A Message About Egypt

46 This is the word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the nations:(A)

Concerning Egypt:(B)

This is the message against the army of Pharaoh Necho(C) king of Egypt, which was defeated at Carchemish(D) on the Euphrates(E) River by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiakim(F) son of Josiah king of Judah:

“Prepare your shields,(G) both large and small,
    and march out for battle!
Harness the horses,
    mount the steeds!
Take your positions
    with helmets on!
Polish(H) your spears,
    put on your armor!(I)
What do I see?
    They are terrified,
they are retreating,
    their warriors are defeated.
They flee(J) in haste
    without looking back,
    and there is terror(K) on every side,”
declares the Lord.
“The swift cannot flee(L)
    nor the strong escape.
In the north by the River Euphrates(M)
    they stumble and fall.(N)

“Who is this that rises like the Nile,
    like rivers of surging waters?(O)
Egypt rises like the Nile,(P)
    like rivers of surging waters.
She says, ‘I will rise and cover the earth;
    I will destroy cities and their people.’(Q)
Charge, you horses!
    Drive furiously, you charioteers!(R)
March on, you warriors—men of Cush[a](S) and Put who carry shields,
    men of Lydia(T) who draw the bow.
10 But that day(U) belongs to the Lord, the Lord Almighty—
    a day of vengeance(V), for vengeance on his foes.
The sword will devour(W) till it is satisfied,
    till it has quenched its thirst with blood.(X)
For the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will offer sacrifice(Y)
    in the land of the north by the River Euphrates.(Z)

11 “Go up to Gilead and get balm,(AA)
    Virgin(AB) Daughter Egypt.
But you try many medicines in vain;
    there is no healing(AC) for you.
12 The nations will hear of your shame;
    your cries will fill the earth.
One warrior will stumble over another;
    both will fall(AD) down together.”

13 This is the message the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon(AE) to attack Egypt:(AF)

14 “Announce this in Egypt, and proclaim it in Migdol;
    proclaim it also in Memphis(AG) and Tahpanhes:(AH)
‘Take your positions and get ready,
    for the sword devours(AI) those around you.’
15 Why will your warriors be laid low?
    They cannot stand, for the Lord will push them down.(AJ)
16 They will stumble(AK) repeatedly;
    they will fall(AL) over each other.
They will say, ‘Get up, let us go back
    to our own people(AM) and our native lands,
    away from the sword of the oppressor.’(AN)
17 There they will exclaim,
    ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is only a loud noise;(AO)
    he has missed his opportunity.(AP)

18 “As surely as I live,” declares the King,(AQ)
    whose name is the Lord Almighty,
“one will come who is like Tabor(AR) among the mountains,
    like Carmel(AS) by the sea.
19 Pack your belongings for exile,(AT)
    you who live in Egypt,
for Memphis(AU) will be laid waste(AV)
    and lie in ruins without inhabitant.

20 “Egypt is a beautiful heifer,
    but a gadfly is coming
    against her from the north.(AW)
21 The mercenaries(AX) in her ranks
    are like fattened calves.(AY)
They too will turn and flee(AZ) together,
    they will not stand their ground,
for the day(BA) of disaster is coming upon them,
    the time(BB) for them to be punished.
22 Egypt will hiss like a fleeing serpent
    as the enemy advances in force;
they will come against her with axes,
    like men who cut down trees.(BC)
23 They will chop down her forest,”
declares the Lord,
    “dense though it be.
They are more numerous than locusts,(BD)
    they cannot be counted.
24 Daughter Egypt will be put to shame,
    given into the hands of the people of the north.(BE)

25 The Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: “I am about to bring punishment on Amon god of Thebes,(BF) on Pharaoh,(BG) on Egypt and her gods(BH) and her kings, and on those who rely(BI) on Pharaoh. 26 I will give them into the hands(BJ) of those who want to kill them—Nebuchadnezzar king(BK) of Babylon and his officers. Later, however, Egypt will be inhabited(BL) as in times past,” declares the Lord.

