48 The Lord says, “·Family [L House] of Jacob, listen to me. You are called [L by the name of] Israel, and you come from the ·family [L waters; wellsprings] of Judah. You ·swear [take oaths] by the Lord’s name and ·praise [confess; call on] the God of Israel, but ·you are not honest or sincere [L not in truth or in righteousness]. 2 You call yourselves ·people of [or by the name of; L from] the holy city, and you ·depend on [trust in] the God of Israel, who is named the Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts]. 3 Long ago I told you ·what would happen [L the former things]. ·I said these things and [L They went out from my mouth and I] made them known; suddenly I acted, and these things happened. 4 I knew you were stubborn; your neck was like an iron muscle, and your ·head [forehead; brow] was like bronze. 5 So a long time ago I told you about these things; I told you about them before they happened so you couldn’t say, ‘My idols did this, and my ·wooden [carved images] and metal statues ·made these things happen [decreed/ordained/commanded them].’
6 “You heard and saw everything that happened, ·so you should [L will you not…?] tell this news to others. ·Now [From this time on] I will tell you about new things, hidden things that you don’t know yet. 7 ·These things are happening [L They are created] now, not long ago; you have not heard about them before today. So you cannot say, ‘[L Look; or Yes; T Behold] We already knew about that.’ 8 But you have not heard; you have not understood. Even long ago ·you did not listen [L your ear has not been opened]. I knew you would surely ·turn [act treacherously] against me; you ·have fought against me [L were called a rebel] ·since you were born [L from the womb]. 9 But for my ·own [L name’s] sake I will ·be patient [L hold back my anger]. ·People will praise me because [L For the sake of my praise] I did not become angry and ·destroy you [cut you off]. 10 I have ·made you pure [refined you], but not by fire, as silver is made pure. I have purified you ·by giving you troubles [L in the furnace of affliction/suffering]. 11 I do this for myself, for my own sake. ·I will not [L How could I…?] let ·people speak evil against me [L my name be defiled/profaned], and I will not ·let some god take my glory [L give/share my glory with another].
Israel Will Be Free
12 “·People of Jacob [L Jacob], listen to me. ·People of Israel [L Israel], ·I have called you to be my people [L whom I called]. I am ·God [L he; the one]; I am the ·beginning and the end [L first and I am the last; 41:4; 44:5]. 13 I ·made [L laid the foundation of] the earth with my own hands. With my right hand I spread out the skies. When I call them, they ·come [stand] together before me.”
14 All of you, come together and listen. ·None of the gods [L Who among them…?] said these things would happen. The Lord ·has chosen someone [has an ally; or loves him; C a reference to Cyrus, king of Persia; see 41:2; 44:28–45:6; 46:11; 48:14–16] to carry out his ·wishes [desire; purpose] against Babylon, ·to attack [L his arm will be against] the Babylonians;
15 “I have spoken; I have called him. I have brought him, and I will make him successful. 16 Come to me and listen to this. From the ·beginning [first] I have ·spoken openly [L not spoken in secret]. From the time it ·began [happened], I was there.”
Now, the Lord God ·has sent me with his Spirit [or and his Spirit have sent me; C Cyrus is probably speaking here; vv. 14–15].
17 This is what the Lord, ·who saves you [your Redeemer], the Holy One of Israel [1:4], says: “I am the Lord your God, who teaches you ·to do what is good [what is best; or how to succeed], who leads you in the way you should go. 18 If you had obeyed my commands, you would have had peace like a river [C abundant and overflowing; 66:12]. ·Good things [Your righteousness] would have flowed to you like the waves of the sea. 19 ·Your ·children [descendants] would have been ·as numerous as [L like] ·sand in the sea [L sand] and your ·descendants [offspring/seed of your body] like grains of sand [10:22; Gen. 15:5; 22:17; Hos. 1:10]. ·They [L Their name] would never have ·died out [been cut off] nor been destroyed.”
20 ·My people, leave [L Go out from] Babylon! Run from the ·Babylonians [L Chaldeans]! Tell this news with shouts of joy to the people; spread it ·everywhere on [L to the end of] earth. Say, “The Lord has ·saved [redeemed] his ·servants, the people of Jacob [L servant Jacob].” 21 They did not become thirsty when he led them through the deserts. He made water flow from a rock for them. He split the rock, and water flowed out [43:19; Ex. 17:6; Num. 20:11].
22 “There is no peace for ·evil people [the wicked],” says the Lord.
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