Prologue

In the land of Uz(A) there lived a man whose name was Job.(B) This man was blameless(C) and upright;(D) he feared God(E) and shunned evil.(F) He had seven sons(G) and three daughters,(H) and he owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen and five hundred donkeys,(I) and had a large number of servants.(J) He was the greatest man(K) among all the people of the East.(L)

His sons used to hold feasts(M) in their homes on their birthdays, and they would invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. When a period of feasting had run its course, Job would make arrangements for them to be purified.(N) Early in the morning he would sacrifice a burnt offering(O) for each of them, thinking, “Perhaps my children have sinned(P) and cursed God(Q) in their hearts.” This was Job’s regular custom.

One day the angels[a](R) came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan[b](S) also came with them.(T) The Lord said to Satan, “Where have you come from?”

Satan answered the Lord, “From roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it.”(U)

Then the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job?(V) There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God(W) and shuns evil.”(X)

“Does Job fear God for nothing?”(Y) Satan replied. 10 “Have you not put a hedge(Z) around him and his household and everything he has?(AA) You have blessed the work of his hands, so that his flocks and herds are spread throughout the land.(AB) 11 But now stretch out your hand and strike everything he has,(AC) and he will surely curse you to your face.”(AD)

12 The Lord said to Satan, “Very well, then, everything he has(AE) is in your power, but on the man himself do not lay a finger.”(AF)

Then Satan went out from the presence of the Lord.

13 One day when Job’s sons and daughters(AG) were feasting(AH) and drinking wine at the oldest brother’s house, 14 a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys were grazing(AI) nearby, 15 and the Sabeans(AJ) attacked and made off with them. They put the servants to the sword, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!”

16 While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, “The fire of God fell from the heavens(AK) and burned up the sheep and the servants,(AL) and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!”

17 While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, “The Chaldeans(AM) formed three raiding parties and swept down on your camels and made off with them. They put the servants to the sword, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!”

18 While he was still speaking, yet another messenger came and said, “Your sons and daughters(AN) were feasting(AO) and drinking wine at the oldest brother’s house, 19 when suddenly a mighty wind(AP) swept in from the desert and struck the four corners of the house. It collapsed on them and they are dead,(AQ) and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!(AR)

20 At this, Job got up and tore his robe(AS) and shaved his head.(AT) Then he fell to the ground in worship(AU) 21 and said:

“Naked I came from my mother’s womb,
    and naked I will depart.[c](AV)
The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away;(AW)
    may the name of the Lord be praised.”(AX)

22 In all this, Job did not sin by charging God with wrongdoing.(AY)

On another day the angels[d](AZ) came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came with them(BA) to present himself before him. And the Lord said to Satan, “Where have you come from?”

Satan answered the Lord, “From roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it.”(BB)

Then the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job? There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil.(BC) And he still maintains his integrity,(BD) though you incited me against him to ruin him without any reason.”(BE)

“Skin for skin!” Satan replied. “A man will give all he has(BF) for his own life. But now stretch out your hand and strike his flesh and bones,(BG) and he will surely curse you to your face.”(BH)

The Lord said to Satan, “Very well, then, he is in your hands;(BI) but you must spare his life.”(BJ)

So Satan went out from the presence of the Lord and afflicted Job with painful sores from the soles of his feet to the crown of his head.(BK) Then Job took a piece of broken pottery and scraped himself with it as he sat among the ashes.(BL)

His wife said to him, “Are you still maintaining your integrity?(BM) Curse God and die!”(BN)

10 He replied, “You are talking like a foolish[e] woman. Shall we accept good from God, and not trouble?”(BO)

In all this, Job did not sin in what he said.(BP)

11 When Job’s three friends, Eliphaz the Temanite,(BQ) Bildad the Shuhite(BR) and Zophar the Naamathite,(BS) heard about all the troubles that had come upon him, they set out from their homes and met together by agreement to go and sympathize with him and comfort him.(BT) 12 When they saw him from a distance, they could hardly recognize him;(BU) they began to weep aloud,(BV) and they tore their robes(BW) and sprinkled dust on their heads.(BX) 13 Then they sat on the ground(BY) with him for seven days and seven nights.(BZ) No one said a word to him,(CA) because they saw how great his suffering was.

