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Romans 5 - 2 Corinthians 13 American Standard Version (ASV)

Being therefore justified [a]by faith, [b]we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; through whom also we have had our access [c]by faith into this grace wherein we stand; and [d]we [e]rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And not only so, but [f]we also [g]rejoice in our tribulations: knowing that tribulation worketh stedfastness; and stedfastness, approvedness; and approvedness, hope: and hope putteth not to shame; because the love of God hath been [h]shed abroad in our hearts through the Holy Spirit which was given unto us. For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: for peradventure for the good man some one would even dare to die. But God commendeth his own love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified [i]by his blood, shall we be saved from the wrath of God through him. 10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved [j]by his life; 11 and not only so, [k]but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

12 Therefore, as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned:— 13 for until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the likeness of Adam’s transgression, who is a figure of him that was to come. 15 But not as the trespass, so also is the free gift. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many. 16 And not as through one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment came of one unto condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses unto [l]justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; much more shall they that receive the abundance of grace and [m]of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, even Jesus Christ. 18 So then as through one trespass the judgment came unto all men to condemnation; even so through one act of righteousness the free gift came unto all men to justification of life. 19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous. 20 And [n]the law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace did abound more exceedingly: 21 that, as sin reigned in death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. We who died to sin, how shall we any longer live therein? Or are ye ignorant that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried therefore with him through baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life. For if we have become [o]united with him in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection; knowing this, that our old man was crucified with him, that the body of sin might be done away, that so we should no longer be in bondage to sin; for he that hath died is [p]justified from sin. But if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him; knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death no more hath dominion over him. 10 For [q]the death that he died, he died unto sin [r]once: but [s]the life that he liveth, he liveth unto God. 11 Even so reckon ye also yourselves to be dead unto sin, but alive unto God in Christ Jesus.

12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey the lusts thereof: 13 neither present your members unto sin as [t]instruments of unrighteousness; but present yourselves unto God, as alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. 14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under law, but under grace.

15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under law, but under grace? God forbid. 16 Know ye not, that to whom ye present yourselves as [u]servants unto obedience, his [v]servants ye are whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? 17 But thanks be to God, [w]that, whereas ye were [x]servants of sin, ye became obedient from the heart to that [y]form of teaching whereunto ye were delivered; 18 and being made free from sin, ye became [z]servants of righteousness. 19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye presented your members as servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity, even so now present your members as servants to righteousness unto sanctification. 20 For when ye were [aa]servants of sin, ye were free in regard of righteousness. 21 What fruit then had ye at that time in the things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death. 22 But now being made free from sin and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto sanctification, and the end eternal life. 23 For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Or are ye ignorant, brethren (for I speak to men who know [ab]the law), that the law hath dominion over a man for so long time as he liveth? For the woman that hath a husband is bound by law to the husband while he liveth; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the husband. So then if, while the husband liveth, she be joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if the husband die, she is free from the law, so that she is no adulteress, though she be joined to another man. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also were made dead to the law through the body of Christ; that ye should be joined to another, even to him who was raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit unto God. For when we were in the flesh, the [ac]sinful passions, which were through the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. But now we have been discharged from the law, having died to that wherein we were held; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in oldness of the letter.

What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Howbeit, I had not known sin, except through [ad]the law: for I had not known [ae]coveting, except the law had said, [af]Thou shalt not [ag]covet: but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all manner of [ah]coveting: for apart from [ai]the law sin is dead. And I was alive apart from [aj]the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died; 10 and the commandment, which was unto life, this I found to be unto death: 11 for sin, finding occasion, through the commandment beguiled me, and through it slew me. 12 So that the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and righteous, and good. 13 Did then that which is good become death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might be shown to be sin, by working death to me through that which is good;—that through the commandment sin might become exceeding sinful. 14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. 15 For that which I [ak]do I know not: for not what I would, that do I practise; but what I hate, that I do. 16 But if what I would not, that I do, I consent unto the law that it is good. 17 So now it is no more I that [al]do it, but sin which dwelleth in me. 18 For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me, but to [am]do that which is good is not. 19 For the good which I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I practise. 20 But if what I would not, that I do, it is no more I that [an]do it, but sin which dwelleth in me. 21 I find then [ao]the law, that, to me who would do good, evil is present. 22 For I delight [ap]in the law of God after the inward man: 23 but I see a different law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity [aq]under the law of sin which is in my members. 24 Wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me out of [ar]the body of this death? 25 [as]I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then I of myself with the mind, indeed, serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.

There is therefore now no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the law of sin and of death. For what the law could not do, [at]in that it was weak through the flesh, God, sending his own Son in the likeness of [au]sinful flesh [av]and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: that the [aw]ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For they that are after the flesh mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace: because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can it be: and they that are in the flesh cannot please God. But ye are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you. But if any man hath not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. 10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also to your mortal bodies [ax]through his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

12 So then, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh: 13 for if ye live after the flesh, ye must die; but if by the Spirit ye put to death the [ay]deeds of the body, ye shall live. 14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For ye received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but ye received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16 The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God: 17 and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified with him.

18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed to us-ward. 19 For the earnest expectation of the creation waiteth for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but by reason of him who subjected it, [az]in hope 21 that the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain [ba]together until now. 23 And not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for our adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. 24 For [bb]in hope were we saved: but hope that is seen is not hope: [bc]for who [bd]hopeth for that which he seeth? 25 But if we hope for that which we see not, then do we with [be]patience wait for it.

26 And in like manner the Spirit also helpeth our infirmity: for we know not how to pray as we ought; but the Spirit himself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered; 27 and he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, [bf]because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God. 28 And we know that to them that love God [bg]all things work together for good, even to them that are called according to his purpose. 29 For whom he foreknew, he also foreordained to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren: 30 and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us? 32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not also with him freely give us all things? 33 Who shall lay anything to the charge of God’s elect? [bh]It is God that justifieth; 34 who is he that condemneth? [bi]It is Christ Jesus that died, yea rather, that was raised from the dead, who is at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. 35 Who shall separate us from the love [bj]of Christ? shall tribulation, or anguish, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? 36 Even as it is written,

[bk]For thy sake we are killed all the day long;
We were accounted as sheep for the slaughter.

37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. 38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other [bl]creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit, that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart. For I could [bm]wish that I myself were anathema from Christ for my brethren’s sake, my kinsmen according to the flesh: who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ as concerning the [bn]flesh, who is over all, God blessed [bo]for ever. Amen.

But it is not as though the word of God hath come to nought. For they are not all Israel, that are of Israel: neither, because they are Abraham’s seed, are they all children: but, [bp]In Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, it is not the children of the flesh that are children of God; but the children of the promise are reckoned for a seed. For this is a word of promise, [bq]According to this season will I come, and Sarah shall have a son. 10 And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, even by our father Isaac— 11 for the children being not yet born, neither having done anything good or bad, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth, 12 it was said unto her, [br]The elder shall serve the younger. 13 Even as it is written, [bs]Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.

14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 15 For he saith to Moses, [bt]I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion. 16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that hath mercy. 17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, [bu]For this very purpose did I raise thee up, that I might show in thee my power, and that my name might be published abroad in all the earth. 18 So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardeneth.

19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he still find fault? For who withstandeth his will? 20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why didst thou make me thus? 21 Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor? 22 What if God, [bv]willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction: 23 [bw]and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory, 24 even us, whom he also called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles? 25 As he saith also in Hosea,

[bx]I will call that my people, which was not my people;
And her beloved, that was not beloved.
26 [by]And it shall be, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people,
There shall they be called sons of the living God.

27 And Isaiah crieth concerning Israel, [bz]If the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that shall be saved: 28 for the Lord will execute his word upon the earth, finishing it and cutting it short. 29 And, as Isaiah hath said before,

[ca]Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed,
We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.

30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who followed not after righteousness, attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith: 31 but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that law. 32 Wherefore? [cb]Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling; 33 even as it is written,

[cc]Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence:
And he that believeth on [cd]him shall not be put to shame.

10 Brethren, my heart’s [ce]desire and my supplication to God is for them, that they may be saved. For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. For being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God. For Christ is the end of the law unto righteousness to every one that believeth. For Moses writeth that [cf]the man that doeth the righteousness which is of the law shall live thereby. But the righteousness which is of faith saith thus, [cg]Say not in thy heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down:) or, Who shall descend into the abyss? (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead.) But what saith it? [ch]The word is nigh thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach: [ci]because if thou shalt [cj]confess with thy mouth Jesus as Lord, and shalt believe in thy heart that God raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved: 10 for with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the scripture saith, [ck]Whosoever believeth on him shall not be put to shame. 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him: 13 for, [cl]Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. 14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher? 15 and how shall they preach, except they be sent? even as it is written, [cm]How beautiful are the feet of them that bring [cn]glad tidings of good things!

16 But they did not all hearken to the [co]glad tidings. For Isaiah saith, [cp]Lord, who hath believed our report? 17 So belief cometh of hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ. 18 But I say, Did they not hear? Yea, verily,

[cq]Their sound went out into all the earth,
And their words unto the ends of [cr]the world.

19 But I say, Did Israel not know? First Moses saith,

[cs]I will provoke you to jealousy with that which is no nation,
With a nation void of understanding will I anger you.

20 And Isaiah is very bold, and saith,

[ct]I was found of them that sought me not;
I became manifest unto them that asked not of me.

21 But as to Israel he saith, [cu]All the day long did I spread out my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

11 I say then, Did God cast off his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God did not cast off his people which he foreknew. Or know ye not what the scripture [cv]saith [cw]of Elijah? how he pleadeth with God against Israel: Lord, they have killed thy prophets, they have digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life. But what [cx]saith the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal. Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. But if it is by grace, it is no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. What then? That which Israel seeketh for, that he obtained not; but the election obtained it, and the rest were hardened: according as it is written, [cy]God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, unto this very day. And David saith,

[cz]Let their table be made a snare, and a trap,
And a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them:
10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see,
And bow thou down their back always.

11 I say then, Did they stumble that they might fall? God forbid: but by their [da]fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy. 12 Now if their fall is the riches of the world, and their loss the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness? 13 But I speak to you that are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle of Gentiles, I glorify my ministry; 14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy them that are my flesh, and may save some of them. 15 For if the casting away of them is the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? 16 And if the first-fruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and thou, being a wild olive, wast grafted in among them, and didst become partaker with them [db]of the root of the fatness of the olive tree; 18 glory not over the branches: but if thou gloriest, it is not thou that bearest the root, but the root thee. 19 Thou wilt say then, Branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in. 20 Well; by their unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by thy faith. Be not highminded, but fear: 21 for if God spared not the natural branches, neither will he spare thee. 22 Behold then the goodness and severity of God: toward them that fell, severity; but toward thee, God’s goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. 23 And they also, if they continue not in their unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if thou wast cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree, and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more shall these, which are the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

25 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant of this mystery, lest ye be wise in your own conceits, that a hardening in part hath befallen Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in; 26 and so all Israel shall be saved: even as it is written,

[dc]There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer;
He shall turn away [dd]ungodliness from Jacob:
27 [de]And this is [df]my covenant unto them,
When I shall take away their sins.

28 As touching the [dg]gospel, they are enemies for your sake: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sake. 29 For the gifts and the calling of God are not repented of. 30 For as ye in time past were disobedient to God, but now have obtained mercy by their disobedience, 31 even so have these also now been disobedient, that by the mercy shown to you they also may now obtain mercy. 32 For God hath shut up all unto disobedience, that he might have mercy upon all.

33 O the depth [dh]of the riches [di]both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out! 34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? 35 or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again? 36 For of him, and through him, and unto him, are all things. To him be the glory [dj]for ever. Amen.

12 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, [dk]acceptable to God, which is your [dl]spiritual [dm]service. And be not fashioned according to this [dn]world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is [do]the good and [dp]acceptable and perfect will of God.

For I say, through the grace that was given me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but so to think as to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to each man a measure of faith. For even as we have many members in one body, and all the members have not the same office: so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and severally members one of another. And having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of our faith; or ministry, let us give ourselves to our ministry; or he that teacheth, to his teaching; or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, let him do it with [dq]liberality; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. 10 In love of the brethren be tenderly affectioned one to another; in honor preferring one another; 11 in diligence not slothful; fervent in spirit; serving [dr]the Lord; 12 rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing stedfastly in prayer; 13 communicating to the necessities of the saints; [ds]given to hospitality. 14 Bless them that persecute you; bless, and curse not. 15 Rejoice with them that rejoice; weep with them that weep. 16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Set not your mind on high things, but [dt]condescend to [du]things that are lowly. Be not wise in your own conceits. 17 Render to no man evil for evil. Take thought for things honorable in the sight of all men. 18 If it be possible, as much as in you lieth, be at peace with all men. 19 Avenge not yourselves, beloved, but give place unto [dv]the wrath of God: for it is written, [dw]Vengeance belongeth unto me; I will recompense, saith the Lord. 20 But [dx]if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him to drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head. 21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

13 Let every soul be in subjection to the higher powers: for there is no power but of God; and the powers that be are ordained of God. Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment. For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. And wouldest thou have no fear of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise from the same: for [dy]he is a minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for [dz]he beareth not the sword in vain: for [ea]he is a minister of God, an avenger for wrath to him that doeth evil. Wherefore ye must needs be in subjection, not only because of the wrath, but also for conscience’ sake. For for this cause ye pay tribute also; for they are ministers of God’s service, attending continually upon this very thing. Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.