27 “Do not be afraid,(BM) Jacob(BN) my servant;(BO)
    do not be dismayed, Israel.
I will surely save you out of a distant place,
    your descendants from the land of their exile.(BP)
Jacob will again have peace and security,
    and no one will make him afraid.
28 Do not be afraid, Jacob my servant,
    for I am with you,”(BQ) declares the Lord.
“Though I completely destroy(BR) all the nations
    among which I scatter you,
    I will not completely destroy you.
I will discipline you but only in due measure;
    I will not let you go entirely unpunished.”

A Message About the Philistines

47 This is the word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the Philistines(BS) before Pharaoh attacked Gaza:(BT)

This is what the Lord says:

“See how the waters are rising in the north;(BU)
    they will become an overflowing torrent.
They will overflow the land and everything in it,
    the towns and those who live in them.
The people will cry out;
    all who dwell in the land will wail(BV)
at the sound of the hooves of galloping steeds,
    at the noise of enemy chariots(BW)
    and the rumble of their wheels.
Parents will not turn to help their children;
    their hands will hang limp.(BX)
For the day has come
    to destroy all the Philistines
and to remove all survivors
    who could help Tyre(BY) and Sidon.(BZ)
The Lord is about to destroy the Philistines,(CA)
    the remnant from the coasts of Caphtor.[b](CB)
Gaza will shave(CC) her head in mourning;
    Ashkelon(CD) will be silenced.
You remnant on the plain,
    how long will you cut(CE) yourselves?

“‘Alas, sword(CF) of the Lord,
    how long till you rest?
Return to your sheath;
    cease and be still.’(CG)
But how can it rest
    when the Lord has commanded it,
when he has ordered it
    to attack Ashkelon and the coast?”(CH)

A Message About Moab(CI)

48 Concerning Moab:(CJ)

This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“Woe to Nebo,(CK) for it will be ruined.
    Kiriathaim(CL) will be disgraced and captured;
    the stronghold[c] will be disgraced and shattered.
Moab will be praised(CM) no more;
    in Heshbon[d](CN) people will plot her downfall:
    ‘Come, let us put an end to that nation.’(CO)
You, the people of Madmen,[e] will also be silenced;
    the sword will pursue you.
Cries of anguish arise from Horonaim,(CP)
    cries of great havoc and destruction.
Moab will be broken;
    her little ones will cry out.[f]
They go up the hill to Luhith,(CQ)
    weeping bitterly as they go;
on the road down to Horonaim(CR)
    anguished cries over the destruction are heard.
Flee!(CS) Run for your lives;
    become like a bush[g] in the desert.(CT)
Since you trust in your deeds and riches,(CU)
    you too will be taken captive,
and Chemosh(CV) will go into exile,(CW)
    together with his priests and officials.(CX)
The destroyer(CY) will come against every town,
    and not a town will escape.
The valley will be ruined
    and the plateau(CZ) destroyed,
    because the Lord has spoken.
Put salt(DA) on Moab,
    for she will be laid waste[h];(DB)
her towns will become desolate,
    with no one to live in them.

10 “A curse on anyone who is lax in doing the Lord’s work!
    A curse on anyone who keeps their sword(DC) from bloodshed!(DD)

11 “Moab has been at rest(DE) from youth,
    like wine left on its dregs,(DF)
not poured from one jar to another—
    she has not gone into exile.
So she tastes as she did,
    and her aroma is unchanged.
12 But days are coming,”
    declares the Lord,
“when I will send men who pour from pitchers,
    and they will pour her out;
they will empty her pitchers
    and smash her jars.
13 Then Moab will be ashamed(DG) of Chemosh,(DH)
    as Israel was ashamed
    when they trusted in Bethel.(DI)

14 “How can you say, ‘We are warriors,(DJ)
    men valiant in battle’?
15 Moab will be destroyed and her towns invaded;
    her finest young men(DK) will go down in the slaughter,(DL)
    declares the King,(DM) whose name is the Lord Almighty.(DN)
16 “The fall of Moab is at hand;(DO)
    her calamity will come quickly.
17 Mourn for her, all who live around her,
    all who know her fame;(DP)
say, ‘How broken is the mighty scepter,(DQ)
    how broken the glorious staff!’

