5 Now let me sing for my greatly Beloved [Lord] A song of my Beloved about His vineyard (His chosen people). My greatly Beloved had a vineyard on a very fertile slope (the promised land, Canaan). 2 He dug it all around and cleared away its stones, And planted it with [a]the choicest vine (the people of Judah). And He built a tower in the center of it; And also hewed out a [b]wine vat in it. Then He expected it to produce [the choicest] grapes, But it produced only worthless ones.
Isaiah 5:2This was the lower of two hollowed-out reservoirs made in the soft rock, one above the other, connected by a channel that allowed the juice pressed out in the upper reservoir to flow to the lower.
33 “Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard and put a wall around it and dug a wine press in it, and built a tower, and rented it out to tenant farmers and went on a journey [to another country].34 When the harvest time approached, he sent his servants to the tenants to get his [share of the] fruit.35 But the tenants took his servants and beat one, and killed another, and stoned a third.36 Again he sent other servants, more than the first time; and they treated them the same way.37 Finally he sent his own son to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son and have regard for him.’38 But when the tenants saw the son, they said to themselves, ‘This [man] is the heir; come on, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.’39 So they took the son and threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.40 Now when the owner of the vineyard comes back, what will he do to those tenants?”41 They said to Him, “He will put those despicable men to a miserable end, and rent out the vineyard to other tenants [of good character] who will pay him the proceeds at the proper seasons.”
42 Jesus asked them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures:
‘The [very] [a]Stone which the builders rejectedandthrew away, Has become the chief Cornerstone; This is the Lord’s doing, And it is marvelousandwonderful in our eyes’?
43 Therefore I tell you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to [another] people who will produce the fruit of it.44 And he who falls on this Stone will be broken to pieces; but he on whom it falls will be crushed.”
45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was talking about them. 46 And although they were trying to arrest Him, they feared the people, because they regarded Jesus as a prophet.
Matthew 21:42This quotation from a Messianic psalm refers to the coming rejection and crucifixion of Jesus, and His resurrection as the Cornerstone of mankind’s redemption.
9 Then He began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and leased it to tenant farmers, and went on a journey for a long time [to another country].10 At harvest time he sent a servant [as his representative] to the tenants, so that they would give him his share of the fruit of the vineyard; but the tenants beat the servant and sent him away empty-handed.11 So he again sent another servant; they also beat him and dishonored and treated him disgracefully and sent him away empty-handed.12 And he sent yet a third; and this one too they wounded and threw out [of the vineyard]. 13 Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will have respect for him.’14 But when the tenants saw him, they discussed it among themselves, saying, ‘This [man] is the heir; let us kill him so that the inheritance will be ours.’15 So they threw the son out of the vineyard and killed him. What, then, will the owner of the vineyard do to them?16 He will come and put these tenants to death and will give the vineyard to others.” When the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders heard this, they said, “May it never be!” 17 But Jesus looked at them and said, “What then is [the meaning of] this that is written:
‘The [very] Stone which the builders rejected, this became the chief Cornerstone’?
18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken and shattered in pieces; and on whomever it falls, it will crush him.”
Tribute to Caesar
19 The scribes and the chief priests tried to [find a way to] arrest Him at that very hour, but they were afraid of the people; because they understood that He spoke this parable against them.
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