Owe no man anything, save to love one another: for he that loveth [eb]his neighbor hath fulfilled the law. For this, [ec]Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not covet, and if there be any other commandment, it is summed up in this word, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. 10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: love therefore is the fulfilment of the law.

11 And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep: for now is [ed]salvation nearer to us than when we first believed. 12 The night is far spent, and the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light. 13 Let us walk becomingly, as in the day; not in revelling and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and jealousy. 14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.

14 But him that is weak in faith receive ye, yet not [ee]for decision of scruples. One man hath faith to eat all things: but he that is weak eateth herbs. Let not him that eateth set at nought him that eateth not; and let not him that eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him. Who art thou that judgest the [ef]servant of another? to his own lord he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be made to stand; for the Lord hath power to make him stand. One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind. He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord: and he that eateth, eateth unto the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, unto the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks. For none of us liveth to himself, and none dieth to himself. For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; or whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord’s. For to this end Christ died and lived again, that he might be Lord of both the dead and the living. 10 But thou, why dost thou judge thy brother? or thou again, why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of God. 11 For it is written,

[eg]As I live, saith the Lord, to me every knee shall bow,
And every tongue shall [eh]confess to God.

12 So then each one of us shall give account of himself to God.

13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge ye this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock in his brother’s way, or an occasion of falling. 14 I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself: save that to him who accounteth anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean. 15 For if because of meat thy brother is grieved, thou walkest no longer in love. Destroy not with thy meat him for whom Christ died. 16 Let not then your good be evil spoken of: 17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. 18 For he that herein serveth Christ is well-pleasing to God, and approved of men. 19 So then [ei]let us follow after things which make for peace, and things whereby we may edify one another. 20 Overthrow not for meat’s sake the work of God. All things indeed are clean; howbeit it is evil for that man who eateth with offence. 21 It is good not to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor to do anything whereby thy brother stumbleth[ej]. 22 The faith which thou hast, have thou to thyself before God. Happy is he that judgeth not himself in that which he [ek]approveth. 23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.[el]

15 Now we that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Let each one of us please his neighbor for that which is good, unto edifying. For Christ also pleased not himself; but, as it is written, [em]The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell upon me. For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that through [en]patience and through comfort of the scriptures we might have hope. Now the God of [eo]patience and of comfort grant you to be of the same mind one with another according to Christ Jesus: that with one accord ye may with one mouth glorify [ep]the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Wherefore receive ye one another, even as Christ also received [eq]you, to the glory of God. For I say that Christ hath been made a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises given unto the fathers, and that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written,

[er]Therefore will I [es]give praise unto thee among the [et]Gentiles,
And sing unto thy name.

10 And again he saith,

[eu]Rejoice, ye [ev]Gentiles, with his people.

11 And again,

[ew]Praise the Lord, all ye [ex]Gentiles;
And let all the peoples praise him.

12 And again, Isaiah saith,

[ey]There shall be the root of Jesse,
And he that ariseth to rule over the [ez]Gentiles;
On him shall the [fa]Gentiles hope.

13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, in the power of the Holy Spirit.

14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another. 15 But I write the more boldly unto you in some measure, as putting you again in remembrance, because of the grace that was given me of God, 16 that I should be a minister of Christ Jesus unto the [fb]Gentiles, [fc]ministering the [fd]gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be made acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Spirit. 17 I have therefore my glorying in Christ Jesus in things pertaining to God. 18 For I will not dare to speak of any [fe]things save those which Christ wrought through me, for the obedience of the [ff]Gentiles, by word and deed, 19 in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of [fg]the Holy Spirit; so that from Jerusalem, and round about even unto Illyricum, I have [fh]fully preached the [fi]gospel of Christ; 20 yea, [fj]making it my aim so to [fk]preach the gospel, not where Christ was already named, that I might not build upon another man’s foundation; 21 but, as it is written,

[fl]They shall see, to whom no tidings of him came,
And they who have not heard shall understand.

22 Wherefore also I was hindered these many times from coming to you: 23 but now, having no more any place in these regions, and having these many years a longing to come unto you, 24 whensoever I go unto Spain (for I hope to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first in some measure I shall have been satisfied with your company)— 25 but now, I say, I go unto Jerusalem, ministering unto the saints. 26 For it hath been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints that are at Jerusalem. 27 Yea, it hath been their good pleasure; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they owe it to them also to minister unto them in carnal things. 28 When therefore I have accomplished this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will go on by you unto Spain. 29 And I know that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of Christ.

30 Now I beseech you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ, and by the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me; 31 that I may be delivered from them that are disobedient in Judaea, and that my ministration which I have for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints; 32 that I may come unto you in joy through the will of God, and together with you find rest. 33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

16 I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a [fm]servant of the church that is at Cenchreae: that ye receive her in the Lord, worthily of the saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever matter she may have need of you: for she herself also hath been a helper of many, and of mine own self.

Salute Prisca and Aquila my fellow-workers in Christ Jesus, who for my life laid down their own necks; unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles: and salute the church that is in their house. Salute Epaenetus my beloved, who is the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ. Salute Mary, who bestowed much labor on you. Salute Andronicus and [fn]Junias, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also have been in Christ before me. Salute Ampliatus my beloved in the Lord. Salute Urbanus our fellow-worker in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. 10 Salute Apelles the approved in Christ. Salute them that are of the household of Aristobulus. 11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Salute them of the household of Narcissus, that are in the Lord. 12 Salute Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Salute Persis the beloved, who labored much in the Lord. 13 Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. 14 Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren that are with them. 15 Salute Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints that are with them. 16 Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute you.

17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them that are causing the divisions and occasions of stumbling, contrary to the [fo]doctrine which ye learned: and turn away from them. 18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Christ, but their own belly; and by their smooth and fair speech they beguile the hearts of the innocent. 19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I rejoice therefore over you: but I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple unto that which is evil. 20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly.

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

21 Timothy my fellow-worker saluteth you; and Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen. 22 I Tertius, [fp]who write the epistle, salute you in the Lord. 23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the treasurer of the city saluteth you, and Quartus the brother.[fq]

25 [fr]Now to him that is able to establish you according to my [fs]gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which hath been kept in silence through times eternal, 26 but now is manifested, and [ft]by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, is made known unto all the [fu]nations unto obedience [fv]of faith: 27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, [fw]to whom be the glory [fx]for ever. Amen.

Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes [fy]our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, even them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place, their Lord and ours: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

I thank [fz]my God always concerning you, for the grace of God which was given you in Christ Jesus; that in everything ye were enriched in him, in all [ga]utterance and all knowledge; even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you: so that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye be unreproveable in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. God is faithful, through whom ye were called into the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.

10 Now I beseech you, brethren, through the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no [gb]divisions among you; but that ye be perfected together in the same mind and in the same judgment. 11 For it hath been signified unto me concerning you, my brethren, by them that are of the household of Chloe, that there are contentions among you. 12 Now this I mean, that each one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ. 13 [gc]Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized into the name of Paul? 14 [gd]I thank God that I baptized none of you, save Crispus and Gaius; 15 lest any man should say that ye were baptized into my name. 16 And I baptized also the household of Stephanas: besides, I know not whether I baptized any other. 17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to [ge]preach the gospel: not in wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made void.

18 For the word of the cross is to them that [gf]perish foolishness; but unto us who [gg]are saved it is the power of God. 19 For it is written,

[gh]I will destroy the wisdom of the wise,
And the discernment of the discerning will I bring to nought.

20 Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this [gi]world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of the world? 21 For seeing that in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom knew not God, it was God’s good pleasure through the foolishness of the [gj]preaching to save them that believe. 22 Seeing that Jews ask for signs, and Greeks seek after wisdom: 23 but we preach [gk]Christ crucified, unto Jews a stumblingblock, and unto Gentiles foolishness; 24 but unto [gl]them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. 25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.

26 For [gm]behold your calling, brethren, that not many wise after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: 27 but God chose the foolish things of the world, that he might put to shame them that are wise; and God chose the weak things of the world, that he might put to shame the things that are strong; 28 and the base things of the world, and the things that are despised, did God choose, yea [gn]and the things that are not, that he might bring to nought the things that are: 29 that no flesh should glory before God. 30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who was made unto us wisdom from God, [go]and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption: 31 that, according as it is written, [gp]He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.

And I, brethren, when I came unto you, came not with excellency of [gq]speech or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the [gr]testimony of God. For I determined not to know anything among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified. And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling. And my [gs]speech and my [gt]preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power: that your faith should not [gu]stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.

We speak wisdom, however, among them that are fullgrown: yet a wisdom not of this [gv]world, nor of the rulers of this [gw]world, who are coming to nought: but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, even the wisdom that hath been hidden, which God foreordained before the [gx]worlds unto our glory: which none of the rulers of this [gy]world hath known: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory: but as it is written,

[gz]Things which eye saw not, and ear heard not,
And which entered not into the heart of man,
Whatsoever things God prepared for them that love him.

10 [ha]But unto us God revealed [hb]them through the Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 11 For who among men knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of the man, which is in him? even so the things of God none knoweth, save the Spirit of God. 12 But we received, not the spirit of the [hc]world, but the spirit which is from God; that we might know the things that were freely given to us of God. 13 Which things also we speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Spirit teacheth; [hd]combining spiritual things with spiritual words. 14 Now the [he]natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him; and he cannot know them, because they are spiritually [hf]judged. 15 But he that is spiritual [hg]judgeth all things, and he himself is [hh]judged of no man. 16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, as unto babes in Christ. I fed you with milk, not with meat; for ye were not yet able to bear it: nay, not even now are ye able; for ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you jealousy and strife, are ye not carnal, and do ye not walk after the manner of men? For when one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not men? What then is Apollos? and what is Paul? Ministers through whom ye believed; and each as the Lord gave to him. I planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. So then neither is he that planteth anything, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase. Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: but each shall receive his own reward according to his own labor. For we are God’s fellow-workers: ye are God’s [hi]husbandry, God’s building.

10 According to the grace of God which was given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder I laid a foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let each man take heed how he buildeth thereon. 11 For other foundation can no man lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 But if any man buildeth on the foundation gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay, stubble; 13 each man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it is revealed in fire; [hj]and the fire itself shall prove each man’s work of what sort it is. 14 If any man’s work shall abide which he built thereon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as through fire.

16 Know ye not that ye are a [hk]temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 17 If any man destroyeth the [hl]temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the [hm]temple of God is holy, [hn]and such are ye.

18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man thinketh that he is wise among you in this [ho]world, let him become a fool, that he may become wise. 19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, [hp]He that taketh the wise in their craftiness: 20 and again, [hq]The Lord knoweth the reasonings of the wise, that they are vain. 21 Wherefore let no one glory in men. For all things are yours; 22 whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours; 23 and ye are Christ’s; and Christ is God’s.

Let a man so account of us, as of ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. Here, moreover, it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful. But with me it is a very small thing that I should be [hr]judged of you, or of man’s [hs]judgment: yea, I [ht]judge not mine own self. For I know nothing against myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that [hu]judgeth me is the Lord. Wherefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and make manifest the counsels of the hearts; and then shall each man have his praise from God.

Now these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and Apollos for your sakes; that in us ye might learn not to go beyond the things which are written; that no one of you be puffed up for the one against the other. For who maketh thee to differ? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? but if thou didst receive it, why dost thou glory as if thou hadst not received it? Already are ye filled, already ye are become rich, ye have come to reign without us: yea and I would that ye did reign, that we also might reign with you. For, I think, God hath set forth us the apostles last of all, as men doomed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, [hv]both to angels and men. 10 We are fools for Christ’s sake, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye have glory, but we have dishonor. 11 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwelling-place; 12 and we toil, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we endure; 13 being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the [hw]filth of the world, the offscouring of all things, even until now.

14 I write not these things to shame you, but to admonish you as my beloved children. 15 For though ye have ten thousand tutors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers; for in Christ Jesus I begat you through the [hx]gospel. 16 I beseech you therefore, be ye imitators of me. 17 For this cause have I sent unto you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, who shall put you in remembrance of my ways which are in Christ, even as I teach everywhere in every church. 18 Now some are puffed up, as though I were not coming to you. 19 But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord will; and I will know, not the word of them that are puffed up, but the power. 20 For the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power. 21 What will ye? shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love and a spirit of gentleness?