18 “Come down from your glory
    and sit on the parched ground,(DR)
    you inhabitants of Daughter Dibon,(DS)
for the one who destroys Moab
    will come up against you
    and ruin your fortified cities.(DT)
19 Stand by the road and watch,
    you who live in Aroer.(DU)
Ask the man fleeing and the woman escaping,
    ask them, ‘What has happened?’
20 Moab is disgraced, for she is shattered.
    Wail(DV) and cry out!
Announce by the Arnon(DW)
    that Moab is destroyed.
21 Judgment has come to the plateau(DX)
    to Holon,(DY) Jahzah(DZ) and Mephaath,(EA)
22     to Dibon,(EB) Nebo(EC) and Beth Diblathaim,
23     to Kiriathaim,(ED) Beth Gamul and Beth Meon,(EE)
24     to Kerioth(EF) and Bozrah(EG)
    to all the towns(EH) of Moab, far and near.
25 Moab’s horn[i](EI) is cut off;
    her arm(EJ) is broken,”
declares the Lord.

26 “Make her drunk,(EK)
    for she has defied(EL) the Lord.
Let Moab wallow in her vomit;(EM)
    let her be an object of ridicule.(EN)
27 Was not Israel the object of your ridicule?(EO)
    Was she caught among thieves,(EP)
that you shake your head(EQ) in scorn(ER)
    whenever you speak of her?
28 Abandon your towns and dwell among the rocks,
    you who live in Moab.
Be like a dove(ES) that makes its nest
    at the mouth of a cave.(ET)

29 “We have heard of Moab’s pride(EU)
    how great is her arrogance!—
of her insolence, her pride, her conceit
    and the haughtiness(EV) of her heart.
30 I know her insolence but it is futile,”
declares the Lord,
    “and her boasts(EW) accomplish nothing.
31 Therefore I wail(EX) over Moab,
    for all Moab I cry out,
    I moan for the people of Kir Hareseth.(EY)
32 I weep for you, as Jazer(EZ) weeps,
    you vines of Sibmah.(FA)
Your branches spread as far as the sea[j];
    they reached as far as[k] Jazer.
The destroyer has fallen
    on your ripened fruit and grapes.
33 Joy and gladness are gone
    from the orchards and fields of Moab.
I have stopped the flow of wine(FB) from the presses;
    no one treads them with shouts of joy.(FC)
Although there are shouts,
    they are not shouts of joy.

34 “The sound of their cry rises
    from Heshbon(FD) to Elealeh(FE) and Jahaz,(FF)
from Zoar(FG) as far as Horonaim(FH) and Eglath Shelishiyah,
    for even the waters of Nimrim are dried up.(FI)
35 In Moab I will put an end
    to those who make offerings on the high places(FJ)
    and burn incense(FK) to their gods,”
declares the Lord.
36 “So my heart laments(FL) for Moab like the music of a pipe;
    it laments like a pipe for the people of Kir Hareseth.(FM)
    The wealth they acquired(FN) is gone.
37 Every head is shaved(FO)
    and every beard(FP) cut off;
every hand is slashed
    and every waist is covered with sackcloth.(FQ)
38 On all the roofs in Moab
    and in the public squares(FR)
there is nothing but mourning,
    for I have broken Moab
    like a jar(FS) that no one wants,”
declares the Lord.
39 “How shattered(FT) she is! How they wail!
    How Moab turns her back in shame!
Moab has become an object of ridicule,(FU)
    an object of horror to all those around her.”

40 This is what the Lord says:

“Look! An eagle is swooping(FV) down,
    spreading its wings(FW) over Moab.
41 Kerioth[l](FX) will be captured
    and the strongholds taken.
In that day the hearts of Moab’s warriors(FY)
    will be like the heart of a woman in labor.(FZ)
42 Moab will be destroyed(GA) as a nation(GB)
    because she defied(GC) the Lord.
43 Terror(GD) and pit and snare(GE) await you,
    you people of Moab,”
declares the Lord.
44 “Whoever flees(GF) from the terror
    will fall into a pit,
whoever climbs out of the pit
    will be caught in a snare;
for I will bring on Moab
    the year(GG) of her punishment,”
declares the Lord.

45 “In the shadow of Heshbon
    the fugitives stand helpless,
for a fire has gone out from Heshbon,
    a blaze from the midst of Sihon;(GH)
it burns the foreheads of Moab,
    the skulls(GI) of the noisy boasters.
46 Woe to you, Moab!(GJ)
    The people of Chemosh are destroyed;
your sons are taken into exile
    and your daughters into captivity.

