Gedaliah Assassinated(A)

When all the army officers and their men who were still in the open country heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam as governor(B) over the land and had put him in charge of the men, women and children who were the poorest(C) in the land and who had not been carried into exile to Babylon, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah(D)—Ishmael(E) son of Nethaniah, Johanan(F) and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite,(G) and Jaazaniah[a] the son of the Maakathite,(H) and their men. Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, took an oath to reassure them and their men. “Do not be afraid to serve(I) the Babylonians,[b](J)” he said. “Settle down in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well with you.(K) 10 I myself will stay at Mizpah(L) to represent you before the Babylonians who come to us, but you are to harvest the wine,(M) summer fruit and olive oil, and put them in your storage jars,(N) and live in the towns you have taken over.”(O)

11 When all the Jews in Moab,(P) Ammon, Edom(Q) and all the other countries(R) heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant in Judah and had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, as governor over them, 12 they all came back to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah at Mizpah, from all the countries where they had been scattered.(S) And they harvested an abundance of wine and summer fruit.

13 Johanan(T) son of Kareah and all the army officers still in the open country came to Gedaliah at Mizpah(U) 14 and said to him, “Don’t you know that Baalis king of the Ammonites(V) has sent Ishmael(W) son of Nethaniah to take your life?” But Gedaliah son of Ahikam did not believe them.

15 Then Johanan(X) son of Kareah said privately to Gedaliah in Mizpah, “Let me go and kill(Y) Ishmael son of Nethaniah, and no one will know it. Why should he take your life and cause all the Jews who are gathered around you to be scattered(Z) and the remnant(AA) of Judah to perish?”

16 But Gedaliah son of Ahikam said to Johanan(AB) son of Kareah, “Don’t do such a thing! What you are saying about Ishmael is not true.”

41 In the seventh month Ishmael(AC) son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, who was of royal blood and had been one of the king’s officers, came with ten men to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah. While they were eating together there, Ishmael(AD) son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him got up and struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, with the sword,(AE) killing the one whom the king of Babylon had appointed(AF) as governor over the land.(AG) Ishmael also killed all the men of Judah who were with Gedaliah at Mizpah, as well as the Babylonian[c] soldiers who were there.

The day after Gedaliah’s assassination, before anyone knew about it, eighty men who had shaved off their beards,(AH) torn their clothes(AI) and cut(AJ) themselves came from Shechem,(AK) Shiloh(AL) and Samaria,(AM) bringing grain offerings and incense(AN) with them to the house of the Lord.(AO) Ishmael son of Nethaniah went out from Mizpah to meet them, weeping(AP) as he went. When he met them, he said, “Come to Gedaliah son of Ahikam.”(AQ) When they went into the city, Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the men who were with him slaughtered them and threw them into a cistern.(AR) But ten of them said to Ishmael, “Don’t kill us! We have wheat and barley, olive oil and honey, hidden in a field.”(AS) So he let them alone and did not kill them with the others. Now the cistern where he threw all the bodies of the men he had killed along with Gedaliah was the one King Asa(AT) had made as part of his defense(AU) against Baasha(AV) king of Israel. Ishmael son of Nethaniah filled it with the dead.

10 Ishmael made captives of all the rest of the people(AW) who were in Mizpah—the king’s daughters(AX) along with all the others who were left there, over whom Nebuzaradan commander of the imperial guard had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah took them captive and set out to cross over to the Ammonites.(AY)

11 When Johanan(AZ) son of Kareah and all the army officers who were with him heard about all the crimes Ishmael son of Nethaniah had committed, 12 they took all their men and went to fight(BA) Ishmael son of Nethaniah. They caught up with him near the great pool(BB) in Gibeon. 13 When all the people(BC) Ishmael had with him saw Johanan son of Kareah and the army officers who were with him, they were glad. 14 All the people Ishmael had taken captive at Mizpah(BD) turned and went over to Johanan son of Kareah. 15 But Ishmael son of Nethaniah and eight of his men escaped(BE) from Johanan and fled to the Ammonites.

Flight to Egypt

16 Then Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers(BF) who were with him led away all the people of Mizpah who had survived,(BG) whom Johanan had recovered from Ishmael son of Nethaniah after Ishmael had assassinated Gedaliah son of Ahikam—the soldiers, women, children and court officials he had recovered from Gibeon. 17 And they went on, stopping at Geruth Kimham(BH) near Bethlehem(BI) on their way to Egypt(BJ) 18 to escape the Babylonians.[d] They were afraid(BK) of them because Ishmael son of Nethaniah had killed Gedaliah(BL) son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had appointed as governor over the land.


  1. Jeremiah 40:8 Hebrew Jezaniah, a variant of Jaazaniah
  2. Jeremiah 40:9 Or Chaldeans; also in verse 10
  3. Jeremiah 41:3 Or Chaldean
  4. Jeremiah 41:18 Or Chaldeans

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