It is actually reported that there is fornication among you, and such fornication as is not even among the Gentiles, that one of you hath his father’s wife. And [hy]ye are puffed up, and [hz]did not rather mourn, that he that had done this deed might be taken away from among you. For I verily, being absent in body but present in spirit, have already as though I were present judged him that hath so wrought this thing, in the name of our Lord Jesus, ye being gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus, to deliver such a one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord [ia]Jesus. Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? Purge out the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, even as ye are unleavened. For our passover also hath been sacrificed, even Christ: wherefore let us [ib]keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

I wrote unto you in my epistle to have no company with fornicators; 10 [ic]not at all meaning with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous and extortioners, or with idolaters; for then must ye needs go out of the world: 11 but [id]as it is, I wrote unto you not to keep company, if any man that is named a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such a one no, not to eat. 12 For what have I to do with judging them that are without? Do not ye judge them that are within? 13 But them that are without God judgeth. Put away the wicked man from among yourselves.

Dare any of you, having a matter against [ie]his neighbor, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints? Or know ye not that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world is judged by you, are ye unworthy [if]to judge the smallest matters? Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more, things that pertain to this life? If then ye have [ig]to judge things pertaining to this life, [ih]do ye set them to judge who are of no account in the church? I say this to move you to shame. [ii]What, cannot there be found among you one wise man who shall be able to decide between his brethren, but brother goeth to law with brother, and that before unbelievers? Nay, already it is altogether [ij]a defect in you, that ye have lawsuits one with another. Why not rather take wrong? why not rather be defrauded? Nay, but ye yourselves do wrong, and defraud, and that your brethren. Or know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with men, 10 nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And such were some of you: but ye [ik]were washed, but ye were sanctified, but ye were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and in the Spirit of our God.

12 All things are lawful for me; but not all things are expedient. All things are lawful for me; but I will not be brought under the power of any. 13 Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall bring to nought both it and them. But the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body: 14 and God both raised the Lord, and will raise up us through his power. 15 Know ye not that your bodies are members of Christ? shall I then take away the members of Christ, and make them members of a harlot? God forbid. 16 Or know ye not that he that is joined to a harlot is one body? for, [il]The twain, saith he, shall become one flesh. 17 But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit. 18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. 19 Or know ye not that your body is a [im]temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which ye have from God? and ye are not your own; 20 for ye were bought with a price: glorify God therefore in your body.

Now concerning the things whereof ye wrote: It is good for a man not to touch a woman. But, because of fornications, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband. Let the husband render unto the wife her due: and likewise also the wife unto the husband. The wife hath not power over her own body, but the husband: and likewise also the husband hath not power over his own body, but the wife. Defraud ye not one the other, except it be by consent for a season, that ye may give yourselves unto prayer, and may be together again, that Satan tempt you not because of your incontinency. But this I say by way of concession, not of commandment. [in]Yet I would that all men were even as I myself. Howbeit each man hath his own gift from God, one after this manner, and another after that.

But I say to the unmarried and to widows, It is good for them if they abide even as I. But if they have not continency, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn. 10 But unto the married I give charge, yea not I, but the Lord, That the wife depart not from her husband 11 (but should she depart, let her remain unmarried, or else be reconciled to her husband); and that the husband leave not his wife. 12 But to the rest say I, not the Lord: If any brother hath an unbelieving wife, and she is content to dwell with him, let him not leave her. 13 And the woman that hath an unbelieving husband, and he is content to dwell with her, let her not leave her husband. 14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified in the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified in the brother: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy. 15 Yet if the unbelieving departeth, let him depart: the brother or the sister is not under bondage in such cases: but God hath called [io]us in peace. 16 For how knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save thy husband? or how knowest thou, O husband, whether thou shalt save thy wife? 17 Only, as the Lord hath distributed to each man, as God hath called each, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all the churches. 18 Was any man called being circumcised? let him not become uncircumcised. Hath any been called in uncircumcision? let him not be circumcised. 19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing; but the keeping of the commandments of God. 20 Let each man abide in that calling wherein he was called. 21 Wast thou called being a bondservant? care not for it: [ip]nay, even if thou canst become free, use it rather. 22 For he that was called in the Lord being a bondservant, is the Lord’s freedman: likewise he that was called being free, is Christ’s bondservant. 23 Ye were bought with a price; become not bondservants of men. 24 Brethren, let each man, wherein he was called, therein abide with God.

25 Now concerning virgins I have no commandment of the Lord: but I give my judgment, as one that hath obtained mercy of the Lord to be trustworthy. 26 I think therefore that this is good by reason of the distress that is upon us, namely, that it is good for a man [iq]to be as he is. 27 Art thou bound unto a wife? seek not to be loosed. Art thou loosed from a wife? seek not a wife. 28 But shouldest thou marry, thou hast not sinned; and if a virgin marry, she hath not sinned. Yet such shall have tribulation in the flesh: and I would spare you. 29 But this I say, brethren, the time [ir]is shortened, that henceforth both those that have wives may be as though they had none; 30 and those that weep, as though they wept not; and those that rejoice, as though they rejoiced not; and those that buy, as though they possessed not; 31 and those that use the world, as not using it to the full: for the fashion of this world passeth away. 32 But I would have you to be free from cares. He that is unmarried is careful for the things of the Lord, how he may please the Lord: 33 but he that is married is careful for the things of the world, how he may please his [is]wife, 34 and is divided. So also the woman that is unmarried and the virgin is careful for the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit: but she that is married is careful for the things of the world, how she may please her husband. 35 And this I say for your own profit; not that I may cast a [it]snare upon you, but for that which is seemly, and that ye may attend upon the Lord without distraction. 36 But if any man thinketh that he behaveth himself unseemly toward his [iu]virgin daughter, if she be past the flower of her age, and if need so requireth, let him do what he will; he sinneth not; let them marry. 37 But he that standeth stedfast in his heart, having no necessity, but hath power as touching his own will, and hath determined this in his own heart, to keep his own [iv]virgin daughter, shall do well. 38 So then both he that giveth his own [iw]virgin daughter in marriage doeth well; and he that giveth her not in marriage shall do better. 39 A wife is bound for so long time as her husband liveth; but if the husband be [ix]dead, she is free to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord. 40 But she is happier if she abide as she is, after my judgment: and I think that I also have the Spirit of God.

Now concerning things sacrificed to idols: We know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but love [iy]edifieth. If any man thinketh that he knoweth anything, he knoweth not yet as he ought to know; but if any man loveth God, the same is known by him. Concerning therefore the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that no idol is anything in the world, and that there is no God but one. For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or on earth; as there are gods many, and lords many; yet to us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we unto him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we through him. Howbeit there is not in all men that knowledge: but some, being used until now to the idol, eat as of a thing sacrificed to an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled. But food will not [iz]commend us to God: neither, if we eat not, [ja]are we the worse; nor, if we eat, [jb]are we the better. But take heed lest by any means this [jc]liberty of yours become a stumblingblock to the weak. 10 For if a man see thee who hast knowledge sitting at meat in an idol’s temple, will not his conscience, if he is weak, [jd]be emboldened to eat things sacrificed to idols? 11 For [je]through thy knowledge he that is weak perisheth, the brother for whose sake Christ died. 12 And thus, sinning against the brethren, and wounding their conscience when it is weak, ye sin against Christ. 13 Wherefore, if meat causeth my brother to stumble, I will eat no flesh for evermore, that I cause not my brother to stumble.

Am I not free? am I not an apostle? have I not seen Jesus our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord? If to others I am not an apostle, yet at least I am to you; for the seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord. My defence to them that examine me is this. Have we no right to eat and to drink? Have we no right to lead about a wife that is a [jf]believer, even as the rest of the apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas? Or I only and Barnabas, have we not a right to forbear working? What soldier ever serveth at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock? Do I speak these things after the manner of men? or saith not the law also the same? For it is written in the law of Moses, [jg]Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn. Is it for the oxen that God careth, 10 or saith he it [jh]assuredly for our sake? Yea, for our sake it was written: because he that ploweth ought to plow in hope, and he that thresheth, to thresh in hope of partaking. 11 If we sowed unto you spiritual things, is it a great matter if we shall reap your carnal things? 12 If others partake of this right over you, do not we yet more? Nevertheless we did not use this right; but we bear all things, that we may cause no hindrance to the [ji]gospel of Christ. 13 Know ye not that they that minister about sacred things eat of the things of the temple, and they that wait upon the altar have their portion with the altar? 14 Even so did the Lord ordain that they that proclaim the [jj]gospel should live of the [jk]gospel. 15 But I have used none of these things: and I write not these things that it may be so done in my case; for it were good for me rather to die, than that any man should make my glorying void. 16 For if I [jl]preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of; for necessity is laid upon me; for woe is unto me, if I [jm]preach not the gospel. 17 For if I do this of mine own will, I have a reward: but if not of mine own will, I have a stewardship intrusted to me. 18 What then is my reward? That, when I [jn]preach the gospel, I may make the [jo]gospel without charge, so as not to use to the full my right in the [jp]gospel. 19 For though I was free from all men, I brought myself under bondage to all, that I might gain the more. 20 And to the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, not being myself under the law, that I might gain them that are under the law; 21 to them that are without law, as without law, not being without law to God, but under law to Christ, that I might gain them that are without law. 22 To the weak I became weak, that I might gain the weak: I am become all things to all men, that I may by all means save some. 23 And I do all things for the [jq]gospel’s sake, that I may be a joint partaker thereof. 24 Know ye not that they that run in a [jr]race run all, but one receiveth the prize? Even so run; that ye may attain. 25 And every man that striveth in the games exerciseth self-control in all things. Now they do it to receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. 26 I therefore so run, as not uncertainly; so [js]fight I, as not beating the air: 27 but I [jt]buffet my body, and bring it into bondage: lest by any means, after that I [ju]have preached to others, I myself should be rejected.

10 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; and were all baptized [jv]unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; and did all eat the same spiritual food; and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was [jw]Christ. Howbeit with most of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. Now [jx]these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, [jy]The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. Neither let us make trial of the [jz]Lord, as some of them made trial, and perished by the serpents. 10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them murmured, and perished by the destroyer. 11 Now these things happened unto them [ka]by way of example; and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages are come. 12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. 13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as man can bear: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation make also the way of escape, that ye may be able to endure it.

14 Wherefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry. 15 I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say. 16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not a [kb]communion of the blood of Christ? The [kc]bread which we break, is it not a [kd]communion of the body of Christ? 17 [ke]seeing that we, who are many, are one [kf]bread, one body: for we all partake [kg]of the one [kh]bread. 18 Behold Israel after the flesh: have not they that eat the sacrifices communion with the altar? 19 What say I then? that a thing sacrificed to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? 20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have communion with demons. 21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of demons: ye cannot partake of the table of the Lord, and of the table of demons. 22 Or do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

23 All things are lawful; but not all things are expedient. All things are lawful; but not all things [ki]edify. 24 Let no man seek his own, but each [kj]his neighbor’s good. 25 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, eat, asking no question for conscience’ sake; 26 for the earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof. 27 If one of them that believe not biddeth you to a feast, and ye are disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience’ sake. 28 But if any man say unto you, This hath been offered in sacrifice, eat not, for his sake that showed it, and for conscience’ sake: 29 conscience, I say, not thine own, but the other’s; for why is my liberty judged by another conscience? 30 [kk]If I partake with thankfulness, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? 31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. 32 Give no occasion of stumbling, either to Jews, or to Greeks, or to the church of God: 33 even as I also please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of the many, that they may be saved. 11 Be ye imitators of me, even as I also am of Christ.

Now I praise you that ye remember me in all things, and hold fast the traditions, even as I delivered them to you. But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoreth his head. But every woman praying or prophesying with her head unveiled dishonoreth her head; for it is one and the same thing as if she were shaven. For if a woman is not veiled, let her also be shorn: but if it is a shame to a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be veiled. For a man indeed ought not to have his head veiled, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man. For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man: for neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man: 10 for this cause ought the woman to have a sign of authority on her head, because of the angels. 11 Nevertheless, neither is the woman without the man, nor the man without the woman, in the Lord. 12 For as the woman is of the man, so is the man also by the woman; but all things are of God. 13 Judge ye [kl]in yourselves: is it seemly that a woman pray unto God unveiled? 14 Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a dishonor to him? 15 But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering. 16 But if any man seemeth to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God.

17 But in giving you this charge, I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better but for the worse. 18 For first of all, when ye come together [km]in the church, I hear that [kn]divisions exist among you; and I partly believe it. 19 For there must be also [ko]factions among you, that they that are approved may be made manifest among you. 20 When therefore ye assemble yourselves together, it is not possible to eat the Lord’s supper: 21 for in your eating each one taketh before other his own supper; and one is hungry, and another is drunken. 22 What, have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the [kp]church of God, and put them to shame that [kq]have not? What shall I say to you? [kr]shall I praise you? In this I praise you not. 23 For I received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which he was [ks]betrayed took bread; 24 and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, This is my body, which [kt]is for you: this do in remembrance of me. 25 In like manner also the cup, after supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant in my blood: this do, as often as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. 26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink the cup, ye proclaim the Lord’s death till he come. 27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat the bread or drink the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup. 29 For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself, if he [ku]discern not the body. 30 For this cause many among you are weak and sickly, and not a few sleep. 31 But if we [kv]discerned ourselves, we should not be judged. 32 But [kw]when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we may not be condemned with the world. 33 Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, wait one for another. 34 If any man is hungry, let him eat at home; that your coming together be not unto judgment. And the rest will I set in order whensoever I come.