47 “Yet I will restore(GK) the fortunes of Moab
    in days to come,”
declares the Lord.

Here ends the judgment on Moab.

A Message About Ammon

49 Concerning the Ammonites:(GL)

This is what the Lord says:

“Has Israel no sons?
    Has Israel no heir?
Why then has Molek[m](GM) taken possession of Gad?(GN)
    Why do his people live in its towns?
But the days are coming,”
    declares the Lord,
“when I will sound the battle cry(GO)
    against Rabbah(GP) of the Ammonites;
it will become a mound of ruins,(GQ)
    and its surrounding villages will be set on fire.
Then Israel will drive out
    those who drove her out,(GR)
says the Lord.
“Wail, Heshbon,(GS) for Ai(GT) is destroyed!
    Cry out, you inhabitants of Rabbah!
Put on sackcloth(GU) and mourn;
    rush here and there inside the walls,
for Molek(GV) will go into exile,(GW)
    together with his priests and officials.
Why do you boast of your valleys,
    boast of your valleys so fruitful?
Unfaithful Daughter Ammon,(GX)
    you trust in your riches(GY) and say,
    ‘Who will attack me?’(GZ)
I will bring terror on you
    from all those around you,”
declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty.
“Every one of you will be driven away,
    and no one will gather the fugitives.(HA)

“Yet afterward, I will restore(HB) the fortunes of the Ammonites,”
declares the Lord.

A Message About Edom(HC)(HD)

Concerning Edom:(HE)

This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“Is there no longer wisdom in Teman?(HF)
    Has counsel perished from the prudent?
    Has their wisdom decayed?
Turn and flee, hide in deep caves,(HG)
    you who live in Dedan,(HH)
for I will bring disaster on Esau
    at the time when I punish him.
If grape pickers came to you,
    would they not leave a few grapes?
If thieves came during the night,
    would they not steal only as much as they wanted?
10 But I will strip Esau bare;
    I will uncover his hiding places,(HI)
    so that he cannot conceal himself.
His armed men are destroyed,
    also his allies and neighbors,
    so there is no one(HJ) to say,
11 ‘Leave your fatherless children;(HK) I will keep them alive.
    Your widows(HL) too can depend on me.’”

12 This is what the Lord says: “If those who do not deserve to drink the cup(HM) must drink it, why should you go unpunished?(HN) You will not go unpunished, but must drink it. 13 I swear(HO) by myself,” declares the Lord, “that Bozrah(HP) will become a ruin and a curse,[n] an object of horror(HQ) and reproach;(HR) and all its towns will be in ruins forever.”(HS)

14 I have heard a message from the Lord;
    an envoy was sent to the nations to say,
“Assemble yourselves to attack it!
    Rise up for battle!”

15 “Now I will make you small among the nations,
    despised by mankind.
16 The terror you inspire
    and the pride(HT) of your heart have deceived you,
you who live in the clefts of the rocks,(HU)
    who occupy the heights of the hill.
Though you build your nest(HV) as high as the eagle’s,
    from there I will bring you down,”
declares the Lord.
17 “Edom will become an object of horror;(HW)
    all who pass by will be appalled and will scoff
    because of all its wounds.(HX)
18 As Sodom(HY) and Gomorrah(HZ) were overthrown,
    along with their neighboring towns,”
says the Lord,
“so no one will live there;
    no people will dwell(IA) in it.

19 “Like a lion(IB) coming up from Jordan’s thickets(IC)
    to a rich pastureland,
I will chase Edom from its land in an instant.
    Who is the chosen one I will appoint for this?
Who is like(ID) me and who can challenge me?(IE)
    And what shepherd(IF) can stand against me?”

