its stump die in the soil,
yet at the scent of water it will bud
    and put out (BY)branches like a young plant.
10 But a man dies and is laid low;
    man breathes his last, and (BZ)where is he?
11 (CA)As waters fail from a lake
    and a river wastes away and dries up,
12 so a man lies down and rises not again;
    till (CB)the heavens are no more he will not awake
    or be (CC)roused out of his sleep.
13 Oh that you would (CD)hide me in (CE)Sheol,
    that you would (CF)conceal me (CG)until your wrath be past,
    that you would appoint me a set time, and remember me!
14 If a man dies, shall he live again?
    All the days of my (CH)service I would (CI)wait,
    till my renewal[h] should come.
15 You would (CJ)call, and I would answer you;
    you would long for the (CK)work of your hands.
16 For then you would (CL)number my steps;
    you would not keep (CM)watch over my sin;
17 my transgression would be (CN)sealed up in a bag,
    and you would cover over my iniquity.

18 “But the mountain falls and (CO)crumbles away,
    and (CP)the rock is removed from its place;
19 the waters wear away the stones;
    the torrents wash away the soil of the earth;
    so you destroy the hope of man.
20 You prevail forever against him, and he passes;
    you change his countenance, and send him away.
21 His sons come to honor, and he (CQ)does not know it;
    they are brought low, and he perceives it not.
22 He feels only the pain of his own body,
    and he mourns only for himself.”

Eliphaz Accuses: Job Does Not Fear God

15 Then (CR)Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:

“Should (CS)a wise man answer with (CT)windy knowledge,
    and fill his (CU)belly with (CV)the east wind?
Should he argue in unprofitable talk,
    or in words with which he can do no good?
But you are doing away with the fear of God[i]
    and hindering meditation before God.
For your iniquity teaches your mouth,
    and you choose the tongue of the crafty.
Your (CW)own mouth condemns you, and not I;
    (CX)your own lips testify against you.

(CY)“Are you the first man who was born?
    Or (CZ)were you brought forth (DA)before the hills?
Have you listened in (DB)the council of God?
    And do you limit wisdom to yourself?
(DC)What do you know that we do not know?
    What do you understand that is not clear to us?
10 (DD)Both the gray-haired and the aged are among us,
    older than your father.
11 Are the comforts of God too small for you,
    or the word that deals gently with you?
12 Why does your heart carry you away,
    and why do your eyes flash,
13 that you turn your (DE)spirit against God
    and bring such words out of your mouth?
14 (DF)What is man, (DG)that he can be pure?
    Or he who is (DH)born of a woman, that he can be righteous?
15 Behold, God[j] (DI)puts no trust in his (DJ)holy ones,
    and the heavens are not pure in his sight;
16 (DK)how much less one who is abominable and (DL)corrupt,
    a man who (DM)drinks injustice like water!

17 “I will show you; hear me,
    and what I have seen I will declare
18 (what wise men have told,
    without hiding it (DN)from their fathers,
19 to whom alone the land was given,
    and no (DO)stranger passed among them).
20 The wicked man writhes in pain all his days,
    through all the (DP)years that are laid up for (DQ)the ruthless.
21 (DR)Dreadful sounds are in his ears;
    in (DS)prosperity the destroyer will come upon him.
22 He does not believe that he will return out of darkness,
    and he is marked for the sword.
23 He (DT)wanders abroad for bread, saying, ‘Where is it?’
    He knows that a day of darkness is ready at his hand;
24 distress and anguish terrify him;
    they (DU)prevail against him, like a king ready for battle.
25 Because he has stretched out his hand against God
    and defies the Almighty,
26 (DV)running (DW)stubbornly against him
    with a thickly bossed shield;
27 because he has (DX)covered his face with his fat
    and gathered fat upon his waist
28 and has lived in desolate cities,
    in houses that none should inhabit,
    which were ready to become heaps of ruins;
29 he will not be rich, and his wealth will not endure,
    nor will his possessions spread over the earth;[k]
30 he will not depart from darkness;
    the flame will dry up his shoots,
    and by (DY)the breath of his mouth he will depart.
31 Let him not (DZ)trust in emptiness, deceiving himself,
    for emptiness will be his payment.
32 It will be paid in full (EA)before his time,
    and his branch will not be green.
33 He will shake off his unripe grape like the vine,
    and cast off his blossom like the olive tree.
34 For (EB)the company of the godless is barren,
    and (EC)fire consumes the tents of bribery.
35 They (ED)conceive trouble and give birth to evil,
    and their (EE)womb prepares deceit.”