12 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant. Ye know that when ye were Gentiles ye were led away unto those dumb idols, howsoever ye might be led. Wherefore I make known unto you, that no man speaking in the Spirit of God saith, Jesus is anathema; and no man can say, Jesus is Lord, but in the Holy Spirit.

Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are diversities of ministrations, and the same Lord. And there are diversities of workings, but the same God, who worketh all things in all. But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit to profit withal. For to one is given through the Spirit the word of wisdom; and to another the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit: to another faith, in the same Spirit; and to another gifts of healings, in the one Spirit; 10 and to another workings of [kx]miracles; and to another prophecy; and to another discernings of spirits: to another divers kinds of tongues; and to another the interpretation of tongues: 11 but all these worketh the one and the same Spirit, dividing to each one severally even as he will.

12 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of the body, being many, are one body; so also is Christ. 13 For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bond or free; and were all made to drink of one Spirit. 14 For the body is not one member, but many. 15 If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; it is not therefore not of the body. 16 And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; it is not therefore not of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling? 18 But now hath God set the members each one of them in the body, even as it pleased him. 19 And if they were all one member, where were the body? 20 But now they are many members, but one body. 21 And the eye cannot say to the hand, I have no need of thee: or again the head to the feet, I have no need of you. 22 Nay, much rather, those members of the body which seem to be more feeble are necessary: 23 and those parts of the body, which we think to be less honorable, upon these we [ky]bestow more abundant honor; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness; 24 whereas our comely parts have no need: but God tempered the body together, giving more abundant honor to that part which lacked; 25 that there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another. 26 And whether one member suffereth, all the members suffer with it; or one member is [kz]honored, all the members rejoice with it. 27 Now ye are the body of Christ, and [la]severally members thereof. 28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly teachers, then [lb]miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, [lc]governments, divers kinds of tongues. 29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of [ld]miracles? 30 have all gifts of healings? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret? 31 But desire earnestly the greater gifts. And moreover a most excellent way show I unto you.

13 If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am become sounding brass, or a clanging cymbal. And if I have the gift of prophecy, and know all mysteries and all knowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. And if I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and if I give my body [le]to be burned, but have not love, it profiteth me nothing. Love suffereth long, and is kind; love envieth not; love vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not its own, is not provoked, taketh not account of evil; rejoiceth not in unrighteousness, but rejoiceth with the truth; [lf]beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Love never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall be done away; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall be done away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part; 10 but when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away. 11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I felt as a child, I thought as a child: now that I am become a man, I have put away childish things. 12 For now we see in a mirror, [lg]darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know fully even as also I was fully known. 13 But now abideth faith, hope, love, these three; and the [lh]greatest of these is love.

14 Follow after love; yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy. For he that speaketh in a tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God; for no man [li]understandeth; but in the spirit he speaketh mysteries. But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men edification, and [lj]exhortation, and consolation. He that speaketh in a tongue [lk]edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth [ll]edifieth the church. Now I would have you all speak with tongues, but rather that ye should prophesy: and greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying. But now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, unless I speak to you either by way of revelation, or of knowledge, or of prophesying, or of teaching? Even things without life, giving a voice, whether pipe or harp, if they give not a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped? For if the trumpet give an uncertain voice, who shall prepare himself for war? So also ye, unless ye utter by the tongue speech easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye will be speaking into the air. 10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and [lm]no kind is without signification. 11 If then I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be to him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh will be a barbarian [ln]unto me. 12 So also ye, since ye are zealous of [lo]spiritual gifts, seek that ye may abound unto the edifying of the church. 13 Wherefore let him that speaketh in a tongue pray that he may interpret. 14 For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful. 15 What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. 16 Else if thou bless with the spirit, how shall he that filleth the place of [lp]the unlearned say the Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he knoweth not what thou sayest? 17 For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not [lq]edified. 18 I thank God, I speak with tongues more than you all: 19 howbeit in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that I might instruct others also, than ten thousand words in a tongue.

20 Brethren, be not children in mind: yet in malice be ye babes, but in mind be [lr]men. 21 In the law it is written, [ls]By men of strange tongues and by the lips of strangers will I speak unto this people; and not even thus will they hear me, saith the Lord. 22 Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to the unbelieving: but prophesying is for a sign, not to the unbelieving, but to them that believe. 23 If therefore the whole church be assembled together and all speak with tongues, and there come in men unlearned or unbelieving, will they not say that ye are mad? 24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one unbelieving or unlearned, he is [lt]reproved by all, he is judged by all; 25 the secrets of his heart are made manifest; and so he will fall down on his face and worship God, declaring that God is [lu]among you indeed.

26 What is it then, brethren? When ye come together, each one hath a psalm, hath a teaching, hath a revelation, hath a tongue, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying. 27 If any man speaketh in a tongue, let it be by two, or at the most three, and that in turn; and let one interpret: 28 but if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God. 29 And let the prophets speak by two or three, and let the others [lv]discern. 30 But if a revelation be made to another sitting by, let the first keep silence. 31 For ye all can prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be [lw]exhorted; 32 and the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets; 33 for God is not a God of confusion, but of peace.

As in all the churches of the saints, 34 let the women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but let them be in subjection, as also [lx]saith the law. 35 And if they would learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home: for it is shameful for a woman to speak in the church. 36 What? was it from you that the word of God went forth? or came it unto you alone?

37 If any man thinketh himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him take knowledge of the things which I write unto you, that they are the commandment of the Lord. 38 [ly]But if any man is ignorant, let him be ignorant.

39 Wherefore, my brethren, desire earnestly to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues. 40 But let all things be done decently and in order.

15 Now I make known unto you brethren, the [lz]gospel which I [ma]preached unto you, which also ye received, wherein also ye stand, by which also ye are saved, if ye hold fast [mb]the word which I [mc]preached unto you, except ye believed [md]in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which also I received: that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; and that he was buried; and that he hath been raised on the third day according to the scriptures; and that he appeared to Cephas; then to the twelve; then he appeared to above five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain until now, but some are fallen asleep; then he appeared to [me]James; then to all the apostles; and last of all, as to the child untimely born, he appeared to me also. For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not found [mf]vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. 11 Whether then it be I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.

12 Now if Christ is preached that he hath been raised from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, neither hath Christ been raised: 14 and if Christ hath not been raised, then is our preaching [mg]vain, [mh]your faith also is [mi]vain. 15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we witnessed of God that he raised up [mj]Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, neither hath Christ been raised: 17 and if Christ hath not been raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. 18 Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19 [mk]If we have only hoped in Christ in this life, we are of all men most pitiable.

20 But now hath Christ been raised from the dead, the first-fruits of them that are asleep. 21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in [ml]Christ shall all be made alive. 23 But each in his own order: Christ the first-fruits; then they that are Christ’s, at his [mm]coming. 24 Then cometh the end, when he shall deliver up the kingdom to [mn]God, even the Father; when he shall have abolished all rule and all authority and power. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all his enemies under his feet. 26 The last enemy that shall be abolished is death. 27 For, He put all things in subjection under his feet. [mo]But when he saith, [mp]All things are put in subjection, it is evident that he is excepted who did subject all things unto him. 28 And when all things have been subjected unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subjected to him that did subject all things unto him, that God may be all in all.

29 Else what shall they do that are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them? 30 why do we also stand in jeopardy every hour? 31 I protest by [mq]that glorying in you, brethren, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily. 32 If after the manner of men I fought with beasts at Ephesus, [mr]what doth it profit me? If the dead are not raised, let us eat and drink, for to-morrow we die. 33 Be not deceived: Evil companionships corrupt good morals. 34 Awake to soberness righteously, and sin not; for some have no knowledge of God: I speak this to move you to shame.

35 But some one will say, How are the dead raised? and with what manner of body do they come? 36 Thou foolish one, that which thou thyself sowest is not quickened except it die: 37 and that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be, but a bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other kind; 38 but God giveth it a body even as it pleased him, and to each seed a body of its own. 39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fishes. 40 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. 41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differeth from another star in glory. 42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: 43 it is sown in dishonor; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: 44 it is sown a [ms]natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a [mt]natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 So also it is written, [mu]The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 Howbeit that is not first which is spiritual, but that which is [mv]natural; then that which is spiritual. 47 The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is of heaven. 48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, [mw]we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. 51 Behold, I tell you a mystery: [mx]We all shall not sleep, but we shall all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. 53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. 54 But when [my]this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written, [mz]Death is swallowed up [na]in victory. 55 [nb]O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting? 56 The sting of death is sin; and the power of sin is the law: 57 but thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 58 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labor is not [nc]vain in the Lord.

16 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I gave order to the churches of Galatia, so also do ye. Upon the first day of the week let each one of you lay by him in store, as he may prosper, that no collections be made when I come. And when I arrive, [nd]whomsoever ye shall approve, them will I send with letters to carry your bounty unto Jerusalem: and if it be meet for me to go also, they shall go with me. But I will come unto you, when I shall have passed through Macedonia; for I pass through Macedonia; but with you it may be that I shall abide, or even winter, that ye may set me forward on my journey whithersoever I go. For I do not wish to see you now by the way; for I hope to tarry a while with you, if the Lord permit. But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost; for a great door and effectual is opened unto me, and there are many adversaries.

10 Now if Timothy come, see that he be with you without fear; for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do: 11 let no man therefore despise him. But set him forward on his journey in peace, that he may come unto me: for I expect him with the brethren. 12 But as touching Apollos the brother, I besought him much to come unto you with the brethren: and it was not at all [ne]his will to come now; but he will come when he shall have opportunity.

13 Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong. 14 Let all that ye do be done in love.

15 Now I beseech you, brethren (ye know the house of Stephanas, that it is the first-fruits of Achaia, and that they have set themselves to minister unto the saints), 16 that ye also be in subjection unto such, and to every one that helpeth in the work and laboreth. 17 And I rejoice at the [nf]coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus: for that which was lacking on your part they supplied. 18 For they refreshed my spirit and yours: acknowledge ye therefore them that are such.

19 The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Prisca salute you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house. 20 All the brethren salute you. Salute one another with a holy kiss.

21 The salutation of me Paul with mine own hand. 22 If any man loveth not the Lord, let him be anathema. [ng]Maranatha. 23 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with you. 24 My love be with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen.

Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy [nh]our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints that are in the whole of Achaia: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Blessed be [ni]the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort; who comforteth us in all our affliction, that we may be able to comfort them that are in any affliction, through the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God. For as the sufferings of Christ abound unto us, even so our comfort also aboundeth through Christ. But whether we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; or whether we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which worketh in the patient enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: and our hope for you is stedfast; knowing that, as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so also are ye of the comfort. For we would not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning our affliction which befell us in Asia, that we were weighed down exceedingly, beyond our power, insomuch that we despaired even of life: [nj]yea, we ourselves have had the [nk]sentence of death within ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God who raiseth the dead: 10 who delivered us out of so great a death, and will deliver: on whom we have [nl]set our hope that he will also still deliver us; 11 ye also helping together on our behalf by your supplication; that, for the gift bestowed upon us by means of many, thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf.

12 For our glorying is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in holiness and sincerity of God, not in fleshly wisdom but in the grace of God, we behaved ourselves in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward. 13 For we write no other things unto you, than what ye read or even acknowledge, and I hope ye will acknowledge unto the end: 14 as also ye did acknowledge us in part, that we are your glorying, even as ye also are ours, in the day of our Lord Jesus.

15 And in this confidence I was minded to come first unto you, that ye might have a second [nm]benefit; 16 and by you to pass into Macedonia, and again from Macedonia to come unto you, and of you to be set forward on my journey unto Judaea. 17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I show fickleness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be the yea yea and the nay nay? 18 But as God is faithful, our word toward you is not yea and nay. 19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you [nn]by us, even [no]by me and Silvanus and Timothy, was not yea and nay, but in him is yea. 20 For how many soever be the promises of God, in him is the yea: wherefore also through him is the Amen, unto the glory of God through us. 21 Now he that establisheth us with you [np]in Christ, and anointed us, is God; 22 [nq]who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

23 But I call God for a witness upon my soul, that to spare you I forbare to come unto Corinth. 24 Not that we have lordship over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for in [nr]faith ye stand fast. [ns]But I determined this for myself, that I would not come again to you with sorrow. For if I make you sorry, who then is he that maketh me glad but he that is made sorry by me? And I wrote this very thing, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all. For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be made sorry, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.

But if any hath caused sorrow, he hath caused sorrow, not to me, but in part (that I press not too heavily) to you all. Sufficient to such a one is this punishment which was inflicted by [nt]the many; so that contrariwise ye should [nu]rather forgive him and comfort him, lest by any means such a one should be swallowed up with his overmuch sorrow. Wherefore I beseech you to confirm your love toward him. For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, [nv]whether ye are obedient in all things. 10 But to whom ye forgive anything, I forgive also: for what I also have forgiven, if I have forgiven anything, for your sakes have I forgiven it in the [nw]presence of Christ; 11 that no advantage may be gained over us by Satan: for we are not ignorant of his devices.

