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Job 1-3 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

I. Prologue

Chapter 1

Job’s Piety. In the land of Uz[a] there was a blameless and upright man named Job, who feared God and avoided evil. Seven sons and three daughters were born to him; and he had seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, five hundred she-donkeys, and a very large household, so that he was greater than anyone in the East.[b] His sons used to take turns giving feasts, sending invitations to their three sisters to eat and drink with them. And when each feast had run its course, Job would send for them and sanctify them, rising early and offering sacrifices for every one of them. For Job said, “It may be that my children have sinned and cursed[c] God in their hearts.” Job did this habitually.

The Interview Between the Lord and the Satan. One day, when the sons of God[d] came to present themselves before the Lord, the satan also came among them. The Lord said to the satan, “Where have you been?” Then the satan answered the Lord and said, “Roaming the earth and patrolling it.” The Lord said to the satan, “Have you noticed my servant Job? There is no one on earth like him, blameless and upright, fearing God and avoiding evil.” The satan answered the Lord and said, “Is it for nothing that Job is God-fearing? 10 Have you not surrounded him and his family and all that he has with your protection? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his livestock are spread over the land. 11 But now put forth your hand and touch all that he has, and surely he will curse you to your face.” 12 The Lord said to the satan, “Very well, all that he has is in your power; only do not lay a hand on him.” So the satan went forth from the presence of the Lord.

The First Trial. 13 One day, while his sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in the house of their eldest brother, 14 a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys grazing beside them, 15 and the Sabeans[e] carried them off in a raid. They put the servants to the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 16 He was still speaking when another came and said, “God’s fire has fallen from heaven and struck the sheep and the servants and consumed them; I alone have escaped to tell you.” 17 He was still speaking when another came and said, “The Chaldeans[f] formed three columns, seized the camels, carried them off, and put the servants to the sword; I alone have escaped to tell you.” 18 He was still speaking when another came and said, “Your sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in the house of their eldest brother, 19 and suddenly a great wind came from across the desert and smashed the four corners of the house. It fell upon the young people and they are dead; I alone have escaped to tell you.”

Job’s Reaction. 20 Then Job arose and tore his cloak and cut off his hair. He fell to the ground and worshiped. 21 He said,

“Naked I came forth from my mother’s womb,
    and naked shall I go back there.[g]
The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away;
    blessed be the name of the Lord!”

22 In all this Job did not sin, nor did he charge God with wrong.

Chapter 2

The Second Interview. One day, when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, the satan also came with them. The Lord said to the satan, “Where have you been?” Then the satan answered the Lord and said, “Roaming the earth and patrolling it.” The Lord said to the satan, “Have you noticed my servant Job? There is no one on earth like him, blameless and upright, fearing God and avoiding evil. He still holds fast to his innocence although you incited me against him to ruin him for nothing.” The satan answered the Lord and said, “Skin for skin![h] All that a man has he will give for his life. But put forth your hand and touch his bone and his flesh. Then surely he will curse you to your face.” And the Lord said to the satan, “He is in your power; only spare his life.”

The Second Trial. So the satan went forth from the presence of the Lord and struck Job with severe boils from the soles of his feet to the crown of his head.

Job’s Reaction. He took a potsherd to scrape himself, as he sat among the ashes. Then his wife said to him, “Are you still holding to your innocence? Curse God and die!”[i] 10 But he said to her, “You speak as foolish women do. We accept good things from God; should we not accept evil?” Through all this, Job did not sin in what he said.

Job’s Three Friends. 11 Now when three of Job’s friends heard of all the misfortune that had come upon him, they set out each one from his own place: Eliphaz from Teman,[j] Bildad from Shuh, and Zophar from Naamath. They met and journeyed together to give him sympathy and comfort. 12 But when, at a distance, they lifted up their eyes and did not recognize him, they began to weep aloud; they tore their cloaks and threw dust into the air over their heads. 13 Then they sat down upon the ground with him seven days and seven nights, but none of them spoke a word to him; for they saw how great was his suffering.