Job Speaks

After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.(CB) He said:

“May the day of my birth perish,
    and the night that said, ‘A boy is conceived!’(CC)
That day—may it turn to darkness;
    may God above not care about it;
    may no light shine on it.
May gloom and utter darkness(CD) claim it once more;
    may a cloud settle over it;
    may blackness overwhelm it.
That night—may thick darkness(CE) seize it;
    may it not be included among the days of the year
    nor be entered in any of the months.
May that night be barren;
    may no shout of joy(CF) be heard in it.
May those who curse days[f] curse that day,(CG)
    those who are ready to rouse Leviathan.(CH)
May its morning stars become dark;
    may it wait for daylight in vain
    and not see the first rays of dawn,(CI)
10 for it did not shut the doors of the womb on me
    to hide trouble from my eyes.

11 “Why did I not perish at birth,
    and die as I came from the womb?(CJ)
12 Why were there knees to receive me(CK)
    and breasts that I might be nursed?
13 For now I would be lying down(CL) in peace;
    I would be asleep and at rest(CM)
14 with kings and rulers of the earth,(CN)
    who built for themselves places now lying in ruins,(CO)
15 with princes(CP) who had gold,
    who filled their houses with silver.(CQ)
16 Or why was I not hidden away in the ground like a stillborn child,(CR)
    like an infant who never saw the light of day?(CS)
17 There the wicked cease from turmoil,(CT)
    and there the weary are at rest.(CU)
18 Captives(CV) also enjoy their ease;
    they no longer hear the slave driver’s(CW) shout.(CX)
19 The small and the great are there,(CY)
    and the slaves are freed from their owners.

20 “Why is light given to those in misery,
    and life to the bitter of soul,(CZ)
21 to those who long for death that does not come,(DA)
    who search for it more than for hidden treasure,(DB)
22 who are filled with gladness
    and rejoice when they reach the grave?(DC)
23 Why is life given to a man
    whose way is hidden,(DD)
    whom God has hedged in?(DE)
24 For sighing(DF) has become my daily food;(DG)
    my groans(DH) pour out like water.(DI)
25 What I feared has come upon me;
    what I dreaded(DJ) has happened to me.(DK)
26 I have no peace,(DL) no quietness;
    I have no rest,(DM) but only turmoil.”(DN)

Footnotes

  1. Job 1:6 Hebrew the sons of God
  2. Job 1:6 Hebrew satan means adversary.
  3. Job 1:21 Or will return there
  4. Job 2:1 Hebrew the sons of God
  5. Job 2:10 The Hebrew word rendered foolish denotes moral deficiency.
  6. Job 3:8 Or curse the sea

The Lord Speaks

38 Then the Lord spoke to Job(A) out of the storm.(B) He said:

“Who is this that obscures my plans(C)
    with words without knowledge?(D)
Brace yourself like a man;
    I will question you,
    and you shall answer me.(E)

“Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation?(F)
    Tell me, if you understand.(G)
Who marked off its dimensions?(H) Surely you know!
    Who stretched a measuring line(I) across it?
On what were its footings set,(J)
    or who laid its cornerstone(K)
while the morning stars(L) sang together(M)
    and all the angels[a](N) shouted for joy?(O)

“Who shut up the sea behind doors(P)
    when it burst forth from the womb,(Q)
when I made the clouds its garment
    and wrapped it in thick darkness,(R)
10 when I fixed limits for it(S)
    and set its doors and bars in place,(T)
11 when I said, ‘This far you may come and no farther;(U)
    here is where your proud waves halt’?(V)

12 “Have you ever given orders to the morning,(W)
    or shown the dawn its place,(X)
13 that it might take the earth by the edges
    and shake the wicked(Y) out of it?(Z)
14 The earth takes shape like clay under a seal;(AA)
    its features stand out like those of a garment.
15 The wicked are denied their light,(AB)
    and their upraised arm is broken.(AC)

16 “Have you journeyed to the springs of the sea
    or walked in the recesses of the deep?(AD)
17 Have the gates of death(AE) been shown to you?
    Have you seen the gates of the deepest darkness?(AF)
18 Have you comprehended the vast expanses of the earth?(AG)
    Tell me, if you know all this.(AH)

19 “What is the way to the abode of light?
    And where does darkness reside?(AI)
20 Can you take them to their places?
    Do you know the paths(AJ) to their dwellings?
21 Surely you know, for you were already born!(AK)
    You have lived so many years!