12 Now when I came to Troas for the [nx]gospel of Christ, and when a door was opened unto me in the Lord, 13 I had no relief for my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went forth into Macedonia.

14 But thanks be unto God, who always leadeth us in triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest through us the savor of his knowledge in every place. 15 For we are a sweet savor of Christ unto God, in them that [ny]are saved, and in them that [nz]perish; 16 to the one a savor from death unto death; to the other a savor from life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things? 17 For we are not as the many, [oa]corrupting the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God, speak we in Christ.

Are we beginning again to commend ourselves? or need we, as do some, epistles of commendation to you or from you? Ye are our epistle, written in our hearts, known and read of all men; being made manifest that ye are an epistle of Christ, ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in tables that are hearts of flesh. And such confidence have we through Christ to God-ward: not that we are sufficient of ourselves, to account anything as from ourselves; but our sufficiency is from God; who also made us sufficient as ministers of a new covenant; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. But if the ministration of death, [ob]written, and engraven on stones, came [oc]with glory, so that the children of Israel could not look stedfastly upon the face of Moses for the glory of his face; which glory [od]was passing away: how shall not rather the ministration of the spirit be with glory? [oe]For if the ministration of condemnation hath glory, much rather doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. 10 For verily that which hath been made glorious hath not been made glorious in this respect, by reason of the glory that surpasseth. 11 For if that which [of]passeth away was [og]with glory, much more that which remaineth is in glory.

12 Having therefore such a hope, we use great boldness of speech, 13 and are not as Moses, who put a veil upon his face, that the children of Israel should not look stedfastly [oh]on the end of that which [oi]was passing away: 14 but their [oj]minds were hardened: for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant the same veil [ok]remaineth, it not being revealed to them that it is done away in Christ. 15 But unto this day, whensoever Moses is read, a veil lieth upon their heart. 16 But whensoever [ol]it shall turn to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 18 But we all, with unveiled face [om]beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are transformed into the same image from glory to glory, even as from the Lord the Spirit.

Therefore seeing we have this ministry, even as we obtained mercy, we faint not: but we have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by the manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God. And even if our [on]gospel is veiled, it is veiled in them that [oo]perish: in whom the god of this [op]world hath blinded the [oq]minds of the unbelieving, [or]that the [os]light of the [ot]gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not dawn upon them. For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your [ou]servants [ov]for Jesus’ sake. Seeing it is God, that said, [ow]Light shall shine out of darkness, who shined in our hearts, to give the [ox]light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the exceeding greatness of the power may be of God, and not from ourselves; we are pressed on every side, yet not straitened; perplexed, yet not unto despair; pursued, yet not [oy]forsaken; smitten down, yet not destroyed; 10 always bearing about in the body the [oz]dying of Jesus, that the life also of Jesus may be manifested in our body. 11 For we who live are always delivered unto death for Jesus’ sake, that the life also of Jesus may be manifested in our mortal flesh. 12 So then death worketh in us, but life in you. 13 But having the same spirit of faith, according to that which is written, [pa]I believed, and therefore did I speak; we also believe, and therefore also we speak; 14 knowing that he that raised up [pb]the Lord Jesus shall raise up us also with Jesus, and shall present us with you. 15 For all things are for your sakes, that the grace, being multiplied through [pc]the many, may cause the thanksgiving to abound unto the glory of God.

16 Wherefore we faint not; but though our outward man is decaying, yet our inward man is renewed day by day. 17 For our light affliction, which is for the moment, worketh for us more and more exceedingly an eternal weight of glory; 18 while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.

For we know that if the earthly house of our [pd]tabernacle be dissolved, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens. For verily in this we groan, longing to be clothed upon with our habitation which is from heaven: if so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked. For indeed we that are in this [pe]tabernacle do groan, [pf]being burdened; not for that we would be unclothed, but that we would be clothed upon, that what is mortal may be swallowed up of life. Now he that wrought us for this very thing is God, who gave unto us the earnest of the Spirit. Being therefore always of good courage, and knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord (for we walk by faith, not by [pg]sight); we are of good courage, I say, and are willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be at home with the Lord. Wherefore also we [ph]make it our aim, whether at home or absent, to be well-pleasing unto him. 10 For we must all be made manifest before the judgment-seat of Christ; that each one may receive the things done [pi]in the body, according to what he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

11 Knowing therefore the fear of the Lord, we persuade men, but we are made manifest unto God; and I hope that we are made manifest also in your consciences. 12 We are not again commending ourselves unto you, but speak as giving you occasion of glorying on our behalf, that ye may have wherewith to answer them that glory in appearance, and not in heart. 13 For whether we [pj]are beside ourselves, it is unto God; or whether we are of sober mind, it is unto you. 14 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died; 15 and he died for all, that they that live should no longer live unto themselves, but unto him who for their sakes died and rose again. 16 Wherefore we henceforth know no man after the flesh: even though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now we know him so no more. 17 Wherefore if any man is in Christ, [pk]he is a new creature: the old things are passed away; behold, they are become new. 18 But all things are of God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ, and gave unto us the ministry of reconciliation; 19 to wit, that God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not reckoning unto them their trespasses, and having [pl]committed unto us the word of reconciliation.

20 We are ambassadors therefore on behalf of Christ, as though God were entreating by us: we beseech you on behalf of Christ, be ye reconciled to God. 21 Him who knew no sin he made to be sin on our behalf; that we might become the righteousness of God in him. And working together with him we entreat also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain (for he saith,

[pm]At an acceptable time I hearkened unto thee,
And in a day of salvation did I succor thee:

behold, now is the acceptable time; behold, now is the day of salvation): giving no occasion of stumbling in anything, that our ministration be not blamed; but in everything commending ourselves, as ministers of God, in much [pn]patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings; in pureness, in knowledge, in longsuffering, in kindness, in the Holy Spirit, in love unfeigned, in the word of truth, in the power of God; [po]by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left, by glory and dishonor, by evil report and good report; as deceivers, and yet true; as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed; 10 as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.

11 Our mouth is open unto you, O Corinthians, our heart is enlarged. 12 Ye are not straitened in us, but ye are straitened in your own affections. 13 Now for a recompense in like kind (I speak as unto my children), be ye also enlarged. 14 Be not unequally yoked with unbelievers: for what fellowship have righteousness and iniquity? or what communion hath light with darkness? 15 And what concord hath Christ with [pp]Belial? or what portion hath a believer with an unbeliever? 16 And what agreement hath a [pq]temple of God with idols? for we are a [pr]temple of the living God; even as God said, [ps]I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 17 Wherefore

[pt]Come ye out from among them, and be ye separate,

saith the Lord,

And touch no unclean thing;
And I will receive you,
18 [pu]And will be to you a Father,
And ye shall be to me sons and daughters,

saith the Lord Almighty. Having therefore these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.

[pv]Open your hearts to us: we wronged no man, we corrupted no man, we took advantage of no man. I say it not to condemn you: for I have said before, that ye are in our hearts to die together and live together. Great is my boldness of speech toward you, great is my glorying on your behalf: I am filled with comfort, I overflow with joy in all our affliction.

For even when we were come into Macedonia our flesh had no relief, but we were afflicted on every side; without were fightings, within were fears. Nevertheless he that comforteth the lowly, even God, comforted us by the [pw]coming of Titus; and not by his [px]coming only, but also by the comfort wherewith he was comforted in you, while he told us your longing, your mourning, your zeal for me; so that I rejoiced yet more. For though I made you sorry with my epistle, I do not regret it: though I did regret it [py](for I see that that epistle made you sorry, though but for a season), I now rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye were made sorry unto repentance; for ye were made sorry after a godly sort, that ye might suffer loss by us in nothing. 10 For godly sorrow worketh repentance [pz]unto salvation, a repentance which bringeth no regret: but the sorrow of the world worketh death. 11 For behold, this selfsame thing, that ye were made sorry after a godly sort, what earnest care it wrought in you, yea what clearing of yourselves, yea what indignation, yea what fear, yea what longing, yea what zeal, yea what avenging! In everything ye approved yourselves to be pure in the matter. 12 So although I wrote unto you, I wrote not for his cause that did the wrong, nor for his cause that suffered the wrong, but that your earnest care for us might be made manifest unto you in the sight of God. 13 Therefore we have been comforted: and in our comfort we joyed the more exceedingly for the joy of Titus, because his spirit hath been refreshed by you all. 14 For if in anything I have gloried to him on your behalf, I was not put to shame; but as we spake all things to you in truth, so our glorying also which I made before Titus was found to be truth. 15 And his affection is more abundantly toward you, while he remembereth the obedience of you all, how with fear and trembling ye received him. 16 I rejoice that in everything I am of good courage concerning you.

Moreover, brethren, we make known to you the grace of God which hath been given in the churches of Macedonia; how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their [qa]liberality. For according to their power, I bear witness, yea and beyond their power, they gave of their own accord, beseeching us with much entreaty in regard of this grace and the fellowship in the ministering to the saints: and this, not as we had hoped, but first they gave their own selves to the Lord, and to us through the will of God. Insomuch that we exhorted Titus, that as he had made a beginning before, so he would also complete in you this grace also. But as ye abound in everything, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and in all earnestness, and in [qb]your love to us, see that ye abound in this grace also. I speak not by way of commandment, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity also of your love. For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might become rich. 10 And herein I give my judgment: for this is expedient for you, who were the first to make a beginning a year ago, not only to do, but also to will. 11 But now complete the doing also; that as there was the readiness to will, so there may be the completion also out of your ability. 12 For if the readiness is there, it is acceptable according as a man hath, not according as he hath not. 13 For I say not this that others may be eased and ye distressed; 14 but by equality: your abundance being a supply at this present time for their want, that their abundance also may become a supply for your want; that there may be equality: 15 as it is written, [qc]He that gathered much had nothing over; and he that gathered little had no lack.

16 But thanks be to God, who putteth the same earnest care for you into the heart of Titus. 17 For he accepted indeed our exhortation; but being himself very earnest, he went forth unto you of his own accord. 18 And we have sent together with him the brother whose praise in the [qd]gospel is spread through all the churches; 19 and not only so, but who was also appointed by the churches to travel with us in the matter of this grace, which is ministered by us to the glory of the Lord, and to show our readiness: 20 avoiding this, that any man should blame us in the matter of this bounty which is ministered by us: 21 for we take thought for things honorable, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men. 22 And we have sent with them our brother, whom we have many times proved earnest in many things, but now much more earnest, by reason of the great confidence which he hath in you. 23 Whether any inquire about Titus, he is my partner and my fellow-worker to you-ward; or our brethren, they are the [qe]messengers of the churches, they are the glory of Christ. 24 [qf]Show ye therefore unto them in the face of the churches the proof of your love, and of our glorying on your behalf.

For as touching the ministering to the saints, it is superfluous for me to write to you: for I know your readiness, of which I glory on your behalf to them of Macedonia, that Achaia hath been prepared for a year past; and [qg]your zeal hath stirred up [qh]very many of them. But I have sent the brethren, that our glorying on your behalf may not be made void in this respect; that, even as I said, ye may be prepared: lest by any means, if there come with me any of Macedonia and find you unprepared, we (that we say not, ye) should be put to shame in this confidence. I thought it necessary therefore to entreat the brethren, that they would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your aforepromised [qi]bounty, that the same might be ready as a matter of bounty, and not of [qj]extortion.

But this I say, He that soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he that soweth [qk]bountifully shall reap also [ql]bountifully. Let each man do according as he hath purposed in his heart: not [qm]grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. And God is able to make all grace abound unto you; that ye, having always all sufficiency in everything, may abound unto every good work: as it is written,

[qn]He hath scattered abroad, he hath given to the poor;
His righteousness abideth for ever.

10 And he that supplieth seed to the sower and bread for food, shall supply and multiply your seed for sowing, and increase the fruits of your righteousness: 11 ye being enriched in everything unto all [qo]liberality, which worketh through us thanksgiving to God. 12 For the ministration of this service not only filleth up the measure of the wants of the saints, but aboundeth also through many thanksgivings unto God; 13 seeing that through the proving of you by this ministration they glorify God for the obedience of your confession unto the [qp]gospel of Christ, and for the [qq]liberality of your contribution unto them and unto all; 14 while they themselves also, with supplication on your behalf, long after you by reason of the exceeding grace of God in you. 15 Thanks be to God for his unspeakable gift.