II. First Cycle of Speeches

Chapter 3

Job’s Complaint. After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed his day.[k] Job spoke out and said:

Perish the day on which I was born,
    the night when they said, “The child is a boy!”
May that day be darkness:
    may God[l] above not care for it,
    may light not shine upon it!
May darkness and gloom claim it,
    clouds settle upon it,
    blackness of day[m] affright it!
May obscurity seize that night;
    may it not be counted among the days of the year,
    nor enter into the number of the months!
May that night be barren;
    let no joyful outcry greet it!
Let them curse it who curse the Sea,
    those skilled at disturbing Leviathan![n]
May the stars of its twilight be darkened;
    may it look for daylight, but have none,
    nor gaze on the eyes of the dawn,
10 Because it did not keep shut the doors of the womb
    to shield my eyes from trouble!
11 Why did I not die at birth,
    come forth from the womb and expire?
12 Why did knees receive me,
    or breasts nurse me?
13 For then I should have lain down and been tranquil;
    had I slept, I should then have been at rest
14 With kings and counselors of the earth
    who rebuilt what were ruins
15 Or with princes who had gold
    and filled their houses with silver.
16 Or why was I not buried away like a stillborn child,
    like babies that have never seen the light?
17 There[o] the wicked cease from troubling,
    there the weary are at rest.
18 The captives are at ease together,
    and hear no overseer’s voice.
19 Small and great are there;
    the servant is free from the master.
20 Why is light given to the toilers,
    life to the bitter in spirit?
21 They wait for death and it does not come;
    they search for it more than for hidden treasures.
22 They rejoice in it exultingly,
    and are glad when they find the grave:
23 A man whose path is hidden from him,
    one whom God has hemmed in![p]
24 For to me sighing comes more readily than food;
    my groans well forth like water.
25 For what I feared overtakes me;
    what I dreaded comes upon me.
26 I have no peace nor ease;
    I have no rest, for trouble has come!

Footnotes:

  1. 1:1 Uz: somewhere in Edom or Arabia; see Lam 4:21. Job: the name probably means “Where is the (divine) father?” In Hebrew it is almost a homonym with the word for “enemy” (see note on 13:24; cf. 33:10).
  2. 1:3 The East: that is, east of Palestine.
  3. 1:5 Cursed: lit., “blessed.” So also in v. 11; 2:5, 9.
  4. 1:6 Sons of God: members of the divine council; see Gn 6:1–4; Dt 32:8; Ps 82:1. The satan: lit., “adversary” (as in 1 Kgs 11:14). Here a member of the heavenly court, “the accuser” (Zec 3:1). In later biblical traditions this character will be developed as the devil (Gk. diabolos, “adversary”).
  5. 1:15 Sabeans: from southern Arabia.
  6. 1:17 Chaldeans: from southern Mesopotamia; in the mid-first millennium B.C., synonymous with “Babylonians.”
  7. 1:21 Go back there: to the earth; cf. Gn 2:7; see note on Sir 40:1.
  8. 2:4 Skin for skin: a proverbial expression derived perhaps from bartering; the precise meaning is unclear.
  9. 2:9 Curse God and die: the presupposition is that such blasphemy would be met with immediate death.
  10. 2:11 Teman: in Edom (see Gn 36:9–11). The Temanites (Jer 49:7; cf. Ob 8) enjoyed a reputation for wisdom. Shuh and Naamath: locations unknown.
  11. 3:1 His day: that is, the day of his birth.
  12. 3:4 God: in Heb. ’Eloah, another name for the divinity, used frequently in Job.
  13. 3:5 Blackness of day: that is, an eclipse.
  14. 3:8 Leviathan: a mythological sea monster symbolizing primeval chaos. It is parallel to Sea, which was the opponent of Baal in the Ugaritic legends. Cf. 9:13; 26:13; 40:25–41:26; Ps 74:13–14; 104:26; Is 27:1.
  15. 3:17 There: in death.
  16. 3:23 Hemmed in: contrast the same verb as used in 1:10.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

Wisdom 6:1-11 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Chapter 6

Exhortation to Seek Wisdom[a]

Hear, therefore, kings, and understand;
    learn, you magistrates[b] of the earth’s expanse!
Give ear, you who have power over multitudes
    and lord it over throngs of peoples!
Because authority was given you by the Lord
    and sovereignty by the Most High,
    who shall probe your works and scrutinize your counsels!
Because, though you were ministers of his kingdom, you did not judge rightly,
    and did not keep the law,[c]
    nor walk according to the will of God,
Terribly and swiftly he shall come against you,
    because severe judgment awaits the exalted—
For the lowly may be pardoned out of mercy
    but the mighty shall be mightily put to the test.
For the Ruler of all shows no partiality,
    nor does he fear greatness,
Because he himself made the great as well as the small,
    and provides for all alike;
    but for those in power a rigorous scrutiny impends.