  1. Job 12:6 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  2. Job 12:8 Or or speak to the earth, and it will teach you
  3. Job 12:13 Hebrew him
  4. Job 13:15 Or Behold, he will slay me; I have no hope
  5. Job 13:27 Or you marked
  6. Job 13:28 Hebrew He
  7. Job 14:6 Probable reading; Hebrew look away from him, that he may cease
  8. Job 14:14 Or relief
  9. Job 15:4 Hebrew lacks of God
  10. Job 15:15 Hebrew he
  11. Job 15:29 Or nor will his produce bend down to the earth

29 Otherwise, what do people mean by being baptized on behalf of the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why are people baptized on their behalf? 30 Why are we (A)in danger every hour? 31 I protest, brothers, by (B)my pride in you, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, (C)I die every day! 32 What do I gain if, humanly speaking, (D)I fought with beasts at Ephesus? If the dead are not raised, (E)“Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.” 33 (F)Do not be deceived: (G)“Bad company ruins good morals.”[a] 34 (H)Wake up from your drunken stupor, as is right, and do not go on sinning. For (I)some have no knowledge of God. (J)I say this to your shame.

The Resurrection Body

35 But someone will ask, (K)“How are the dead raised? With what kind of body do they come?” 36 You foolish person! (L)What you sow does not come to life unless it dies. 37 And what you sow is not the body that is to be, but a bare kernel, perhaps of wheat or of some other grain. 38 But God gives it a body as he has chosen, and to each kind of seed its own body. 39 For not all flesh is the same, but there is one kind for humans, another for animals, another for birds, and another for fish. 40 There are heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the glory of the heavenly is of one kind, and the glory of the earthly is of another. 41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for star differs from star in glory.

42 (M)So is it with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable. 43 It is sown in dishonor; (N)it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it is raised in power. 44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 Thus it is written, (O)“The first man Adam became a living being”;[b] (P)the last Adam became a (Q)life-giving spirit. 46 But it is not the spiritual that is first but the natural, and then the spiritual. 47 (R)The first man was from the earth, (S)a man of dust; (T)the second man is from heaven. 48 As was the man of dust, so also are those who are of the dust, and as is the man of heaven, (U)so also are those who are of heaven. 49 Just (V)as we have borne the image of the man of dust, (W)we shall[c] also bear the image of the man of heaven.

Mystery and Victory

50 I tell you this, brothers: (X)flesh and blood (Y)cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Behold! I tell you a mystery. (Z)We shall not all sleep, (AA)but we shall all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For (AB)the trumpet will sound, and (AC)the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. 53 For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and (AD)this mortal body must put on immortality. 54 When the perishable puts on the imperishable, and the mortal puts on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written:

(AE)“Death is swallowed up in victory.”
55 (AF)“O death, where is your victory?
    O death, where is your sting?”

56 The sting of death is sin, and (AG)the power of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to God, (AH)who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

58 (AI)Therefore, my beloved brothers, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in (AJ)the work of the Lord, knowing that in the Lord (AK)your labor is not in vain.

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  1. 1 Corinthians 15:33 Probably from Menander's comedy Thais
  2. 1 Corinthians 15:45 Greek a living soul
  3. 1 Corinthians 15:49 Some manuscripts let us

What Is the Measure of My Days?

To the choirmaster: to (A)Jeduthun. A Psalm of David.

39 I said, “I will (B)guard my ways,
    that I (C)may not sin with my tongue;
I will (D)guard my mouth with a muzzle,
    so long as the wicked are in my presence.”
I was (E)mute and silent;
    I held my peace to no avail,
and my distress grew worse.
    My (F)heart became hot within me.
As I mused, the fire burned;
    then I spoke with my tongue:

“O Lord, (G)make me know my end
    and what is the measure of my days;
    let me know how fleeting I am!
Behold, you have made my days a few handbreadths,
    and (H)my lifetime is as nothing before you.
Surely (I)all mankind stands as a mere breath! Selah
    Surely a man (J)goes about as a shadow!
Surely for nothing[a] they are in turmoil;
    man (K)heaps up wealth and does not know who will gather!

“And now, O Lord, for what do I wait?
    (L)My hope is in you.
Deliver me from all my transgressions.
    (M)Do not make me the scorn of the fool!
(N)I am mute; I do not open my mouth,
    (O)for it is you who have done it.
10 (P)Remove your stroke from me;
    I am spent by the hostility of your hand.
11 When you discipline a man
    with (Q)rebukes for sin,
you (R)consume like a (S)moth what is dear to him;
    (T)surely all mankind is a mere breath! Selah

12 (U)“Hear my prayer, O Lord,
    and give ear to my cry;
    hold not your peace at my tears!
For I am (V)a sojourner with you,
    (W)a guest, like all my fathers.
13 (X)Look away from me, that I may smile again,
    (Y)before I depart and (Z)am no more!”

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  1. Psalm 39:6 Hebrew Surely as a breath

30 (A)No wisdom, no understanding, no counsel
    can avail against the Lord.
31 (B)The horse is made ready for the day of battle,
    but (C)the victory belongs to the Lord.

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