10 Now I Paul myself entreat you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, I who in your presence am lowly among you, but being absent am of good courage toward you: yea, I beseech you, that I may not when present show courage with the confidence wherewith I count to be bold against some, who count of us as if we walked according to the flesh. For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh (for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but mighty before God to the casting down of strongholds); casting down [qr]imaginations, and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ; and being in readiness to avenge all disobedience, when your obedience shall be made full. [qs]Ye look at the things that are before your face. If any man trusteth in himself that he is Christ’s, let him consider this again with himself, that, even as he is Christ’s, so also are we. For though I should glory somewhat abundantly concerning our authority (which the Lord gave for building you up, and not for casting you down), I shall not be put to shame: that I may not seem as if I would terrify you by my letters. 10 For, His letters, they say, are weighty and strong; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account. 11 Let such a one reckon this, that, what we are in word by letters when we are absent, such are we also in deed when we are present. 12 For we are not bold [qt]to number or compare ourselves with certain of them that commend themselves: but they themselves, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves with themselves, are without understanding. 13 But we will not glory beyond our measure, but according to the measure of the [qu]province which God apportioned to us as a measure, to reach even unto you. 14 For we stretch not ourselves overmuch, as though we reached not unto you: for we [qv]came even as far as unto you in the [qw]gospel of Christ: 15 not glorying beyond our measure, that is, in other men’s labors; but having hope that, as your faith groweth, we shall be magnified in you according to our [qx]province unto further abundance, 16 so as to [qy]preach the gospel even unto the parts beyond you, and not to glory in another’s [qz]province in regard of things ready to our hand. 17 [ra]But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. 18 For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.

11 Would that ye could bear with me in a little foolishness: [rb]but indeed ye do bear with me. For I am jealous over you with [rc]a godly jealousy: for I espoused you to one husband, that I might present you as a pure virgin to Christ. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve in his craftiness, your [rd]minds should be corrupted from the simplicity and the purity that is toward Christ. For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we did not preach, or if ye receive a different spirit, which ye did not receive, or a different [re]gospel, which ye did not accept, ye do well to bear with him. For I reckon that I am not a whit behind [rf]the very chiefest apostles. But though I be rude in speech, yet am I not in knowledge; [rg]nay, in every way have we made this manifest unto you in all things. Or did I commit a sin in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I [rh]preached to you the gospel of God for nought? I robbed other churches, taking wages of them that I might minister unto you; and when I was present with you and was in want, I was not a burden on any man; for the brethren, when they came from Macedonia, supplied the measure of my want; and in everything I kept myself from being burdensome unto you, and so will I keep myself. 10 As the truth of Christ is in me, no man shall stop me of this glorying in the regions of Achaia. 11 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth. 12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off [ri]occasion from them that desire an occasion; that wherein they glory, they may be found even as we. 13 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, fashioning themselves into apostles of Christ. 14 And no marvel; for even Satan fashioneth himself into an angel of light. 15 It is no great thing therefore if his ministers also fashion themselves as ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.

16 I say again, Let no man think me foolish; but if ye do, yet as foolish receive me, that I also may glory a little. 17 That which I speak, I speak not after the Lord, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of glorying. 18 Seeing that many glory after the flesh, I will glory also. 19 For ye bear with the foolish gladly, being wise yourselves. 20 For ye bear with a man, if he bringeth you into bondage, if he devoureth you, if he taketh you captive, if he exalteth himself, if he smiteth you on the face. 21 I speak by way of disparagement, as though we had been weak. Yet whereinsoever any is bold (I speak in foolishness), I am bold also. 22 Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so am I. 23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as one beside himself) I more; in labors more abundantly, in prisons more abundantly, in stripes above measure, in deaths oft. 24 Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one. 25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day have I been in the deep; 26 in journeyings often, in perils of rivers, in perils of robbers, in perils from my [rj]countrymen, in perils from the Gentiles, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; 27 in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness. 28 [rk]Besides those things that are without, there is that which presseth upon me daily, anxiety for all the churches. 29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is caused to stumble, and I burn not? 30 If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things that concern my weakness. 31 [rl]The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, he who is blessed [rm]for evermore knoweth that I lie not. 32 In Damascus the [rn]governor under Aretas the king guarded the city of the Damascenes in order to take me: 33 and through a window was I let down in a basket by the wall, and escaped his hands.

12 [ro]I must needs glory, though it is not expedient; but I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord. I know a man in Christ, fourteen years ago (whether in the body, I know not; or whether out of the body, I know not; God knoweth), such a one caught up even to the third heaven. And I know such a man (whether in the body, or apart from the body, I know not; God knoweth), how that he was caught up into Paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter. On behalf of such a one will I glory: but on mine own behalf I will not glory, save in my weaknesses. For if I should desire to glory, I shall not be foolish; for I shall speak the truth: but I forbear, lest any man should account of me above that which he seeth me to be, or heareth from me. And by reason of the exceeding greatness of the [rp]revelations, that I should not be exalted overmuch, there was given to me a [rq]thorn in the flesh, a messenger of Satan to buffet me, that I should not be exalted overmuch. Concerning this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. And he hath said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my power is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my weaknesses, that the power of Christ may [rr]rest upon me. 10 Wherefore I take pleasure in weaknesses, in injuries, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ’s sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.

11 I am become foolish: ye compelled me; for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing was I behind [rs]the very chiefest apostles, though I am nothing. 12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all [rt]patience, by signs and wonders and [ru]mighty works. 13 For what is there wherein ye were made inferior to the rest of the churches, except it be that I myself was not a burden to you? forgive me this wrong.

14 Behold, this is the third time I am ready to come to you; and I will not be a burden to you: for I seek not yours, but you: for the children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children. 15 And I will most gladly spend and be [rv]spent for your souls. If I love you more abundantly, am I loved the less? 16 But be it so, I did not myself burden you; but, being crafty, I caught you with guile. 17 Did I take advantage of you by any one of them whom I have sent unto you? 18 I exhorted Titus, and I sent the brother with him. Did Titus take any advantage of you? walked we not [rw]in the same spirit? walked we not in the same steps?

19 [rx]Ye think all this time that we are excusing ourselves unto you. In the sight of God speak we in Christ. But all things, beloved, are for your edifying. 20 For I fear, lest by any means, when I come, I should find you not such as I would, and should myself be found of you such as ye would not; lest by any means there should be strife, jealousy, wraths, factions, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, [ry]tumults; 21 lest again when I come my God should humble me before you, and I should mourn for many of them that have sinned heretofore, and repented not of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they committed.

13 This is the third time I am coming to you. At the mouth of two witnesses or three shall every word be established. I have said [rz]beforehand, and I do say [sa]beforehand, [sb]as when I was present the second time, so now, being absent, to them that have sinned heretofore, and to all the rest, that, if I come again, I will not spare; seeing that ye seek a proof of Christ that speaketh in me; who to you-ward is not weak, but is powerful in you: for he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth through the power of God. For we also are weak [sc]in him, but we shall live with him through the power of God toward you. Try your own selves, whether ye are in the faith; prove your own selves. Or know ye not as to your own selves, that Jesus Christ is in you? unless indeed ye be reprobate.