To you, therefore, O princes, are my words addressed
    that you may learn wisdom and that you may not fall away.
10 For those who keep the holy precepts hallowed will be found holy,
    and those learned in them will have ready a response.[d]
11 Desire therefore my words;
    long for them and you will be instructed.

Footnotes:

  1. 6:1–21 The first part of the book closes with an exhortation comparable to 1:1–15, and it leads into “Solomon’s” personal comments on wisdom in chaps. 7–9.
  2. 6:1 Kings…magistrates: note the inclusion with v. 21 (“kings”). The address to earthly powers is in accord with the opening (1:1), but the true audience remains the Jewish community.
  3. 6:4 Law: that of Moses; cf. 2:12; 6:10.
  4. 6:10 Response: a suitable plea before the great Judge. Cf. Prv 22:21; Jb 31:14; Hb 2:1; Sir 8:9.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

Luke 18:18-43 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

The Rich Official. 18 An official asked him this question, “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 19 Jesus answered him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone. 20 You know the commandments, ‘You shall not commit adultery; you shall not kill; you shall not steal; you shall not bear false witness; honor your father and your mother.’” 21 And he replied, “All of these I have observed from my youth.” 22 [a]When Jesus heard this he said to him, “There is still one thing left for you: sell all that you have and distribute it to the poor, and you will have a treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.” 23 But when he heard this he became quite sad, for he was very rich.

On Riches and Renunciation. 24 Jesus looked at him [now sad] and said, “How hard it is for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God! 25 For it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.” 26 Those who heard this said, “Then who can be saved?” 27 And he said, “What is impossible for human beings is possible for God.” 28 Then Peter said, “We have given up our possessions and followed you.” 29 He said to them, “Amen, I say to you, there is no one who has given up house or wife or brothers or parents or children for the sake of the kingdom of God 30 who will not receive [back] an overabundant return in this present age and eternal life in the age to come.”

The Third Prediction of the Passion. 31 [b]Then he took the Twelve aside and said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem and everything written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled.[c] 32 He will be handed over to the Gentiles and he will be mocked and insulted and spat upon; 33 and after they have scourged him they will kill him, but on the third day he will rise.” 34 But they understood nothing of this; the word remained hidden from them and they failed to comprehend what he said.

The Healing of the Blind Beggar. 35 Now as he approached Jericho a blind man was sitting by the roadside begging, 36 and hearing a crowd going by, he inquired what was happening. 37 They told him, “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.” 38 He shouted, “Jesus, Son of David,[d] have pity on me!” 39 The people walking in front rebuked him, telling him to be silent, but he kept calling out all the more, “Son of David, have pity on me!” 40 Then Jesus stopped and ordered that he be brought to him; and when he came near, Jesus asked him, 41 “What do you want me to do for you?” He replied, “Lord, please let me see.” 42 Jesus told him, “Have sight; your faith has saved you.” 43 He immediately received his sight and followed him, giving glory to God. When they saw this, all the people gave praise to God.

Footnotes:

  1. 18:22 Detachment from material possessions results in the total dependence on God demanded of one who would inherit eternal life. Sell all that you have: the original saying (cf. Mk 10:21) has characteristically been made more demanding by Luke’s addition of “all.”
  2. 18:31–33 The details included in this third announcement of Jesus’ suffering and death suggest that the literary formulation of the announcement has been directed by the knowledge of the historical passion and death of Jesus.
  3. 18:31 Everything written by the prophets…will be fulfilled: this is a Lucan addition to the words of Jesus found in the Marcan source (Mk 10:32–34). Luke understands the events of Jesus’ last days in Jerusalem to be the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy, but, as is usually the case in Luke-Acts, the author does not specify which Old Testament prophets he has in mind; cf. Lk 24:25, 27, 44; Acts 3:8; 13:27; 26:22–23.
  4. 18:38 Son of David: the blind beggar identifies Jesus with a title that is related to Jesus’ role as Messiah (see note on Lk 2:11). Through this Son of David, salvation comes to the blind man. Note the connection between salvation and house of David mentioned earlier in Zechariah’s canticle (Lk 1:69). See also note on Mt 9:27.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

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