20 Therefore, hear what the Lord has planned against Edom,(IG)
    what he has purposed(IH) against those who live in Teman:(II)
The young of the flock(IJ) will be dragged away;
    their pasture will be appalled at their fate.(IK)
21 At the sound of their fall the earth will tremble;(IL)
    their cry(IM) will resound to the Red Sea.[o]
22 Look! An eagle will soar and swoop(IN) down,
    spreading its wings over Bozrah.(IO)
In that day the hearts of Edom’s warriors(IP)
    will be like the heart of a woman in labor.(IQ)

A Message About Damascus

23 Concerning Damascus:(IR)

“Hamath(IS) and Arpad(IT) are dismayed,
    for they have heard bad news.
They are disheartened,
    troubled like[p] the restless sea.(IU)
24 Damascus has become feeble,
    she has turned to flee
    and panic has gripped her;
anguish and pain have seized her,
    pain like that of a woman in labor.(IV)
25 Why has the city of renown not been abandoned,
    the town in which I delight?
26 Surely, her young men(IW) will fall in the streets;
    all her soldiers will be silenced(IX) in that day,”
declares the Lord Almighty.
27 “I will set fire(IY) to the walls of Damascus;(IZ)
    it will consume(JA) the fortresses of Ben-Hadad.(JB)

A Message About Kedar and Hazor

28 Concerning Kedar(JC) and the kingdoms of Hazor,(JD) which Nebuchadnezzar(JE) king of Babylon attacked:

This is what the Lord says:

“Arise, and attack Kedar
    and destroy the people of the East.(JF)
29 Their tents and their flocks(JG) will be taken;
    their shelters will be carried off
    with all their goods and camels.
People will shout to them,
    ‘Terror(JH) on every side!’

30 “Flee quickly away!
    Stay in deep caves,(JI) you who live in Hazor,(JJ)
declares the Lord.
“Nebuchadnezzar(JK) king of Babylon has plotted against you;
    he has devised a plan against you.

31 “Arise and attack a nation at ease,
    which lives in confidence,”
declares the Lord,
“a nation that has neither gates nor bars;(JL)
    its people live far from danger.
32 Their camels(JM) will become plunder,
    and their large herds(JN) will be spoils of war.
I will scatter to the winds(JO) those who are in distant places[q](JP)
    and will bring disaster on them from every side,”
declares the Lord.
33 “Hazor(JQ) will become a haunt of jackals,(JR)
    a desolate(JS) place forever.
No one will live there;
    no people will dwell(JT) in it.”

A Message About Elam

34 This is the word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning Elam,(JU) early in the reign of Zedekiah(JV) king of Judah:

35 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“See, I will break the bow(JW) of Elam,
    the mainstay of their might.
36 I will bring against Elam the four winds(JX)
    from the four quarters of heaven;(JY)
I will scatter them to the four winds,
    and there will not be a nation
    where Elam’s exiles do not go.
37 I will shatter Elam before their foes,
    before those who want to kill them;
I will bring disaster on them,
    even my fierce anger,”(JZ)
declares the Lord.
“I will pursue them with the sword(KA)
    until I have made an end of them.
38 I will set my throne in Elam
    and destroy her king and officials,”
declares the Lord.

39 “Yet I will restore(KB) the fortunes of Elam
    in days to come,”
declares the Lord.


  1. Jeremiah 46:9 That is, the upper Nile region
  2. Jeremiah 47:4 That is, Crete
  3. Jeremiah 48:1 Or captured; / Misgab
  4. Jeremiah 48:2 The Hebrew for Heshbon sounds like the Hebrew for plot.
  5. Jeremiah 48:2 The name of the Moabite town Madmen sounds like the Hebrew for be silenced.
  6. Jeremiah 48:4 Hebrew; Septuagint / proclaim it to Zoar
  7. Jeremiah 48:6 Or like Aroer
  8. Jeremiah 48:9 Or Give wings to Moab, / for she will fly away
  9. Jeremiah 48:25 Horn here symbolizes strength.
  10. Jeremiah 48:32 Probably the Dead Sea
  11. Jeremiah 48:32 Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts as far as the Sea of
  12. Jeremiah 48:41 Or The cities
  13. Jeremiah 49:1 Or their king; also in verse 3
  14. Jeremiah 49:13 That is, its name will be used in cursing (see 29:22); or, others will see that it is cursed.
  15. Jeremiah 49:21 Or the Sea of Reeds
  16. Jeremiah 49:23 Hebrew on or by
  17. Jeremiah 49:32 Or who clip the hair by their foreheads

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