  1. Romans 5:1 Greek out of.
  2. Romans 5:1 Many ancient authorities read let us have.
  3. Romans 5:2 Some ancient authorities omit by faith.
  4. Romans 5:2 Or, let us rejoice
  5. Romans 5:2 Greek glory. Verse 11; Heb. 3:6.
  6. Romans 5:3 Or, let us also rejoice
  7. Romans 5:3 Greek glory. Verse 11; Heb. 3:6.
  8. Romans 5:5 Greek poured out.
  9. Romans 5:9 Greek in.
  10. Romans 5:10 Greek in.
  11. Romans 5:11 Greek but also glorying. Compare verse 2.
  12. Romans 5:16 Greek an act of righteousness. Rev. 15:4; 19:8.
  13. Romans 5:17 Some ancient authorities omit of the gift.
  14. Romans 5:20 Or, law
  15. Romans 6:5 Or, united with the likeness  . . . with the likeness
  16. Romans 6:7 Or, released. Compare Ecclus. 26:29 (Greek); 7:1.
  17. Romans 6:10 Or, in that
  18. Romans 6:10 Greek once for all. Heb. 7:27.
  19. Romans 6:10 Or, in that
  20. Romans 6:13 Or, weapons. Compare 2 Cor. 10:4.
  21. Romans 6:16 Greek bondservants.
  22. Romans 6:16 Greek bondservants.
  23. Romans 6:17 Or, that ye were . . . but ye became
  24. Romans 6:17 Greek bondservants.
  25. Romans 6:17 Or, pattern
  26. Romans 6:18 Greek bondservents.
  27. Romans 6:20 Greek bondservants.
  28. Romans 7:1 Or, law
  29. Romans 7:5 Greek passions of sins.
  30. Romans 7:7 Or, law
  31. Romans 7:7 Or, lust
  32. Romans 7:7 Ex. 20:17; Dt. 5:21.
  33. Romans 7:7 Or, lust
  34. Romans 7:8 Or, lust
  35. Romans 7:8 Or, law
  36. Romans 7:9 Or, law
  37. Romans 7:15 Greek work.
  38. Romans 7:17 Greek work.
  39. Romans 7:18 Greek work.
  40. Romans 7:20 Greek work.
  41. Romans 7:21 Or, in regard of the law. Compare verses 12, 14
  42. Romans 7:22 Greek with.
  43. Romans 7:23 Greek in. Many ancient authorities read to.
  44. Romans 7:24 Or, this body of death
  45. Romans 7:25 Many ancient authorities read But thanks be to God. Compare 6:17.
  46. Romans 8:3 Or, wherein
  47. Romans 8:3 Greek flesh of sin.
  48. Romans 8:3 Or, and as an offering for sin. Lev. 7:37; Heb. 10:6; etc.
  49. Romans 8:4 Or, requirement
  50. Romans 8:11 Many ancient authorities read because of.
  51. Romans 8:13 Greek doings.
  52. Romans 8:20 Or, in hope; because the creation etc.
  53. Romans 8:22 Or, with us
  54. Romans 8:24 Or, by
  55. Romans 8:24 Many ancient authorities read for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for?
  56. Romans 8:24 Some ancient authorities read awaiteth.
  57. Romans 8:25 Or, stedfastness
  58. Romans 8:27 Or, that
  59. Romans 8:28 Some ancient authorities read God worketh all things with them for good.
  60. Romans 8:33 Or, Shall God that justifieth?
  61. Romans 8:34 Or, Shall Christ Jesus that died,  . . . us?
  62. Romans 8:35 Some ancient authorities read of God.
  63. Romans 8:36 Ps. 44:22.
  64. Romans 8:39 Or, creation
  65. Romans 9:3 Or, pray
  66. Romans 9:5 Or, flesh; he who is over all, God, be blessed for ever
  67. Romans 9:5 Greek unto the ages.
  68. Romans 9:7 Gen. 21:12.
  69. Romans 9:9 Gen. 18:10.
  70. Romans 9:12 Gen. 25:23.
  71. Romans 9:13 Mal. 1:2f.
  72. Romans 9:15 Ex. 33:19.
  73. Romans 9:17 Ex. 9:16.
  74. Romans 9:22 Or, although willing
  75. Romans 9:23 Some ancient authorities omit and.
  76. Romans 9:25 Hos. 2:23.
  77. Romans 9:26 Hos. 1:10.
  78. Romans 9:27 Isa. 10:22f.
  79. Romans 9:29 Isa. 1:9.
  80. Romans 9:32 Or, Because, doing it not by faith, but as it were by works, they stumbled
  81. Romans 9:33 Isa. 28:16.
  82. Romans 9:33 Or, it
  83. Romans 10:1 Greek good pleasure.
  84. Romans 10:5 Lev. 18:5.
  85. Romans 10:6 Dt. 30:12f.
  86. Romans 10:8 Dt. 30:14.
  87. Romans 10:9 Or, that
  88. Romans 10:9 Some ancient authorities read confess the word with thy mouth, that Jesus is Lord.
  89. Romans 10:11 Isa. 28:16.
  90. Romans 10:13 Joel 2:32.
  91. Romans 10:15 Isa. 52:7.
  92. Romans 10:15 Or, a gospel
  93. Romans 10:16 Or, gospel
  94. Romans 10:16 Isa. 53:1.
  95. Romans 10:18 Ps. 19:4.
  96. Romans 10:18 Greek the inhabited earth.
  97. Romans 10:19 Dt. 32:21.
  98. Romans 10:20 Isa. 65:1.
  99. Romans 10:21 Isa. 65:2.
  100. Romans 11:2 1 Kin. 19:10.
  101. Romans 11:2 Or, in. Compare Mk. 12:26.
  102. Romans 11:4 1 Kin. 19:18.
  103. Romans 11:8 Isa. 29:10; Dt. 29:4.
  104. Romans 11:9 Ps. 69:22f.
  105. Romans 11:11 Or, trespass. Compare 5:15ff.
  106. Romans 11:17 Many ancient authorities read of the root and of the fatness.
  107. Romans 11:26 Isa. 59:20f.
  108. Romans 11:26 Greek ungodlinesses.
  109. Romans 11:27 Isa. 27:9.
  110. Romans 11:27 Greek the covenant from me.
  111. Romans 11:28 See 10:15, 16 and marginal note on 1:1.
  112. Romans 11:33 Or, of the riches and the wisdom etc.
  113. Romans 11:33 Or, both of wisdom etc.
  114. Romans 11:36 Greek unto the ages.
  115. Romans 12:1 Greek well-pleasing.
  116. Romans 12:1 Greek belonging to the reason.
  117. Romans 12:1 Or, worship
  118. Romans 12:2 Or, age
  119. Romans 12:2 Or, the will of God, even the thing which is good and acceptable and perfect
  120. Romans 12:2 Greek well-pleasing.
  121. Romans 12:8 Greek singleness.
  122. Romans 12:11 Some ancient authorities read the opportunity.
  123. Romans 12:13 Greek pursuing.
  124. Romans 12:16 Greek be carried away with.
  125. Romans 12:16 Or, them
  126. Romans 12:19 Or, wrath
  127. Romans 12:19 Dt. 32:35.
  128. Romans 12:20 (Prov. 25:21f)
  129. Romans 13:4 Or, it
  130. Romans 13:4 Or, it
  131. Romans 13:4 Or, it
  132. Romans 13:8 Greek the other. Compare 1 Cor. 6:1; 10:24; Gal. 6:4.
  133. Romans 13:9 Ex. 20:13ff; Dt. 5:17ff.
  134. Romans 13:11 Or, our salvation nearer than when etc.
  135. Romans 14:1 Or, to doubtful disputations
  136. Romans 14:4 Greek household-servant.
  137. Romans 14:11 Isa. 45:23.
  138. Romans 14:11 Or, give praise
  139. Romans 14:19 Many ancient authorities read we follow.
  140. Romans 14:21 Many ancient authorities add or is offended, or is weak.
  141. Romans 14:22 Or, putteth to the test
  142. Romans 14:23 Many authorities, some ancient, insert here 16:25-27.
  143. Romans 15:3 Ps. 69:9.
  144. Romans 15:4 Or, stedfastness
  145. Romans 15:5 Or, stedfastness
  146. Romans 15:6 Or, God and the Father. So 2 Cor. 1:3; 11:31; Eph. 1:3; 1 Pet. 1:3
  147. Romans 15:7 Some ancient authorities read us.
  148. Romans 15:9 Ps. 18:49 (or 2 Sam. 22:50)
  149. Romans 15:9 Or, confess
  150. Romans 15:9 Greek nations. Compare Mt. 4:15.
  151. Romans 15:10 Dt. 32:43.
  152. Romans 15:10 Greek nations.
  153. Romans 15:11 Ps. 117:1.
  154. Romans 15:11 Greek nations.
  155. Romans 15:12 Isa. 11:10.
  156. Romans 15:12 Greek nations.
  157. Romans 15:12 Greek nations.
  158. Romans 15:16 Greek nations.
  159. Romans 15:16 Greek ministering in sacrifice.
  160. Romans 15:16 See marginal note on 1:1.
  161. Romans 15:18 Greek of those things which Christ wrought not through me.
  162. Romans 15:18 Greek nations.
  163. Romans 15:19 Many ancient authorities read the Spirit of God. One reads the Spirit.
  164. Romans 15:19 Greek fulfilled. Compare Col. 1:25.
  165. Romans 15:19 See marginal note on 1:1.
  166. Romans 15:20 Greek being ambitious. 2 Cor. 5:9; 1 Th. 4:11.
  167. Romans 15:20 See marginal note on 1:15.
  168. Romans 15:21 Isa. 52:15.
  169. Romans 16:1 Or, deaconess
  170. Romans 16:7 Or, Junia
  171. Romans 16:17 Or, teaching
  172. Romans 16:22 Or, who write the epistle in the Lord, salute you
  173. Romans 16:23 Some ancient authorities insert here verse 24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen, and omit the like words in verse 20.
  174. Romans 16:25 Some ancient authorities omit verses 25–27. Compare the end of chapter 14.
  175. Romans 16:25 See marginal note on 1:1.
  176. Romans 16:26 Greek through.
  177. Romans 16:26 Or, Gentiles
  178. Romans 16:26 Or, to the faith
  179. Romans 16:27 Some ancient authorities omit to whom.
  180. Romans 16:27 Greek unto the ages.
  181. 1 Corinthians 1:1 Greek the brother.
  182. 1 Corinthians 1:4 Some ancient authorities omit my.
  183. 1 Corinthians 1:5 Greek word.
  184. 1 Corinthians 1:10 Greek schisms.
  185. 1 Corinthians 1:13 Or, Christ is divided! Was Paul crucified for you?
  186. 1 Corinthians 1:14 Some ancient authorities read I give thanks that.
  187. 1 Corinthians 1:17 Greek bring good tidings. Compare Mt. 11:5.
  188. 1 Corinthians 1:18 Or, are perishing
  189. 1 Corinthians 1:18 Or, are being saved
  190. 1 Corinthians 1:19 Isa. 29:14.
  191. 1 Corinthians 1:20 Or, age
  192. 1 Corinthians 1:21 Greek thing preached.
  193. 1 Corinthians 1:23 Or, a Messiah
  194. 1 Corinthians 1:24 Greek the called themselves.
  195. 1 Corinthians 1:26 Or, ye behold
  196. 1 Corinthians 1:28 Many ancient authorities omit and.
  197. 1 Corinthians 1:30 Or, both righteousness and sanctification and redemption
  198. 1 Corinthians 1:31 Jer. 9:23f.
  199. 1 Corinthians 2:1 Or, word
  200. 1 Corinthians 2:1 Many ancient authorities read mystery.
  201. 1 Corinthians 2:4 Or, word
  202. 1 Corinthians 2:4 Greek thing preached.
  203. 1 Corinthians 2:5 Greek be.
  204. 1 Corinthians 2:6 Or, age: and so in verses 7, 8; but not in verse 12.
  205. 1 Corinthians 2:6 Or, age: and so in verses 7, 8; but not in verse 12.
  206. 1 Corinthians 2:7 Or, age
  207. 1 Corinthians 2:8 Or, age
  208. 1 Corinthians 2:9 Isa. 64:4; 65:17.
  209. 1 Corinthians 2:10 Some ancient authorities read For.
  210. 1 Corinthians 2:10 Or, it
  211. 1 Corinthians 2:12 See verse 6.
  212. 1 Corinthians 2:13 Or, interpreting spiritual things to spiritual men
  213. 1 Corinthians 2:14 Or, unspiritual. Greek psychical.
  214. 1 Corinthians 2:14 Or, examined
  215. 1 Corinthians 2:15 Or, examineth
  216. 1 Corinthians 2:15 Or, examined
  217. 1 Corinthians 3:9 Greek tilled land.
  218. 1 Corinthians 3:13 Or, and each man’s work, of what sort it is, the fire shall prove it
  219. 1 Corinthians 3:16 Or, sanctuary
  220. 1 Corinthians 3:17 Or, sanctuary
  221. 1 Corinthians 3:17 Or, sanctuary
  222. 1 Corinthians 3:17 Or, which temple ye are
  223. 1 Corinthians 3:18 Or, age
  224. 1 Corinthians 3:19 Job 5:13.
  225. 1 Corinthians 3:20 Ps. 94:11.
  226. 1 Corinthians 4:3 Or, examined
  227. 1 Corinthians 4:3 Greek day. See 3:13.
  228. 1 Corinthians 4:3 Or, examine
  229. 1 Corinthians 4:4 Or, examineth
  230. 1 Corinthians 4:9 Or, and to angels, and to men.
  231. 1 Corinthians 4:13 Or, refuse
  232. 1 Corinthians 4:15 Greek good tidings. See marginal note on Mt. 4:23.
  233. 1 Corinthians 5:2 Or, are ye puffed up?
  234. 1 Corinthians 5:2 Or, did ye not rather mourn,  . . . you?
  235. 1 Corinthians 5:5 Some ancient authorities omit Jesus.
  236. 1 Corinthians 5:8 Greek keep festival.
  237. 1 Corinthians 5:10 Or, not altogether with the fornicators etc.
  238. 1 Corinthians 5:11 Or, now I write
  239. 1 Corinthians 6:1 Greek the other. See Rom. 13:8.
  240. 1 Corinthians 6:2 Greek of the smallest tribunals.
  241. 1 Corinthians 6:4 Greek tribunals pertaining to.
  242. 1 Corinthians 6:4 Or, set them . . . church
  243. 1 Corinthians 6:5 Or, Is it so, that there cannot etc.
  244. 1 Corinthians 6:7 Or, a loss to you
  245. 1 Corinthians 6:11 Greek washed yourselves.
  246. 1 Corinthians 6:16 Gen. 2:24.
  247. 1 Corinthians 6:19 Or, sanctuary
  248. 1 Corinthians 7:7 Many ancient authorities read For.
  249. 1 Corinthians 7:15 Many ancient authorities read you.
  250. 1 Corinthians 7:21 Or, but if
  251. 1 Corinthians 7:26 Greek so to be.
  252. 1 Corinthians 7:29 Or, is shortened henceforth, that both those etc.
  253. 1 Corinthians 7:33 Some ancient authorities read wife. And there is a difference also between the wife and the virgin. She that is unmarried is careful etc.
  254. 1 Corinthians 7:35 Or, constraint. Greek noose.
  255. 1 Corinthians 7:36 Or, virgin (omitting daughter)
  256. 1 Corinthians 7:37 Or, virgin (omitting daughter)
  257. 1 Corinthians 7:38 Or, virgin (omitting daughter)
  258. 1 Corinthians 7:39 Greek fallen asleep. See Acts 7:60.
  259. 1 Corinthians 8:1 Greek buildeth up.
  260. 1 Corinthians 8:8 Greek present.
  261. 1 Corinthians 8:8 Greek do we lack.
  262. 1 Corinthians 8:8 Greek do we abound.
  263. 1 Corinthians 8:9 Or, power
  264. 1 Corinthians 8:10 Greek be builded up.
  265. 1 Corinthians 8:11 Greek in.
  266. 1 Corinthians 9:5 Greek sister.
  267. 1 Corinthians 9:9 Dt. 25:4.
  268. 1 Corinthians 9:10 Or, altogether
  269. 1 Corinthians 9:12 See marginal note on 4:15.
  270. 1 Corinthians 9:14 See marginal note on 4:15.
  271. 1 Corinthians 9:14 See marginal note on 4:15.