22 “Have you entered the storehouses of the snow(AL)
    or seen the storehouses(AM) of the hail,(AN)
23 which I reserve for times of trouble,(AO)
    for days of war and battle?(AP)
24 What is the way to the place where the lightning is dispersed,(AQ)
    or the place where the east winds(AR) are scattered over the earth?(AS)
25 Who cuts a channel for the torrents of rain,
    and a path for the thunderstorm,(AT)
26 to water(AU) a land where no one lives,
    an uninhabited desert,(AV)
27 to satisfy a desolate wasteland
    and make it sprout with grass?(AW)
28 Does the rain have a father?(AX)
    Who fathers the drops of dew?
29 From whose womb comes the ice?
    Who gives birth to the frost from the heavens(AY)
30 when the waters become hard as stone,
    when the surface of the deep is frozen?(AZ)

31 “Can you bind the chains[b] of the Pleiades?
    Can you loosen Orion’s belt?(BA)
32 Can you bring forth the constellations(BB) in their seasons[c]
    or lead out the Bear[d] with its cubs?(BC)
33 Do you know the laws(BD) of the heavens?(BE)
    Can you set up God’s[e] dominion over the earth?

34 “Can you raise your voice to the clouds
    and cover yourself with a flood of water?(BF)
35 Do you send the lightning bolts on their way?(BG)
    Do they report to you, ‘Here we are’?
36 Who gives the ibis wisdom[f](BH)
    or gives the rooster understanding?[g](BI)
37 Who has the wisdom to count the clouds?
    Who can tip over the water jars(BJ) of the heavens(BK)
38 when the dust becomes hard(BL)
    and the clods of earth stick together?(BM)

39 “Do you hunt the prey for the lioness
    and satisfy the hunger of the lions(BN)
40 when they crouch in their dens(BO)
    or lie in wait in a thicket?(BP)
41 Who provides food(BQ) for the raven(BR)
    when its young cry out to God
    and wander about for lack of food?(BS)

39 “Do you know when the mountain goats(BT) give birth?
    Do you watch when the doe bears her fawn?(BU)
Do you count the months till they bear?
    Do you know the time they give birth?(BV)
They crouch down and bring forth their young;
    their labor pains are ended.
Their young thrive and grow strong in the wilds;
    they leave and do not return.

“Who let the wild donkey(BW) go free?
    Who untied its ropes?
I gave it the wasteland(BX) as its home,
    the salt flats(BY) as its habitat.(BZ)
It laughs(CA) at the commotion in the town;
    it does not hear a driver’s shout.(CB)
It ranges the hills(CC) for its pasture
    and searches for any green thing.

“Will the wild ox(CD) consent to serve you?(CE)
    Will it stay by your manger(CF) at night?
10 Can you hold it to the furrow with a harness?(CG)
    Will it till the valleys behind you?
11 Will you rely on it for its great strength?(CH)
    Will you leave your heavy work to it?
12 Can you trust it to haul in your grain
    and bring it to your threshing floor?

13 “The wings of the ostrich flap joyfully,
    though they cannot compare
    with the wings and feathers of the stork.(CI)
14 She lays her eggs on the ground
    and lets them warm in the sand,
15 unmindful that a foot may crush them,
    that some wild animal may trample them.(CJ)
16 She treats her young harshly,(CK) as if they were not hers;
    she cares not that her labor was in vain,
17 for God did not endow her with wisdom
    or give her a share of good sense.(CL)
18 Yet when she spreads her feathers to run,
    she laughs(CM) at horse and rider.

