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27 Then the Lord said to me,[a] “Tell them that the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel,[b] says,[c] ‘Drink this cup[d] until you get drunk and vomit. Drink until you fall down and can’t get up.[e] For I will send wars sweeping through you.’[f] 28 If they refuse to take the cup from your hand and drink it, tell them that the Lord of Heaven’s Armies says,[g] ‘You most certainly must drink it![h] 29 For take note, I am already beginning to bring disaster on the city that I call my own.[i] So how can you possibly avoid being punished?[j] You will not go unpunished. For I am proclaiming war against all who live on the earth. I, the Lord of Heaven’s Armies,[k] affirm it!’[l]

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Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 25:27 tn The words “Then the Lord said to me” are not in the text. They are supplied in the translation for clarity, to connect this part of the narrative with vv. 15, 17 after the long intervening list of nations who were to drink the cup of God’s wrath in judgment.
  2. Jeremiah 25:27 tn Heb “Yahweh of Armies, the God of Israel.”sn See the study notes on 2:19 and 7:3 for explanation of this extended title.
  3. Jeremiah 25:27 tn Heb “Tell them, ‘Thus says the Lord….’” The translation is intended to eliminate one level of imbedded quotation marks to help avoid confusion.
  4. Jeremiah 25:27 tn The words “this cup” are not in the text but are implicit to the metaphor and the context. They are supplied in the translation for clarity.
  5. Jeremiah 25:27 tn Heb “Drink, and get drunk, and vomit and fall down and don’t get up.” The imperatives following drink are not parallel actions but consequent actions. For the use of the imperative plus the conjunctive “and” to indicate consequent action, even intention, see GKC 324-25 §110.f and compare usage in 1 Kgs 22:12 and Prov 3:3b-4a.
  6. Jeremiah 25:27 tn Heb “because of the sword that I will send among you.” See the notes on 2:16 for explanation.
  7. Jeremiah 25:28 tn Heb “Tell them, ‘Thus says the Lord…’” The translation is intended to eliminate one level of imbedded quote marks to help avoid confusion.
  8. Jeremiah 25:28 tn The translation attempts to reflect the emphatic construction of the infinitive absolute preceding the finite verb, which is here an obligatory imperfect. (See Joüon 2:371-72 §113.m and 2:423 §123.h, and compare usage in Gen 15:13.)
  9. Jeremiah 25:29 tn Heb “which is called by my name.” See translator’s note on 7:10 for support.
  10. Jeremiah 25:29 tn This is an example of a question without the formal introductory particle following a conjunctive vav introducing an opposition. (See Joüon 2:609 §161.a.) It is also an example of the use of the infinitive before the finite verb in a rhetorical question involving doubt or denial. (See Joüon 2:422-23 §123.f, and compare usage in Gen 37:8.)
  11. Jeremiah 25:29 tn Heb “Yahweh of Armies.”sn See the study notes on 2:19 and 7:3 for explanation of this extended title.
  12. Jeremiah 25:29 tn Heb “Oracle of Yahweh of Armies.”

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