  272. 1 Corinthians 9:16 See marginal note on 1:17.
  273. 1 Corinthians 9:16 See marginal note on 1:17.
  274. 1 Corinthians 9:18 See marginal note on 1:17.
  275. 1 Corinthians 9:18 See marginal note on 4:15.
  276. 1 Corinthians 9:18 See marginal note on 4:15.
  277. 1 Corinthians 9:23 See marginal note on 4:15.
  278. 1 Corinthians 9:24 Greek race-course.
  279. 1 Corinthians 9:26 Greek box.
  280. 1 Corinthians 9:27 Greek bruise. Lk. 18:5.
  281. 1 Corinthians 9:27 Or, have been a herald
  282. 1 Corinthians 10:2 Greek into.
  283. 1 Corinthians 10:4 Or, the Christ. Compare Heb. 11:26.
  284. 1 Corinthians 10:6 Or, in these things they became figures of us
  285. 1 Corinthians 10:7 Ex. 32:6.
  286. 1 Corinthians 10:9 Some ancient authorities read Christ.
  287. 1 Corinthians 10:11 Greek by way of figure.
  288. 1 Corinthians 10:16 Or, participation in
  289. 1 Corinthians 10:16 Or, loaf
  290. 1 Corinthians 10:16 Or, participation in
  291. 1 Corinthians 10:17 Or, seeing that there is one bread, we, who are many, are one body
  292. 1 Corinthians 10:17 Or, loaf
  293. 1 Corinthians 10:17 Greek from.
  294. 1 Corinthians 10:17 Or, loaf
  295. 1 Corinthians 10:23 Greek build up.
  296. 1 Corinthians 10:24 Greek the other’s. See Rom. 13:8.
  297. 1 Corinthians 10:30 Or, If I by grace partake
  298. 1 Corinthians 11:13 Or, among
  299. 1 Corinthians 11:18 Or, in congregation
  300. 1 Corinthians 11:18 Greek schisms.
  301. 1 Corinthians 11:19 Greek heresies.
  302. 1 Corinthians 11:22 Or, congregation
  303. 1 Corinthians 11:22 Or, having nothing
  304. 1 Corinthians 11:22 Or, shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
  305. 1 Corinthians 11:23 Or, delivered up
  306. 1 Corinthians 11:24 Many ancient authorities read is broken for you.
  307. 1 Corinthians 11:29 Greek discriminate.
  308. 1 Corinthians 11:31 Greek discriminated.
  309. 1 Corinthians 11:32 Or, when we are judged of the Lord, we are chastened
  310. 1 Corinthians 12:10 Greek powers.
  311. 1 Corinthians 12:23 Or, put on
  312. 1 Corinthians 12:26 Or, glorified
  313. 1 Corinthians 12:27 Or, members each in his part
  314. 1 Corinthians 12:28 Greek powers.
  315. 1 Corinthians 12:28 Or, wise counsels
  316. 1 Corinthians 12:29 Greek powers.
  317. 1 Corinthians 13:3 Many ancient authorities read that I may glory.
  318. 1 Corinthians 13:7 Or, covereth. Compare 1 Pet. 4:8.
  319. 1 Corinthians 13:12 Greek in a riddle.
  320. 1 Corinthians 13:13 Greek greater. Compare Mt. 18:1, 4; 23:11.
  321. 1 Corinthians 14:2 Greek heareth.
  322. 1 Corinthians 14:3 Or, comfort
  323. 1 Corinthians 14:4 Greek buildeth up.
  324. 1 Corinthians 14:4 Greek buildeth up.
  325. 1 Corinthians 14:10 Or, nothing is without voice
  326. 1 Corinthians 14:11 Or, in my case
  327. 1 Corinthians 14:12 Greek spirits.
  328. 1 Corinthians 14:16 Or, him that is without gifts: and so in verses 23, 24.
  329. 1 Corinthians 14:17 Greek builded up.
  330. 1 Corinthians 14:20 Greek of full age. Compare 2:6.
  331. 1 Corinthians 14:21 Isa. 28:11f.
  332. 1 Corinthians 14:24 Or, convicted
  333. 1 Corinthians 14:25 Or, in
  334. 1 Corinthians 14:29 Greek discriminate.
  335. 1 Corinthians 14:31 Or, comforted
  336. 1 Corinthians 14:34 Gen. 3:16?
  337. 1 Corinthians 14:38 Many ancient authorities read But if any man knoweth not, he is not known. Compare 8:3.
  338. 1 Corinthians 15:1 See marginal note on 4:15.
  339. 1 Corinthians 15:1 See marginal note on 1:17.
  340. 1 Corinthians 15:2 Greek with what word.
  341. 1 Corinthians 15:2 See marginal note on 1:17.
  342. 1 Corinthians 15:2 Or, without cause
  343. 1 Corinthians 15:7 Or, Jacob
  344. 1 Corinthians 15:10 Or, void
  345. 1 Corinthians 15:14 Or, void
  346. 1 Corinthians 15:14 Some ancient authorities read our.
  347. 1 Corinthians 15:14 Or, void
  348. 1 Corinthians 15:15 Greek the Christ.
  349. 1 Corinthians 15:19 Or, If in this life only we have hoped in Christ etc.
  350. 1 Corinthians 15:22 Greek the Christ.
  351. 1 Corinthians 15:23 Greek presence.
  352. 1 Corinthians 15:24 Greek the God and Father.
  353. 1 Corinthians 15:27 Or, But when he shall have said, All things are put in subjection (evidently excepting him that did subject all things unto him), when, I say, all things etc.
  354. 1 Corinthians 15:27 Ps. 8:6.
  355. 1 Corinthians 15:31 Or, your glorying
  356. 1 Corinthians 15:32 Or, what doth it profit me, if the dead are not raised? Let us eat etc.
  357. 1 Corinthians 15:44 Greek psychical.
  358. 1 Corinthians 15:44 Greek psychical.
  359. 1 Corinthians 15:45 Gen. 2:7.
  360. 1 Corinthians 15:46 Greek psychical.
  361. 1 Corinthians 15:49 Many ancient authorities read let us also bear.
  362. 1 Corinthians 15:51 Or, We shall not all etc.
  363. 1 Corinthians 15:54 Many ancient authorities omit this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and.
  364. 1 Corinthians 15:54 Isa. 25:8.
  365. 1 Corinthians 15:54 Or, victoriously
  366. 1 Corinthians 15:55 Hos. 13:14.
  367. 1 Corinthians 15:58 Or, void
  368. 1 Corinthians 16:3 Or, whomsoever ye shall approve by letters, them will I send etc.
  369. 1 Corinthians 16:12 Or, God’s will that he should come now. Compare Rom. 2:18 margin.
  370. 1 Corinthians 16:17 Greek presence. 2 Cor. 10:10.
  371. 1 Corinthians 16:22 That is, O (or Our) Lord, come!
  372. 2 Corinthians 1:1 Greek the brother.
  373. 2 Corinthians 1:3 Or, God and the Father. See Rom. 15:6 margin.
  374. 2 Corinthians 1:9 Or, but we ourselves
  375. 2 Corinthians 1:9 Greek answer.
  376. 2 Corinthians 1:10 Some ancient authorities read set our hope; and still will he deliver us.
  377. 2 Corinthians 1:15 Or, grace. Some ancient authorities read joy.
  378. 2 Corinthians 1:19 Greek through.
  379. 2 Corinthians 1:19 Greek through.
  380. 2 Corinthians 1:21 Greek into.
  381. 2 Corinthians 1:22 Or, seeing that he both sealed us
  382. 2 Corinthians 1:24 Or, your faith
  383. 2 Corinthians 2:1 Some ancient authorities read For.
  384. 2 Corinthians 2:6 Greek the more.
  385. 2 Corinthians 2:7 Some ancient authorities omit rather.
  386. 2 Corinthians 2:9 Some ancient authorities read whereby.
  387. 2 Corinthians 2:10 Or, person
  388. 2 Corinthians 2:12 Greek good tidings. See marginal note on Mt. 4:23.
  389. 2 Corinthians 2:15 Or, are being saved
  390. 2 Corinthians 2:15 Or, are perishing
  391. 2 Corinthians 2:17 Or, making merchandise of the word of God. Compare 2 Pet. 2:3.
  392. 2 Corinthians 3:7 Greek in letters.
  393. 2 Corinthians 3:7 Greek in.
  394. 2 Corinthians 3:7 Or, was being done away. Compare 1 Cor. 13:8, 10.
  395. 2 Corinthians 3:9 Many ancient authorities read For if the ministration of condemnation is glory.
  396. 2 Corinthians 3:11 Or, is being done away. See verse 7 margin.
  397. 2 Corinthians 3:11 Greek through.
  398. 2 Corinthians 3:13 Or, unto
  399. 2 Corinthians 3:13 Or, was being done away. See verse 7 margin.
  400. 2 Corinthians 3:14 Greek thoughts. 4:4; 11:3.
  401. 2 Corinthians 3:14 Or, remaineth unlifted; which veil is done away
  402. 2 Corinthians 3:16 Or, a man shall turn
  403. 2 Corinthians 3:18 Or, reflecting as a mirror
  404. 2 Corinthians 4:3 See marginal note on 2:12.
  405. 2 Corinthians 4:3 Or, are perishing
  406. 2 Corinthians 4:4 Or, age
  407. 2 Corinthians 4:4 Greek thoughts.
  408. 2 Corinthians 4:4 Or, that they should not see the light . . . image of God
  409. 2 Corinthians 4:4 Greek illumination.
  410. 2 Corinthians 4:4 See marginal note on 2:12.
  411. 2 Corinthians 4:5 Greek bondservants. Compare 1 Cor. 9:19.
  412. 2 Corinthians 4:5 Some ancient authorities read through Jesus.
  413. 2 Corinthians 4:6 Gen. 1:3.
  414. 2 Corinthians 4:6 Greek illumination.
  415. 2 Corinthians 4:9 Or, left behind
  416. 2 Corinthians 4:10 Greek putting to death.
  417. 2 Corinthians 4:13 Ps. 116:10.
  418. 2 Corinthians 4:14 Some ancient authorities omit the Lord.
  419. 2 Corinthians 4:15 Greek the more.
  420. 2 Corinthians 5:1 Or, bodily frame. Compare Wisd. 9:15.
  421. 2 Corinthians 5:4 Or, bodily frame. Compare Wisd. 9:15.
  422. 2 Corinthians 5:4 Or, being burdened, in that we would not be unclothed, but would be clothed upon
  423. 2 Corinthians 5:7 Greek appearance.
  424. 2 Corinthians 5:9 Greek are ambitious. See Rom. 15:20 margin.
  425. 2 Corinthians 5:10 Greek through.
  426. 2 Corinthians 5:13 Or, were
  427. 2 Corinthians 5:17 Or, there is a new creation
  428. 2 Corinthians 5:19 Or, placed in us
  429. 2 Corinthians 6:2 Isa. 49:8.
  430. 2 Corinthians 6:4 Or, stedfastness
  431. 2 Corinthians 6:7 Greek through.
  432. 2 Corinthians 6:15 Greek Beliar.
  433. 2 Corinthians 6:16 Or, sanctuary
  434. 2 Corinthians 6:16 Or, sanctuary
  435. 2 Corinthians 6:16 Lev. 26:12; Ex. 29:45; Ezek. 37:27; Jer. 31:1.
  436. 2 Corinthians 6:17 Isa. 52:11.
  437. 2 Corinthians 6:18 Hos. 1:10; Isa. 43:6.
  438. 2 Corinthians 7:2 Greek Make room for us.
  439. 2 Corinthians 7:6 Greek presence. Compare 2 Th. 2:9.
  440. 2 Corinthians 7:7 Greek presence. Compare 2 Th. 2:9.
  441. 2 Corinthians 7:8 Some ancient authorities omit for.
  442. 2 Corinthians 7:10 Or, unto a salvation which bringeth no regret
  443. 2 Corinthians 8:2 Greek singleness. See Rom. 12:8.
  444. 2 Corinthians 8:7 Some ancient authorities read our love to you.
  445. 2 Corinthians 8:15 Ex. 16:18.
  446. 2 Corinthians 8:18 See marginal note on 2:12.
  447. 2 Corinthians 8:23 Greek apostles.
  448. 2 Corinthians 8:24 Or, Show ye therefore in the face . . . on your behalf unto them.
  449. 2 Corinthians 9:2 Or, emulation of you
  450. 2 Corinthians 9:2 Greek the more part.
  451. 2 Corinthians 9:5 Greek blessing.
  452. 2 Corinthians 9:5 Or, covetousness
  453. 2 Corinthians 9:6 Greek with blessings. Compare verse 5.
  454. 2 Corinthians 9:6 Greek with blessings. Compare verse 5.
  455. 2 Corinthians 9:7 Greek of sorrow.
  456. 2 Corinthians 9:9 Ps. 112:9.
  457. 2 Corinthians 9:11 Greek singleness. Compare 8:2.
  458. 2 Corinthians 9:13 Greek good tidings. See marginal note on 2:12.
  459. 2 Corinthians 9:13 Greek singleness. Compare 8:2.
  460. 2 Corinthians 10:5 Or, reasonings. Rom. 2:15
  461. 2 Corinthians 10:7 Or, Do ye look . . . face?
  462. 2 Corinthians 10:12 Greek to judge ourselves among, or to judge ourselves with.
  463. 2 Corinthians 10:13 Or, limit. Greek measuring-rod.
  464. 2 Corinthians 10:14 Or, were the first to come;
  465. 2 Corinthians 10:14 Greek good tidings. See marginal note on 2:12.
  466. 2 Corinthians 10:15 Or, limit. Greek measuring-rod.
  467. 2 Corinthians 10:16 Greek bring good tidings. Compare Mt. 11:5.
  468. 2 Corinthians 10:16 Or, limit. Greek measuring-rod.
  469. 2 Corinthians 10:17 Jer. 9:24.
  470. 2 Corinthians 11:1 Or, nay indeed bear with me.
  471. 2 Corinthians 11:2 Greek a jealousy of God.
  472. 2 Corinthians 11:3 Greek thoughts. See 3:14.
  473. 2 Corinthians 11:4 Greek good tidings. Compare 2:12.
  474. 2 Corinthians 11:5 Or, those preeminent apostles
  475. 2 Corinthians 11:6 Or, nay, in everything we have made it manifest among all men to you-ward
  476. 2 Corinthians 11:7 Greek brought good tidings. See 10:16.
  477. 2 Corinthians 11:12 Greek the occasion of them.
  478. 2 Corinthians 11:26 Greek race. Compare Acts 7:19.
  479. 2 Corinthians 11:28 Or, Besides the things which I omit. Or, Besides the things that come out of course
  480. 2 Corinthians 11:31 Or, God and the Father. See Rom. 15:6.
  481. 2 Corinthians 11:31 Greek unto the ages.
  482. 2 Corinthians 11:32 Greek ethnarch.
  483. 2 Corinthians 12:1 Some ancient authorities read Now to glory is not expedient, but I will come etc.
  484. 2 Corinthians 12:7 Some ancient authorities read revelations—wherefore, that etc.
  485. 2 Corinthians 12:7 Or, stake
  486. 2 Corinthians 12:9 Or, cover me. Greek spread a tabernacle over me. See Rev. 7:15.
  487. 2 Corinthians 12:11 Or, those preeminent apostles
  488. 2 Corinthians 12:12 Or, stedfastness
  489. 2 Corinthians 12:12 Greek powers.
  490. 2 Corinthians 12:15 Greek spent out.
  491. 2 Corinthians 12:18 Or, by the same Spirit
  492. 2 Corinthians 12:19 Or, Think ye . . . you?
  493. 2 Corinthians 12:20 Or, disorders
  494. 2 Corinthians 13:2 Or, plainly. Compare 1 Th. 3:4.
  495. 2 Corinthians 13:2 Or, plainly. Compare 1 Th. 3:4.
  496. 2 Corinthians 13:2 Or, as if I were present the second time, even though I am now absent
  497. 2 Corinthians 13:4 Many ancient authorities read with.

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