19 “Do you give the horse its strength(CN)
    or clothe its neck with a flowing mane?
20 Do you make it leap like a locust,(CO)
    striking terror(CP) with its proud snorting?(CQ)
21 It paws fiercely, rejoicing in its strength,(CR)
    and charges into the fray.(CS)
22 It laughs(CT) at fear, afraid of nothing;
    it does not shy away from the sword.
23 The quiver(CU) rattles against its side,
    along with the flashing spear(CV) and lance.
24 In frenzied excitement it eats up the ground;
    it cannot stand still when the trumpet sounds.(CW)
25 At the blast of the trumpet(CX) it snorts, ‘Aha!’
    It catches the scent of battle from afar,
    the shout of commanders and the battle cry.(CY)

26 “Does the hawk take flight by your wisdom
    and spread its wings toward the south?(CZ)
27 Does the eagle soar at your command
    and build its nest on high?(DA)
28 It dwells on a cliff and stays there at night;
    a rocky crag(DB) is its stronghold.
29 From there it looks for food;(DC)
    its eyes detect it from afar.
30 Its young ones feast on blood,
    and where the slain are, there it is.”(DD)

40 The Lord said to Job:(DE)

“Will the one who contends with the Almighty(DF) correct him?(DG)
    Let him who accuses God answer him!”(DH)

Then Job answered the Lord:

“I am unworthy(DI)—how can I reply to you?
    I put my hand over my mouth.(DJ)
I spoke once, but I have no answer(DK)
    twice, but I will say no more.”(DL)

Then the Lord spoke to Job out of the storm:(DM)

“Brace yourself like a man;
    I will question you,
    and you shall answer me.(DN)

“Would you discredit my justice?(DO)
    Would you condemn me to justify yourself?(DP)
Do you have an arm like God’s,(DQ)
    and can your voice(DR) thunder like his?(DS)
10 Then adorn yourself with glory and splendor,
    and clothe yourself in honor and majesty.(DT)
11 Unleash the fury of your wrath,(DU)
    look at all who are proud and bring them low,(DV)
12 look at all who are proud(DW) and humble them,(DX)
    crush(DY) the wicked where they stand.
13 Bury them all in the dust together;(DZ)
    shroud their faces in the grave.(EA)
14 Then I myself will admit to you
    that your own right hand can save you.(EB)

15 “Look at Behemoth,
    which I made(EC) along with you
    and which feeds on grass like an ox.(ED)
16 What strength(EE) it has in its loins,
    what power in the muscles of its belly!(EF)
17 Its tail sways like a cedar;
    the sinews of its thighs are close-knit.(EG)
18 Its bones are tubes of bronze,
    its limbs(EH) like rods of iron.(EI)
19 It ranks first among the works of God,(EJ)
    yet its Maker(EK) can approach it with his sword.(EL)
20 The hills bring it their produce,(EM)
    and all the wild animals play(EN) nearby.(EO)
21 Under the lotus plants it lies,
    hidden among the reeds(EP) in the marsh.(EQ)
22 The lotuses conceal it in their shadow;
    the poplars by the stream(ER) surround it.
23 A raging river(ES) does not alarm it;
    it is secure, though the Jordan(ET) should surge against its mouth.
24 Can anyone capture it by the eyes,
    or trap it and pierce its nose?(EU)

41 [h]“Can you pull in Leviathan(EV) with a fishhook(EW)
    or tie down its tongue with a rope?
Can you put a cord through its nose(EX)
    or pierce its jaw with a hook?(EY)
Will it keep begging you for mercy?(EZ)
    Will it speak to you with gentle words?
Will it make an agreement with you
    for you to take it as your slave for life?(FA)
Can you make a pet of it like a bird
    or put it on a leash for the young women in your house?
Will traders barter for it?
    Will they divide it up among the merchants?
Can you fill its hide with harpoons
    or its head with fishing spears?(FB)
If you lay a hand on it,
    you will remember the struggle and never do it again!(FC)
Any hope of subduing it is false;
    the mere sight of it is overpowering.(FD)
10 No one is fierce enough to rouse it.(FE)
    Who then is able to stand against me?(FF)
11 Who has a claim against me that I must pay?(FG)
    Everything under heaven belongs to me.(FH)

12 “I will not fail to speak of Leviathan’s limbs,(FI)
    its strength(FJ) and its graceful form.
13 Who can strip off its outer coat?
    Who can penetrate its double coat of armor[i]?(FK)
14 Who dares open the doors of its mouth,(FL)
    ringed about with fearsome teeth?
15 Its back has[j] rows of shields
    tightly sealed together;(FM)
16 each is so close to the next
    that no air can pass between.
17 They are joined fast to one another;
    they cling together and cannot be parted.
18 Its snorting throws out flashes of light;
    its eyes are like the rays of dawn.(FN)
19 Flames(FO) stream from its mouth;
    sparks of fire shoot out.
20 Smoke pours from its nostrils(FP)
    as from a boiling pot over burning reeds.
21 Its breath(FQ) sets coals ablaze,
    and flames dart from its mouth.(FR)
22 Strength(FS) resides in its neck;
    dismay goes before it.
23 The folds of its flesh are tightly joined;
    they are firm and immovable.
24 Its chest is hard as rock,
    hard as a lower millstone.(FT)
25 When it rises up, the mighty are terrified;(FU)
    they retreat before its thrashing.(FV)
26 The sword that reaches it has no effect,
    nor does the spear or the dart or the javelin.(FW)
27 Iron it treats like straw(FX)
    and bronze like rotten wood.
28 Arrows do not make it flee;(FY)
    slingstones are like chaff to it.
29 A club seems to it but a piece of straw;(FZ)
    it laughs(GA) at the rattling of the lance.
30 Its undersides are jagged potsherds,
    leaving a trail in the mud like a threshing sledge.(GB)
31 It makes the depths churn like a boiling caldron(GC)
    and stirs up the sea like a pot of ointment.(GD)
32 It leaves a glistening wake behind it;
    one would think the deep had white hair.
33 Nothing on earth is its equal(GE)
    a creature without fear.
34 It looks down on all that are haughty;(GF)
    it is king over all that are proud.(GG)

Job

42 Then Job replied to the Lord:

“I know that you can do all things;(GH)
    no purpose of yours can be thwarted.(GI)
You asked, ‘Who is this that obscures my plans without knowledge?’(GJ)
    Surely I spoke of things I did not understand,
    things too wonderful for me to know.(GK)

“You said, ‘Listen now, and I will speak;
    I will question you,
    and you shall answer me.’(GL)
My ears had heard of you(GM)
    but now my eyes have seen you.(GN)
Therefore I despise myself(GO)
    and repent(GP) in dust and ashes.”(GQ)

Epilogue

After the Lord had said these things to Job(GR), he said to Eliphaz the Temanite, “I am angry with you and your two friends,(GS) because you have not spoken the truth about me, as my servant Job has.(GT) So now take seven bulls and seven rams(GU) and go to my servant Job(GV) and sacrifice a burnt offering(GW) for yourselves. My servant Job will pray for you, and I will accept his prayer(GX) and not deal with you according to your folly.(GY) You have not spoken the truth about me, as my servant Job has.”(GZ) So Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite(HA) did what the Lord told them; and the Lord accepted Job’s prayer.(HB)

10 After Job had prayed for his friends, the Lord restored his fortunes(HC) and gave him twice as much as he had before.(HD) 11 All his brothers and sisters and everyone who had known him before(HE) came and ate with him in his house. They comforted and consoled him over all the trouble the Lord had brought on him,(HF) and each one gave him a piece of silver[k] and a gold ring.

12 The Lord blessed the latter part of Job’s life more than the former part. He had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, a thousand yoke of oxen and a thousand donkeys. 13 And he also had seven sons and three daughters. 14 The first daughter he named Jemimah, the second Keziah and the third Keren-Happuch. 15 Nowhere in all the land were there found women as beautiful as Job’s daughters, and their father granted them an inheritance along with their brothers.

16 After this, Job lived a hundred and forty years; he saw his children and their children to the fourth generation. 17 And so Job died, an old man and full of years.(HG)

Footnotes

  1. Job 38:7 Hebrew the sons of God
  2. Job 38:31 Septuagint; Hebrew beauty
  3. Job 38:32 Or the morning star in its season
  4. Job 38:32 Or out Leo
  5. Job 38:33 Or their
  6. Job 38:36 That is, wisdom about the flooding of the Nile
  7. Job 38:36 That is, understanding of when to crow; the meaning of the Hebrew for this verse is uncertain.
  8. Job 41:1 In Hebrew texts 41:1-8 is numbered 40:25-32, and 41:9-34 is numbered 41:1-26.
  9. Job 41:13 Septuagint; Hebrew double bridle
  10. Job 41:15 Or Its pride is its
  11. Job 42:11 Hebrew him a kesitah; a kesitah was a unit of money of unknown weight and value.